5. Cundasuttavaººan±

75. Pañcame malles³ti eva½n±make janapade. Mahat± bhikkhusaªghen±ti guºamahattasaªkhy±mahattehi mahat±. So hi bhikkhusaªgho s²l±diguºavisesayogenapi mah± tattha sabbapacchimakassa sot±pannabh±vato, saªkhy±mahattenapi mah± aparicchinnagaºanatt±. ¾yusaªkh±rossajjanato paµµh±ya hi ±gat±gat± bhikkh³ na pakkami½su. Cundass±ti eva½n±makassa. Kamm±raputtass±ti suvaººak±raputtassa. So kira a¹¹ho mah±kuµumbiko bhagavato paµhamadassaneneva sot±panno hutv± attano ambavane satthuvasan±nucchavika½ gandhakuµi½, bhikkhusaªghassa ca rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±na-upaµµh±nas±l±kuµimaº¹apacaªkaman±dike ca samp±detv± p±k±raparikkhitta½ dv±rakoµµhakayutta½ vih±ra½ katv± buddhappamukhassa saªghassa niyy±desi. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½– “tatra suda½ bhagav± p±v±ya½ viharati cundassa kamm±raputtassa ambavane”ti.
Paµiy±d±petv±ti samp±detv±. “S³karamaddavanti s³karassa mudusiniddha½ pavattama½san”ti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Keci pana “s³karamaddavanti na s³karama½sa½, s³karehi madditava½saka¼²ro”ti vadanti. Aññe “s³karehi madditappadese j±ta½ ahichattakan”ti. Apare pana “s³karamaddava½ n±ma eka½ ras±yanan”ti bhaºi½su Tañhi cundo kamm±raputto “ajja bhagav± parinibb±yissat²”ti sutv± “appeva n±ma na½ paribhuñjitv± ciratara½ tiµµheyy±”ti satthu ciraj²vitukamyat±ya ad±s²ti vadanti.
Tena ma½ parivis±ti tena mama½ bhojehi. Kasm± bhagav± evam±ha? Par±nuddayat±ya. Tañca k±raºa½ p±¼iya½ vuttameva. Tena abhihaµabhikkh±ya paresa½ aparibhog±rahato ca tath± vattu½ vaµµat²ti dassita½ hoti. Tasmi½ kira s³karamaddave dvisahassad²papariv±resu cat³su mah±d²pesu devat± oja½ pakkhipi½su. Tasm± ta½ añño koci samm± j²r±petu½ na sakkoti, tamattha½ pak±sento satth± par³pav±damocanattha½ “n±ha½ ta½, cunda, pass±m²”ti-±din± s²han±da½ nadi. Ye hi pare upavadeyyu½ “attan± paribhutt±vasesa½ neva bhikkh³na½, na aññesa½ manuss±na½ ad±si, ±v±µe nikhaº±petv± vin±ses²”ti, “tesa½ vacanok±so m± hot³”ti par³pav±damocanattha½ s²han±da½ nadi.
Tattha sadevaketi-±d²su saha deveh²ti sadevako, saha m±ren±ti sam±rako, saha brahmun±ti sabrahmako, saha samaºabr±hmaºeh²ti sassamaºabr±hmaº², paj±tatt± paj±, saha devamanusseh²ti sadevamanuss±. Tasmi½ sadevake loke…pe… sadevamanuss±ya. Tattha sadevakavacanena pañcak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½, sam±rakavacanena chaµµhak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½, sabrahmakavacanena brahmak±yik±dibrahmaggahaºa½, sassamaºabr±hmaº²vacanena s±sanassa paccatthikapacc±mittasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºa½ samitap±pab±hitap±pasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºañca, paj±vacanena sattalokaggahaºa½, sadevamanussavacanena sammutideva-avasesamanussaggahaºa½. Evamettha t²hi padehi ok±salokavasena, dv²hi paj±vasena sattaloko gahitoti veditabbo. Aparo nayo– sadevakavacanena ar³p±vacaraloko gahito, sam±rakavacanena chak±m±vacaradevaloko, sabrahmakavacanena r³p² brahmaloko, sassamaºabr±hmaºavacanena catuparisavasena sammutidevehi saha manussaloko, avasesasattaloko v± gahitoti veditabbo.
