10. Nad²sotasuttavaŗŗan±

109. Dasame seyyath±p²ti opammadassanatthe nip±to, yath± n±m±ti attho. Nadiy± sotena ovuyheyy±ti s²ghasot±ya h±rah±riniy± nadiy± udakavegena heµµhato vuyheyya adho hariyetha. Piyar³pas±tar³pen±ti piyasabh±vena s±tasabh±vena ca k±raŗabh³tena, tassa½ nadiya½ tass± v± parat²re maŗisuvaŗŗ±di ańńa½ v± piyavatthu vitt³pakaraŗa½ atthi, ta½ gahess±m²ti nadiya½ patitv± sotena avaka¹¹heyya. Kińc±p²ti anuj±nana-asambh±vanatthe nip±to. Ki½ anuj±n±ti, ki½ na sambh±veti? Tena purisena adhippetassa piyavatthussa tattha atthibh±va½ anuj±n±ti, tath±gamana½ pana ±d²navavantat±ya na sambh±veti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ambho, purisa yadipi tay± adhippeta½ piyavatthu tattha upalabbhati, eva½ gamane pana ayam±d²navo, ya½ tva½ heµµh± rahada½ patv± maraŗa½ maraŗamatta½ v± dukkha½ p±puŗeyy±s²ti.
Atthi cettha heµµh± rahadoti etiss± nadiy± heµµh± anusotabh±ge ativiya gambh²ravitthato eko mah±saro atthi. So ca samantato v±t±bhigh±tasamuµµhit±hi maŗimayapabbatak³µasannibh±hi mahat²hi ³m²hi v²c²hi sa-³mi, visamesu bh³mippadesesu savega½ anupakkhandantena imiss± t±va nadiy± mahoghena tahi½ tahi½ ±vaµµam±navipulajalat±ya balav±mukhasadisehi saha ±vaµµeh²ti s±vaµµo. Ta½ rahada½ otiŗŗasatteyeva attano nibaddh±misagocare katv± ajjh±vasantena ativiya bhay±nakadassanena ghoracetas± dakarakkhasena sagaho sarakkhaso, caŗ¹amacchamakar±din± v± sagaho, yath±vuttarakkhasena sarakkhaso.
Yanti eva½ sappaµibhaya½ ya½ rahada½. Ambho puris±ti ±lapana½. Maraŗa½ v± nigacchas²ti t±hi v± ³m²hi ajjhotthaµo, tesu v± ±vaµµesu nipatito s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ asakkonto tesa½ v± caŗ¹amacchamakar±d²na½ mukhe nipatito. Tassa v± dakarakkhasassa hattha½ gato maraŗa½ v± gamissasi, atha v± pana ±yusese sati tato muccitv± apagacchanto tehi ³mi-±d²hi janitaghaµµitavasena maraŗamatta½ maraŗappam±ŗa½ dukkha½ nigacchasi. Paµisota½ v±yameyy±ti so pubbe anusota½ vuyham±no tassa purisassa vacana½ sutv± “anattho kira me upaµµhito, maccumukhe kir±ha½ parivatt±m²”ti uppannabalavabhayo sambhamanto diguŗa½ katv± uss±ha½ hatthehi ca p±dehi ca v±yameyya tareyya, na cireneva t²ra½ samp±puŗeyya.
Atthassa vińń±pan±y±ti catusaccapaµivedh±nuk³lassa atthassa sambodhan±ya upam± kat±. Ayańcettha atthoti ayameva id±ni vuccam±no idha may± adhippeto upameyyattho, yassa vińń±pan±ya upam± ±haµ±.
