8. Saªghabhedasuttavaººan±

18. Aµµhame ekadhammoti kataroya½ suttanikkhepo? Aµµhuppattiko. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepakath±– devadatto hi aj±tasattu½ duggahaºa½ g±h±petv± tassa pitara½ r±j±na½ bimbis±ra½ tena m±r±petv±pi abhim±re payojetv±pi sil±pavijjhanena lohitupp±dakamma½ katv±pi na t±vat± p±kaµo j±to, n±¼±giri½ vissajjetv± pana p±kaµo j±to. Atha mah±jano “evar³pampi n±ma p±pa½ gahetv± r±j± vicarat²”ti kol±hala½ ak±si, mah±ghoso ahosi. Ta½ sutv± r±j± attan± d²yam±n±ni pañca th±lip±kasat±ni pacchind±pesi, upaµµh±nampissa n±gam±si. N±gar±pi kula½ upagatassa kaµacchubhattampissa n±da½su. So parih²nal±bhasakk±ro kohaññena j²vituk±mo satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± pañca vatth³ni y±citv± “ala½, devadatta, yo icchati, so ±raññiko hot³”ti-±din± (p±r±. 409; c³¼ava. 343) bhagavat± paµikkhitto tehi pañcahi vatth³hi b±la½ l³khappasanna½ jana½ saññ±pento pañcasate vajjiputtake sal±ka½ g±h±petv± saªgha½ bhinditv±va te ±d±ya gay±s²sa½ agam±si. Atha dve aggas±vak± satthu ±º±ya tattha gantv± dhamma½ desetv± te ariyaphale patiµµh±petv± ±nayi½su. Ye panassa saªghabhed±ya parakkamantassa laddhi½ rocetv± tatheva paggayha µhit± saªghe bhijjante bhinne ca samanuññ± ahesu½, tesa½ ta½ d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya ahosi
Devadattopi na cirasseva rog±bhibh³to b±¼hagil±no maraºak±le “satth±ra½ vandiss±m²”ti mañcakasivik±ya n²yam±no jetavanapokkharaºit²re µhapito pathaviy± vivare dinne patitv± av²cimhi nibbatti, yojanasatiko cassa attabh±vo ahosi kappaµµhiyo t±lakkhandhaparim±ºehi ayas³lehi vinividdho. Devadattapakkhik±ni ca pañcamatt±ni kulasat±ni tassa laddhiya½ µhit±ni saha bandhavehi niraye nibbatt±ni. Ekadivasa½ bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½ “±vuso, devadattena saªgha½ bhindantena bh±riya½ kamma½ katan”ti. Atha satth± dhammasabha½ upagantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte saªghabhede ±d²nava½ dassento ima½ sutta½ abh±si. Keci pana bhaºanti “devadattassa tappakkhik±nañca tath± niraye nibbattabh±va½ disv± saªghabhede ±d²nava½ dassento bhagav± attano ajjh±sayeneva ima½ sutta½ deses²”ti.
Tattha ekadhammoti eko akusalo mah±s±vajjadhammo. Loketi sattaloke. Uppajjam±no uppajjat²ti ettha bhedasa½vattanikesu bhaº¹an±d²su saªghe uppannesupi “dhammo adhammo”ti-±d²su aµµh±rasabhedakaravatth³su yassa kassaci d²panavasena voharantesupi tattha rucijananattha½ anuss±ventesupi anuss±vetv± sal±k±ya g±hit±yapi saªghabhedo uppajjam±no n±ma hoti, sal±k±ya pana g±hit±ya catt±ro v± atirek± v± yad± ±veºika½ uddesa½ v± saªghakamma½ v± karonti, tad± saªghabhedo uppajjati n±ma. Kate pana tasmi½ saªghabhedo uppanno n±ma? Kamma½, uddeso, voh±ro, anuss±van±, sal±kagg±hoti imesu hi pañcasu saªghassa bhedak±raºesu kamma½ v± uddeso v± pam±ºa½, voh±r±nuss±vanasal±kagg±h± pana pubbabh±g±ti.
