8. P±µalig±miyavaggo

1. Paµhamanibb±napaµisa½yuttasuttavaººan±

71. P±µalig±miyavaggassa paµhame nibb±napaµisa½yutt±y±ti amatadh±tusannissit±ya asaªkhatadh±tuy± pavedanavasena pavatt±ya. Dhammiy± kath±y±ti dhammadesan±ya. Sandasset²ti sabh±vasarasalakkhaºato nibb±na½ dasseti. Sam±dapet²ti tameva attha½ te bhikkh³ gaºh±peti. Samuttejet²ti tadatthagahaºe uss±ha½ janento tejeti joteti. Sampaha½set²ti nibb±naguºehi sammadeva sabbappak±rehi toseti.
Atha v± sandasset²ti “so sabbasaªkh±rasamatho sabb³padhipaµinissagg± taºhakkhayo vir±go nirodho”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; mah±va. 8) nayeneva sabbath± tena tena pariy±yena tesa½ tesa½ ajjh±say±nur³pa½ samm± dasseti. Sam±dapet²ti “imin± ariyamaggena ta½ adhigantabban”ti adhigamapaµipad±ya saddhi½ tattha bhikkh³ ninnapoºapabbh±re karonto samm± ±dapeti gaºh±peti. Samuttejet²ti eta½ dukkara½ durabhisambhavanti “m± samm±paµipattiya½ pam±da½ antar±vos±na½ ±pajjatha, upanissayasampannassa v²riyavato nayida½ dukkara½, tasm± s²lavisuddhi-±divisuddhipaµipad±ya uµµhahatha ghaµayatha v±yameyy±th±”ti nibb±n±dhigam±ya uss±heti, tattha v± citta½ vodapeti. Sampaha½set²ti “madanimmadano pip±savinayo ±layasamuggh±to”ti (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90), r±gakkhayo dosakkhayo mohakkhayoti (sa½. ni. 4.367; itivu. 44), asaªkhatanti (sa½. ni. 4.367), amatañca santanti-±din± ca anekapariy±yena (sa½. ni. 4.409) nibb±n±nisa½sappak±sanena tesa½ bhikkh³na½ citta½ tosento h±sento sampaha½seti samass±seti.
Tedh±ti te idha. Aµµhi½ katv±ti “atthi kiñci aya½ no attho adhigantabbo”ti eva½ sallakkhetv± t±ya desan±ya atthik± hutv±. Manasi katv±ti citte µhapetv± anaññavihit± ta½ desana½ attano cittagatameva katv±. Sabba½ cetaso samann±haritv±ti sabbena k±rakacittena ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± desana½ ±vajjetv±, taggatameva ±bhoga½ katv±ti attho. Atha v± sabba½ cetaso samann±haritv±ti sabbasm± cittato desana½ samm± anu anu ±haritv±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– desentassa yehi cittehi desan± kat±, sabbasm± cittato pavatta½ desana½ bahi gantu½ adento samm± avipar²ta½ anu anu ±haritv± attano cittasant±na½ ±haritv± yath±desitadesita½ desana½ suµµhu upadh±retv±. Ohitasot±ti avahitasot±, suµµhu upitasot±. Ohitasot±ti v± avikkhittasot±. Tameva upalabbham±nopi hi savane avikkhepo satisa½varo viya cakkhundriy±d²su sotindriyepi vattumarahat²ti. Ettha ca “aµµhi½ katv±”ti-±d²hi cat³hipi padehi tesa½ bhikkh³na½ tapparabh±vato savane ±darad²panena sakkaccasavana½ dasseti.