4. Catukkanip±to

1. Br±hmaºadhammay±gasuttavaººan±

100. Catukkanip±tassa paµhame ahanti attaniddeso. Yo hi paro na hoti, so niyakajjhattasaªkh±to att± “ahan”ti vuccati. Asm²ti paµij±nan±. Yo paramatthabr±hmaºabh±vo “ahan”ti vuccam±no, tassa attani atthibh±va½ paµij±nanto hi satth± “asm²”ti avoca. “Ahamasm²”ti ca yath± “ahamasmi brahm± mah±brahm±, seyyohamasm²”ti ca appah²nadiµµhim±n±nusay± puthujjan± attano diµµhim±namaññan±bhinivesavasena abhivadanti, na eva½ vutta½. Sabbaso pana pah²nadiµµhim±n±nusayo bhagav± samañña½ anatidh±vanto lokasamaññ±nurodhena veneyyasant±nesu dhamma½ patiµµhapento kevala½ t±disassa guºassa attani vijjam±nata½ paµij±nanto “ahamasm²”ti ±ha. Br±hmaºoti b±hitap±patt± brahmassa ca aºanato br±hmaºo. Ayañhettha attho– bhikkhave, aha½ paramatthato br±hmaºosm²ti. Bhagav± sabb±k±raparipuººassa d±nasa½yam±divatasam±d±nassa niravases±ya tapacariy±ya p±ra½ gato sammadeva vusitabrahmacariyav±so sakalavedantag³ suvisuddhavijj±caraºo sabbath± ninh±tap±pamalo anuttarassa ariyamaggasaªkh±tassa br±hmaºassa vatt± pavatt±, suparisuddhassa ca s±sanabrahmacariyassa pavedet±, tasm± sabbaso b±hitap±patt± brahmassa ca aºanato kathanato paramatthena br±hmaºoti vuccati.
Iti bhagav± sadevake loke attano anuttara½ br±hmaºabh±va½ pavedetv± y±ni t±ni br±hmaºad±n±d²ni cha kamm±ni br±hmaºassa paññ±penti, tesampi suparisuddh±na½ ukka½sato attani sa½vijjam±nata½ dassetu½ “y±cayogo”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha y±cayogoti y±cehi yutto. Y±cant²ti y±c±, y±cak± te panettha veneyy± veditabb±. Te hi “desetu, bhante bhagav± dhamma½; desetu, sugato, dhamman”ti bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± dhammadesana½ y±canti. Bhagav± ca tesa½ icch±vigh±ta½ akaronto yath±ruci dhamma½ desento dhammad±na½ det²ti y±cayogo, sad± sabbak±la½ tehi avirahito. Atha v± y±cayogoti y±canayoggo, adhipp±yap³raºato y±citu½ yuttoti attho “y±jayogo”tipi p±µho. Tattha y±jo vuccati mah±d±na½, yiµµhanti attho. Idha pana dhammad±na½ veditabba½, y±je niyuttoti y±jayog±. Sad±ti sabbad±, anavaratappavattasaddhammamah±d±noti attho. Atha v± y±jena yojet²tipi y±jayogo. Tividhad±nasaªkh±tena y±jena satte yath±raha½ yojeti, tattha d±ne niyojet²ti attho. “Y±jayogo satatan”tipi paµhanti. Payatap±º²ti parisuddhahattho. Yo hi d±n±dhimutto ±misad±na½ dento sakkacca½ sahatthena deyyadhamma½ d±tu½ sad± dhotahatthoyeva hoti, so “payatap±º²”ti vuccati. Bhagav±pi dhammad±n±dhimutto sakkacca½ sabbak±la½ dhammad±ne yuttappayuttoti katv± vutta½ “payatap±º²”ti. “Sad±”ti ca pada½ imin±pi saddhi½ yojetabba½ “sad± payatap±º²”ti. Avibh±gena hi satth± veneyyalokassa saddhammad±na½ sad± sabbak±la½ pavattento tattha yuttappayutto hutv± viharati.
Aparo nayo– yogo vuccati bh±van±. Yath±ha “yog± ve j±yate bh³r²”ti (dha. pa. 282). Tasm± y±jayogoti y±jabh±vana½, paricc±gabh±vana½ anuyuttoti attho. Bhagav± hi abhisambodhito pubbe bodhisattabh³topi karuº±samuss±hito anavasesato d±na½ paribr³hento tattha ukka½sap±ramippatto hutv± abhisambodhi½ p±puºi, buddho hutv±pi tividha½ d±na½ paribr³hesi visesato dhammad±na½, parepi tattha niyojesi. Tath± hi so veneyyay±cak±na½ kassaci saraº±ni ad±si, kassaci pañca s²l±ni, kassaci dasa s²l±ni, kassaci catup±risuddhis²la½, kassaci dhutadhamme, kassaci catt±ri jh±n±ni, kassaci aµµha sam±pattiyo, kassaci pañc±bhiññ±yo, catt±ro magge, catt±ri s±maññaphal±ni, tisso vijj±, catasso paµisambhid±ti evam±dilokiyalokuttarabheda½ guºadhana½ dhammad±navasena yath±dhipp±ya½ dento pare ca “deth±”ti niyojento paricc±gabh±vana½ paribr³hesi. Tena vutta½ “paricc±gabh±vana½ anuyutto”ti.
