13. Lokasuttavaººan±

112. Terasame lokoti lujjanapalujjanaµµhena loko, atthato purima½ ariyasaccadvaya½ idha pana dukkha½ ariyasacca½ veditabba½. Sv±ya½ sattaloko, saªkh±raloko, ok±salokoti vibh±gato sar³pato ca heµµh± vuttoyeva. Apica khandhalok±divasena ca anekavidho loko. Yath±ha–
“Lokoti khandhaloko, dh±tuloko, ±yatanaloko, vipattibhavaloko, vipattisambhavaloko, sampattibhavaloko, sampattisambhavaloko, eko loko sabbe satt± ah±raµµhitik±, dve lok± n±mañca r³pañca, tayo lok± tisso vedan±, catt±ro lok± catt±ro ±h±r±, pañca lok± pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, cha lok± cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±ni, satta lok± satta viññ±ºaµµhitiyo, aµµha lok± aµµha lokadhamm±, nava lok± nava satt±v±s±, dasa lok± das±yatan±ni, dv±dasa lok± dv±das±yatan±ni, aµµh±rasa lok± aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo”ti (mah±ni. 3; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 2).
Evamanekadh± vibhattopi loko pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu eva saªgaha½ samosaraºa½ gacchati, up±d±nakkhandh± ca dukkha½ ariyasacca½ j±tipi dukkh± …pe… sa½khittena pañcup±d±nakkhandh±pi dukkh±ti. Tena vutta½ “atthato purima½ ariyasaccadvaya½, idha pana dukkha½ ariyasacca½ veditabban”ti. Nanu ca lujjanapalujjanaµµho avisesena pañcasu khandhesu sambhavat²ti? Sacca½ sambhavati. Ya½ pana na lujjat²ti gahita½, ta½ tath± na hoti, eka½seneva lujjati palujjat²ti so lokoti up±d±nakkhandhesveva lokasaddo nir³¼hoti veditabbo. Tasm± lokoti dukkha½ ariyasacca½ eva.
Yadipi tath±gata-saddassa heµµh± tath±gatasutte n±n±nayehi vitth±rato attho vibhatto, tath±pi p±¼iy± atthasa½vaººan±mukhena ayamatthavibh±van±– abhisambuddhoti “abhiññeyyato pariññeyyato”ti pubbe vuttavibh±gena v± avisesato t±va ±say±nusayacariy±dhimutti-±dibhedato kusal±kusal±divibh±gato vaµµappam±ºasaºµh±n±dibhedato, visesato v± pana “aya½ sassat±sayo, aya½ ucched±sayo”ti-±din± “kakkha¼alakkhaº± pathav²dh±tu, paggharaºalakkhaº± ±podh±t³”ti-±din± ca abhivisiµµhena sayambhuñ±ºena samm± avipar²ta½ yo yo attho yath± yath± bujjhitabbo, tath± tath± buddho ñ±to attapaccakkho katoti abhisambuddho.
Lokasm±ti yath±vuttalokato. Visa½yuttoti visa½saµµho, tappaµibaddh±na½ sabbesa½ sa½yojan±na½ sammadeva samucchinnatt± tato vippamuttoti attho. Lokasamudayoti suttantanayena taºh±, abhidhammanayena pana abhisaªkh±rehi saddhi½ diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½. Pah²noti bodhimaº¹e arahattamaggañ±ºena samucchedappah±navasena sav±sana½ pah²no. Lokanirodhoti nibb±na½. Sacchikatoti attapaccakkho kato. Lokanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti s²l±dikkhandhattayasaªgaho ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo. So hi lokanirodha½ nibb±na½ gacchati adhigacchati, tadattha½ ariyehi paµipajj²yati c±ti lokanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti vuccati.
Ett±vat± tath±ni abhisambuddho y±th±vato gatoti tath±gatoti ayamattho dassito hoti. Catt±ri hi ariyasacc±ni tath±ni n±ma. Yath±ha–
“Catt±rim±ni bhikkhave, tath±ni avitath±ni anaññath±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? Ida½ dukkhanti, bhikkhave, tathameta½ avitathameta½, anaññathametan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1090) vitth±ro.
