Nid±navaººan±

Ya½ paneta½ vuttañheta½ bhagavat±ti-±dika½ nid±na½. Ekadhamma½, bhikkhave, pajahath±ti-±dika½ sutta½. Tattha vutta½ bhagavat±ti±d²ni n±mapad±ni. It²ti nip±tapada½. Pajahath±ti ettha pa-iti upasaggapada½, jahath±-ti ±khy±tapada½. Imin± nayena sabbattha padavibh±go veditabbo.
Atthato pana vuttasaddo t±va sa-upasaggo anupasaggo ca vapane v±pasamakaraºe kesoh±raºe j²vitavuttiya½ pavuttabh±ve p±vacanabh±vena pavattite ajjhesane kathaneti evam±d²su dissati. Tath± hesa–
“G±vo tassa paj±yanti, khette vutta½ vir³hati;
vutt±na½ phalamasn±ti, yo mitt±na½ na dubbhat²”ti.–

¾d²su (j±. 2.22.19) vapane ±gato. “No ca kho paµivuttan”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 289) aµµhadantak±d²hi v±pasamakaraºe. “K±paµiko m±ºavo daharo vuttasiro”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.426) kesoh±raºe. “Pannalomo paradattavutto migabh³tena cetas± viharat²”ti-±d²su (c³¼ava. 332) j²vitavuttiya½. “Seyyath±pi n±ma paº¹upal±so bandhan± pavutto abhabbo haritatth±y±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 92; p±ci. 666; mah±va. 129) bandhanato pavuttabh±ve. “Yesamida½ etarahi, br±hmaº±, por±ºa½ mantapada½ g²ta½ pavutta½ samihitan”ti-±d²su p±vacanabh±vena pavattite. Loke pana– “vutto gaºo vutto p±r±yano”ti-±d²su ajjhene. “Vutta½ kho paneta½ bhagavat± dhammad±y±d± me, bhikkhave, bhavatha, m± ±misad±y±d±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.30) kathane. Idh±pi kathane daµµhabbo. Tasm± vutta½ kathita½ bh±sitanti attho.

Dutiyo pana vuttasaddo vacane ciººabh±ve ca veditabbo. Hi-iti j±tu vibyattanti etasmi½ atthe nip±to. So id±ni vuccam±nasuttassa bhagavato vibyatta½ bh±sitabh±va½ joteti. V±cakasaddasannidh±ne hi payutt± nip±t±. Tehi vattabbamattha½ jotenti. Etanti aya½ etasaddo–
“Yo ca buddhañca dhammañca, saªghañca saraºa½ gato;
catt±ri ariyasacc±ni, sammappaññ±ya passati.
“Dukkha½ dukkhasamupp±da½, dukkhassa ca atikkama½;
ariyañcaµµhaªgika½ magga½, dukkh³pasamag±mina½.
“Eta½ kho saraºa½ khema½, eta½ saraºamuttama½;
eta½ saraºam±gamma, sabbadukkh± pamuccat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 190-192)–

¾d²su yath±vutte ±sannapaccakkhe ±gato. “Appamattaka½ kho paneta½, bhikkhave, oramattaka½ s²lamattaka½, yena puthujjano tath±gatassa vaººa½ vadam±no vadeyy±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.7) pana vakkham±ne ±sannapaccakkhe. Idh±pi vakkham±neyeva daµµhabbo. Saªg±yanavasena vakkham±nañhi sutta½ dhammabhaº¹±g±rikena buddhiya½ µhapetv± tad± “etan”ti vutta½.