Taŗh±yeta½ adhivacananti ettha cat³hi ±k±rehi taŗh±ya sotasadisat± veditabb± anukkamaparivu¹¹hito anuppabandhato os²d±panato duruttaraŗato ca. Yath± hi upari mah±meghe abhippavuµµhe udaka½ pabbatakandarapadaras±kh±yo p³retv± tato bhassitv± kusubbhe p³retv± tato bhassitv± kunnadiyo p³retv± tato mah±nadiyo pakkhanditv± ekogha½ hutv± pavattam±na½ “nad²soto”ti vuccati, evameva ajjhattikab±hir±divasena anekabhedesu r³p±d²su ±rammaŗesu lobho uppajjitv± anukkamena parivu¹¹hi½ gacchanto “taŗh±soto”ti vuccati, yath± ca nad²soto ±gamanato y±va samuddappatti, t±va sati vicchedapaccay±bh±ve avicchijjam±no anuppabandhena pavattati, eva½ taŗh±sotopi ±gamanato paµµh±ya asati vicchedapaccaye avicchijjam±no ap±yasamudd±bhimukho anuppabandhena pavattati. Yath± pana nad²soto tadantogadhe satte os²d±peti, s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na deti, maraŗa½ v± maraŗamatta½ v± dukkha½ p±peti, eva½ taŗh±sotopi attano sotantogate satte os²d±peti, pańń±s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na deti, kusalam³lacchedanena sa½kilesadhammasam±pajjanena ca maraŗa½ v± maraŗamatta½ v± dukkha½ p±peti.
Yath± ca nadiy± soto mahoghabh±vena pavattam±no u¼umpa½ v± n±va½ v± bandhitu½ netuńca cheka½ purisa½ niss±ya parat²ra½ gantu½ ajjh±saya½ katv± tajja½ v±y±ma½ karontena taritabbo, na yena v± tena v±ti duruttaro, eva½ taŗh±sotopi k±moghabhavoghabh³to s²lasa½vara½ p³retu½ samathavipassan±su kamma½ k±tu½ “nipakena arahatta½ p±puŗiss±m²”ti ajjh±saya½ samuµµh±petv± kaly±ŗamitte niss±ya samathavipassan±n±va½ abhiruhitv± samm±v±y±ma½ karontena taritabbo, na yena v± tena v±ti duruttaro. Eva½ anukkamaparivu¹¹hito anuppabandhato os²d±panato duruttaraŗatoti cat³hi ±k±rehi taŗh±ya nad²sotasadisat± veditabb±.
Piyar³pa½ s±tar³panti piyaj±tika½ piyasabh±va½ piyar³pa½, madhuraj±tika½ madhurasabh±va½ s±tar³pa½, iµµhasabh±vanti attho. Channetanti channa½ eta½. Ajjhattik±nanti ettha “eva½ maya½ att±ti gahaŗa½ gamiss±m±”ti imin± viya adhipp±yena att±na½ adhik±ra½ katv± pavatt±n²ti ajjhattik±ni. Tattha gocarajjhatta½, niyakajjhatta½, visayajjhatta½, ajjhattajjhattanti catubbidha½ ajjhatta½. Tesu “ajjhattarato sam±hito”ti evam±d²su (dha. pa. 362) vutta½ ida½ gocarajjhatta½ n±ma. “Ajjhatta½ sampas±danan”ti (d². ni. 1.228; dha. sa. 161) ±gata½ ida½ niyakajjhatta½ n±ma. “Sabbanimitt±na½ amanasik±r± ajjhatta½ suńńata½ upasampajja viharat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.187) evam±gata½ ida½ visayajjhatta½ n±ma. “Ajjhattik± dhamm±, b±hir± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 20) ettha vutta½ ajjhatta½ ajjhattajjhatta½ n±ma. Idh±pi etadeva adhippeta½, tasm± ajjhatt±niyeva ajjhattik±ni. Atha v± yath±vutteneva atthena “ajjhatt± dhamm±, bahiddh± dhamm±”ti-±d²su viya tesu ajjhattesu bhav±ni ajjhattik±ni, cakkh±d²ni. Tesa½ ajjhattik±na½.
