6. P±µalig±miyasutta½

76. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± magadhesu c±rika½ caram±no mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ yena p±µalig±mo tadavasari. Assosu½ kho p±µalig±miy± [p±µalig±mik± (d². ni. 2.148)] up±sak±– “bhagav± kira magadhesu c±rika½ caram±no mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ p±µalig±ma½ anuppatto”ti. Atha kho p±µalig±miy± up±sak± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho p±µalig±miy± up±sak± bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “adhiv±setu no, bhante, bhagav± ±vasath±g±ran”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena.
Atha kho p±µalig±miy± up±sak± bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv± uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± yen±vasath±g±ra½ tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± sabbasanthari½ ±vasath±g±ra½ santharitv± ±san±ni paññ±petv± udakamaºika½ patiµµh±petv± telappad²pa½ ±ropetv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ aµµha½su. Ekamanta½ µhit± kho p±µalig±miy± up±sak± bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “sabbasantharisanthata½ [sabbasanthari½ santhata½ (s². sy±. p².)], bhante, ±vasath±g±ra½; ±san±ni paññatt±ni; udakamaºiko patiµµh±pito [udakamaºika½ patiµµh±pita½ (sy±.)] telappad²po ±ropito. Yassad±ni, bhante, bhagav± k±la½ maññat²”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena yena ±vasath±g±ra½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± p±de pakkh±letv± ±vasath±g±ra½ pavisitv± majjhima½ thambha½ niss±ya puratth±bhimukho nis²di. Bhikkhusaªghopi kho p±de pakkh±letv± ±vasath±g±ra½ pavisitv± pacchima½ bhitti½ niss±ya puratth±bhimukho nis²di bhagavanta½yeva purakkhatv±. P±µalig±miy±pi kho up±sak± p±de pakkh±letv± ±vasath±g±ra½ pavisitv± puratthima½ bhitti½ niss±ya pacchim±bhimukh± nis²di½su bhagavanta½yeva purakkhatv±. Atha kho bhagav± p±µalig±miye up±sake ±mantesi–
“Pañcime, gahapatayo, ±d²nav± duss²lassa s²lavipattiy±. Katame pañca? Idha, gahapatayo, duss²lo s²lavipanno pam±d±dhikaraºa½ mahati½ bhogaj±ni½ nigacchati. Aya½ paµhamo ±d²navo duss²lassa s²lavipattiy±.
“Puna capara½, gahapatayo, duss²lassa s²lavipannassa p±pako kittisaddo abbhuggacchati. Aya½ dutiyo ±d²navo duss²lassa s²lavipattiy±.
“Puna capara½, gahapatayo, duss²lo s²lavipanno yaññadeva parisa½ upasaªkamati– yadi khattiyaparisa½, yadi br±hmaºaparisa½, yadi gahapatiparisa½, yadi samaºaparisa½– avis±rado upasaªkamati maªkubh³to. Aya½ tatiyo ±d²navo duss²lassa s²lavipattiy±.
“Puna capara½, gahapatayo, duss²lo s²lavipanno samm³¼ho k±la½ karoti. Aya½ catuttho ±d²navo duss²lassa s²lavipattiy±.
“Puna capara½, gahapatayo, duss²lo s²lavipanno k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjati. Aya½ pañcamo ±d²navo duss²lassa s²lavipattiy±. Ime kho, gahapatayo, pañca ±d²nav± duss²lassa s²lavipattiy±.
“Pañcime, gahapatayo, ±nisa½s± s²lavato s²lasampad±ya. Katame pañca? Idha, gahapatayo, s²lav± s²lasampanno appam±d±dhikaraºa½ mahanta½ bhogakkhandha½ adhigacchati. Aya½ paµhamo ±nisa½so s²lavato s²lasampad±ya.
“Puna capara½, gahapatayo, s²lavato s²lasampannassa kaly±ºo kittisaddo abbhuggacchati. Aya½ dutiyo ±nisa½so s²lavato s²lasampad±ya.
“Puna capara½, gahapatayo, s²lav± s²lasampanno yaññadeva parisa½ upasaªkamati– yadi khattiyaparisa½ yadi br±hmaºaparisa½, yadi gahapatiparisa½, yadi samaºaparisa½– vis±rado upasaªkamati amaªkubh³to. Aya½ tatiyo ±nisa½so s²lavato s²lasampad±ya.
“Puna capara½, gahapatayo, s²lav± s²lasampanno asamm³¼ho k±laªkaroti. Aya½ catuttho ±nisa½so s²lavato s²lasampad±ya.
“Puna capara½, gahapatayo, s²lav± s²lasampanno k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjati. Aya½ pañcamo ±nisa½so s²lavato s²lasampad±ya. Ime kho, gahapatayo, pañca ±nisa½s± s²lavato s²lasampad±y±”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± p±µalig±miye up±sake bahudeva ratti½ dhammiy± kath±ya sandassetv± sam±dapetv± samutejetv± sampaha½setv± uyyojesi– “abhikkant± kho, gahapatayo, ratti; yassad±ni tumhe k±la½ maññath±”ti. [“Eva½ bhante“ti khop±µalig±miy± up±sak± bhagavato paµissutv± (mah±va. 285; d². ni. 2.151)] atha kho p±µalig±miy± up±sak± bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± [“eva½ bhante“ti khop±µalig±miy± up±sak± bhagavato paµissutv± (mah±va. 285; d². ni. 2.151)] uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakkami½su. Atha kho bhagav± acirapakkantesu p±µalig±miyesu up±sakesu suññ±g±ra½ p±visi.