Bhagavat±ti ettha bhagav±ti garuvacana½. Garu½ hi loke bhagav±ti vadanti. Tath±gato ca sabbaguºavisiµµhat±ya satt±na½ garu, tasm± bhagav±ti veditabbo. Por±ºehipi vutta½–
“Bhagav±ti vacana½ seµµha½, bhagav±ti vacanamuttama½;
garu g±ravayutto so, bhagav± tena vuccat²”ti.
Seµµhav±cakañhi vacana½ seµµhaguºasahacaraºato seµµhanti vutta½. Atha v± vuccat²ti vacana½, attho. Tasm± bhagav±ti vacana½ seµµhanti bhagav±ti imin± vacanena vacan²yo yo attho, so seµµhoti attho. Bhagav±ti vacanamuttamanti etth±pi eseva nayo. G±ravayuttoti garubh±vayutto garuguºayogato, garukaraºa½ v± s±tisaya½ arahat²ti g±ravayutto, g±rav±rahoti attho. Eva½ guºavisiµµhasattuttamagarug±rav±dhivacanameta½ yadida½ bhagav±ti. Apica–
“Bhag² bhaj² bh±g² vibhattav± iti,
ak±si bhagganti gar³ti bh±gyav±;
bah³hi ñ±yehi subh±vitattano,
bhavantago so bhagav±ti vuccat²”ti.–

