3. Ubhayatthasuttavaŗŗan±

23. Tatiye bh±vitoti upp±dito ca va¹¹hito ca. Bahul²katoti punappuna½ kato. Atthoti hita½. Tańhi araŗ²yato upagantabbato atthoti vuccati. Samadhigayha tiµµhat²ti samm± pariggahetv± avijahitv± vattati. Diµµhadhammikanti diµµhadhammo vuccati paccakkhabh³to attabh±vo, diµµhadhamme bhava½ diµµhadhammika½, idhalokapariy±pannanti attho. Sampar±yikanti dhammavasena samparetabbato sampar±yo, paraloko, sampar±ye bhava½ sampar±yika½, paralokapariy±pannanti vutta½ hoti.
Ko panesa diµµhadhammiko n±ma attho, ko v± sampar±yikoti? SaŖkhepena t±va ya½ idhalokasukha½, yańcetarahi idhalokasukh±vaha½, aya½ diµµhadhammiko attho. Seyyathida½– gahaµµh±na½ t±va idha ya½ kińci vitt³pakaraŗa½, an±kulakammantat±, ±rogyasa½vidh±na½, vatthuvisadakiriy±yogavihit±ni sipp±yatanavijj±µµh±n±ni saŖgahitaparijanat±ti evam±di. Pabbajit±na½ pana ye ime j²vitaparikkh±r± c²varapiŗ¹ap±tasen±sanagil±nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±. Tesa½ akicchal±bho, tattha ca saŖkh±ya paµisevan± saŖkh±ya parivajjan±, vatthuvisadakiriy±, appicchat±, santuµµhi, paviveko, asa½saggoti evam±di. Patir³padesav±sasappuris³panissayasaddhammassavanayonisomanasik±r±dayo pana ubhayesa½ s±dh±raŗ± ubhay±nur³p± c±ti veditabb±.
Appam±doti ettha appam±do pam±dappaµipakkhato veditabbo. Ko panesa pam±do n±ma? Pamajjan±k±ro. Vutta½ heta½–
“Tattha katamo pam±do? K±yaduccarite v± vac²duccarite v± manoduccarite v± pańcasu v± k±maguŗesu cittassa vossaggo vossagg±nupp±dana½ kusal±na½ v± dhamm±na½ bh±van±ya asakkaccakiriyat± as±taccakiriyat± anaµµhitakiriyat± ol²navuttit± nikkhittachandat± nikkhittadhurat± an±sevan± abh±van± abahul²kamma½ anadhiµµh±na½ ananuyogopam±do. Yo evar³po pam±do pamajjan± pamajjitatta½. Aya½ vuccati pam±do”ti (vibha. 846).
Tasm± vuttappaµipakkhato appam±do veditabbo. Atthato hi so satiy± avippav±so, nicca½ upaµµhitassatiy± eta½ n±ma½. Apare pana “satisampajańńayogena pavatt± catt±ro ar³pino khandh± appam±do”ti vadanti.
“Bh±vito bah³l²kato”ti vutta½, katha½ pan±ya½ appam±do bh±vetabboti? Na appam±dabh±van± n±ma visu½ ekabh±van± atthi. Y± hi k±ci puńńakiriy± kusalakiriy±, sabb± s± appam±dabh±van±tveva veditabb±. Visesato pana vivaµµ³panissaya½ saraŗagamana½ k±yikav±casikasa½varańca up±d±ya sabb± s²labh±van±, sabb± sam±dhibh±van±, sabb± pańń±bh±van±, sabb± kusalabh±van±, anavajjabh±van±, appam±dabh±van±ti veditabb±. “Appam±do”ti hi ida½ mahanta½ attha½ d²peti, mahanta½ attha½ pariggahetv± tiµµhati. Sakalampi tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ ±haritv± appam±dapadassa attha½ katv± kathento dhammakathiko “atitthena pakkhando”ti na vattabbo. Kasm±? Appam±dapadassa mahantabh±vato. Tath± hi samm±sambuddho kusin±r±ya½ yamakas±l±namantare parinibb±nasamaye nipanno abhisambodhito paµµh±ya pańcacatt±l²s±ya vassesu attan± bh±sita½ dhamma½ ekena padena saŖgahetv± dassento– “appam±dena samp±deth±”ti bhikkh³na½ ov±damad±si. Tath± ca vutta½–
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave y±ni k±nici jaŖgal±na½ p±ŗ±na½ padaj±t±ni, sabb±ni t±ni hatthipade samodh±na½ gacchanti, hatthipada½ tesa½ aggamakkh±yati yadida½ mahantaµµhena; evameva kho, bhikkhave, ye keci kusal± dhamm±, sabbete appam±dam³lak± appam±dasamosaraŗ±, appam±do tesa½ dhamm±na½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.300).
G±th±su appam±da½ pasa½sant²ti d±n±dipuńńakiriy±su appam±da½ appamajjana½ paŗ¹it± sappańń± buddh±dayo pasa½santi, vaŗŗenti thomenti. Kasm±? Yasm± appamatto ubho atthe adhigaŗh±ti paŗ¹ito. Ke pana te ubho atth±ti ±ha– “diµµhe dhamme ca yo attho, yo cattho sampar±yiko”ti, evamettha padayojan± veditabb±. Idh±pi diµµhe dhamme ca yo atthoti gahaµµhassa t±va “anavajj±ni kamm±ni, an±kul± ca kammant±”ti-±din± nayena vutto kasigorakkh±dividhin± laddhabbo attho, pabbajitassa pana avippaµis±r±di-attho veditabbo. Yo cattho sampar±yikoti pana ubhayesampi dhammacariy±va vutt±ti veditabb±. Atth±bhisamay±ti duvidhassapi atthassa hitassa paµil±bh±, laddhabbena samiti saŖgati samodh±nanti samayo, l±bho. Samayo eva abhisamayo, abhimukhabh±vena v± samayo abhisamayoti evamettha abhisamayo veditabbo. Dhitisampannatt± dh²ro. Tatiyena cettha attha-saddena paramatthassa nibb±nass±pi saŖgaho veditabbo. Sesa½ suvińńeyyameva. Iti imasmi½ sutte vaµµasampatti eva kathit±. G±th±ya½ pana vivaµµassapi saŖgaho daµµhabbo. Tath± hi vutta½–
“Appam±do amatapada½, pam±do maccuno pada½;
appamatt± na m²yanti, ye pamatt± yath± mat±.
“Eva½ visesato ńatv±, appam±damhi paŗ¹it±;
appam±de pamodanti, ariy±na½ gocare rat±.
“Te jh±yino s±tatik±, nicca½ da¼haparakkam±;
phusanti dh²r± nibb±na½, yogakkhema½ anuttaran”ti. (Dha. pa. 21-23).
Tasm± “atth±bhisamay±”ti ettha lokuttaratthavasenapi attho veditabbo.

Tatiyasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.