5. Cundasutta½

75. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± mallesu c±rika½ caram±no mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ yena p±v± tadavasari. Tatra suda½ bhagav± p±v±ya½ viharati cundassa kamm±raputtassa ambavane.
Assosi kho cundo kamm±raputto– “bhagav± kira mallesu c±rika½ caram±no mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ p±va½ anuppatto p±v±ya½ viharati mayha½ ambavane”ti. Atha kho cundo kamm±raputto yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinna½ kho cunda½ kamm±raputta½ bhagav± dhammiy± kath±ya sandassesi sam±dapesi samuttejesi sampaha½sesi. Atha kho cundo kamm±raputto bhagavat± dhammiy± kath±ya sandassito sam±dapito samuttejito sampaha½sito bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “adhiv±setu me, bhante, bhagav± sv±tan±ya bhatta½ saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghen±”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena.
Atha kho cundo kamm±raputto bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv± uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. Atha kho cundo kamm±raputto tass± rattiy± accayena sake nivesane paº²ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ paµiy±d±petv± pah³tañca s³karamaddava½ bhagavato k±la½ ±roc±pesi– “k±lo, bhante, niµµhita½ bhattan”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena yena cundassa kamm±raputtassa nivesana½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Nisajja kho bhagav± cunda½ kamm±raputta½ ±mantesi– “ya½ te, cunda, s³karamaddava½ paµiyatta½ tena ma½ parivisa, ya½ panañña½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ paµiyatta½ tena bhikkhusaªgha½ parivis±”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho cundo kamm±raputto bhagavato paµissutv± ya½ ahosi s³karamaddava½ paµiyatta½ tena bhagavanta½ parivisi; ya½ panañña½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ paµiyatta½ tena bhikkhusaªgha½ parivisi.
Atha kho bhagav± cunda½ kamm±raputta½ ±mantesi– “ya½ te, cunda, s³karamaddava½ avasiµµha½ ta½ sobbhe nikhaº±hi. N±ha½ ta½, cunda, pass±mi sadevake loke sam±rake sabrahmake sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±ya yassa ta½ paribhutta½ samm± pariº±ma½ gaccheyya aññatra tath±gatass±”ti [aññatra tath±gaten±ti (ka. s².)]. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho cundo kamm±raputto bhagavato paµissutv± ya½ ahosi s³karamaddava½ avasiµµha½ ta½ sobbhe nikhaºitv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinna½ kho cunda½ kamm±raputta½ bhagav± dhammiy± kath±ya sandassetv± sam±dapetv± samuttejetv± sampaha½setv± uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi.
Atha kho bhagavato cundassa kamm±raputtassa bhatta½ bhutt±vissa kharo ±b±dho uppajji. Lohitapakkhandik± pab±¼h± [b±¼h± (s². sy±. p².)] vedan± vattanti m±raºantik±. Tatra suda½ bhagav± sato sampaj±no adhiv±sesi avihaññam±no. Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “±y±m±nanda, yena kusin±r± tenupasaªkamiss±m±”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato paccassosi.
“Cundassa bhatta½ bhuñjitv±, kamm±rass±ti me suta½;
±b±dha½ samphus² dh²ro, pab±¼ha½ m±raºantika½.
“Bhuttassa ca s³karamaddavena, by±dhippab±¼ho udap±di satthuno;
viriccam±no [viriñcam±no (?) Virecam±no (d². ni. 2.190)] bhagav± avoca, ‘gacch±maha½ kusin±ra½ nagara”n’ti.
Atha kho bhagav± magg± okkamma yena aññatara½ rukkham³la½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “iªgha me tva½, ±nanda, catugguºa½ saªgh±µi½ paññ±pehi; kilantosmi, ±nanda, nis²diss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato paµissutv± catugguºa½ saªgh±µi½ paññ±pesi. Nis²di bhagav± paññatte ±sane. Nisajja kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “iªgha me tva½, ±nanda, p±n²ya½ ±hara; pip±sitosmi, ±nanda, piviss±m²”ti.
Eva½ vutte, ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “id±ni, bhante, pañcamatt±ni sakaµasat±ni atikkant±ni. Ta½ cakkacchinna½ udaka½ paritta½ lu¼ita½ ±vila½ sandati. Aya½, bhante, kukuµµh± [kakutth± (s².), kukuµ± (sy±.), kakudh± (d². ni. 2.191)] nad² avid³re acchodak± s±todak± s²todak± setodak± supatitth± ramaº²y±. Ettha bhagav± p±n²yañca pivissati gatt±ni ca s²t²karissat²”ti [s²ti½ karissat²ti (s².), s²ta½ karissat²ti (sy±. p². ka.)].