Niddese ±gatanayena–

“Bh±gyav± bhaggav± yutto, bhagehi ca vibhattav±;
bhattav± vantagamano, bhavesu bhagav± tato”ti.
Imiss± g±th±ya ca vasena bhagav±ti padassa attho vattabbo. So pan±ya½ attho sabb±k±rena visuddhimagge buddh±nussatiniddese vuttoti. Tattha vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Aparo nayo– bh±gav±ti bhagav±, bhatav±ti bhagav±, bh±ge van²ti bhagav±, bhage van²ti bhagav±, bhattav±ti bhagav±, bhage vam²ti bhagav±, bh±ge vam²ti bhagav±.
“Bh±gav± bhatav± bh±ge, bhage ca vani bhattav±;
bhage vami tath± bh±ge, vam²ti bhagav± jino”.
Tattha katha½ bh±gav±ti bhagav±? Ye te s²l±dayo dhammakkhandh± guºakoµµh±s±, te anaññas±dh±raº± niratisay± tath±gatassa atthi upalabbhanti. Tath± hissa s²la½, sam±dhi, paññ±, vimutti, vimuttiñ±ºadassana½, hir², ottappa½, saddh±, v²riya½, sati, sampajañña½, s²lavisuddhi, cittavisuddhi, diµµhivisuddhi, samatho, vipassan±, t²ºi kusalam³l±ni, t²ºi sucarit±ni, tayo samm±vitakk±, tisso anavajjasaññ±, tisso dh±tuyo, catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, catt±ro sammappadh±n±, catt±ro iddhip±d±, catt±ro ariyamagg±, catt±ri ariyaphal±ni catasso paµisambhid±, catuyoniparicchedakañ±º±ni, catt±ro ariyava½s±, catt±ri ves±rajjañ±º±ni, pañca padh±niyaªg±ni, pañcaªgiko samm±sam±dhi, pañcañ±ºiko samm±sam±dhi, pañcindriy±ni, pañca bal±ni, pañca niss±raº²y± dh±tuyo, pañca vimutt±yatanañ±º±ni, pañca vimuttiparip±can²y± saññ±, cha anussatiµµh±n±ni, cha g±rav±, cha niss±raº²y± dh±tuyo, cha satatavih±r±, cha anuttariy±ni, cha nibbedhabh±giy± saññ±, cha abhiññ±, cha as±dh±raºañ±º±ni, satta aparih±niy± dhamm±, satta ariyadhan±ni, satta bojjhaªg±, satta sappurisadhamm±, satta nijjaravatth³ni, satta saññ±, satta dakkhiºeyyapuggaladesan±, satta kh²º±savabaladesan±, aµµha paññ±paµil±bhahetudesan±, aµµhasammatt±ni, aµµha lokadhamm±tikkamo, aµµha ±rambhavatth³ni, aµµha akkhaºadesan±, aµµha mah±purisavitakk±, aµµha abhibh±yatanadesan±, aµµha vimokkh±, nava yonisomanasik±ram³lak± dhamm±, nava p±risuddhipadh±niyaªg±ni, nava satt±v±sadesan±, nava ±gh±tappaµivinay±, nava saññ±, nava n±natt±, nava anupubbavih±r±, dasa n±thakaraº± dhamm±, dasa kasiº±yatan±ni, dasa kusalakammapath±, dasa sammatt±ni, dasa ariyav±s±, dasa asekkh± dhamm±, dasa tath±gatabal±ni, ek±dasa mett±nisa½s±, dv±dasa dhammacakk±k±r±, terasa dhutaguº±, cuddasa buddhañ±º±ni, pañcadasa vimuttiparip±can²y± dhamm±, so¼asavidh± ±n±p±nassati, so¼asa aparantapan²y± dhamm±, aµµh±rasa buddhadhamm±, ek³nav²sati paccavekkhaºañ±º±ni, catucatt±l²sa ñ±ºavatth³ni, paññ±sa udayabbayañ±º±ni, paropaºº±sa kusaladhamm±, sattasattati ñ±ºavatth³ni, catuv²satikoµisatasahassasam±pattisañc±rimah±vajirañ±ºa½, anantanayasamantapaµµh±napavicayapaccavekkhaºadesan±ñ±º±ni, tath± anant±su lokadh±t³su anant±na½ satt±na½ ±say±divibh±vanañ±º±ni c±ti, evam±dayo anant± aparim±ºabhed± anaññas±dh±raº± niratisay± guºabh±g± guºakoµµh±s± vijjanti upalabbhanti. Tasm± yath±vuttavibh±g± guºabh±g± assa atth²ti bh±gav±ti vattabbe. ¾k±rassa rassatta½ katv± “bhagav±”ti vutto. Eva½ t±va bh±gav±ti bhagav±.
“Yasm± s²l±dayo sabbe, guºabh±g± asesato;
vijjanti sugate tasm±, bhagav±ti pavuccati”.
Katha½ bhatav±ti bhagav±? Ye te sabbalokahit±ya ussukkam±pannehi manussatt±dike aµµha dhamme samodh±netv± samm±sambodhiy± katamah±bhin²h±rehi mah±bodhisattehi parip³retabb± d±nap±ram², s²lanekkhammapaññ±v²riyakhantisacca-adhiµµh±namett±-upekkh±p±ram²ti dasa p±ramiyo, dasa upap±ramiyo, dasa paramatthap±ramiyoti samati½sa p±ramiyo, d±n±d²ni catt±ri saªgahavatth³ni, catt±ri adhiµµh±n±ni, attaparicc±go, nayanadhanarajjaputtad±raparicc±goti pañca mah±paricc±g±, pubbayogo, pubbacariy±, dhammakkh±na½, lokatthacariy±, ñ±tatthacariy±, buddhatthacariy±ti evam±dayo saªkhepato v± puññasambh±rañ±ºasambh±r± buddhakaradhamm±, te mah±bhin²h±rato paµµh±ya kapp±na½ satasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni yath± h±nabh±giy±, sa½kilesabh±giy± µhitibh±giy±, v± na honti; atha kho uttaruttari visesabh±giy±va honti; eva½ sakkacca½ nirantara½ anavasesato bhat± sambhat± assa atth²ti bhatav±ti bhagav±; niruttinayena tak±rassa gak±ra½ katv±. Atha v± bhatav±ti teyeva yath±vutte buddhakaradhamme vuttanayena bhari sambhari parip³res²ti attho. Evampi bhatav±ti bhagav±.
