3. ¾savakkhayasuttavaººan±

102. Tatiye j±natoti j±nantassa. Passatoti passantassa. Yadipi im±ni dvepi pad±ni ekatth±ni, byañjanameva n±na½, eva½ santepi “j±nato”ti ñ±ºalakkhaºa½ up±d±ya puggala½ niddisati. J±nanalakkhaºañhi ñ±ºa½. “Passato”ti ñ±ºappabh±va½ up±d±ya. Dassanappabh±vañhi up±d±ya ñ±ºasamaªg² puggalo cakkhum± viya puggalo cakkhun± r³p±ni, ñ±ºena vivaµe dhamme passati. Atha v± j±natoti anubodhañ±ºena j±nato. Passatoti paµivedhañ±ºena passato. Paµilomato v± dassanamaggena passato, bh±van±maggena j±nato. Keci pana “ñ±tat²raºapah±napariññ±hi j±nato, sikh±ppattavipassan±ya passato”ti vadanti. Atha v± dukkha½ pariññ±bhisamayena j±nato, nirodha½ sacchikiriy±bhisamayena passato. Tadubhaye ca sati pah±nabh±van±bhisamay± siddh± eva hont²ti catusacc±bhisamayo vutto hoti. Yad± cettha vipassan±ñ±ºa½ adhippeta½, tad± “j±nato passato”ti pad±na½ hetu-atthad²panat± daµµhabb±. Yad± pana maggañ±ºa½ adhippeta½, tad± maggakiccatthad²panat±.
¾sav±na½ khayanti “j±nato, aha½ bhikkhave, passato ±sav±na½ khaya½ vad±m²”ti (ma. ni. 1.15; sa½. ni. 3.101; 5.1095) evam±gate sabb±savasa½varapariy±ye “±sav±na½ khay± an±sava½ cetovimuttin”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.438) ca suttapadesu ±sav±na½ pah±na½ accantakkhayo asamupp±do kh²º±k±ro natthibh±vo “±savakkhayo”ti vutto. “¾sav±na½ khay± samaºo hot²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.438) phala½.
“Paravajj±nupassissa, nicca½ ujjh±nasaññino;
±sav± tassa va¹¹hanti, ±r± so ±savakkhay±”ti. (Dha. pa. 253).–

¾d²su nibb±na½.

“Sekhassa sikkham±nassa, ujumagg±nus±rino;
khayasmi½ paµhama½ ñ±ºa½, tato aññ± anantar±;
tato aññ±vimuttassa, ñ±ºa½ ve hoti t±dino”ti. (A. ni. 3.86; itivu. 62)–

Evam±gate indriyasutte idha ca maggo “±savakkhayo”ti vutto. Tasm± yath±vuttanayena j±nantassa passantassa aha½ ariyamagg±dhigama½ vad±m²ti vutta½ hoti. No aj±nato no apassatoti yo pana na j±n±ti na passati, tassa no vad±m²ti attho. Etena ye aj±nato apassatopi sa½s±rasuddhi½ vadanti, te paµikkhipati. Purimena v± padadvayena up±yo vutto, imin± anup±yapaµisedho. Saªkhepena cettha ñ±ºa½ ±savakkhayakara½, sesa½ tassa parikkh±roti dasseti.

Id±ni ya½ j±nato ya½ passato ±savakkhayo hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “kiñca, bhikkhave, j±nato”ti puccha½ ±rabhi. Tattha j±nan± bahuvidh±. Dabbaj±tiko eva hi koci bhikkhu chatta½ k±tu½ j±n±ti, koci c²var±d²na½ aññatara½, tassa ²dis±ni kamm±ni vattas²se µhatv± karontassa s± j±nan± “maggaphal±na½ padaµµh±na½ na hot²”ti na vattabb±. Yo pana s±sane pabbajitv± vejjakamm±d²ni k±tu½ j±n±ti, tasseva½ j±nato ±sav± va¹¹hantiyeva. Tasm± ya½ j±nato ya½ passato ±sav±na½ khayo hoti, tadeva dassento ±ha “ida½ dukkhan”ti-±di. Tattha ya½ vattabba½ catusaccakammaµµh±na½, ta½ heµµh± yonisomanasik±rasutte saªkhepato vuttameva.
Tattha pana “yoniso, bhikkhave, bhikkhu manasi karonto akusala½ pajahati, kusala½ bh±vet²”ti (itivu. 16) ±gatatt± “ida½ dukkhanti yoniso manasi karot²”ti-±din± atthavibh±van± kat±. Idha “ida½ dukkhanti, bhikkhave, j±nato passato ±sav±na½ khayo hot²”ti (ma. ni. 1.15; sa½. ni. 3.101; 5.1095) ±gatatt± “ida½ dukkhanti pariññ±paµivedhavasena pariññ±bhisamayavasena maggañ±ºena j±nato passato ±sav±na½ khayo hot²”ti-±din± nayena yojetabba½. ¾savesu ca paµhamamaggena diµµh±savo kh²yati, tatiyamaggena k±m±savo, catutthamaggena bhav±savo avijj±savo ca kh²yat²ti veditabbo.
G±th±su vimuttiñ±ºanti vimuttiya½ nibb±ne phale ca paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½. Uttamanti uttamadhamm±rammaºatt± uttama½. Khaye ñ±ºanti ±sav±na½ sa½yojan±nañca khaye khayakare ariyamagge ñ±ºa½. “Kh²º± sa½yojan± iti ñ±ºan”ti idh±pi ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Tena pah²nakilesapaccavekkhaºa½ dasseti. Evamettha catt±ripi paccavekkhaºañ±º±ni vutt±ni honti Avasiµµhakilesapaccavekkhaº± hi idha natthi arahattaphal±dhigamassa adhippetatt±. Yath± cettha j±nato passatoti nibb±n±dhigamena samm±diµµhikicca½ adhika½ katv± vutta½, eva½ sammappadh±nakiccampi adhikameva icchitabbanti dassento “na tvevida½ kus²ten±”ti os±nag±tham±ha.
Tattha na tvevidanti na tu eva ida½. Tusaddo nip±tamatta½. B±lenamavij±nat±ti mak±ro padasandhikaro. Ayañhettha saªkhepattho– ida½ sekkhamaggena asekkhamaggena ca pattabba½ abhijjh±k±yaganth±disabbaganth±na½ pamocana½ pamocanassa nimittabh³ta½ nibb±na½ “ida½ dukkhan”ti-±din± catt±ri sacc±ni yath±bh³ta½ avij±nat± tato eva b±lena aviddasun± yath± adhigantu½ na sakk±, eva½ kus²tena nibb²riyen±pi, tasm± tadadhigam±ya ±raddhav²riyena bhavitabbanti. Ten±ha bhagav± “±raddhav²riyass±ya½ dhammo, no kus²tassa” (d². ni. 3.358).
“¾rambhatha nikkamatha, yuñjatha buddhas±sane;
dhun±tha maccuno sena½, na¼±g±ra½va kuñjaro”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.185; netti. 29; mi. pa. 5.1.4).

Tatiyasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.