Bhutt±viss±ti bhuttavato. Kharoti pharuso. ¾b±dhoti visabh±garogo. Pab±¼h±ti balavatiyo. M±raºantik±ti maraºant± maraºasam²pap±panasamatth±. Sato sampaj±no adhiv±ses²ti sati½ upaµµhita½ katv± ñ±ºena paricchinditv± adhiv±sesi. Avihaññam±noti vedan±nuvattanavasena asallakkhitadhammo viya apar±para½ parivattana½ akaronto ap²¼iyam±no adukkhiyam±no viya adhiv±sesi. Bhagavato hi ve¼uvag±makeyeva t± vedan± uppann±, sam±pattibalena pana vikkhambhit± y±va parinibb±nadivas± na uppajji½su divase divase sam±patt²hi paµipaº±manato. Ta½ divasa½ pana parinibb±yituk±mo “koµisahassahatth²na½ bala½ dh±rent±na½ vajirasaªgh±tasam±nak±y±na½ aparimitak±la½ upacitapuññasambh±r±nampi bhave sati evar³p± vedan± pavattanti, kimaªga½ pana aññesan”ti satt±na½ sa½vegajananattha½ sam±patti½ na sam±pajji, tena vedan± khar± vatti½su. ¾y±m±ti ehi y±ma.
Cundassa bhatta½ bhuñjitv±ti-±dik± aparabh±ge dhammasaªg±hakehi µhapit± g±th±. Tattha bhuttassa ca s³karamaddaven±ti bhuttassa udap±di, na pana bhuttapaccay±. Yadi hi abhuttassa uppajjiss±, atikharo abhaviss±, siniddhabhojana½ pana bhuttatt± tanuk± vedan± ahosi, teneva padas± gantu½ asakkhi. Etena yv±ya½ “yassa ta½ paribhutta½ samm± pariº±ma½ gaccheyya aññatra tath±gatass±”ti s²han±do nadito, tassa s±tthakat± dassit±. Buddh±nañhi aµµh±ne gajjita½ n±ma natthi. Yasm± ta½ paribhutta½ bhagavato na kiñci vik±ra½ upp±desi, kammena pana laddhok±sena upp±diyam±na½ vik±ra½ appamattat±ya upasamento sar²re bala½ upp±desi, yena yath± vakkham±na½ tividha½ payojana½ samp±desi, tasm± sammadeva ta½ pariº±ma½ gata½, m±raºantikatt± pana vedan±na½ aviññ±ta½ ap±kaµa½ ahos²ti. Viriccam±noti abhiºha½ pavattalohitavirecanova sam±no. Avoc±ti attan± icchitaµµh±ne parinibb±natth±ya evam±ha.
Kasm± pana bhagav± eva½ roge uppanne kusin±ra½ agam±si, ki½ aññattha na sakk± parinibb±yitunti? Parinibb±yitu½ n±ma na katthaci na sakk±, eva½ pana cintesi– mayi kusin±ra½ gate mah±sudassanasuttadesan±ya (d². ni. 2.241) aµµhuppatti bhavissati, t±ya y± devaloke anubhavitabbasadis± sampatti manussaloke may± anubh³t±, ta½ dv²hi bh±ºav±rehi paµimaº¹etv± desess±mi, ta½ sutv± bah³ jan± kusala½ kattabba½ maññissanti. Subhaddopi kattha ma½ upasaªkamitv± pañha½ pucchitv± vissajjanapariyos±ne saraºesu patiµµh±ya pabbajitv± laddh³pasampado kammaµµh±na½ bh±vetv± mayi dharanteyeva arahatta½ patv± pacchimas±vako n±ma bhavissati. Aññattha mayi parinibbute dh±tunimitta½ mah±kalaho bhavissati, lohita½ nad² viya sandissati. Kusin±r±ya½ pana parinibbute doºabr±hmaºo ta½ viv±da½ v³pasametv± dh±tuyo vibhajitv± dassat²ti im±ni t²ºi k±raº±ni passanto bhagav± mahat± uss±hena kusin±ra½ agam±si.
