7. Sabrahmakasuttavaŗŗan±

106. Sattame sabrahmak±n²ti saseµµhak±ni. Yesanti yesa½ kul±na½. Putt±nanti puttehi p³jitasaddayogena hi ida½ karaŗatthe s±mivacana½. Ajjh±g±reti sake ghare. P³jit± hont²ti ya½ ghare atthi, tena paµijaggit± man±pena ceva k±yikav±casikena ca paccupaµµhit± honti. Iti m±t±pitup³jak±ni kul±ni “sabrahmak±n²”ti pasa½sitv± uparipi nesa½ pasa½san²yata½ dassento “sapubbadevat±n²”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha brahm±ti-±d²ni tesa½ brahm±dibh±vas±dhanattha½ vutt±ni. Tatr±yamatthavibh±van±– brahm±ti seµµh±dhivacana½. Yath± hi brahmuno catasso bh±van± avijahit± honti mett±, karuŗ±, mudit±, upekkh±ti, eva½ m±t±pit³na½ puttesu catasso bh±van± avijahit± honti. T± tasmi½ tasmi½ k±le veditabb±– kucchigatasmińhi d±rake “kad± na kho puttaka½ aroga½ paripuŗŗaŖgapaccaŖga½ passiss±m±”ti m±t±pit³na½ mettacitta½ uppajjati. Yad± panesa mando utt±naseyyako ³k±hi v± maŖkulehi v± daµµho dukkhaseyy±ya v± p²¼ito parodati viravati, tad±ssa sadda½ sutv± m±t±pit³na½ k±ruńńa½ uppajjati. ¾dh±vitv± vidh±vitv± k²¼anak±le pana lobhan²yavayasmi½ v± µhitak±le d±raka½ oloketv± m±t±pit³na½ citta½ sappimaŗ¹e pakkhittasatavihatakapp±sapicupaµala½ viya muduka½ ±modita½ pamodita½, tad± nesa½ mudit± labbhati. Yad± pana tesa½ putto d±rabharaŗa½ paccupaµµhapetv± p±µiyekka½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasati, tad± m±t±pit³na½ “sakkoti d±ni no puttako attano dhammat±ya j²vitun”ti majjhattabh±vo uppajjati. Eva½ tasmi½ k±le upekkh± labbhati. Eva½ m±t±pit³na½ puttesu yath±k±la½ catubbidhassapi brahmavih±rassa labbhanato brahmasadisavuttit±ya vutta½ “brahm±ti, bhikkhave, m±t±pit³na½ eta½ adhivacanan”ti.
Pubbadevat±ti ettha dev± n±ma tividh±– sammutidev±, upapattidev±, visuddhidev±ti. Tesu sammutidev± n±ma r±j±no khattiy±. Te hi “devo, dev²”ti loke vohar²yanti, dev± viya lokassa niggah±nuggahasamatth± ca honti. Upapattidev± n±ma c±tumah±r±jikato paµµh±ya y±va bhavagg± uppann± satt±. Visuddhidev± n±ma kh²ŗ±sav± sabbakilesavisuddhito. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho– dibbanti, k²¼anti, la¼anti, jotanti paµipakkha½ jayanti v±ti dev±. Tesu sabbaseµµh± visuddhidev±. Yath± te b±lajanehi kata½ apar±dha½ agaŗetv± ekanteneva tesa½ anatthah±ni½ atthuppattińca ±kaŖkhant±va yath±vuttabrahmavih±rayogena atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya paµipajjanti, dakkhiŗeyyat±ya ca tesa½ k±r±na½ mahapphalata½ mah±nisa½satańca ±vahanti; evameva m±t±pitaropi putt±na½ apar±dha½ agaŗetv± ekanteneva tesa½ anatthah±ni½ atthuppattińca ±kaŖkhant± vuttanayeneva catubbidhassapi brahmavih±rassa labbhanato atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya paµipajjant± paramadakkhiŗeyy± hutv± attani kat±na½ k±r±na½ mahapphalata½ mah±nisa½satańca ±vahanti. Sabbadevehi ca paµhama½ tesa½ upak±ravantat±ya te ±ditoyeva dev±. Tesańhi vasena te paµhama½ ańńe deve “dev±”ti j±nanti ±r±dhenti payirup±santi, ±r±dhanavidhi½ ńatv± tath± paµipajjant± tass± paµipattiy± phala½ adhigacchanti, tasm± te pacch±dev± n±ma. Tena vutta½ “pubbadevat±ti, bhikkhave, m±t±pit³na½ eta½ adhivacanan”ti.