¾yatan±nanti ettha ±yatanato, ±y±na½ tananato, ±yatassa ca nayanato ±yatan±n²ti Cakkh±d²su hi ta½ta½dv±ravatthuk± cittacetasik± dhamm± sakena sakena anubhavan±din± kiccena ±yatanti uµµhahanti ghaµanti v±yamanti, te ca ±yabh³te dhamme et±ni tanonti vitth±renti yańca anamatagge sa½s±re pavatta½ ativiya ±yata½ vaµµadukkha½, ta½ nayanti pavattenti. Iti sabbath±pime dhamm± ±yatanato, ±y±na½ tananato, ±yatassa ca nayanato ±yatan±n²ti vuccanti. Apica niv±saµµh±naµµhena, ±karaµµhena, samosaraŗaµµh±naµµhena, sańj±tidesaµµhena, k±raŗaµµhena ca ±yatana½ veditabba½. Tath± hi loke “issar±yatana½ dev±yatanan”ti-±d²su niv±saµµh±na½ ±yatananti vuccati. “Suvaŗŗ±yatana½ rajat±yatanan”ti-±d²su ±karo. S±sane pana “manorame ±yatane, sevanti na½ vihaŖgam±”ti-±d²su samosaraŗaµµh±na½. “Dakkhiŗ±patho gunna½ ±yatanan”ti-±d²su sańj±tideso. “Tatra tatreva sakkhibhabbata½ p±puŗ±ti sati sati-±yatane”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.158; a. ni. 3.102) k±raŗa½ ±yatananti vuccati. Cakkh±d²su ca te te cittacetasik± dhamm± nivasanti tad±yattavuttit±y±ti cakkh±dayo tesa½ niv±saµµh±na½. Tattha ca te ±kiŗŗ± tannissitatt±ti te nesa½ ±karo, samosaraŗaµµh±nańca tattha vatthudv±rabh±vena samosaraŗato, sańj±tideso ca tannissayabh±vena tesa½ tattheva uppattito, k±raŗańca tadabh±ve tesa½ abh±vatoti. Iti niv±saµµh±naµµhena, ±karaµµhena, samosaraŗaµµh±naµµhena, sańj±tidesaµµhena, k±raŗaµµhen±ti imehi k±raŗehi cakkh±d²ni ±yatan±n²ti vuccanti. Tena vutta½ “channeta½ ajjhattik±na½ ±yatan±nan”ti.
Yadipi r³p±dayopi dhamm± “r³pa½ loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½, etthes± taŗh± uppajjam±n± uppajjat²”ti taŗh±vatthubh±vato piyar³pas±tar³pabh±vena vutt±. Cakkh±dike pana muńcitv± attabh±vapańńattiy± abh±vato “mama cakkhu mama sotan”ti-±din± adhikasinehavatthubh±vena cakkh±dayo s±tisaya½ piyar³pa½ s±tar³panti niddesa½ arahant²ti dassetu½ “piyar³pa½ s±tar³panti kho, bhikkhave, channeta½ ajjhattik±na½ ±yatan±na½ adhivacanan”ti vutta½.
Orambh±giy±nanti ettha ora½ vuccati k±madh±tu, tappariy±pann± orambh±g±, paccayabh±vena tesa½ hit±ti orambh±giy±. Yassa sa½vijjanti, ta½ puggala½ vaµµasmi½ sa½yojenti bandhant²ti sa½yojan±ni. Sakk±yadiµµhivicikicch±s²labbatapar±m±sak±mar±gaby±p±d±na½ eta½ adhivacana½. Te hi k±mabhav³pag±na½ saŖkh±r±na½ paccay± hutv± r³p±r³padh±tuto heµµh±bh±vena nih²nabh±vena orambh±gabh³tena k±mabhavena satte sa½yojenti. Eteneva tesa½ heµµh±rahadasadisat± d²pit±ti daµµhabb±. Šmibhayanti kho, bhikkhave, kodhup±y±sasseta½ adhivacananti bh±yati etasm±ti bhaya½, ³mi eva bhayanti ³mibhaya½. Kujjhanaµµhena kodho, sveva cittassa sar²rassa ca abhippamaddanapavedhanupp±danena da¼ha½ ±y±sanaµµhena up±y±so.