Iªgh±ti codanatthe nip±to. Kilantosm²ti parissanto asmi. Tena yath±vuttavedan±na½ balavabh±va½ eva dasseti. Bhagav± hi attano ±nubh±vena tad± padas± agam±si, aññesa½ pana yath± paduddh±rampi k±tu½ na sakk±, tath± vedan± tikhiº± khar± kaµuk± vatti½su. Tenev±ha “nis²diss±m²”ti.
Id±n²ti adhun±. Lu¼itanti maddita½ viya ±kula½. ¾vilanti ±lula½. Acchodak±ti tanupasannasalil±. S±todak±ti madhuratoy±. S²todak±ti s²talajal±. Setodak±ti nikkaddam± Udakañhi sabh±vato setavaººa½, bh³mivasena kaddam±vilat±ya ca aññ±disa½ hoti, kakudh±pi nad² vimalav±lik± samokiºº± setavaºº± sandati. Tena vutta½ “setodak±”ti. Supatitth±ti sundaratitth±. Ramaº²y±ti manoharabh³mibh±gat±ya ramitabb± yath±vutta-udakasampattiy± ca manoram±.
Kilantosmi cundaka, nipajjiss±m²ti tath±gatassa hi–
“K±¼±vakañca gaªgeyya½, paº¹ara½ tambapiªgala½;
gandhamaªgalahemañca, uposathachaddantime das±”ti.–

Eva½ vuttesu dasasu hatthikulesu k±¼±vakasaªkh±t±na½ ya½ dasanna½ pakatihatth²na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa gaªgeyyass±ti eva½ dasaguºit±ya gaºan±ya pakatihatth²na½ koµisahassabalappam±ºa½ sar²rabala½. Ta½ sabbampi tasmi½ divase pacch±bhattato paµµh±ya caªgav±re pakkhitta-udaka½ viya parikkhaya½ gata½. P±v±ya tig±vute kusin±r±. Etasmi½ antare pañcav²satiy± µh±nesu nis²ditv± mahanta½ uss±ha½ katv± ±gacchanto s³riyatthaªgamanavel±ya bhagav± kusin±ra½ p±puº²ti eva½ “rogo n±ma sabba½ ±rogya½ maddanto ±gacchat²”ti imamattha½ dassento sadevakassa lokassa sa½vegakara½ v±ca½ bh±santo “kilantosmi, cundaka, nipajjiss±m²”ti ±ha.

S²haseyyanti ettha k±mabhog²seyy± petaseyy± tath±gataseyy± s²haseyy±ti catasso seyy±. Tattha “yebhuyyena, bhikkhave, k±mabhog² v±mena passena seyya½ kappent²”ti (a. ni. 4.246) aya½ k±mabhog²seyy±. “Yebhuyyena bhikkhave, pet± utt±n± sent²”ti (a. ni. 4.246) aya½ petaseyy±. Catutthajjh±na½ tath±gataseyy±. “S²ho, bhikkhave, migar±j± dakkhiºena passena seyya½ kappet²”ti (a. ni. 4.246) aya½ s²haseyy±. Ayañhi tejussada-iriy±pathatt± uttamaseyy± n±ma. Tena vutta½– “dakkhiºena passena s²haseyya½ kappes²”ti. P±de p±danti dakkhiºap±de v±map±da½. Acc±dh±y±ti ati-±dh±ya, gopphaka½ atikkamma µhapetv±. Gopphakena hi gopphake, j±ºun± j±ºumhi saªghaµµiyam±ne abhiºha½ vedan± uppajjanti seyy± ph±suk± na hoti. Yath± pana na saªghaµµeti, eva½ atikkamma µhapite vedan± nuppajjanti, seyy± ph±suk± hoti. Tasm± eva½ nipajji.
