8. Vis±kh±suttavaººan±

78. Aµµhame vis±kh±ya mig±ram±tuy± natt± k±laªkat± hot²ti vis±kh±ya mah±-up±sik±ya puttassa dh²t± kum±rik± k±laªkat± hoti. S± kira vattasampann± s±sane abhippasann± mah±-up±sik±ya geha½ paviµµh±na½ bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²nañca attan± k±tabbaveyy±vacca½ purebhatta½ pacch±bhattañca appamatt± ak±si, attano pit±mahiy± citt±nuk³la½ paµipajji. Tena vis±kh± gehato bahi gacchant² sabba½ tass±yeva bh±ra½ katv± gacchati, r³pena ca dassan²y± p±s±dik±, iti s± tass± visesato piy± man±p± ahosi. S± rog±bhibh³t± k±lamak±si. Tena vutta½– “tena kho pana samayena vis±kh±ya mig±ram±tuy± natt± k±laªkat± hoti piy± man±p±”ti. Atha mah±-up±sik± tass± maraºena soka½ sandh±retu½ asakkont² dukkh² dumman± sar²ranikkhepa½ k±retv± “api n±ma satthu santika½ gatak±le cittass±da½ labheyyan”ti bhagavanta½ upasaªkami. Tena vutta½– “atha kho vis±kh± mig±ram±t±”ti-±di. Tattha div± divass±ti divasass±pi div±, majjhanhike k±leti attho.
Bhagav± vis±kh±ya vaµµ±bhirati½ j±nanto up±yena sokatanukaraºattha½ “iccheyy±si tva½ vis±khe”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha y±vatik±ti yattak±. Tad± kira satta janakoµiyo s±vatthiya½ paµivasanti Ta½ sandh±ya bhagav± “k²vabahuk± pana vis±khe s±vatthiy± manuss± devasika½ k±la½ karont²”ti pucchi. Vis±kh± “dasapi, bhante”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha t²º²ti tayo. Ayameva v± p±µho. Avivitt±ti asuññ±.
Atha bhagav± attano adhipp±ya½ pak±sento “api nu tva½ kad±ci karahaci anallavatth± v± bhaveyy±si anallakes± v±”ti ±ha. Nanu eva½ sante tay± sabbak±la½ sok±bhibh³t±ya mat±na½ putt±d²na½ amaªgal³pac±ravasena udakorohaºena allavatth±ya allakes±ya eva bhavitabbanti dasseti. Ta½ sutv± up±sik± sa½vegaj±t± “no heta½, bhante”ti paµikkhipitv± piyavatthu½ vippaµis±rato attano cittassa nivattabh±va½ satthu ±rocent² “ala½ me, bhante, t±vabahukehi puttehi ca natt±rehi c±”ti ±ha.
Athass± bhagav± “dukkha½ n±meta½ piyavatthunimitta½, yattak±ni piyavatth³ni, tattak±ni dukkh±ni. Tasm± sukhak±mena dukkhappaµik³lena sabbaso piyavatthuto citta½ vivecetabban”ti dhamma½ desento “yesa½ kho vis±khe sata½ piy±ni, sata½ tesa½ dukkh±n²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sata½ piy±n²ti sata½ piy±yitabbavatth³ni. “Sata½ piyan”tipi keci paµhanti. Ettha ca yasm± ekato paµµh±ya y±va dasa, t±va saªkhy± saªkhyeyyappadh±n±, tasm± “yesa½ dasa piy±ni, dasa tesa½ dukkh±n²”ti-±din± p±¼i ±gat±. Keci pana “yesa½ dasa piy±na½, dasa nesa½ dukkh±nan”ti-±din± paµhanti, ta½ na sundara½. Yasm± pana v²satito paµµh±ya y±va sata½, t±va saªkhy± saªkhyeyyappadh±n±va, tasm± tatth±pi saªkhyeyyappadh±nata½yeva gahetv± “yesa½ kho vis±khe sata½ piy±ni, sata½ tesa½ dukkh±n²”ti-±din± p±¼i ±gat±. Sabbesampi ca “yesa½ eka½ piya½, eka½ tesa½ dukkhan”ti p±µho, na pana dukkhass±ti. Etasmiñhi pakkhe ekaras± ekajjh±say± ca bhagavato desan± hoti. Tasm± yath±vuttanay±va p±¼i veditabb±.
