6. P±µalig±miyasuttavaººan±

76. Chaµµhe magadhes³ti magadharaµµhe. Mahat±ti idh±pi guºamahattenapi aparicchinnasaªkhyatt± gaºanamahattenapi mahat± bhikkhusaªghena. P±µalig±moti eva½n±mako magadharaµµhe eko g±mo. Tassa kira g±massa m±panadivase g±maggahaºaµµh±ne dve tayo p±µalaªkur± pathavito ubbhijjitv± nikkhami½su. Tena ta½ “p±µalig±mo”tveva vohari½su. Tadavasar²ti ta½ p±µalig±ma½ avasari anup±puºi. Kad± pana bhagav± p±µalig±ma½ anup±puºi? Heµµh± vuttanayena s±vatthiya½ dhammasen±patino cetiya½ k±r±petv± tato nikkhamitv± r±jagahe vasanto tattha ±yasmato mah±moggall±nassa ca cetiya½ k±r±petv± tato nikkhamitv± ambalaµµhik±ya½ vasitv± aturitac±rik±vasena janapadac±rika½ caranto tattha tattha ekarattiv±sena vasitv± loka½ anuggaºhanto anukkamena p±µalig±ma½ anup±puºi.
P±µalig±miy±ti p±µalig±mav±sino up±sak±. Te kira bhagavato paµhamadassanena keci saraºesu, keci s²lesu, keci saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµhit±. Tena vutta½ “up±sak±”ti. Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½s³ti p±µalig±me kira aj±tasattuno licchavir±j³nañca manuss± k±lena k±la½ gantv± gehas±mike gehato n²haritv± m±sampi a¹¹ham±sampi vasanti. Tena p±µalig±mav±sino manuss± niccupaddut± “etesañceva ±gatak±le vasanaµµh±na½ bhavissat²”ti ekapasse issar±na½ bhaº¹appaµis±manaµµh±na½, ekapasse vasanaµµh±na½, ekapasse ±gantuk±na½ addhikamanuss±na½, ekapasse dalidd±na½ kapaºamanuss±na½, ekapasse gil±n±na½ vasanaµµh±na½ bhavissat²ti sabbesa½ aññamañña½ aghaµµetv± vasanappahonaka½ nagaramajjhe mah±s±la½ k±resu½, tass± n±ma½ ±vasath±g±ranti. Ta½ divasañca niµµh±na½ agam±si. Te tattha gantv± hatthakammasudh±kammacittakamm±divasena supariniµµhita½ susajjita½ devavim±nasadisa½ ta½ dv±rakoµµhakato paµµh±ya oloketv± “ida½ ±vasath±g±ra½ ativiya manorama½ sassirika½, kena nu kho paµhama½ paribhutta½ amh±ka½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya ass±”ti cintesu½, tasmi½yeva ca khaºe “bhagav± ta½ g±ma½ anuppatto”ti assosu½. Tena te uppannap²tisomanass± “amhehi bhagav± gantv±pi ±netabbo siy±, so pana sayameva amh±ka½ vasanaµµh±na½ sampatto, ajja maya½ bhagavanta½ idha vas±petv± paµhama½ paribhuñj±pess±ma tath± bhikkhusaªgha½, bhikkhusaªghe ±gate tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ ±gatameva bhavissati, satth±ra½ maªgala½ vad±pess±ma, dhamma½ kath±pess±ma. Iti t²hi ratanehi paribhutte pacch± amh±kañca paresañca paribhogo bhavissati, eva½ no d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya bhavissat²”ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± etadatthameva bhagavanta½ upasaªkami½su. Tasm± evam±ha½su– “adhiv±setu no, bhante bhagav±, ±vasath±g±ran”ti.