Gantv±na buddhoti im± g±th± aparabh±ge dhammasaªg±hakehi µhapit±. Tattha nadikanti nadi½. Appaµimodha loketi appaµimo idha imasmi½ sadevake loke. Nhatv± ca pivitv± cudat±r²ti gatt±na½ s²tikaraºavasena nhatv± ca p±n²ya½ pivitv± ca nadito uttari. Tad± kira bhagavati nh±yante antonadiya½ macchakacchap±, udaka½, ubhosu t²resu vanasaº¹o, sabbo ca so bh³mibh±goti sabba½ suvaººavaººameva ahosi. Purakkhatoti guºavisiµµhasattuttamagarubh±vato sadevakena lokena p³j±samm±navasena purakkhato. Bhikkhugaºassa majjheti bhikkhusaªghassa majjhe. Tad± bhikkh³ bhagavato vedan±na½ adhimattabh±va½ viditv± ±sann± hutv± samantato pariv±retv±va gacchanti. Satth±ti diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi satt±na½ anus±sanato satth±. Pavatt± bhagav± idha dhammeti bh±gyavantat±d²hi bhagav± idha s²l±dis±sanadhamme pavatt±, dhamme v± catur±s²tidhammakkhandhasahass±ni pavatt± pavattet±. Ambavananti tass± eva nadiy± t²re ambavana½. ¾mantayi cundakanti tasmi½ kira khaºe ±yasm± ±nando udakas±µika½ p²¼ento oh²yi, cundakatthero sam²pe ahosi. Tasm± ta½ bhagav± ±mantayi. Pamukhe nis²d²ti vattas²sena satthu purato nis²di “ki½ nu kho satth± ±º±pet²”ti. Ett±vat± dhammabhaº¹±g±riko anuppatto. Eva½ anuppatta½ atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi.
Upadaheyy±ti upp±deyya, vippaµis±rassa upp±dako koci puriso siy± api bhaveyya. Al±bh±ti ye aññesa½ d±na½ dadant±na½ d±n±nisa½sasaªkh±t± l±bh± honti, te al±bh±. Dulladdhanti puññavisesena laddhampi manussatta½ dulladdha½. Yassa teti yassa tava. Uttaº¹ula½ v± atikilinna½ v± ko ta½ j±n±ti, k²disampi pacchima½ piº¹ap±ta½ bhuñjitv± tath±gato parinibbuto, addh± tena ya½ v± ta½ v± dinna½ bhavissat²ti. L±bh±ti diµµhadhammikasampar±yik± d±n±nisa½sasaªkh±t± l±bh±. Suladdhanti tuyha½ manussatta½ suladdha½. Sammukh±ti sammukhato, na anussavena na parampar±y±ti attho. Metanti me eta½ may± eta½. Dvemeti dve ime. Samasamaphal±ti sabb±k±rena sam±naphal±.
