10. Utenasuttavaººan±

70. Dasame rañño utenass±ti utenassa n±ma rañño, yo “vajjir±j±”tipi vuccati. Uyy±nagatass±ti uyy±nak²¼anattha½ uyy±na½ gatassa An±dare hi ida½ s±mivacana½, “antepuran”ti pana pada½ apekkhitv± sambandhepeta½ s±mivacana½ hoti. K±laªkat±n²ti aggida¹¹h±ni hutv± mat±ni honti. S±m±vat²pamukh±n²ti ettha k± pan±ya½ s±m±vat², kathañca da¹¹h±ti? Vuccate, bhaddavatiya½ seµµhino dh²t± ghosakaseµµhin± dh²tuµµh±ne µhapit± pañcasata-itthipariv±r± rañño utenassa aggamahes² mett±vih±rabahul± ariyas±vik± s±m±vat² n±ma. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±rato pana ±dito paµµh±ya s±m±vatiy± uppattikath± dhammapadavatthumhi (dha. pa. aµµha. 1.20 s±m±vat²vatthu) vuttanayena veditabb±. M±gaº¹iyassa n±ma br±hmaºassa dh²t± attano m±t±pit³na½–
“Disv±na taºha½ arati½ ragañca,
n±hosi chando api methunasmi½;
kimevida½ muttakar²sapuººa½,
p±d±pi na½ samphusitu½ na icche”ti. (Su. ni. 841)–
Bhagavat± desita½ ima½ g±tha½ sutv± satthari baddh±gh±t± m±gaº¹iy± aparabh±ge raññ± utenena mahesiµµh±ne µhapit± bhagavato kosambi½ upagatabh±va½, s±m±vat²pamukh±nañca pañcanna½ itthisat±na½ up±sik±bh±va½ ñatv± “±gato n±ma samaºo gotamo ima½ nagara½, d±nissa kattabba½ j±niss±mi, im±pi tassa upaµµh±yik±, im±sampi s±m±vat²pamukh±nañca kattabba½ j±niss±m²”ti anekapariy±yehi tath±gatassa t±sañca anattha½ k±tu½ v±yamitv±pi asakkont² punekadivasa½ raññ± saddhi½ uyy±nak²¼a½ gacchant² c³¼apitu s±sana½ pahiºi “s±m±vatiy± p±s±da½ gantv± dussakoµµh±g±ratelakoµµh±g±r±ni vivar±petv± duss±ni telac±µ²su temetv± thambhe veµhetv± t± sabb± ekato katv± dv±ra½ pidahitv± bahi yanta½ datv± daº¹ad²pik±hi gehe aggi½ dadam±no otaritv± gacchat³”ti.
Ta½ sutv± so p±s±da½ abhiruyha koµµh±g±r±ni vivaritv± vatth±ni telac±µ²su temetv± thambhe veµhetu½ ±rabhi. Atha na½ s±m±vat²pamukh± itthiyo “ki½ eta½ c³¼apit±”ti vadantiyo upasaªkami½su. “Amm±, r±j± da¼hikammatth±ya ime thambhe telapilotik±hi bandh±peti r±jagehe n±ma suyuttaduyutta½ dujj±na½, m± me santike hoth±”ti vatv± t± ±gat± gabbhesu pavesetv± dv±r±ni pidahitv± bahi yantaka½ datv± ±dito paµµh±ya aggi½ dento otari. S±m±vat² t±sa½ ov±da½ ad±si, “amm±, anamatagge sa½s±re vicarant²na½ evameva aggin± jh±mattabh±v±na½ buddhañ±ºenapi paricchedo na sukaro, appamatt± hoth±”ti. T± satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± adhigataphal±ya viññ±tas±san±ya khujjuttar±ya ariyas±vik±ya sekkhapaµisambhid±patt±ya satth±r± desitaniy±meneva dhamma½ desentiy± santike sot±pattiphalassa adhigat± antarantar± kammaµµh±namanasik±rena yuttappayutt± gehe jh±yante vedan±pariggahakammaµµh±na½ manasi karontiyo k±ci dutiyaphala½, k±ci tatiyaphala½ p±puºitv± k±lamaka½su. Atha bhikkh³ kosambiya½ piº¹±ya carant± ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± pacch±bhatta½ bhagavato ±rocetv± t±sa½ abhisampar±ya½ pucchi½su. Bhagav± ca t±sa½ ariyaphal±dhigama½ bhikkh³na½ abh±si. Tena vutta½– “tena kho pana samayena rañño utenassa…pe… anipphal± k±laªkat±”ti.
Tattha anipphal±ti na nipphal±, sampattas±maññaphal± eva k±laªkat±. T± pana phal±ni paµilabhantiyo s±m±vatiy±–
“¾rambhatha nikkamatha, yuñjatha buddhas±sane;
dhun±tha maccuno sena½, na¼±g±ra½va kuñjaro.
“Yo imasmi½ dhammavinaye, appamatto vihassati;
pah±ya j±tisa½s±ra½, dukkhassanta½ karissat²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.185; netti. 29)–