Yena ±vasath±g±ra½ tenupasaªkami½s³ti kiñc±pi ta½ ta½ divasameva pariniµµhitatt± devavim±na½ viya susajjita½ supaµijaggita½, buddh±raha½ pana katv± na paññatta½, “buddh± n±ma araññajjh±say± araññ±r±m±, antog±me vaseyyu½ v± no v±, tasm± bhagavato ruci½ j±nitv±va paññ±pess±m±”ti cintetv± te bhagavanta½ upasaªkami½su, id±ni bhagavato ruci½ j±nitv± tath± paññ±petuk±m± yena ±vasath±g±ra½ tenupasaªkami½su. Sabbasanthari½ ±vasath±g±ra½ santharitv±ti yath± sabbameva santhata½ hoti, eva½ ta½ santharitv± sabbapaµhama½ t±va “gomaya½ n±ma sabbamaªgalesu vattat²”ti sudh±parikammakatampi bh³mi½ allagomayena opuñj±petv± parisukkhabh±va½ ñatv± yath± akkantaµµh±ne pada½ na paññ±yati, eva½ catujj±tiyagandhehi limpetv± upari n±n±vaººakaµas±rake santharitv± tesa½ upari mah±piµµhikakojav±di½ katv± hatthattharaº±d²hi n±n±vaººehi attharaºehi santharitabbayuttaka½ sabbok±sa½ santhar±pesu½. Tena vutta½– “sabbasanthari½ ±vasath±g±ra½ santharitv±”ti.
¾san±nañhi majjhaµµh±ne t±va maªgalathambha½ niss±ya mah±raha½ buddh±sana½ paññ±petv± tattha ya½ ya½ mudukañca manoramañca paccattharaºa½, ta½ ta½ paccattharitv± ubhatolohitaka½ manuññadassana½ upadh±na½ upadahitv± upari suvaººarajatat±rak±vicitta½ vit±na½ bandhitv± gandhad±mapupphad±m±d²hi alaªkaritv± samant± dv±dasahatthe µh±ne pupphaj±la½ k±retv± ti½sahatthamattaµµh±na½ paµas±ºiy± parikkhip±petv± pacchimabhitti½ niss±ya bhikkhusaªghassa pallaªka-apassayamañcap²µh±d²ni paññ±petv± upari setapaccattharaºehi paccatthar±petv± s±l±ya p±c²napassa½ attano nisajj±yogga½ k±resu½. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “±san±ni paññ±petv±”ti.
Udakamaºikanti mah±kucchika½ udakac±µi½. Eva½ bhagav± bhikkhusaªgho ca yath±ruciy± hatthap±de dhovissanti, mukha½ vikkh±lessant²ti tesu tesu µh±nesu maºivaººassa udakassa p³retv± v±satth±ya n±n±pupph±ni ceva udakav±sacuºº±ni ca pakkhipitv± kadalipaººehi pidahitv± patiµµhapesu½. Tena vutta½ “udakamaºika½ patiµµh±petv±”ti.
Telappad²pa½ ±ropetv±ti rajatasuvaºº±dimayadaº¹ad²pik±su yodhakar³pavil±sakhacitar³pak±d²na½ hatthe µhapitasuvaººarajat±dimayakapallik±su telappad²pa½ j±layitv±. Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½s³ti ettha pana te p±µalig±miy± up±sak± na kevala½ ±vasath±g±rameva, atha kho sakalasmimpi g±me v²thiyo sajj±petv± dhaje uss±petv± gehadv±resu puººaghaµe kadaliyo ca µhap±petv± sakalag±ma½ d²pam±l±hi vippakiººat±raka½ viya katv± “kh²rapake d±rake kh²ra½ p±yetha, daharakum±re lahu½ lahu½ bhojetv± say±petha, ucc±sadda½ m± karittha, ajja ekaratti½ satth± antog±me vasissati, buddh± n±ma appasaddak±m± hont²”ti bheri½ car±petv± saya½ daº¹ad²pik± ±d±ya yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su.