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ tesa½ bhikkh³na½ tass± nibb±napaµisa½yutt±ya dhammakath±ya savane ±darak±rita½ sabb±k±rato viditv±. Ima½ ud±nanti ima½ nibb±nassa tabbidhuradhammadesan±mukhena paramatthato vijjam±nabh±vavibh±vana½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha atth²ti vijjati, paramatthato upalabbhat²ti attho. Bhikkhaveti tesa½ bhikkh³na½ ±lapana½. Nanu ca ud±na½ n±ma p²tisomanassasamuµµh±pito v± dhammasa½vegasamuµµh±pito v± dhammapaµigg±hakanirapekkho ud±h±ro, tath± ceva ettakesu suttesu ±gata½, idha kasm± bhagav± ud±nento te bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti? Tesa½ bhikkh³na½ saññ±panattha½. Nibb±napaµisa½yuttañhi bhagav± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ desetv± nibb±naguº±nussaraºena uppannap²tisomanass± ud±na½ ud±nesi. Idha nibb±navajjo sabbo sabh±vadhammo paccay±yattavuttikova upalabbhati, na paccayanirapekkho. Aya½ pana nibb±nadhammo katamapaccaye upalabbhat²ti tesa½ bhikkh³na½ cetoparivitakkamaññ±ya te ca saññ±petuk±mo “atthi, bhikkhave, tad±yatanan”ti-±dim±ha, na ekantatova te paµigg±hake katv±ti veditabba½. Tad±yatananti ta½ k±raºa½. Dak±ro padasandhikaro. Nibb±nañhi maggaphalañ±º±d²na½ ±rammaºapaccayabh±vato r³p±d²ni viya cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ ±rammaºapaccayabh³t±n²ti k±raºaµµhena “±yatanan”ti vuccati. Ett±vat± ca bhagav± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± paramatthato atthibh±va½ pavedesi.
Tatr±ya½ dhammanvayo– idha saªkhatadhamm±na½ vijjam±natt± asaªkhat±yapi dh±tuy± bhavitabba½ tappaµipakkhatt± sabh±vadhamm±na½. Yath± hi dukkhe vijjam±ne tappaµipakkhabh³ta½ sukhampi vijjatiyeva tath± uºhe vijjam±ne s²tampi vijjati, p±padhammesu vijjam±nesu kaly±ºadhamm±pi vijjanti eva. Vuttañceta½–
“Yath±pi dukkhe vijjante, sukha½ n±mapi vijjati;
eva½ bhave vijjam±ne, vibhavopi icchitabbako.
“Yath±pi uºhe vijjante, apara½ vijjati s²tala½;
eva½ tividhaggi vijjante, nibb±na½ icchitabbaka½.
“Yath±pi p±pe vijjante, kaly±ºamapi vijjati;
evameva j±ti vijjante, aj±timapi icchitabbakan”ti-±di. (Bu. va½. 2.10-12)–