Apica tath±ya gatoti tath±gato, tatha½ gatoti tath±gato gatoti ca avagato at²to patto paµipannoti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yasm± bhagav± sakalaloka½ t²raºapariññ±ya tath±ya avipar²t±ya gato avagato, tasm± loko tath±gatena abhisambuddhoti tath±gato. Lokasamudaya½ pah±napariññ±ya tath±ya gato at²toti tath±gato. Lokanirodha½ sacchikiriy±ya tath±ya gato pattoti tath±gato. Lokanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ tatha½ avipar²ta½ gato paµipannoti tath±gatoti. Eva½ imiss± p±¼iy± bhagavato tath±gatabh±vad²panavasena attho veditabbo.
Iti bhagav± catusacc±bhisambodhanavasena attano tath±gatabh±va½ pak±setv± id±ni tattha diµµh±di-abhisambodhivasenapi ta½ dassetu½ “ya½, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha. Aªguttaraµµhakath±ya½ (a. ni. aµµha. 2.4.23) pana “cat³hi saccehi attano buddhabh±va½ kathetv±”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ tath±gatasadda-buddhasadd±na½ atthato ninn±n±karaºata½ dassetu½ vutta½. Tath± ceva hi p±¼i pavatt±ti. Tattha diµµhanti r³p±yatana½. Sutanti sadd±yatana½. Mutanti patv± gahetabbato gandh±yatana½, ras±yatana½, phoµµhabb±yatanañca. Viññ±tanti sukhadukkh±didhamm±rammaºa½. Pattanti pariyesitv± v± apariyesitv± v± patta½. Pariyesitanti patta½ v± appatta½ v± pariyesita½. Anuvicarita½ manas±ti cittena anusañcarita½. Kassa pana anuvicarita½ manas±ti? Sadevakassa…pe… sadevamanuss±y±ti sambandhan²ya½. Tattha saha deveh²ti sadevako, tassa sadevakassa. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
Sadevakavacanena cettha pañcak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½ veditabba½, sam±rakavacanena chaµµhak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½, sabrahmakavacanena brahmak±yik±dibrahmaggahaºa½, sassamaºabr±hmaºivacanena s±sanassa paccatthikasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºañceva samitap±pab±hitap±pasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºañca, paj±vacanena sattalokaggahaºa½ sadevamanussavacanena sammutideva-avasesamanussaggahaºa½. Evamettha t²hi padehi devam±rabrahmehi saddhi½ sattaloko, dv²hi paj±vasena sattaloko gahitoti veditabbo.
Aparo nayo– sadevakaggahaºena ar³p±vacaradevaloko gahito, sam±rakavacanena chak±m±vacaradevaloko, sabrahmakavacanena r³p²brahmaloko, sassamaºabr±hmaº±divacanena sammutidevehi saha avasesasattaloko gahito. Apicettha sadevakavacanena ukkaµµhaparicchedato sabbalokavisayassa bhagavato abhisambuddhabh±ve pak±site yesameva½ siy± “m±ro n±ma mah±nubh±vo chak±m±vacarissaro vasavatt², brahm± pana tatopi mah±nubh±vataro dasahi aªgul²hi dasasu cakkav±¼asahassesu ±loka½ pharati, uttamajjh±nasam±pattisukha½ paµisa½vedeti. Puth³ ca samaºabr±hmaº± iddhimanto dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduno mah±nubh±v± sa½vijjanti. Ayañca sattak±yo ananto aparim±ºo, kimetesa½ sabbesa½yeva visayo anavasesato bhagavat± abhisambuddho”ti? Tesa½ vimati½ vidhamento bhagav± “sadevakassa lokass±”ti-±dim±ha.
Por±º± pan±hu– “sadevakass±”ti devat±hi saddhi½ avasesaloka½ pariy±diyati, “sam±rakass±”ti m±rena saddhi½ avasesaloka½, “sabrahmakass±”ti brahmehi saddhi½ avasesaloka½. Eva½ sabbepi tibhav³page satte t²su padesu pakkhipitv± puna dv²hi padehi pariy±diyanto “sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±y±”ti ±ha. Eva½ pañcahipi padehi khandhattayaparicchinne sabbasatte pariy±diyati.