Nanu ca ya½ suj±t±ya dinna½ piº¹ap±ta½ bhuñjitv± tath±gato abhisambuddho, ta½ kiles±na½ appah²nak±le d±na½, ida½ pana cundassa d±na½ kh²º±savak±le, kasm± et±ni samaphal±n²ti? Parinibb±nasamat±ya sam±pattisamat±ya anussaraºasamat±ya ca. Bhagav± hi suj±t±ya dinna½ piº¹ap±ta½ bhuñjitv± sa-up±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibbuto, cundena dinna½ bhuñjitv± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibbutoti eva½ parinibb±nasamat±yapi samaphal±ni. Abhisambujjhanadivase ca aggamaggassa hetubh³t± catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkh± sam±pattiyo sam±pajji, parinibb±nadivasepi sabb± t± sam±pajji. Eva½ sam±pattisamat±yapi samaphal±ni. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Yassa ceta½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± anuttara½ appam±ºa½ cetosam±dhi½ upasampajja viharati, appam±ºo tassa puññ±bhisando kusal±bhisando”ti-±di.–

Suj±t± ca aparabh±ge assosi “na kira s± rukkhadevat±, bodhisatto kiresa, ta½ kira piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho, sattasatt±ha½ kirassa tena y±pan± ahos²”ti. Tass± ida½ sutv± “l±bh± vata me”ti anussarantiy± balavap²tisomanassa½ udap±di. Cundassapi aparabh±ge “avas±napiº¹ap±to kira may± dinno, dhammas²sa½ kira may± gahita½, mayha½ kira piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± satth± attan± cirak±l±bhipatthit±ya anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibbuto”ti sutv± “l±bh± vata me”ti anussarato balavap²tisomanassa½ udap±di. Eva½ anussaraºasamat±yapi samaphal±ni dvepi piº¹ap±tad±n±n²ti veditabb±ni.

¾yusa½vattanikanti d²gh±yukasa½vattanika½. Upacitanti pasuta½ upp±dita½. Yasasa½vattanikanti pariv±rasa½vattanika½. ¾dhipateyyasa½vattanikanti seµµhabh±vasa½vattanika½.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ d±nassa mahapphalatañceva s²l±diguºehi attano ca anuttaradakkhiºeyyabh±va½ anup±d±parinibb±nañc±ti tividhampi attha½ sabb±k±rato viditv± tadatthad²pana½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha dadato puñña½ pava¹¹hat²ti d±na½ dentassa cittasampattiy± ca dakkhiºeyyasampattiy± ca d±namaya½ puñña½ upac²yati, mahapphalatarañca mah±nisa½satarañca hot²ti attho. Atha v± dadato puñña½ pava¹¹hat²ti deyyadhamma½ pariccajanto paricc±gacetan±ya bahul²kat±ya anukkamena sabbattha an±pattibahulo suvisuddhas²la½ rakkhitv± samathavipassanañca bh±vetu½ sakkot²ti tassa d±n±divasena tividhampi puñña½ abhiva¹¹hat²ti evamettha attho veditabbo. Sa½yamatoti s²lasa½yamena sa½yamantassa, sa½vare µhitass±ti attho. Vera½ na c²yat²ti pañcavidhavera½ na pava¹¹hati, adosapadh±natt± v± adhis²lassa k±yav±c±cittehi saya½manto suvisuddhas²lo khantibahulat±ya kenaci vera½ na karoti, kuto tassa upacayo. Tasm± tassa sa½yamato sa½yamantassa, sa½yamahetu v± vera½ na c²yati. Kusalo ca jah±ti p±pakanti kusalo pana ñ±ºasampanno suvisuddhas²le patiµµhito aµµhati½s±ya ±rammaºesu attano anur³pa½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± upac±rappan±bheda½ jh±na½ samp±dento p±paka½ l±maka½ k±macchand±di-akusala½ vikkhambhanavasena jah±ti pariccajati. So tameva jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± saªkh±resu khayavaya½ paµµhapetv± vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto vipassana½ ussukk±petv± ariyamaggena anavasesa½ p±paka½ l±maka½ akusala½ samucchedavasena jah±ti. R±gadosamohakkhay± sa nibbutoti so eva½ p±paka½ pajahitv± r±g±d²na½ khay± anavasesakilesanibb±nena, tato para½ khandhanibb±nena ca nibbuto hot²ti eva½ bhagav± cundassa ca dakkhiºasampatti½, attano ca dakkhiºeyyasampatti½ niss±ya p²tivegavissaµµha½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.

Pañcamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.