Bahujan±hit±y±ti-±d²su 0.mah±janassa jh±namagg±disampattiniv±raºena ahit±ya, saggasampattiniv±raºena asukh±ya, ap±y³papattihetubh±vena anatth±ya. Akusaladhammavasena v± ahit±ya, hitamattassapi abh±v± sugatiyampi nibbattanakak±yikacetasikadukkh±ya uppajjat²ti sambandho Devamanuss±nanti ida½ “bahuno janass±”ti vuttesu ukkaµµhapuggalaniddeso. Aparo nayo– bahujan±hit±y±ti bahujanassa mahato sattak±yassa ahitatth±ya, diµµhadhammikasampar±yika-anatth±y±ti attho. Asukh±y±ti diµµhadhammikasampar±yika-asukhatth±ya, duvidhadukkhatth±y±ti attho. Anatth±y±ti paramatthapaµikkhep±ya. Nibb±nañhi paramattho, tato uttari½ attho natthi. Ahit±y±ti maggapaµikkhep±ya. Nibb±nasamp±pakamaggato hi uttari½ hita½ n±ma natthi. Dukkh±y±ti ariyasukhavir±dhanena vaµµadukkhat±ya. Ye hi ariyasukhato viraddh± ta½ adhigantu½ abhabb±, te vaµµadukkhe paribbhamanti, ariyasukhato ca uttari½ sukha½ n±ma natthi. Vuttañheta½ “aya½ sam±dhi paccuppannasukho ceva ±yatiñca sukhavip±ko”ti (d². ni. 3.355; a. ni. 5.27).
Id±ni “saªghabhedo”ti sar³pato dassetv± tassa ahit±d²na½ ekantahetubh±va½ pak±setu½ “saªghe kho pana, bhikkhave, bhinne”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhinneti nimittatthe bhumma½ yath± “adhan±na½ dhane ananuppad²yam±ne”ti (d². ni. 3.91), bhedahet³ti attho. Aññamañña½ bhaº¹an±n²ti catunna½ paris±na½ tappakkhik±nañca “eso dhammo, neso dhammo”ti aññamañña½ vivadan±ni. Bhaº¹anañhi kalahassa pubbabh±go. Paribh±s±ti “idañcidañca vo anattha½ kariss±m±”ti bhayupp±danavasena tajjan±. Parikkhep±ti j±ti-±divasena parito khep±, dasahi akkosavatth³hi khu½sanavambhan±. Pariccajan±ti ukkhepaniyakammakaraº±divasena niss±raº±. Tatth±ti tasmi½ saªghabhede, tannimitte v± bhaº¹an±dike. Appasann±ti ratanattayaguº±na½ anabhiññ±. Na pas²dant²ti “dhammac±rino samac±rino”ti-±din± yv±ya½ bhikkh³su pas±dan±k±ro, tath± na pas²danti, tesa½ v± sotabba½ saddh±tabba½ na maññanti. Tath± ca dhamme satthari ca appasann±va honti. Ekacc±na½ aññathattanti puthujjan±na½ aviru¼hasaddh±na½ pas±daññathatta½.
G±th±ya½ ±p±yikoti-±d²su ap±ye nibbattan±rahat±ya ±p±yiko. Tatthapi av²cisaªkh±te mah±niraye uppajjat²ti nerayiko. Eka½ antarakappa½ paripuººameva katv± tattha tiµµhat²ti kappaµµho. Saªghabhedasaªkh±te vagge ratoti vaggarato. Adhammiyat±ya adhammo. Bhedakaravatth³hi saªghabhedasaªkh±te eva ca adhamme µhitoti adhammaµµho. Yogakkhem± padha½sat²ti yogakkhemato hitato padha½sati parih±yati, cat³hi v± yogehi anupaddutatt± yogakkhema½ n±ma arahatta½ nibb±nañca, tato panassa dha½sane vattabbameva natthi. Diµµhis²las±maññato sa½hataµµhena saªgha½, tato eva ekakamm±dividh±nayogena samagga½ sahita½. Bhetv±n±ti pubbe vuttalakkhaºena saªghabhedena bhinditv±. Kappanti ±yukappa½. So panettha antarakappova. Nirayamh²ti av²cimah±nirayamhi.

Aµµhamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.