“Yasm± sambodhiy± sabbe, d±nap±rami-±dike;
sambh±re bhatav± n±tho, tasm±pi bhagav± mato”.
Katha½ bh±ge van²ti bhagav±? Ye te catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkh± devasika½ va¼añjanakasam±pattibh±g±, te anavasesato lokahitattha½ attano diµµhadhammasukhavih±ratthañca niccakappa½ vani bhaji sevi bahulamak±s²ti bh±ge van²ti bhagav±. Atha v± abhiññeyyesu dhammesu kusal±d²su khandh±d²su ca ye te pariññeyy±divasena saªkhepato v± catubbidh± abhisamayabh±g±, vitth±rato pana “cakkhu pariññeyya½ pe… jar±maraºa½ pariññeyyan”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.21) aneke pariññeyyabh±g±, “cakkhussa samudayo pah±tabbo…pe… jar±maraºassa samudayo pah±tabbo”ti-±din± pah±tabbabh±g±, “cakkhussa nirodho sacchik±tabbo…pe… jar±maraºassa nirodho sacchik±tabbo”ti-±din± sacchik±tabbabh±g±, “cakkhunirodhag±min²paµipad± bh±vetabb±…pe… catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±vetabb±”ti-±din± ca anekabhed± bh±vetabbabh±g± ca dhamm±, te sabbe vani bhaji yath±raha½ gocarabh±van±sevan±na½ vasena sevi. Evampi bh±ge van²ti bhagav±. Atha v± ye ime s²l±dayo dhammakkhandh± s±vakehi s±dh±raº± guºakoµµh±s± guºabh±g±, kinti nu kho te veneyyasant±nesu patiµµhapeyyanti mah±karuº±ya vani abhipatthayi. S± cassa abhipatthan± yath±dhippetaphal±vah± ahosi. Evampi bh±ge van²ti bhagav±.
“Yasm± ñeyyasam±patti-guºabh±ge tath±gato;
bhaji patthayi satt±na½, hit±ya bhagav± tato”.
Katha½ bhage van²ti bhagav±? Sam±sato t±va katapuññehi payogasampannehi yath±vibhava½ bhaj²yant²ti bhag±, lokiyalokuttar± sampattiyo. Tattha lokiye t±va tath±gato sambodhito pubbe bodhisattabh³to paramukka½sagate vani bhaji sevi, yattha patiµµh±ya niravasesato buddhakaradhamme samann±nento buddhadhamme parip±cesi. Buddhabh³to pana te niravajjasukh³pasa½hite anaññas±dh±raºe lokuttarepi vani bhaji sevi. Vitth±rato pana padesarajja-issariyacakkavattisampattidevarajjasampatti-±divasena jh±navimokkhasam±dhisam±pattiñ±ºadassanamaggabh±van±phala- sacchikiriy±di-uttarimanussadhammavasena ca anekavihite anaññas±dh±raºe bhage vani bhaji sevi. Eva½ bhage van²ti bhagav±.
“Y± t± sampattiyo loke, y± ca lokuttar± puth³;
sabb± t± bhaji sambuddho, tasm±pi bhagav± mato”.
Katha½ bhattav±ti bhagav±? Bhatt± da¼habhattik± assa bah³ atth²ti bhagav±. Tath±gato hi mah±karuº±sabbaññutaññ±º±di-aparimitanirupamappabh±vaguºavisesasamaªgibh±vato sabbasattuttamo, sabb±natthaparih±rapubbaªgam±ya niravasesahitasukhavidh±natappar±ya niratisay±ya payogasampattiy± sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya accant³pak±rit±ya dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjanaby±mappabh±di- anaññas±dh±raºaguºavisesapaµimaº¹itar³pak±yat±ya, yath±bhuccaguº±dhigatena “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±dinayappavattena lokattayaby±pin± suvipulena suvisuddhena ca thutighosena samann±gatatt± ukka½sap±ramippatt±su appicchat±santuµµhit±d²su suppatiµµhitabh±vato dasabalacatuves±rajj±diniratisayaguºavisesasamaªgibh±vato ca r³pappam±ºo r³pappasanno, ghosappam±ºo ghosappasanno, l³khappam±ºo l³khappasanno, dhammappam±ºo dhammappasannoti eva½ catuppam±ºike lokasanniv±se sabbath±pi pas±d±vahabh±vena samantap±s±dikatt± aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ sadevamanuss±na½ ±darabahum±nag±rav±yatanat±ya paramapemasambhattiµµh±na½. Ye ca tassa ov±de patiµµhit± aveccappas±dena samann±gat± honti, kenaci asa½h±riy± tesa½ sambhatti samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v±. Tath± hi te attano j²vitaparicc±gepi tattha pas±da½ na pariccajanti, tassa v± ±ºa½ da¼habhattibh±vato. Tenev±ha–