Tena kho pana samayena sunidhavassak±r± [sun²dhavassak±r± (s². sy±. p².)] magadhamah±matt± p±µalig±me nagara½ m±penti vajj²na½ paµib±h±ya. Tena kho pana samayena sambahul± devat±yo sahassasahasseva [sahasseva (sy±. ka.), sahassasseva (p².)] p±µalig±me vatth³ni pariggaºhanti. Yasmi½ padese mahesakkh± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti mahesakkh±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½. Yasmi½ padese majjhim± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti majjhim±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½. Yasmi½ padese n²c± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti n²c±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½.
Addas± kho bhagav± dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena t± devat±yo sahassasahasseva p±µalig±me vatth³ni pariggaºhantiyo. Yasmi½ padese mahesakkh± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti, mahesakkh±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½. Yasmi½ padese majjhim± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti, majjhim±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½. Yasmi½ padese n²c± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti, n²c±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½. Atha kho bhagav± tass± rattiy± pacc³sasamaye paccuµµh±ya ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi–
“Ke nu kho [ko nu kho (sabbattha)] ±nanda p±µalig±me nagara½ m±pent²”ti [m±pet²ti (sabbattha)]. “Sunidhavassak±r±, bhante, magadhamah±matt± p±µalig±me nagara½ m±penti vajj²na½ paµib±h±y±”ti. “Seyyath±pi, ±nanda, devehi t±vati½sehi saddhi½ mantetv±; evameva kho, ±nanda, sunidhavassak±r± magadhamah±matt± p±µalig±me nagara½ m±penti vajj²na½ paµib±h±ya. Idh±ha½, ±nanda, addasa½ dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena sambahul± devat±yo sahassasahasseva p±µalig±me vatth³ni pariggaºhantiyo. Yasmi½ padese mahesakkh± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti mahesakkh±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½. Yasmi½ padese majjhim± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti majjhim±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½. Yasmi½ padese n²c± devat± vatth³ni pariggaºhanti n²c±na½ tattha rañña½ r±jamah±matt±na½ citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petu½. Y±vat±, ±nanda, ariya½ ±yatana½ y±vat± vaºippatho ida½ agganagara½ bhavissati p±µaliputta½ puµabhedana½. P±µaliputtassa kho, ±nanda, tayo antar±y± bhavissanti– aggito v± udakato v± mithubhedato v±”ti.
Atha kho sunidhavassak±r± magadhamah±matt± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi½su. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±r±ºiya½ [s±r±º²ya½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ aµµha½su. Ekamanta½ µhit± kho sunidhavassak±r± magadhamah±matt± bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “adhiv±setu no bhava½ gotamo ajjatan±ya bhatta½ saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghen±”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena.
Atha kho sunidhavassak±r± magadhamah±matt± bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv± yena sako ±vasatho tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± sake ±vasathe paº²ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ paµiy±d±petv± bhagavato k±la½ ±rocesu½– “k±lo, bho gotama, niµµhita½ bhattan”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena yena sunidhavassak±r±na½ magadhamah±matt±na½ ±vasatho tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Atha kho sunidhavassak±r± magadhamah±matt± buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ paº²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena sahatth± santappesu½ sampav±resu½.
Atha kho sunidhavassak±r± magadhamah±matt± bhagavanta½ bhutt±vi½ on²tapattap±ºi½ aññatara½ n²ca½ ±sana½ gahetv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinne kho sunidhavassak±re magadhamah±matte bhagav± im±hi g±th±hi anumodi–
“Yasmi½ padese kappeti, v±sa½ paº¹itaj±tiyo;
s²lavantettha bhojetv±, saññate brahmac±rayo [brahmac±rino (sy±.), brahmacariye (p². ka.)].
“Y± tattha devat± ±su½, t±sa½ dakkhiºam±dise;
t± p³jit± p³jayanti, m±nit± m±nayanti na½.
“Tato na½ anukampanti, m±t± putta½va orasa½;
devat±nukampito poso, sad± bhadr±ni passat²”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± sunidhavassak±r±na½ magadhamah±matt±na½ im±hi g±th±hi anumoditv± uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi.
Tena kho pana samayena sunidhavassak±r± magadhamah±matt± bhagavanta½ piµµhito piµµhito anubandh± honti– “yenajja samaºo gotamo dv±rena nikkhamissati ta½ ‘gotamadv±ra½’ n±ma bhavissati. Yena titthena gaªga½ nadi½ tarissati ta½ ‘gotamatittha½’ n±ma bhavissat²”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± yena dv±rena nikkhami ta½ ‘gotamadv±ra½’ n±ma ahosi. Atha kho bhagav± yena gaªg± nad² tenupasaªkami. Tena kho pana samayena gaªg± nad² p³r± hoti samatittik± k±kapeyy±. Appekacce manuss± n±va½ pariyesanti, appekacce u¼umpa½ pariyesanti, appekacce kulla½ bandhanti ap±r± p±ra½ gantuk±m±. Atha kho bhagav±– seyyath±pi n±ma balav± puriso samiñjita½ v± b±ha½ pas±reyya, pas±rita½ v± b±ha½ samiñjeyya, evameva– gaªg±ya nadiy± orimat²re [orimat²r± (bah³su) mah±va. 286; d². ni. 2.154 passitabba½)] antarahito p±rimat²re paccuµµh±si saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena
Addas± kho bhagav± te manusse appekacce n±va½ pariyesante, appekacce u¼umpa½ pariyesante, appekacce kulla½ bandhante ap±r± p±ra½ gantuk±me.
Atha kho bhagav± etamattha½ viditv± t±ya½ vel±ya½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi–
“Ye taranti aººava½ sara½,
setu½ katv±na visajja pallal±ni;
kullañhi jano pabandhati [bandhati (sy±. p².)],
tiºº± [nitiºº± (ka.)] medh±vino jan±”ti. Chaµµha½.