5. S²lasampannasuttavaººan±

104. Pañcame s²lasampann±ti ettha s²la½ n±ma kh²º±sav±na½ lokiyalokuttaras²la½, tena sampann± samann±gat±ti s²lasampann±. Sam±dhipaññ±supi eseva nayo. Vimutti pana phalavimuttiyeva, vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½. Evamettha s²l±dayo tayo lokiyalokuttar±, vimutti lokuttar±va, vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ lokiyameva. Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ pare ovadanti anus±sant²ti ov±dak±. Viññ±pak±ti kamm±ni kammaphal±ni ca, viññ±pak±, tattha ca “ime dhamm± kusal±, ime dhamm± akusal±. Ime dhamm± s±vajj±, ime dhamm± anavajj±”ti-±din± kusal±divibh±gato khandh±divibh±gato salakkhaºato s±maññalakkhaºatoti vividhehi nayehi dhamm±na½ ñ±pak± avabodhak± Sandassak±ti teyeva dhamme hatthena gahetv± viya parassa paccakkhato dasset±ro. Sam±dapak±ti ya½ s²l±di yehi asam±dinna½, tassa sam±d±pet±ro, tattha te patiµµh±pet±ro. Samuttejak±ti eva½ kusaladhammesu patiµµhit±na½ upari adhicitt±nuyoge niyojanavasena cittassa samm± uttejak±, yath± vises±dhigamo hoti, eva½ nis±manavasena tejak±. Sampaha½sak±ti tesa½ yath±laddhehi upariladdhabbehi ca guºavisesehi cittassa samm± paha½sak±, laddhass±davasena suµµhu tosak±. Ala½samakkh±t±roti ala½ pariyatta½ yath±vutta½ aparih±petv± sammadeva anuggah±dhipp±yena akkh±t±ro.
Atha v± sandassak±ti dhamma½ desent± pavattinivattiyo sabh±vasarasalakkhaºato sammadeva dasset±ro. Sam±dapak±ti citte patiµµh±panavasena tasseva atthassa g±h±pak±. Samuttejak±ti tadatthaggahaºe uss±hajananena sammadeva vodapak± jotak± v±. Sampaha½sak±ti tadatthapaµipattiya½ ±nisa½sadassanena sammadeva paha½sak± tosak±. Ala½samakkh±t±roti samatth± hutv± vuttanayena samakkh±t±ro. Saddhammass±ti paµivedhasaddhammassa, tividhass±pi v± saddhammassa deset±ro.
Dassanampahanti dassanampi aha½. Ta½ paneta½ cakkhudassana½ ñ±ºadassananti duvidha½. Tattha pasannehi cakkh³hi ariy±na½ olokana½ cakkhudassana½ n±ma. Ariyabh±vakar±na½ pana dhamm±na½ ariyabh±vassa ca vipassan±maggaphalehi adhigamo ñ±ºadassana½ n±ma. Imasmi½ panatthe cakkhudassana½ adhippeta½. Ariy±nañhi pasannehi cakkh³hi olokanampi satt±na½ bah³pak±rameva. Savananti “asuko n±ma kh²º±savo asukasmi½ n±ma raµµhe v± janapade v± g±me v± nigame v± vih±re v± leºe v± vasat²”ti kathent±na½ sotena savana½, etampi bah³pak±rameva. Upasaªkamananti “d±na½ v± dass±mi, pañha½ v± pucchiss±mi, dhamma½ v± soss±mi, sakk±ra½ v± kariss±m²”ti evar³pena cittena ariy±na½ upasaªkamana½. Payirup±sananti pañhapayirup±sana½, ariy±na½ guºe sutv± te upasaªkamitv± nimantetv± d±na½ v± datv± vatta½ v± katv± “ki½, bhante, kusalan”ti-±din± nayena pañhapucchananti attho. Veyy±vacc±dikaraºa½ payirup±sana½yeva. Anussaraºanti rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±nesu nisinnassa “id±ni ariy± gumbaleºamaº¹ap±d²su jh±navipassan±maggaphalasukhehi v²tin±ment²”ti tesa½ dibbavih±r±diguºavises±rammaºa½ anussaraºa½. Yo v± tesa½ santik± ov±do laddho hoti, ta½ ±vajjitv± “imasmi½ µh±ne s²la½ kathita½, imasmi½ sam±dhi, imasmi½ vipassan±, imasmi½ maggo, imasmi½ phalan”ti eva½ anussaraºa½.