Payatap±º²ti v± ±yatap±º², hatthagata½ kiñci d±tu½ “ehi gaºh±”ti pas±ritahattho viya ±cariyamuµµhi½ akatv± saddhammad±ne yuttappayuttoti attho. Payatap±º²ti v± uss±hitahattho, ±misad±na½ d±tu½ uss±hitahattho viya dhammad±ne katuss±hoti attho. Antimadehadharoti brahmacariyavasena br±hmaºakaraº±na½ dhamm±na½ p±rip³riy± pacchimattabh±vadh±r². Avusitavato hi vasalakaraº±na½ dhamm±na½ appah±nena vasal±disamaññ± gati ±yati½ gabbhaseyy± siy±. Tena bhagav± attano accantavusitabr±hmaºabh±va½ dasseti. Anuttaro bhisakko sallakattoti duttikicchassa vaµµadukkharogassa tikicchanato uttamo bhisakko, aññehi anuddharaº²y±na½ r±g±disall±na½ kantanato samucchedavasena samuddharaºato uttamo sallakantanavejjo. Imin± nippariy±yato br±hmaºakaraº±na½ dhamm±na½ attani patiµµhit±na½ parasantatiya½ patiµµh±panena paresampi br±hmaºakaraºam±ha.
Tassa me tumhe putt±ti tassa evar³passa mama tumhe, bhikkhave, putt± atraj± hotha. Oras±ti urasi sambandh±. Yath± hi satt±na½ orasaputt± atraj± visesena pitusantakassa d±yajjassa bh±gino honti, evametepi ariyapuggal± samm±sambuddhassa dhammassavanante ariy±ya j±tiy± j±t±. Tassa santakassa vimuttisukhassa ariyadhammaratanassa ca eka½sabh±giyat±ya oras±. Atha v± bhagavato dhammadesan±nubh±vena ariyabh³mi½ okkamam±n± okkant± ca ariyas±vak± satthu ure v±y±majanit±bhij±tit±ya nippariy±yena “orasaputt±”ti vattabbata½ arahanti. Tath± hi te bhagavat± ±say±nusayacariy±dhimutti-±divolokanena vajj±nucintanena ca hadaye katv± vajjato niv±retv± anavajje patiµµhapentena s²l±didhammasar²raposanena sa½va¹¹hit±. Mukhato j±t±ti mukhato j±t±ya dhammadesan±ya ariy±ya j±tiy± j±tatt± mukhato j±t±. Atha v± anaññas±dh±raºato sabbassa kusaladhammassa mukhato p±timokkhato vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±saªkh±tato vimokkhamukhato v± ariyamaggaj±tiy± j±t±tipi mukhato j±t±. Sikkhattayasaªgahe s±sanadhamme ariyamaggadhamme v± j±t±ti dhammaj±. Teneva dhammena nimmit± m±pit±ti dhammanimmit±. Satidhammavicay±di dhammad±y±d±, na l±bhasakk±r±di ±misad±y±d±, dhammad±y±d± no ±misad±y±d± hoth±ti attho.
Tattha dhammo duvidho– nippariy±yadhammo, pariy±yadhammoti. ¾misampi duvidha½– nippariy±y±misa½, pariy±y±misanti. Katha½? Maggaphalanibb±nappabhedo hi navavidho lokuttaradhammo nippariy±yadhammo, nibbattitadhammoyeva, na kenaci pariy±yena k±raºena v± lesena v± dhammo. Ya½ panida½ vivaµµ³panissita½ kusala½, seyyathida½– idhekacco vivaµµa½ patthento d±na½ deti, s²la½ sam±diyati, uposathakamma½ karoti, gandham±l±d²hi vatthup³ja½ karoti, dhamma½ suº±ti, deseti, jh±nasam±pattiyo nibbatteti, eva½ karonto anupubbena nippariy±ya½ amata½ nibb±na½ paµilabhati, aya½ pariy±yadhammo. Tath± c²var±dayo catt±ro paccay± nippariy±y±misameva, na aññena pariy±yena v± k±raºena v± lesena v± ±misa½. Ya½ panida½ vaµµag±mikusala½, seyyathida½– idhekacco vaµµa½ patthento sampattibhava½ iccham±no d±na½ deti…pe… sam±pattiyo nibbatteti, eva½ karonto anupubbena devamanussasampattiyo paµilabhati, ida½ pariy±y±misa½ n±ma.