Yasm± ta½ tath±gatena abhisambuddhanti imin± ida½ dasseti– ya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su imassa sadevakassa lokassa “n²la½ p²takan”ti-±di r³p±rammaºa½ cakkhudv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, ta½ sabba½ “aya½ satto imasmi½ khaºe ima½ n±ma r³p±rammaºa½ disv± sumano v± dummano v± majjhatto v± j±to”ti tath±gatassa eva½ abhisambuddha½. Tath± ya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su imassa sadevakassa lokassa “bherisaddo mudiªgasaddo”ti-±di sadd±rammaºa½ sotadv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, “m³lagandho tacagandho”ti-±di gandh±rammaºa½ gh±nadv±re ±p±tham±gacchati, “m³laraso khandharaso”ti-±di ras±rammaºa½ jivh±dv±re ±p±tham±gacchati “kakkha¼a½ mudukan”ti-±di pathav²dh±tutejodh±tuv±yodh±tubheda½ phoµµhabb±rammaºa½ k±yadv±re ±p±tham±gacchati “aya½ satto imasmi½ khaºe ima½ n±ma phoµµhabba½ phusitv± sumano v± dummano v± majjhatto v± j±to”ti sabba½ ta½ tath±gatassa eva½ abhisambuddha½.
Tath± ya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su imassa sadevakassa lokassa sukh±dibheda½ dhamm±rammaºa½ manodv±re ±p±tham±gacchati, “aya½ satto imasmi½ khaºe ima½ n±ma dhamm±rammaºa½ j±nitv± sumano v± dummano v± majjhatto v± j±to”ti sabba½ ta½ tath±gatassa eva½ abhisambuddha½. Eva½ ya½ imassa sadevakassa lokassa diµµha½ suta½ muta½ viññ±ta½, ta½ tath±gatena adiµµha½ v± asuta½ v± amuta½ v± aviññ±ta½ v± natthi. Imassa pana mah±janassa pariyesitv± appattampi atthi, apariyesitv± appattampi atthi, pariyesitv± pattampi atthi, apariyesitv± pattampi atthi. Sabbampi tath±gatassa appatta½ n±ma natthi ñ±ºena asacchikata½. Tato eva ya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ cakkhudv±re ±p±tham±gacchanta½ r³p±rammaºa½ n±ma atthi, ta½ bhagav± sabba½ sabb±k±rena j±n±ti passati. Eva½ j±nat± passat± c±nena ta½ iµµh±niµµh±divasena v± diµµhasutamutaviññ±tesu labbham±napadavasena v± “katama½ ta½ r³pa½ r³p±yatana½? Ya½ r³pa½ catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya vaººanibh± sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ n²la½ p²takan”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 617) nayena anekehi n±mehi terasahi v±rehi dvepaññ±s±ya nayehi vibhajjam±na½ tatheva hoti, vitatha½ natthi. Esa nayo sotadv±r±d²supi ±p±tham±gacchantesu sadd±d²su.
Tasm± tath±gatoti vuccat²ti ya½ yath± lokena gata½, tassa tatheva gatatt± tath±gatoti vuccati. P±¼iya½ pana “abhisambuddhan”ti vutta½, ta½ tath±gatasaddena sam±nattha½. Imin± tath±dassibh±vato tath±gatoti ayamattho dassito hoti. Vuttañheta½ dhammasen±patin±–
“Na tassa addiµµhamidhatthi kiñci,
atho aviññ±tamaj±nitabba½;
sabba½ abhiññ±si yadatthi neyya½,
tath±gato tena samantacakkh³”ti. (Mah±ni. 156; c³¼ani. moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 85; paµi. ma. 1.121).
Suttantepi vutta½ bhagavat±–
“Ya½ bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa…pe… sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya diµµha½ suta½ muta½ viññ±ta½ patta½ pariyesita½ anuvicarita½ manas±, tamaha½ j±n±mi, tamaha½ abbhaññ±si½, ta½ tath±gatassa vidita½, ta½ tath±gato na upaµµh±s²”ti (a. ni. 4.24).