Etamattha½ viditv± sokaparidev±dika½ cetasika½ k±yikañca dukkha½ piyavatthunimitta½ piyavatthumhi sati hoti, asati na hot²ti etamattha½ sabb±k±rato j±nitv± tadatthaparid²pana½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tassattho– ñ±tibhogarogas²ladiµµhibyasanehi phuµµhassa anto nijjh±yantassa b±lassa cittasant±palakkhaº± ye keci mudumajjh±dibhedena y±dis± t±dis± sok± v± tehiyeva phuµµhassa sokuddehakasamuµµh±pitavac²vippal±palakkhaº± paridevit± v± aniµµhaphoµµhabbapaµihatak±yassa k±yap²¼analakkhaº± dukkh± v± tath± avuttatthassa vikappanatthena saddena gahit± domanass³p±y±s±dayo v± nissayabhedena ca anekar³p± n±n±vidh± imasmi½ sattaloke dissanti upalabbhanti, sabbepi ete piya½ piyaj±tika½ satta½ saªkh±rañca paµicca niss±ya ±gamma paccaya½ katv± pabhavanti nibbattanti. Tasmi½ pana yath±vutte piyavatthumhi piye asante piyabh±vakare chandar±ge pah²ne na kad±cipi ete bhavanti. Vuttañheta½– “piyato j±yat² soko…pe… pemato j±yat² soko”ti ca ±di (dha. pa. 212-213). Tath± “piyappabh³t± kalah± viv±d±, paridevasok± sahamacchareh²”ti ca ±di (su. ni. 869). Ettha ca “paridevit± v± dukkh± v±”ti liªgavipall±sena vutta½, “paridevit±ni v± dukkh±ni v±”ti vattabbe vibhattilopo v± katoti veditabbo.
Tasm± hi te sukhino v²tasok±ti yasm± piyappabh³t± sok±dayo yesa½ natthi, tasm± te eva sukhino v²tasok± n±ma. Ke pana te? Yesa½ piya½ natthi kuhiñci loke yesa½ ariy±na½ sabbaso v²tar±gatt± katthacipi sattaloke saªkh±raloke ca piya½ piyabh±vo “putto”ti v± “bh±t±”ti v± “bhagin²”ti v± “bhariy±”ti v± piya½ piy±yana½ piyabh±vo natthi, saªkh±ralokepi “eta½ mama santaka½, imin±ha½ ima½ n±ma sukha½ labh±mi labhiss±m²”ti piya½ piy±yana½ piyabh±vo natthi. Tasm± asoka½ viraja½ patthay±no, piya½ na kayir±tha kuhiñci loketi yasm± ca sukhino n±ma v²tasok±, v²tasokatt±va katthacipi visaye piyabh±vo natthi, tasm± attano yath±vuttasok±bh±vena ca asoka½ asokabh±va½ r±garaj±divigamanena viraja½ virajabh±va½ arahatta½, sokassa r±garaj±d²nañca abh±vahetubh±vato v± “asoka½ virajan”ti laddhan±ma½ nibb±na½ patthay±no kattukamyat±kusalacchandassa vasena chandaj±to katthaci loke r³p±didhamme antamaso samathavipassan±dhammepi piya½ piyabh±va½ viy±yana½ na kayir±tha na upp±deyya. Vuttañheta½– “dhamm±pi vo, bhikkhave, pah±tabb±, pageva adhamm±”ti (ma. ni. 1.240).

Aµµhamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.