5. Uposathasutta½

45. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati pubb±r±me mig±ram±tup±s±de. Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± tadahuposathe bhikkhusaªghaparivuto nisinno hoti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy±, nikkhante paµhame y±me, uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ [c²vara½ (sabbattha)] karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkant±, bhante, ratti; nikkhanto paµhamo y±mo; ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho; uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti. Eva½ vutte, bhagav± tuºh² ahosi.
Dutiyampi kho ±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy±, nikkhante majjhime y±me, uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkant±, bhante, ratti; nikkhanto majjhimo y±mo; ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho; uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti. Dutiyampi kho bhagav± tuºh² ahosi.
Tatiyampi kho ±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy±, nikkhante pacchime y±me, uddhaste aruºe, nandimukhiy± rattiy± uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkant±, bhante, ratti; nikkhanto pacchimo y±mo; uddhasto aruºo; nandimukh² ratti; ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho; uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti. “Aparisuddh±, ±nanda, paris±”ti.
Atha kho ±yasmato mah±moggall±nassa etadahosi– “ka½ nu kho bhagav± puggala½ sandh±ya evam±ha– ‘aparisuddh±, ±nanda, paris±’ti? Atha kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no sabb±vanta½ bhikkhusaªgha½ cetas± ceto paricca manas±k±si. Addas± kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no ta½ puggala½ duss²la½ p±padhamma½ asuci½ saªkassarasam±c±ra½ paµicchannakammanta½ asamaºa½ samaºapaµiñña½ abrahmac±ri½ brahmac±ripaµiñña½ antop³ti½ avassuta½ kasambuj±ta½ majjhe bhikkhusaªghassa nisinna½. Disv±na uµµh±y±san± yena so puggalo tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ta½ puggala½ etadavoca “uµµhehi, ±vuso, diµµhosi bhagavat±; natthi te bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sa½v±so”ti. Eva½ vutte [atha kho (sabbattha), c³¼ava. 383; a. ni. 8.20 passitabba½], so puggalo tuºh² ahosi.
Dutiyampi kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no ta½ puggala½ etadavoca– “uµµhehi, ±vuso, diµµhosi bhagavat±; natthi te bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sa½v±so”ti. Dutiyampi kho…pe… tatiyampi kho so puggalo tuºh² ahosi.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no ta½ puggala½ b±h±ya½ gahetv± bahidv±rakoµµhak± nikkh±metv± s³cighaµika½ datv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “nikkh±mito, bhante, so puggalo may±. Parisuddh± paris±. Uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti. “Acchariya½, moggall±na, abbhuta½, moggall±na! Y±va b±h±gahaº±pi n±ma so moghapuriso ±gamessat²”ti!
Atha kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “na d±n±ha½, bhikkhave, ito para½ [na d±n±ha½ bhikkhave ajjatagge (a. ni. 8.20)] uposatha½ kariss±mi, p±timokkha½ uddisiss±mi. Tumheva d±ni, bhikkhave, ito para½ uposatha½ kareyy±tha, p±timokkha½ uddiseyy±tha. Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so ya½ tath±gato aparisuddh±ya paris±ya uposatha½ kareyya, p±timokkha½ uddiseyya.
“Aµµhime, bhikkhave, mah±samudde acchariy± abbhut± dhamm±, ye disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti. Katame aµµha?