Pubb±cariy±ti paµhama-±cariy±. M±t±pitaro hi putte sikkh±pent± atitaruŗak±lato paµµh±ya “eva½ nis²da, eva½ gaccha, eva½ tiµµha, eva½ saya, eva½ kh±da, eva½ bhuńja, aya½ te ‘t±t±’ti vattabbo, aya½ ‘bh±tik±’ti, aya½ ‘bhagin²’ti, ida½ n±ma k±tu½ vaµµati, ida½ na vaµµati, asuka½ n±ma upasaŖkamitu½ vaµµati, asuka½ n±ma na vaµµat²”ti g±henti sikkh±penti. Aparabh±ge ańńe ±cariy±pi sippa½ mudda½ gaŗananti evam±di½ sikkh±penti, ańńe saraŗ±ni denti, s²lesu patiµµh±penti, pabb±jenti dhamma½ uggaŗh±penti, upasamp±denti, sot±pattimagg±d²ni p±penti. Iti sabbepi te pacch±-±cariy± n±ma. M±t±pitaro pana sabbapaµhama½. Ten±ha “pubb±cariy±ti, bhikkhave, m±t±pit³na½ eta½ adhivacanan”ti.
¾huneyy±ti ±netv± hunitabbanti ±huna½, d³ratopi ±netv± phalavisesa½ ±kaŖkhantena guŗavantesu d±tabb±na½ annap±navatthacch±dan±d²na½ eta½ n±ma½, upak±rakhettat±ya ta½ ±huna½ arahant²ti ±huneyy±. Tena vutta½ “±huneyy±ti, bhikkhave, m±t±pit³na½ eta½ adhivacanan”ti.
Id±ni tesa½ brahm±dibh±ve k±raŗa½ dassetu½ “ta½ kissa hetu? Bahuk±r±”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ kissa het³ti ta½ m±t±pit³na½ brahm±di-adhivacana½ kena k±raŗen±ti ceti attho. Bahuk±r±ti bah³pak±r±. ¾p±dak±ti j²vitassa ±p±dak±, p±lak±. Putt±nańhi m±t±pit³hi j²vita½ ±p±dita½ p±lita½ ghaµita½ anuppabandhena pavattita½ samp±dita½. Posak±ti hatthap±de va¹¹hetv± hadayalohita½ p±yetv± poset±ro. Imassa lokassa dasset±roti putt±na½ imasmi½ loke iµµh±niµµh±rammaŗadassana½ n±ma m±t±pitaro niss±ya j±tanti te nesa½ imassa lokassa dasset±ro n±ma. Iti tesa½ bahuk±ratta½ brahm±dibh±vassa k±raŗa½ dassita½, yena putto m±t±pit³na½ lokiyena upak±rena kenaci pariy±yena pariyanta½ paµik±ra½ k±tu½ na samatthoyeva. Sace hi putto “m±t±pit³na½ upak±rassa paccupak±ra½ kariss±m²”ti uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya v±yamanto dakkhiŗe a½sak³µe m±tara½, itarasmi½ pitara½ µhapetv± vassasat±yuko sakala½ vassasatampi parihareyya cat³hi paccayehi ucch±danaparimaddananh±panasamb±han±d²hi ca yath±ruci upaµµhahanto tesa½ muttakar²sampi ajigucchanto, na ett±vat± puttena m±t±pit³na½ paµik±ro kato hoti ańńatra saddh±diguŗavisese patiµµh±pan±. Vuttańheta½ bhagavat±–
“Dvinn±ha½, bhikkhave, na suppaµik±ra½ vad±mi. Katamesa½ dvinna½? M±tu ca pitu ca. Ekena, bhikkhave, a½sena m±tara½ parihareyya, ekena a½sena pitara½ parihareyya vassasat±yuko vassasataj²v², so ca nesa½ ucch±danaparimaddananh±panasamb±hanena, te ca tattheva muttakar²sa½ cajeyyu½, na tveva, bhikkhave, m±t±pit³na½ kata½ v± hoti paµikata½ v± Imiss± ca, bhikkhave, mah±pathaviy± pah³tarattaratan±ya m±t±pitaro issariy±dhipacce rajje patiµµh±peyya, na tveva, bhikkhave, m±t±pit³na½ kata½ v± hoti paµikata½ v±. Ta½ kissa hetu? Bahuk±r±, bhikkhave, m±t±pitaro putt±na½ ±p±dak± posak± imassa lokassa dasset±ro.