Ettha ca anekav±ra½ pavattitv± attan± samaveta½ satta½ ajjhottharitv± s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ adatv± anayabyasan±p±danena kodhup±y±sassa ³misadisat± daµµhabb±. Tath± k±maguŗ±na½ kiles±bhibh³te satte ito ca etto, etto ca itoti eva½ man±piyar³p±divisayasaŖkh±te attani sa½s±retv± yath± tato bahibh³te nekkhamme cittampi na uppajjati eva½ ±vaµµetv± byasan±p±danena ±vaµµasadisat± daµµhabb±. Yath± pana gaharakkhasopi ±rakkharahita½ attano gocarabh³migata½ purisa½ abhibhuyya gahetv± agocare µhitampi rakkhasam±y±ya gocara½ netv± bheravar³padassan±din± avasa½ attano upak±ra½ k±tu½ asamattha½ katv± anv±visitv± vaŗŗabalabhogayasasukhehipi viyojento mahanta½ anayabyasana½ ±p±deti, eva½ m±tug±mopi yonisomanasik±rarahita½ av²rapurisa½ itthikuttabh³tehi attano h±vabh±vavil±sehi abhibhuyya gahetv± v²raj±tiyampi attano r³p±d²hi palobhanavasena itthim±y±ya anv±visitv± avasa½ attano upak±radhamme s²l±dayo samp±detu½ asamattha½ karonto guŗavaŗŗ±d²hi viyojetv± mahanta½ anayabyasana½ ±p±deti, eva½ m±tug±massa gaharakkhasasadisat± daµµhabb±. Tena vutta½ “±vaµµanti kho, bhikkhave, pańcanneta½ k±maguŗ±na½ adhivacana½, gaharakkhasoti kho, bhikkhave, m±tug±masseta½ adhivacanan”ti.
Paµisototi kho bhikkhave nekkhammasseta½ adhivacananti ettha pabbajj± saha upac±rena paµhamajjh±na½ vipassan±pańń± ca nibb±nańca nekkhamma½ n±ma. Sabbepi kusal± dhamm± nekkhamma½ n±ma. Vuttańheta½–
“Pabbajj± paµhama½ jh±na½, nibb±nańca vipassan±;
sabbepi kusal± dhamm±, nekkhammanti pavuccare”ti.
Imesa½ pana pabbajj±d²na½ taŗh±sotassa paµilomato paµisotasadisat± veditabb±. Avisesena hi dhammavinayo nekkhamma½, tassa adhiµµh±na½ pabbajj± ca, dhammavinayo ca taŗh±sotassa paµisota½ vuccati. Vuttańheta½–
“Paµisotag±mi½ nipuŗa½, gambh²ra½ duddasa½ aŗu½;
r±garatt± na dakkhanti, tamokhandhena ±vut±”ti. (D². ni. 2.65; ma. ni. 1.281; sa½. ni. 1.172).
V²riy±rambhass±ti catubbidhasammappadh±nav²riyassa. Tassa k±mogh±dibhedataŗh±sotasantaraŗassa hatthehi p±dehi caturaŖganad²sotasantaraŗav±y±massa sadisat± p±kaµ±yeva. Tath± nad²sotassa t²re µhitassa cakkhumato purisassa k±m±di½ catubbidhampi ogha½ taritv± tassa parat²rabh³te nibb±nathale µhitassa pańcahi cakkh³hi cakkhumato bhagavato sadisabh±vo. Tena vutta½ “cakkhum± puriso…pe… samm±sambuddhass±”ti.