“Mah±samuddo, bhikkhave, anupubbaninno anupubbapoºo anupubbapabbh±ro, na ±yatakeneva pap±to. Yampi [ya½ (s². sy±. ka.)], bhikkhave, mah±samuddo anupubbaninno anupubbapoºo anupubbapabbh±ro na ±yatakeneva pap±to; aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde paµhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo µhitadhammo vela½ n±tivattati. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo µhitadhammo vela½ n±tivattati; aya½, bhikkhave [ayampi (sabbattha)], mah±samudde dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo na matena kuºapena sa½vasati. Ya½ hoti mah±samudde mata½ kuºapa½ ta½ khippameva [khippaññeva (s².), khippa½yeva (ka.)] t²ra½ v±heti, thala½ uss±reti. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo na matena kuºapena sa½vasati, ya½ hoti mah±samudde mata½ kuºapa½ ta½ khippameva t²ra½ v±heti thala½ uss±reti; aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, y± k±ci mah±nadiyo, seyyathida½– gaªg± yamun± aciravat² sarabh³ mah², t± mah±samudda½ patv± [patt± (sy±. p². ka.)] jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni; ‘mah±samuddo’tveva saªkha½ gacchanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, y± k±ci mah±nadiyo, seyyathida½– gaªg± yamun± aciravat² sarabh³ mah² t± mah±samudda½ patv± jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni, ‘mah±samuddo’tveva saªkha½ gacchanti; aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, y± ca loke savantiyo mah±samudda½ appenti, y± ca antalikkh± dh±r± papatanti, na tena mah±samuddassa ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati. Yampi, bhikkhave y± ca loke savantiyo mah±samudda½ appenti, y± ca antalikkh± dh±r± papatanti, na tena mah±sammuddassa ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati; aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde pañcamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo ekaraso loºaraso. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo ekaraso loºaraso; aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde chaµµho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo bahuratano anekaratano. Tatrim±ni ratan±ni, seyyathida½– mutt± maºi ve¼uriyo saªkho sil± pav±¼a½ rajata½ j±tar³pa½ lohitaªgo mas±ragalla½. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo bahuratano anekaratano, tatrim±ni ratan±ni, seyyathida½– mutt± maºi ve¼uriyo saªkho sil± pav±¼a½ rajata½ j±tar³pa½ lohitaªgo [lohitaªko (s². p².), lohitako (?)] Mas±ragalla½; aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde sattamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo mahata½ bh³t±na½ ±v±so. Tatrime bh³t±– timi timiªgalo timitimiªgalo [timi timiªgalo timirapiªgalo (s². p²., a. ni. 8.19)] asur± n±g± gandhabb±. Santi mah±samudde yojanasatik±pi attabh±v±, dviyojanasatik±pi attabh±v±, tiyojanasatik±pi attabh±v±, catuyojanasatik±pi attabh±v±, pañcayojanasatik±pi attabh±v±. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo mahata½ bh³t±na½ ±v±so, tatrime bh³t±– timi timiªgalo timitimiªgalo asur± n±g± gandhabb±, santi mah±samudde yojanasatik±pi attabh±v± dviyojanasatik±pi attabh±v±…pe… pañcayojanasatik±pi attabh±v±; aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde aµµhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti. Ime kho, bhikkhave, aµµha mah±samudde acchariy± abbhut± dhamm± ye disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Evameva kho, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye aµµha acchariy± abbhut± dhamm±, ye disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti. Katame aµµha?
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo anupubbaninno anupubbapoºo anupubbapabbh±ro, na ±yatakeneva pap±to; evameva kho, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad±, na ±yatakeneva aññ±paµivedho. Yampi, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad±, na ±yatakeneva aññ±paµivedho; aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye paµhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi bhikkhave, mah±samuddo µhitadhammo vela½ n±tivattati; evameva kho, bhikkhave, ya½ may± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ ta½ mama s±vak± j²vitahetupi n±tikkamanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, may± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ ta½ mama s±vak± j²vitahetupi n±tikkamanti; aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo na matena kuºapena sa½vasati; ya½ hoti mah±samudde mata½ kuºapa½ ta½ khippameva t²ra½ v±heti, thala½ uss±reti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, yo so puggalo duss²lo p±padhammo asuci saªkassarasam±c±ro paµicchannakammanto assamaºo samaºapaµiñño abrahmac±r² brahmac±ripaµiñño antop³ti avassuto