“Yo ca kho, bhikkhave, m±t±pitaro assaddhe saddh±sampad±ya sam±dapeti niveseti patiµµh±peti. Duss²le s²lasampad±ya, maccharino c±gasampad±ya, duppańńe pańń±sampad±ya sam±dapeti niveseti patiµµh±peti. Ett±vat± kho, bhikkhave, m±t±pit³na½ katańca hoti paµikatańc±”ti (a. ni. 2.34).
Tath±–
“M±t±pitu-upaµµh±na½, puttad±rassa saŖgaho”ti; (khu. p±. 5.6);
“m±t±pitu-upaµµh±na½, bhikkhave, paŗ¹itapańńattan”ti ca–

Evam±d²ni m±t±pit³na½ puttassa bah³pak±rabh±vas±dhak±ni sutt±ni daµµhabb±ni.

G±th±su vuccareti vuccanti kath²yanti. Paj±ya anukampak±ti paresa½ p±ŗa½ chinditv±pi attano santaka½ ya½kińci cajitv±pi attano paja½ paµijagganti gopayanti, tasm± paj±ya attano putt±na½ anukampak± anugg±hak±.
Namasseyy±ti s±ya½ p±ta½ upaµµh±na½ gantv± “ida½ mayha½ uttama½ puńńakkhettan”ti namakk±ra½ kareyya. Sakkareyy±ti sakk±rena paµim±neyya. Id±ni ta½ sakk±ra½ dassento “annen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha annen±ti y±gubhattakh±dan²yena. P±nen±ti aµµhavidhap±nena. Vatthen±ti niv±sanap±rupanena. Sayanen±ti mańcap²µhabhisibimbohan±din± sayanena. Ucch±danen±ti duggandha½ paµivinodetv± sugandhakaraŗucch±danena. Nh±nen±ti s²tak±le uŗhodakena, uŗhak±le s²todakena gatt±ni parisińcitv± nh±panena. P±d±na½ dhovanena c±ti uŗhodakas²todakehi p±dadhovanena ceva telamakkhanena ca.
T±ya na½ p±ricariy±y±ti ettha nanti nip±tamatta½, yath±vuttaparicaraŗena. Atha v± p±ricariy±y±ti bharaŗakiccakaraŗakulava½sapatiµµh±pan±din± pańcavidha-upaµµh±nena. Vuttańheta½–
“Pańcahi kho, gahapatiputta, µh±nehi puttena puratthim± dis± m±t±pitaro paccupaµµh±tabb± ‘bhato ne bhariss±mi, kicca½ nesa½ kariss±mi, kulava½sa½ µhapess±mi, d±yajja½ paµipajjiss±mi. Atha v± pana nesa½ pet±na½ k±lakat±na½ dakkhiŗamanuppadass±m²’ti. Imehi kho, gahapatiputta, pańcahi µh±nehi puttena puratthim± dis± m±t±pitaro paccupaµµhit± pańcahi µh±nehi putta½ anukampanti– p±p± niv±renti, kaly±ŗe nivesenti, sippa½ sikkh±penti, patir³pena d±rena sa½yojenti, samaye d±yajja½ niyy±dent²”ti (d². ni. 3.267).
Apica yo m±t±pitaro t²su vatth³su abhippasanne katv± s²lesu v± patiµµh±petv± pabbajj±ya v± niyojetv± upaµµhahati, aya½ m±t±pitu-upaµµh±k±na½ aggoti veditabbo. S± pan±ya½ p±ricariy± puttassa ubhayalokahitasukh±vah±ti dassento “idheva na½ pasa½santi, pecca sagge pamodat²”ti ±ha. Tattha idh±ti imasmi½ loke. M±t±pitu-upaµµh±kańhi puggala½ paŗ¹itamanuss± tattha p±ricariy±ya pasa½santi vaŗŗenti thomenti, tassa ca diµµh±nugati½ ±pajjant± sayampi attano m±t±pit³su tath± paµipajjitv± mahanta½ puńńa½ pasavanti. Pecc±ti paraloka½ gantv± sagge µhito m±t±pitupaµµh±ko dibbasampatt²hi modati pamodati abhinandat²ti.

Sattamasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.