Dutiyampi kho…pe… tatiyampi kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi “iªgha me tva½, ±nanda, p±n²ya½ ±hara; pip±sitosmi, ±nanda, piviss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato paµissutv± patta½ gahetv± yena s± nad² tenupasaªkami. Atha kho s± nad² cakkacchinn± paritt± lu¼it± ±vil± sandam±n± ±yasmante ±nande upasaªkamante acch± vippasann± an±vil± sandati.
Atha kho ±yasmato ±nandassa etadahosi– “acchariya½ vata, bho, abbhuta½ vata, bho, tath±gatassa mahiddhikat± mah±nubh±vat±! Ayañhi s± nad² cakkacchinn± paritt± lu¼it± ±vil± sandam±n± mayi upasaªkamante acch± vippasann± an±vil± sandat²”ti!! Pattena p±n²ya½ ±d±ya yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “acchariya½, bhante, abbhuta½, bhante, tath±gatassa mahiddhikat± mah±nubh±vat±! Ayañhi s±, bhante, nad² cakkacchinn± paritt± lu¼it± ±vil± sandam±n± mayi upasaªkamante acch± vippasann± an±vil± sandati!! Pivatu bhagav± p±n²ya½ pivatu sugato p±n²yan”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± p±n²ya½ ap±yi [ap±si (s².)]. Atha kho bhagav± mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ yena kukuµµh± nad² tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± kukuµµha½ nadi½ ajjhog±hetv± nhatv± ca pivitv± ca paccuttaritv± yena ambavana½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ cundaka½ ±mantesi– “iªgha me tva½, cundaka, catugguºa½ saªgh±µi½ paññ±pehi; kilantosmi, cundaka, nipajjiss±m²”ti “Eva½, bhante”ti kho ±yasm± cundako bhagavato paµissutv± catugguºa½ saªgh±µi½ paññ±pesi. Atha kho bhagav± dakkhiºena passena s²haseyya½ kappesi p±de p±da½ acc±dh±ya sato sampaj±no uµµh±nasañña½ manasi karitv±. ¾yasm± pana cundako tattheva bhagavato purato nis²di.
“Gantv±na buddho nadika½ kukuµµha½,
acchodaka½ s±tudaka½ [s±todaka½ (sabbattha)] vippasanna½;
og±hi satth± sukilantar³po,
tath±gato appaµimodha loke.
“Nhatv± ca pivitv± cudat±ri [nhatv± ca uttari (ka.)] satth±,
purakkhato bhikkhugaºassa majjhe;
satth± pavatt± bhagav± idha dhamme,
up±gami ambavana½ mahesi;
±mantayi cundaka½ n±ma bhikkhu½,
catugguºa½ santhara [patthara (s². p².)] me nipajja½.
“So codito bh±vitattena cundo,
catugguºa½ santhari [patthari (s². p².)] khippameva;
nipajji satth± sukilantar³po,
cundopi tattha pamukhe nis²d²”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “siy± kho pan±nanda, cundassa kamm±raputtassa koci vippaµis±ra½ upadaheyya– ‘tassa te, ±vuso cunda, al±bh±, tassa te dulladdha½ yassa te tath±gato pacchima½ piº¹ap±ta½ bhuñjitv± parinibbuto’ti. Cundass±nanda, kamm±raputtassa eva½ vippaµis±ro paµivinodetabbo–
“‘Tassa te, ±vuso cunda, l±bh±, tassa te suladdha½ yassa te tath±gato pacchima½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± parinibbuto. Sammukh± meta½, ±vuso cunda, bhagavato suta½, sammukh± paµiggahita½– dveme piº¹ap±t± samasamaphal± samasamavip±k± ativiya aññehi piº¹ap±tehi mahapphalatar± ca mah±nisa½satar± ca. Katame dve? Yañca piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± tath±gato anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhati, yañca piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yati. Ime dve piº¹ap±t± samasamaphal± samasamavip±k± ativiya aññehi piº¹ap±tehi mahapphalatar± ca mah±nisa½satar± ca.
“‘¾yusa½vattanika½ ±yasmat± cundena kamm±raputtena kamma½ upacita½, vaººasa½vattanika½ ±yasmat± cundena kamm±raputtena kamma½ upacita½, sukhasa½vattanika½ ±yasmat± cundena kamm±raputtena kamma½ upacita½, saggasa½vattanika½ ±yasmat± cundena kamm±raputtena kamma½ upacita½, yasasa½vattanika½ ±yasmat± cundena kamm±raputtena kamma½ upacita½, ±dhipateyyasa½vattanika½ ±yasmat± cundena kamm±raputtena kamma½ upacitan’ti. Cundass±nanda, kamm±raputtassa eva½ vippaµis±ro paµivinodetabbo”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± etamattha½ viditv± t±ya½ vel±ya½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi–
“Dadato puñña½ pava¹¹hati,
sa½yamato vera½ na c²yati;
kusalo ca jah±ti p±paka½,
r±gadosamohakkhay± sanibbuto”ti [parinibbutoti (s². sy±. p².)]. Pañcama½.