Yañca, bhikkhave, ratti½ tath±gato anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhat²ti yassañca vis±khapuººamarattiya½ tath± ±gat±di-atthena tath±gato bhagav± bodhimaº¹e apar±jitapallaªke nisinno tiººa½ m±r±na½ matthaka½ madditv± uttaritar±bh±vato anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ ±savakkhayañ±ºena saddhi½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ adhigacchati. Yañca ratti½ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yat²ti yassañca vis±khapuººamarattiya½yeva kusin±r±ya½ upavattane mall±na½ s±lavane yamakas±l±namantare anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yati. Ya½ etasmi½ antareti im±sa½ dvinna½ sa-up±disesa-anup±disesanibb±nadh±t³na½ vemajjhe pañcacatt±l²savassaparim±ºe k±le paµhamabodhiyampi, majjhimabodhiyampi, pacchimabodhiyampi ya½ suttageyy±dippabheda½ dhamma½ bh±sati niddisanavasena, lapati uddhisanavasena, niddisati paµiniddisanavasena. Sabba½ ta½ tatheva hot²ti ta½ etthantare desita½ sabba½ suttageyy±dinavaªga½ buddhavacana½ atthato byañjanato ca anupavajja½ an³na½ anadhika½ sabb±k±raparipuººa½ r±gamadanimmadana½…pe… mohamadanimmadana½, natthi tattha v±laggamattampi avakkhalita½, ekamuddik±ya lañchita½ viya ekan±¼iy± mita½ viya ekatul±ya tulita½ viya ca ta½ tatheva hoti yassatth±ya bh±sita½, ekanteneva tassa s±dhanato, no aññath±. Tasm± tatha½, avitatha½, anaññatha½. Etena tath±v±dit±ya tath±gatoti dasseti. Gada-attho aya½ gatasaddo dak±rassa tak±ra½ katv±, tasm± tatha½ gadat²ti tath±gatoti attho. Atha v± ±gadana½ ±gado, vacananti attho. Tatho avipar²to ±gado yass±ti dak±rassa tak±ra½ katv± tath±gatoti evamettha padasiddhi veditabb±.
Yath±v±d² tath±k±r²ti ye dhamme bhagav± “ime dhamm± akusal± s±vajj± viññugarahit± samatt± sam±dinn± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattant²”ti paresa½ dhamma½ desento vadati, te dhamme ekanteneva saya½ pah±si. Ye pana dhamme bhagav± “ime dhamm± kusal± anavajj± viññuppasatth± samatt± sam±dinn± hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattant²”ti vadati, te dhamme ekanteneva saya½ upasampajja vih±si. Tasm± yath±v±d² bhagav±, tath±k±r²ti veditabbo. Yath±k±r² tath±v±d²ti sammadeva s²l±diparip³raºavasena samm± paµipanno saya½ yath±k±r² bhagav±, tatheva dhammadesan±ya paresa½ tattha patiµµh±panavasena tath±v±d². Bhagavato hi v±c±ya k±yo anulometi, k±yassapi v±c±. Tasm± yath±v±d² tath±k±r², yath±k±r² tath±v±d² ca hoti. Eva½bh³tassa cassa yath± v±c±, k±yopi tath± gato pavatto. Yath± ca k±yo, v±c±pi tath± gat± pavatt±ti attho.
Abhibh³ anabhibh³toti upari bhavagga½ heµµh± av²ciniraya½ pariyanta½ katv± tiriya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su bhagav± sabbasatte abhibhavati s²lenapi sam±dhin±pi paññ±yapi vimuttiy±pi vimuttiñ±ºadassanenapi, na tassa tul± v± pam±ºa½ v± atthi, asamo asamasamo appaµimo appaµibh±go appaµipuggalo atulo appameyyo anuttaro dhammar±j± dev±na½ atidevo sakk±na½ atisakko brahm±na½ atibrahm±. Tato eva saya½ na kenaci abhibh³toti anabhibh³to. Aññadatth³ti eka½satthe nip±to. Yañhi kiñci neyya½ n±ma, sabba½ ta½ hatthatale ±malaka½ viya passat²ti daso. Avipar²ta½ ±say±di-avabodhena hit³pasa½h±r±din± ca satte, bh±vaññathatt³panayavasena saªkh±re sabb±k±rena suciººavasit±ya sam±pattiyo cittañca vase vattet²ti vasavatt². Ett±vat± abhibhavanaµµhena bhagav± attano tath±gatabh±va½ dasseti.
