3. Tatiyanibb±napaµisa½yuttasuttavaººan±

73. Tatiye atha kho bhagav± etamattha½ viditv±ti tad± kira bhagavat± anekapariy±yena sa½s±rassa ±d²nava½ pak±setv± sandassan±divasena nibb±napaµisa½yutt±ya dhammadesan±ya kat±ya tesa½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– “aya½ sa½s±ro bhagavat± avijj±d²hi k±raºehi sahetuko pak±sito, nibb±nassa pana tadupasamassa na kiñci k±raºa½ vutta½, tayida½ ahetuka½, katha½ saccikaµµhaparamatthena upalabbhat²”ti. Atha bhagav± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ eta½ yath±vutta½ parivitakkasaªkh±ta½ attha½ viditv±. Ima½ ud±nanti tesa½ bhikkh³na½ vimatividhamanatthañceva idha samaºabr±hmaº±na½ “nibb±na½ nibb±nanti v±c±vatthumattameva, natthi hi paramatthato nibb±na½ n±ma anupalabbham±nasabh±vatt±”ti lok±yatik±dayo viya vippaµipann±na½ bahiddh± ca puthudiµµhigatik±na½ micch±v±dabhañjanatthañca ima½ amatamah±nibb±nassa paramatthato atthibh±vad²pana½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhatanti sabb±nipi pad±ni aññamaññavevacan±ni. Atha v± vedan±dayo viya hetupaccayasamav±yasaªkh±t±ya k±raºas±maggiy± na j±ta½ na nibbattanti aj±ta½, k±raºena vin±, sayameva v± na bh³ta½ na p±tubh³ta½ na uppannanti abh³ta½, eva½ aj±tatt± abh³tatt± ca yena kenaci k±raºena na katanti akata½, j±tabh³takatasabh±vo ca n±mar³p±na½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ hoti, na asaªkhatasabh±vassa nibb±nass±ti dassanattha½ asaªkhatanti vutta½. Paµilomato v± samecca sambh³ya paccayehi katanti saªkhata½, tath± na saªkhata½ saªkhatalakkhaºarahitanti asaªkhatanti. Eva½ anekehi k±raºehi nibbattitabh±ve paµisiddhe “siy± nu kho ekeneva k±raºena katan”ti ±saªk±ya “na yena kenaci katan”ti dassanattha½ “akatan”ti vutta½. Eva½ apaccayampi sam±na½ “sayameva nu kho ida½ bh³ta½ p±tubh³tan”ti ±saªk±ya tannivattanattha½ “abh³tan”ti vutta½. “Ayañcetassa asaªkhat±kat±bh³tabh±vo sabbena sabba½ aj±tidhammatt±”ti dassetu½ “aj±tan”ti vutta½. Evametesa½ catunnampi pad±na½ s±tthakabh±va½ viditv± “tayida½ nibb±na½ atthi, bhikkhave”ti paramatthato nibb±nassa atthibh±vo pak±sitoti veditabbo. Ettha ud±nentena bhagavat±, “bhikkhave”ti ±lapane k±raºa½ heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
Iti satth± “atthi, bhikkhave, aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhatan”ti vatv± tattha hetu½ dassento “no ceta½, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha. Tass±ya½ saªkhepattho– bhikkhave, yadi aj±t±disabh±v± asaªkhat± dh±tu na abhavissa na siy±, idha loke j±t±disabh±vassa r³p±dikkhandhapañcakasaªkh±tassa saªkhatassa nissaraºa½ anavasesav³pasamo na paññ±yeyya na upalabbheyya na sambhaveyya. Nibb±nañhi ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattam±n± samm±diµµhi-±dayo ariyamaggadhamm± anavasesakilese samucchindanti. Tenettha sabbassapi vaµµadukkhassa appavatti apagamo nissaraºa½ paññ±yati.
Eva½ byatirekavasena nibb±nassa atthibh±va½ dassetv± id±ni anvayavasenapi ta½ dassetu½, “yasm± ca kho”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ vuttatthameva. Ettha ca yasm± “apaccay± dhamm±, asaªkhat± dhamm± (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 7, 8), atthi, bhikkhave, tad±yatana½, yattha neva pathav² (ud±. 71), idampi kho µh±na½ duddasa½, yadida½ sabbasaªkh±rasamatho sabb³padhipaµinissaggo (mah±va. 8; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337), asaªkhatañca vo, bhikkhave, dhamma½ desess±mi asaªkhatag±miniñca paµipadan”ti-±d²hi (sa½. ni. 4.366-367) anekehi suttapadehi, “atthi, bhikkhave, aj±tan”ti imin±pi ca suttena nibb±nadh±tuy± paramatthato sambhavo sabbaloka½ anukampam±nena samm±sambuddhena desito, tasm± yadipi tattha apaccakkhak±r²nampi viññ³na½ kaªkh± v± vimati v± natthiyeva. Ye pana paraneyyabuddhino puggal±, tesa½ vimativinodanattha½ ayamettha adhipp±yaniddh±raºamukhena yuttivic±raº±– yath± pariññeyyat±ya sa-uttar±na½ k±m±na½ r³p±d²nañca paµipakkhabh³ta½ tabbidhurasabh±va½ nissaraºa½ paññ±yati, eva½ ta½sabh±v±na½ sabbesampi saªkhatadhamm±na½ paµipakkhabh³tena tabbidhurasabh±vena nissaraºena bhavitabba½. Yañceta½ nissaraºa½, s± asaªkhat± dh±tu. Kiñca bhiyyo saªkhatadhamm±rammaºa½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ api anulomañ±ºa½ kilese samucchedavasena pajahitu½ na sakkoti. Tath± sammutisacc±rammaºa½ paµhamajjh±n±d²su ñ±ºa½ vikkhambhanavaseneva kilese pajahati, na samucchedavasena. Iti saªkhatadhamm±rammaºassa sammutisacc±rammaºassa ca ñ±ºassa kiles±na½ samucchedappah±ne asamatthabh±vato tesa½ samucchedappah±nakarassa ariyamaggañ±ºassa tadubhayavipar²tasabh±vena ±rammaºena bhavitabba½ s± asaªkhat± dh±tu. Tath± “atthi, bhikkhave, aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhatan”ti ida½ nibb±napadassa paramatthato atthibh±vajotaka½ vacana½ avipar²tattha½ bhagavat± bh±sitatt±. Yañhi bhagavat± bh±sita½, ta½ avipar²tattha½ paramattha½ yath± ta½ “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±, sabbe saªkh±r± dukkh±, sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti (a. ni. 3.137; mah±ni. 27), tath± nibb±nasaddo katthaci visaye yath±bh³taparamatthavisayo upac±ramattavuttisabbh±vato seyyath±pi s²hasaddo. Atha v± attheva paramatthato asaªkhat± dh±tu, itaratabbipar²tavinimuttasabh±vatt± seyyath±pi pathav²dh±tu vedan±ti. Evam±d²hi nayehi yuttitopi asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± paramatthato atthibh±vo veditabbo.

Tatiyasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.