Apica nibb±nassa paramatthato atthibh±vavic±raºa½ parato ±vibhavissati.

Eva½ bhagav± asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± paramatthato atthibh±va½ sammukhena dassetv± id±ni tabbidhuradhamm±pohanamukhenassa sabh±va½ dassetu½, “yattha neva pathav² na ±po”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± nibb±na½ sabbasaªkh±ravidhurasabh±va½ yath± saªkhatadhammesu katthaci natthi, tath± tatthapi sabbe saªkhatadhamm±. Na hi saªkhat±saªkhatadhamm±na½ samodh±na½ sambhavati. Tatr±ya½ atthavibh±van± yattha yasmi½ nibb±ne yassa½ asaªkhatadh±tuya½ neva kakkha¼alakkhaº± pathav²dh±tu atthi, na paggharaºalakkhaº± ±podh±tu, na uºhalakkhaº± tejodh±tu, na vitthambhanalakkhaº± v±yodh±tu atthi. Iti catumah±bh³t±bh±vavacanena yath± sabbassapi up±d±r³passa abh±vo vutto hoti tannissitatt±. Eva½ anavasesato k±mar³pabhavassa tattha abh±vo vutto hoti tad±yattavuttibh±vato. Na hi mah±bh³tanissayena vin± pañcavok±rabhavo ekavok±rabhavo v± sambhavat²ti.
Id±ni ar³pasabh±vattepi nibb±nassa ar³pabhavapariy±pann±na½ dhamm±na½ tattha abh±va½ dassetu½, “na ±k±s±nañc±yatana½…pe… na nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanan”ti vutta½. Tattha na ±k±s±nañc±yatananti saddhi½ ±rammaºena kusalavip±kakiriyabhedo tividhopi ±k±s±nañc±yatanacittupp±do natth²ti attho. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Yadaggena ca nibb±ne k±malok±d²na½ abh±vo hoti, tadaggena tattha idhalokaparalok±nampi abh±voti ±ha– “n±ya½ loko na paraloko”ti. Tassattho– yv±ya½ “itthatta½ diµµhadhammo idhaloko”ti ca laddhavoh±ro khandh±diloko, yo ca “tato aññath± paro abhisampar±yo”ti ca laddhavoh±ro khandh±diloko, tadubhayampi tattha natth²ti. Na ubho candimas³riy±ti yasm± r³pagate sati tamo n±ma siy±, tamassa ca vidhamanattha½ candimas³riyehi vattitabba½. Sabbena sabba½ pana yattha r³pagatameva natthi, kuto tattha tamo. Tamassa v± vidhaman± candimas³riy±, tasm± candim± s³riyo c±ti ubhopi tattha nibb±ne natth²ti attho. Imin± ±lokasabh±vata½yeva nibb±nassa dasseti.
Ett±vat± ca anabhisamet±v²na½ bhikkh³na½ an±dimatisa½s±re supinantepi ananubh³tapubba½ paramagambh²ra½ atiduddasa½ saºhasukhuma½ atakk±vacara½ accantasanta½ paº¹itavedan²ya½ atipaº²ta½ amata½ nibb±na½ vibh±vento paµhama½ t±va “atthi, bhikkhave, tad±yatanan”ti tassa atthibh±v± tesa½ aññ±º±d²ni apanetv± “yattha neva pathav² pe… na ubho candimas³riy±”ti tadaññadhamm±pohanamukhena ta½ vibh±veti dhammar±j±. Tena pathav²-±disabbasaªkhatadhammavidhurasabh±v± y± asaªkhat± dh±tu, ta½ nibb±nanti d²pita½ hoti. Tenev±ha, “tatr±p±ha½, bhikkhave, neva ±gati½ vad±m²”ti.
Tattha tatr±ti tasmi½. Apisaddo samuccaye. Aha½, bhikkhave, yattha saªkh±rapavatte kutoci kassaci ±gati½ na vad±mi yath±paccaya½ tattha dhammamattassa uppajjanato. Eva½ tasmimpi ±yatane nibb±ne kutoci ±gati½ ±gamana½ neva vad±mi ±gantabbaµµh±nat±ya abh±vato. Na gatinti katthaci gamana½ na vad±mi gantabbaµµh±nat±ya abh±vato. Na hi tattha satt±na½ µhapetv± ñ±ºena ±rammaºakaraºa½ ±gatigatiyo sambhavanti, n±pi µhiticut³papattiyo vad±mi. “Tad±pahan”tipi p±¼i. Tassattho– tampi ±yatana½ g±mantarato g±mantara½ viya na ±gantabbat±ya na ±gati, na gantabbat±ya na gati, pathav²pabbat±di viya apatiµµh±nat±ya na µhiti, apaccayatt± v± upp±d±bh±vo, tato amatasabh±vatt± cavan±bh±vo, upp±danirodh±bh±vato ceva tadubhayaparicchinn±ya µhitiy± ca abh±vato na µhiti½ na cuti½ na upapatti½ vad±mi. Kevala½ pana ta½ ar³pasabh±vatt± apaccayatt± ca na katthaci patiµµhitanti appatiµµha½. Tattha pavatt±bh±vato pavattappaµipakkhato ca appavatta½. Ar³pasabh±vattepi vedan±dayo viya kassacipi ±rammaºassa an±lambanato upatthambhanirapekkhato ca an±rammaºameva ta½ “±yatanan”ti vutta½ nibb±na½. Ayañca evasaddo appatiµµhameva appavattamev±ti padadvayenapi yojetabbo Esevanto dukkhass±ti yadida½ “appatiµµhan”ti-±d²hi vacanehi vaººita½ thomita½ yath±vuttalakkhaºa½ nibb±na½, eso eva sakalassa vaµµadukkhassa anto pariyos±na½ tadadhigame sati sabbadukkh±bh±vato. Tasm± “dukkhassa anto”ti ayameva tassa sabh±voti dasseti.

Paµhamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.