Tatreva½ padasiddhi veditabb±– agado viya agado. Ko panesa? Desan±vil±so ceva puññussayo ca. Teneva hesa mah±nubh±vo bhisakko viya dibb±gadena sappe, sabbe parappav±dino sadevakañca loka½ abhibhavati. Iti sabbalok±bhibhavane tatho avipar²to desan±vil±so ceva puññussayo ca agado ass±ti dak±rassa tak±ra½ katv± tath±gatoti veditabbo. Tena vutta½ “sadevake, bhikkhave, loke…pe… vasavatt², tasm± tath±gatoti vuccat²”ti.
G±th±su sabbaloka½ abhiññ±y±ti tedh±tukalokasanniv±sa½ j±nitv±. Sabbaloke yath±tathanti tasmi½ tedh±tukalokasanniv±se ya½kiñci neyya½, ta½ sabba½ yath±tatha½ avipar²ta½ j±nitv±. Sabbalokavisa½yuttoti catunna½ yog±na½ anavasesappah±nena sabbenapi lokena visa½yutto vippamutto. An³payoti sabbasmimpi loke taºh±diµµhi-upayehi an³payo tehi upayehi virahito.
Sabb±bhibh³ti r³p±d²ni sabb±rammaº±ni, sabba½ saªkh±ragata½, sabbepi m±re abhibhavitv± µhito. Dh²roti dhitisampanno. Sabbaganthappamocanoti sabbe abhijjh±k±yaganth±dike mocetv± µhito veneyyasant±nepi attano desan±vil±sena tesa½ pamocanato sabbaganthappamocano. Phuµµh±ss±ti phuµµh± assa. Karaºatthe ida½ s±mivacana½, phuµµh± anen±ti attho. Param± sant²ti nibb±na½. Tañhi tena ñ±ºaphusanena phuµµha½. Tenev±ha “nibb±na½ akutobhayan”ti. Atha v± param± sant²ti uttam± santi. Katar± s±ti? Nibb±na½. Yasm± pana nibb±ne kutoci bhaya½ natthi, tasm± ta½ akutobhayanti vuccati.
An²ghoti niddukkho. Sabbakammakkhaya½ pattoti sabbesa½ kamm±na½ khaya½ pariyos±na½ accant±bh±va½ patto. Vimutto upadhisaªkhayeti upadhisaªkhayasaªkh±te nibb±ne tad±rammaº±ya phalavimuttiy± vimutto. Esa soti eso so. S²ho anuttaroti parissay±na½ sahanaµµhena, kiles±na½ hananaµµhena ca, tath±gato anuttaro s²ho n±ma. Brahmanti seµµha½. Cakkanti dhammacakka½. Pavattay²ti tiparivaµµa½ dv±das±k±ra½ pavattesi.
It²ti eva½ tath±gatassa guºe j±nitv±. Saªgamm±ti sam±gantv±. Ta½ namassant²ti ta½ tath±gata½ te saraºa½ gat± devamanuss± namassanti. Mahantehi s²l±diguºehi samann±gatatt± mahanta½, catuves±rajjayogena v²tas±rada½. Id±ni ya½ vadant± te namassanti, ta½ dassetu½ dantoti-±di vutta½. Ta½ utt±natthameva.
Iti imasmi½ catukkanip±te chaµµhe sattame ca sutte vaµµa½ kathita½, paµhamadutiyatatiyadv±dasamaterasamesu vivaµµa½ kathita½, sesesu vaµµavivaµµa½ kathitanti veditabba½.

Terasamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

Iti paramatthad²paniy±

Khuddakanik±ya-aµµhakath±ya

Itivuttakassa catukkanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.