kasambuj±to, na tena saªgho sa½vasati; atha kho na½ khippameva sannipatitv± ukkhipati. Kiñc±pi so hoti majjhe bhikkhusaªghassa nisinno, atha kho so ±rak±va saªghamh±, saªgho ca tena. Yampi, bhikkhave, yo so puggalo duss²lo p±padhammo asuci saªkassarasam±c±ro paµicchannakammanto assamaºo samaºapaµiñño abrahmac±r² brahmac±ripaµiñño antop³ti avassuto kasambuj±to, na tena saªgho sa½vasati; khippameva na½ sannipatitv± ukkhipati. Kiñc±pi so hoti majjhe bhikkhusaªghassa nisinno, atha kho so ±rak±va saªghamh±, saªgho ca tena; aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, y± k±ci mah±nadiyo, seyyathida½– gaªg± yamun± aciravat² sarabh³ mah² t± mah±samudda½ patv± jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni, ‘mah±samuddo’tveva saªkha½ gacchanti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, catt±ro vaºº±– khattiy±, br±hmaº±, vess±, sudd± te tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajitv± [pabbajit± (ka. s².)] jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni, ‘samaº± sakyaputtiy±’tveva saªkha½ gacchanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, catt±ro vaºº±– khattiy±, br±hmaº±, vess±, sudd± te tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajitv± jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni ‘samaº± sakyaputtiy±’tveva saªkha½ gacchanti; aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, y± ca loke savantiyo mah±samudda½ appenti, y± ca antalikkh± dh±r± papatanti, na tena mah±samuddassa ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati; evameva kho, bhikkhave, bah³ cepi bhikkh³ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yanti, na tena nibb±nadh±tuy± ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati. Yampi, bhikkhave, bah³ cepi bhikkh³ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yanti, na tena nibb±nadh±tuy± ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati; aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye pañcamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi bhikkhave, mah±samuddo ekaraso loºaraso; evameva kho, bhikkhave, aya½ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso. Yampi, bhikkhave, aya½ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso; aya½ bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye chaµµho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo bahuratano anekaratano, tatrim±ni ratan±ni, seyyathida½– mutt± maºi ve¼uriyo saªkho sil± pav±¼a½ rajata½ j±tar³pa½ lohitaªgo mas±ragalla½; evameva kho, bhikkhave, aya½ dhammavinayo bahuratano anekaratano; tatrim±ni ratan±ni, seyyathida½– catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, catt±ro sammappadh±n±, catt±ro iddhip±d±, pañcindriy±ni, pañca bal±ni, satta bojjhaªg±, ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo. Yampi, bhikkhave, aya½ dhammavinayo bahuratano anekaratano, tatrim±ni ratan±ni, seyyathida½– catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, catt±ro sammappadh±n±, catt±ro iddhip±d±, pañcindriy±ni, pañca bal±ni, satta bojjhaªg±, ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo; aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye sattamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi bhikkhave, mah±samuddo mahata½ bh³t±na½ ±v±so, tatrime bh³t±– timi timiªgalo timitimiªgalo asur± n±g± gandhabb±, santi mah±samudde yojanasatik±pi attabh±v± dviyojanasatik±pi attabh±v± tiyojanasatik±pi attabh±v± catuyojanasatik±pi attabh±v± pañcayojanasatik±pi attabh±v±; evameva kho, bhikkhave, aya½ dhammavinayo mahata½ bh³t±na½ ±v±so; tatrime bh³t±– sot±panno, sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno, sakad±g±mi, sakad±g±miphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno, an±g±m², an±g±m²phalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno, arah±, arahatt±ya paµipanno [arahattaphalasacchikiriy±ya (s².)]. Yampi, bhikkhave, aya½ dhammavinayo mahata½ bh³t±na½ ±v±so, tatrime bh³t±– sot±panno, sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno, sakad±g±m², sakad±g±miphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno, an±g±m², an±g±miphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno, arah±, arahatt±ya paµipanno; aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye aµµhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti. Ime kho, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye aµµha acchariy± abbhut± dhamm±, ye disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramant²”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± etamattha½ viditv± t±ya½ vel±ya½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi–
“Channamativassati, vivaµa½ n±tivassati;
tasm± channa½ vivaretha, eva½ ta½ n±tivassat²”ti. Pañcama½.