Anupabbajjanti ariyesu citta½ pas±detv± ghar± nikkhamma tesa½ santike pabbajja½. Ariyesu hi citta½ pas±detv± tesa½yeva santike pabbajitv± tesa½yeva ov±d±nus±sani½ pacc±s²sam±nassa caratopi pabbajj± anupabbajj± n±ma, aññesa½ santike ov±d±nus±sani½ pacc±s²sam±nassa caratopi pabbajj± anupabbajj± n±ma, ariyesu pas±dena aññattha pabbajitv± ariy±na½ santike ov±d±nus±sani½ pacc±s²sam±nassa caratopi pabbajj± anupabbajj±va. Aññesu pana pas±dena aññesa½yeva santike pabbajitv± aññesa½yeva ov±d±nus±sani½ pacc±s²sam±nassa carato pabbajj± anupabbajj± n±ma na hoti. Vuttanayena pabbajitesu pana mah±kassapattherassa t±va anupabbajja½ pabbajit± satasahassamatt± ahesu½, tath± therasseva saddhivih±rikassa candaguttattherassa, tass±pi saddhivih±rikassa s³riyaguttattherassa, tass±pi saddhivih±rikassa assaguttattherassa, tass±pi saddhivih±rikassa yonakadhammarakkhitattherassa. Tassa pana saddhivih±riko asokarañño kaniµµhabh±t± tissatthero n±ma ahosi. Tassa anupabbajja½ pabbajit± a¹¹hateyyakoµisaªkh± ahesu½. D²pappas±dakamah±mahindattherassa pana anupabbajit±na½ gaºanaparicchedo natthi. Y±vajjadivas± laªk±d²pe satthari pas±dena pabbajant± mah±mahindattherasseva anupabbajjanti n±ma.
Id±ni yena k±raºena tesa½ ariy±na½ dassan±di bah³pak±ranti vutta½, ta½ dassetu½ “tath±r³pe”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tath±r³peti t±dise s²l±diguºasampanne ariye. Yasm± dassanasavan±nussaraº±ni upasaªkamanapayirup±sanaµµh±n±ni, tasm± t±ni an±masitv± upasaªkamanapayirup±san±niyeva dassetu½ “sevato bhajato payirup±sato”ti vutta½ Dassanasavan±nussaraºato hi ariyesu uppannasaddho te upasaªkamitv± payirup±sitv± pañha½ pucchitv± laddhasavan±nuttariyo aparip³re s²l±diguºe parip³ressat²ti. Tath± hi vutta½ “saddh±j±to upasaªkamati, upasaªkamanto payirup±sat²”ti-±di (ma. ni. 2.183).
Tattha sevatoti vattapaµivattakaraºavasena k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamato. Bhajatoti sampiy±yanabhattivasena bhajato. Payirup±satoti pañhapucchanena paµipatti-anukaraºena ca payirup±satoti tiººa½ pad±na½ atthavibh±go d²petabbo. Vimuttiñ±ºadassanassa p±rip³ri ek³nav²satimassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºassa uppattiy± veditabb±.
Evar³p± ca te, bhikkhave, bhikkh³ti-±d²su ye yath±vuttaguºasamann±gamena evar³p± edis± bhinnasabbakiles± bhikkh³, te diµµhadhammik±dihitesu satt±na½ niyojanavasena anus±sanato satth±rotipi vuccanti. J±tikant±r±dinittharaºato satthav±h±tipi, r±g±diraº±na½ jahanato jah±panato ca raºañjah±tipi, avijj±tamassa vinodanato vinod±panato ca tamonud±tipi, saparasant±nesu paññ±-±lokapaññ±-obh±sapaññ±pajjot±na½ karaºena nibbattanena ±lok±dikar±tipi, tath± ñ±ºukk±ñ±ºappabh±dhammukk±dhammappabh±na½ dh±raºena karaºena ca ukk±dh±r±tipi, pabhaªkar±tipi, ±rakatt± kilesehi, anaye na iriyanato, aye ca iriyanato paresa½ tath±bh±vahetubh±vato, sadevakena lokena araº²yato ariy±tipi, paññ±cakkhudhammacakkh³na½ s±tisayapaµil±bhena cakkhumantotipi vuccanti.
G±th±su p±mojjakaraºa½ µh±nanti nir±misassa pamodassa nibbattaka½ µh±na½ k±raºa½. Etanti id±ni vattabbanidassana½ sandh±ya vadati. Vij±natanti sa½kilesavod±ne y±th±vato j±nant±na½. Bh±vitatt±nanti bh±vitasabh±v±na½, k±yabh±van±d²hi bh±vitasant±n±nanti attho. Dhammaj²vinanti micch±j²va½ pah±ya dhammena ñ±yena j²vikakappanato, dhammena v± ñ±yena attabh±vassa pavattanato, sam±pattibahulat±ya v± aggaphaladhammena j²vanato dhammaj²vina½. Ayañhettha saªkhepattho– yadida½ bh±vitatt±na½ pariniµµhitasam±dhipaññ±bh±van±na½ tato eva dhammaj²vina½ ariy±na½ dassana½ Eta½ avippaµis±ranimitt±na½ s²l±d²na½ p±rip³rihetubh±vato vij±nata½ sappaññaj±tik±na½ ekanteneva p²tip±mojjak±raºanti.
Id±ni ta½ tassa k±raºabh±va½ dassetu½ “te jotayant²”ti os±nag±th±dvayam±ha. Tattha teti te bh±vitatt± dhammaj²vino ariy±. Jotayant²ti pak±sayanti. Bh±sayant²ti saddhammobh±sena loka½ pabh±sayanti, dhamma½ desent²ti attho. Yesanti yesa½ ariy±na½. S±sananti ov±da½. Sammadaññ±y±ti pubbabh±gañ±ºehi sammadeva j±nitv±. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.

Pañcamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.