Tatrida½ opammasa½sandana½– nad²soto viya anuppabandhavasena pavattam±no taŗh±soto, tena vuyham±no puriso viya anamatagge sa½s±ravaµµe paribbhamanato taŗh±sotena vuyham±no satto, tassa tattha piyar³pas±tar³pavatthusmi½ abhiniveso viya imassa cakkh±d²su abhiniveso, sa-³mis±vaµµasagaharakkhaso heµµh±rahado viya kodhup±y±sapańcak±maguŗam±tug±masam±kulo pańcorambh±giyasa½yojanasam³ho, tamattha½ yath±bh³ta½ viditv± tassa nad²sotassa parat²re µhito cakkhum± puriso viya sakala½ sa½s±r±d²nava½ sabbańca ńeyyadhamma½ yath±bh³ta½ viditv± taŗh±sotassa parat²rabh³te nibb±nathale µhito samantacakkhu bhagav±, tassa purisassa tasmi½ nadiy± sotena vuyham±ne purise anukamp±ya rahadassa rahad±d²navassa ca ±cikkhana½ viya taŗh±sotena vuyham±nassa sattassa mah±karuŗ±ya bhagavato taŗh±d²na½ tad±d²navassa ca vibh±van±, tassa vacana½ asaddahitv± anusotag±mino tassa purisassa tasmi½ rahade maraŗappattimaraŗamattadukkhappattiyo viya bhagavato vacana½ asampaµicchantassa ap±yuppatti, sugatiya½ dukkhuppatti ca, tassa pana vacana½ saddahitv± hatthehi ca p±dehi ca v±y±makaraŗa½ viya tena ca v±y±mena parat²ra½ patv± sukhena yathicchitaµµh±nagamana½ viya bhagavato vacana½ sampaµicchitv± taŗh±d²su ±d²nava½ passitv± taŗh±sotassa paµisotapabbajj±dinekkhammavasena v²riy±rambho, ±raddhav²riyassa ca teneva v²riy±rambhena taŗh±sot±tikkamana½ nibb±nat²ra½ patv± arahattaphalasam±pattivasena yath±ruci sukhavih±roti.
G±th±su sah±pi dukkhena jaheyya k±meti jh±namagg±dhigamattha½ samathavipassan±nuyoga½ karonto bhikkhu yadipi tesa½ pubbabh±gapaµipad± kicchena kasirena sampajjati, na sukhena v²thi½ otarati pubbabh±gabh±van±ya kiles±na½ balavabh±vato, indriy±na½ v± atikkhabh±vato. Tath± sati sah±pi dukkhena jaheyya k±me, paµhamajjh±nena vikkhambhento tatiyamaggena samucchindanto kilesak±me pajaheyya. Etena dukkhapaµipade jh±namagge dasseti.
Yogakkhema½ ±yati½ patthay±noti an±g±mita½ arahatta½ icchanto ±kaŖkham±no. Ayańhettha adhipp±yo– yadipi etarahi kicchena kasirena jh±napurimamagge adhigacch±mi, ime pana niss±ya upari arahatta½ adhigantv± katakicco pah²nasabbadukkho bhaviss±m²ti sah±pi dukkhena jh±n±d²hi k±me pajaheyy±ti. Atha v± yo k±mavitakkabahulo puggalo kaly±ŗamittassa vasena pabbajja½ s²lavisodhana½ jh±n±d²na½ pubbabh±gapaµipatti½ v± paµipajjanto kicchena kasirena assumukho rodam±no ta½ vitakka½ vikkhambheti, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “sah±pi dukkhena jaheyya k±me”ti. So hi kicchenapi k±me pajahanto jh±na½ nibbattetv± ta½ jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± vipassanto anukkamena arahatte patiµµhaheyya. Tena vutta½ “yogakkhema½ ±yati½ patthay±no”ti.
Sammappaj±noti vipassan±sahit±ya maggapańń±ya sammadeva paj±nanto. Suvimuttacittoti tassa ariyamagg±dhigamassa anantara½ phalavimuttiy± suµµhu vimuttacitto. Vimuttiy± phassaye tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ maggaphal±dhigamanak±le vimutti½ nibb±na½ phassaye phuseyya p±puŗeyya adhigaccheyya sacchikareyya. Upayogatthe hi “vimuttiy±”ti ida½ s±mivacana½. Vimuttiy± v± ±rammaŗabh³t±ya tattha tattha ta½ta½phalasam±pattik±le attano phalacitta½ phassaye phuseyya p±puŗeyya, nibb±nogadh±ya phalasam±pattiy± vihareyy±ti attho. Sa vedag³ti so vedasaŖkh±tena maggań±ŗena catunna½ sacc±na½ gatatt± paµividdhatt± vedag³. Lokantag³ti khandhalokassa pariyanta½ gato. Sesa½ suvińńeyyameva.

Dasamasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.