Tattha nippariy±yadhammopi bhagavatoyeva santako. Bhagavat± hi kathitatt± bhikkh³ maggaphalanibb±n±ni adhigacchanti. Vuttañheta½–
“So, hi, br±hmaºa, bhagav± anuppannassa maggassa upp±det±, asañj±tassa maggassa sañjanet±…pe… magg±nug± ca panetarahi s±vak± viharanti pacch± samann±gat±”ti (ma. ni. 3.79; c³lani. moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 85).
“So, h±vuso, bhagav± j±na½ j±n±ti, passa½ passati, cakkhubh³to ñ±ºabh³to dhammabh³to brahmabh³to, vatt± pavatt±, atthassa ninnet± amatassa d±t±, dhammass±m² tath±gato”ti (ma. ni. 1.203; 3.281) ca.
Pariy±yadhammopi bhagavatoyeva santako. Bhagavat± hi kathitatt± eva j±nanti “vivaµµa½ patthetv± d±na½ dento…pe… sam±pattiyo nibbattento anukkamena amata½ nibb±na½ paµilabhat²”ti. Nippariy±y±misampi bhagavatoyeva santaka½. Bhagavat± hi anuññ±tatt±yeva bhikkh³hi j²vakavatthu½ ±di½ katv± paº²tac²vara½ laddha½. Yath±ha–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, gahapatic²vara½. Yo icchati, pa½suk³liko hotu. Yo icchati, gahapatic²vara½ s±diyatu. Itar²tarenap±ha½, bhikkhave, santuµµhi½yeva vaººem²”ti (mah±va. 337).
Eva½ itarepi paccay± bhagavat± anuññ±tatt± eva bhikkh³hi paribhuñjitu½ laddh±. Pariy±y±misampi bhagavatoyeva santaka½. Bhagavat± hi kathitatt± eva j±nanti “sampattibhava½ patthento d±na½ datv± s²la½…pe… sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± anukkamena pariy±y±misa½ dibbasampatti½ manussasampattiñca paµilabhat²”ti. Yadeva yasm± nippariy±yadhammopi pariy±yadhammopi nippariy±y±misampi pariy±y±misampi bhagavatoyeva santaka½, tasm± tattha attano s±mibh±va½ dassento tattha ca ya½ seµµhatara½ accantahitasukh±vaha½ tattheva ne niyojento evam±ha “tassa me tumhe putt± oras±…pe… no ±misad±y±d±”ti.
Iti bhagav± paripuººavatasam±d±na½ tapacariya½ sammadeva vusitabrahmacariya½ suvisuddhavijj±caraºasampanna½ anavasesavedantap±ragu½ b±hitasabbap±pa½ satata½ y±cayoga½ sadevake loke anuttaradakkhiºeyyabh±vappatta½ attano paramatthabr±hmaºabh±va½ ariyas±vak±nañca attano orasaputt±dibh±va½ pavedesi. Bhagav± hi “s²hoti kho, bhikkhave, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacana½ arahato samm±sambuddhass±”ti (a. ni. 5.99) ettha s²hasadisa½, “puriso maggakusaloti kho, tissa, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.84) ettha maggadesakapurisasadisa½, “r±j±hamasmi sel±”ti (ma. ni. 2.399; su. ni. 559) ettha r±jasadisa½, “bhisakko sallakattoti kho, sunakkhatta, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacanan”ti (ma. ni. 3.65) ettha vejjasadisa½, “br±hmaºoti kho, bhikkhave, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacanan”ti (a. ni. 8.85) ettha br±hmaºasadisa½ att±na½ kathesi. Idh±pi br±hmaºa sadisa½ katv± kathesi.
Id±ni yehi d±n±d²hi yuttassa ito b±hirakabr±hmaºassa br±hmaºakicca½ paripuººa½ maññanti, tehi attano d±n±d²na½ aggaseµµhabh±va½ pak±setu½ “dvem±ni, bhikkhave, d±n±n²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha y±g±ti mah±yaññ± mah±d±n±n²ti attho, y±ni “yiµµh±n²”tipi vuccanti. Tattha vel±mad±navessantarad±namah±vijitayaññasadis± ±misay±g± veditabb±, mah±samayasuttamaªgalasuttac³¼ar±hulov±dasuttasamacittasuttadesan±dayo dhammay±g±. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayameva.
G±th±ya½ ayaj²ti ad±si. Amacchar²ti sabbamacchariy±na½ bodhim³leyeva suppah²natt± maccherarahito. Sabbabh³t±nukamp²ti mah±karuº±ya sabbasatte piyaputta½ viya anuggaºhanas²lo. Vuttañheta½–
“Vadhake devadatte ca, core aªgulim±lake;
dhanap±le r±hule ceva, samacitto mah±mun²”ti. (Mi. pa. 6.6.5)–

Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Paµhamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.