Atha kho bhagav± niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena yena ±vasath±g±ra½ tenupasaªkam²ti “yassa d±ni, bhante, bhagav± k±la½ maññat²”ti eva½ kira tehi k±le ±rocite bhagav± l±kh±rasena tintarattakovi¼±rapupphavaººa½ rattadupaµµa½ kattariy± paduma½ kantento viya, sa½vidh±ya timaº¹ala½ paµicch±dento niv±setv± suvaººap±maªgena padumakal±pa½ parikkhipanto viya, vijjulat±sassirika½ k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± rattakambalena gajakumbha½ pariyonandhanto viya, ratanasatubbedhe suvaººagghike pav±¼aj±la½ khipam±no viya, mahati suvaººacetiye rattakambalakañcuka½ paµimuñcanto viya, gacchanta½ puººacanda½ rattaval±hakena paµicch±dento viya, kañcanagirimatthake supakkal±kh±rasa½ parisiñcanto viya, cittak³µapabbatamatthaka½ vijjulat±j±lena parikkhipanto viya, sakalacakkav±¼asineruyugandharamah±pathavi½ c±letv± gahitanigrodhapallavasam±navaººa½ surattavarapa½suk³la½ p±rupitv± vanagahanato nikkhantakesaras²ho viya, samantato udayapabbatak³µato puººacando viya, b±las³riyo viya ca attan± nisinnac±rumaº¹apato nikkhami.
Athassa k±yato meghamukhato vijjukal±p± viya rasmiyo nikkhamitv± suvaººarasadh±r±parisekapiñjarapattapupphaphalas±kh±viµape viya samantato rukkhe kari½su. T±vadeva attano attano pattac²varam±d±ya mah±bhikkhusaªgho bhagavanta½ pariv±resi. Te ca na½ pariv±retv± µhit± bhikkh³ evar³p± ahesu½ appicch± santuµµh± pavivitt± asa½saµµh± ±raddhav²riy± vatt±ro vacanakkham± codak± p±pagarahino s²lasampann± sam±dhisampann± paññ±sampann± vimuttisampann± vimuttiñ±ºadassanasampann±. Tehi parivuto bhagav± rattakambalaparikkhitto viya suvaººakkhandho, nakkhattapariv±rito viya puººacando, rattapadumavanasaº¹amajjhagat± viya suvaººan±v±, pav±¼avedikaparikkhitto viya suvaººap±s±do virocittha. Mah±kassapappamukh± pana mah±ther± meghavaººa½ pa½suk³lac²vara½ p±rupitv± maºivammavammit± viya mah±n±g± pariv±rayi½su vantar±g± bhinnakiles± vijaµitajaµ± chinnabandhan± kule v± gaºe v± alagg±.
Iti bhagav± saya½ v²tar±go v²tar±gehi, v²tadoso v²tadosehi, v²tamoho v²tamohehi, nittaºho nittaºhehi, nikkileso nikkilesehi, saya½ buddho anubuddhehi pariv±rito pattapariv±rita½ viya kesara½, kesarapariv±rit± viya kaººik±, aµµhan±gasahassapariv±rito viya chaddanto n±gar±j±, navutiha½sasahassapariv±rito viya dhataraµµho ha½sar±j±, senaªgapariv±rito viya cakkavattir±j±, marugaºapariv±rito viya sakko devar±j±, brahmagaºapariv±rito viya h±ritamah±brahm±, t±r±gaºapariv±rito viya puººacando, anupamena buddhavesena aparim±ºena buddhavil±sena p±µalig±mina½ magga½ paµipajji.
Athassa puratthimak±yato suvaººavaºº± ghanabuddharasmiyo uµµhahitv± as²tihatthaµµh±na½ aggahesu½, tath± pacchimak±yato dakkhiºapassato v±mapassato suvaººavaºº± ghanabuddharasmiyo uµµhahitv± as²tihatthaµµh±na½ aggahesu½, uparikesantato paµµh±ya sabbakes±vaµµehi morag²var±javaºº± asit± ghanabuddharasmiyo uµµhahitv± gaganatale as²tihatthaµµh±na½ aggahesu½, heµµh±p±datalehi pav±¼avaºº± rasmiyo uµµhahitv± ghanapathaviya½ as²tihatthaµµh±na½ aggahesu½, dantato akkh²na½ setaµµh±nato, nakh±na½ ma½savimuttaµµh±nato od±t± ghanabuddharasmiyo uµµhahitv± as²tihatthaµµh±na½ aggahesu½, rattap²tavaºº±na½ sambhinnaµµh±nato mañjeµµhavaºº± rasmiyo uµµhahitv± as²tihatthaµµh±na½ aggahesu½, sabbatthakameva pabhassar± rasmiyo uµµhahi½su. Eva½ samant± as²tihatthaµµh±na½ chabbaºº± buddharasmiyo vijjotam±n± vipphandam±n± vidh±vam±n± kañcanadaº¹ad²pik±d²hi niccharitv± ±k±sa½ pakkhandam±n± mah±pad²paj±l± viya, c±tudd²pikamah±meghato nikkhantavijjulat± viya ca disodisa½ pakkhandi½su. Y±hi sabbe dis±bh±g± suvaººacampakapupphehi vikiriyam±n± viya, suvaººaghaµato suvaººarasadh±r±hi ±siñciyam±n± viya, pas±ritasuvaººapaµaparikkhitt± viya, verambhav±tena samuddhataki½sukakaºik±rakovi¼±rapupphacuººasamokiºº± viya, c²napiµµhacuººasamparirañjit± viya ca viroci½su.
Bhagavatopi as²ti-anubyañjanaby±mappabh±parikkhepasamujjala½ dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºappaµimaº¹ita½ sar²ra½ abbhamahik±di-upakkilesavimutta½ samujjalantat±rak±vabh±sita½ viya, gaganatala½ vikasita½ viya padumavana½, sabbap±liphullo viya yojanasatiko p±ricchattako, paµip±µiy± µhapit±na½ dvatti½sas³riy±na½ dvatti½sacandim±na½ dvatti½sacakkavatt²na½ dvatti½sadevar±j±na½ dvatti½samah±brahm±na½ siriy± siri½ abhibhavam±na½ viya virocittha, yath± ta½ dasahi p±ram²hi dasahi upap±ram²hi dasahi paramatthap±ram²h²ti sammadeva parip³rit±hi samati½sap±ramit±hi alaªkata½ kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni dinnena d±nena rakkhitena s²lena katena kaly±ºakammena ekasmi½ attabh±ve samosaritv± vip±ka½ d±tu½ ok±sa½ alabham±nena samb±dhappatta½ viya nibbattita½ n±v±sahassabhaº¹a½ eka½ n±va½ ±ropanak±lo viya, sakaµasahassabhaº¹a½ eka½ sakaµa½ ±ropanak±lo viya, pañcav²satiy± gaªg±na½ sambhinnamukhadv±re ekato r±sibh³tak±lo viya ahosi.
Im±ya buddhasiriy± obh±sam±nassapi bhagavato purato anek±ni daº¹ad²pik±sahass±ni ukkhipi½su. Tath± pacchato v±mapasse dakkhiºapasse j±tikusumacampakavanam±lik±rattuppalan²luppalabakulasinduv±r±dipupph±ni ceva n²lap²t±divaººasugandhacuºº±ni ca c±tudd²pikamah±meghavissaµµh± salilavuµµhiyo viya vippakiri½su Pañcaªgikat³riyanigghos± ca buddhadhammasaªghaguº±sa½yutt± thutighos± ca sabb± dis± p³rayam±n± mukhasambh±s± viya ahesu½. Devasupaººan±gayakkhagandhabbamanuss±na½ akkh²ni amatap±na½ viya labhi½su. Imasmi½ pana µh±ne µhatv± padasahassehi gamanavaººana½ vattu½ vaµµati. Tatriya½ mukhamatta½–