G±th±hi ovadiyam±n± vedan±pariggahakammaµµh±na½ manasi karontiyo vipassitv± dutiyatatiyaphal±ni paµilabhi½su. Khujjuttar± pana ±yusesassa atthit±ya, pubbe t±disassa kammassa akatatt± ca tato p±s±dato bahi ahosi. “Dasayojanantare pakk±m²”ti ca vadanti. Atha bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½, “±vuso, ananucchavika½ vata ariyas±vik±na½ evar³pa½ maraºan”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “bhikkhave, yadipi t±sa½ imasmi½ attabh±ve ayutta½, pubbe katakammassa pana yuttameva t±hi laddhan”ti vatv± tehi y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.

At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente aµµha paccekabuddh± rañño nivesane nibaddha½ bhuñjanti. Pañcasat± itthiyo te upaµµhahanti. Tesu satta jan± himavanta½ gacchanti, eko nad²t²rasam²pe ekasmi½ tiºagahane sam±pattiy± nis²dati. Athekadivasa½ r±j± paccekabuddhesu gatesu t±hi itth²hi saddhi½ udakak²¼a½ k²¼ituk±mo tattha gato. T± itthiyo divasabh±ga½ udake k²¼itv± s²tap²¼it± visibbituk±m± ta½ tiºagahana½ upari visukkhatiºasañchanna½ “tiºar±s²”ti saññ±ya pariv±retv± aggi½ datv± tiºesu jh±yitv± patantesu paccekabuddha½ disv± “rañño paccekabuddho jh±yati, ta½ r±j± ñatv± amhe n±sessati, suda¹¹ha½ na½ kariss±m±”ti sabb± ito cito ca d±ru-±d²ni ±haritv± tassa upari r±si½ katv± ±limpetv± “id±ni jh±yissat²”ti pakkami½su. T± paµhama½ asañcetanik± hutv± id±ni kammun± bajjhi½su. Paccekabuddha½ pana antosam±pattiya½ sace d±r³na½ sakaµasahassampi ±haritv± ±limpent± usum±k±ramattampi g±hetu½ na sakkonti, tasm± so sattame divase uµµh±ya yath±sukha½ agam±si. T± tassa kammassa katatt± bah³ni vassasahass±ni bah³ni vassasatasahass±ni niraye paccitv± tasseva kammassa vip±k±vasesena attabh±vasate imin±va niy±mena gehe jh±yam±ne jh±yi½su. Ida½ t±sa½ pubbakamma½.
Yasm± pana te imasmi½ attabh±ve ariyaphal±ni sacch±ka½su, ratanattaya½ payirup±si½su, tasm± tattha an±g±miniyo suddh±v±sesu upapann±, itar± k±ci t±vati½sesu, k±ci y±mesu, k±ci tusitesu, k±ci nimm±narat²su, k±ci paranimmitavasavatt²su upapann±.
R±j±pi kho uteno “s±m±vatiy± geha½ kira jh±yat²”ti sutv± vegena ±gacchantopi ta½ padesa½ t±su da¹¹h±suyeva samp±puºi. ¾gantv± pana geha½ nibb±petv± uppannabalavadomanasso m±gaº¹iy±ya tath± k±ritabh±va½ up±yena ñatv± ariyas±vik±su kat±par±dhakammun± codiyam±no tass± r±j±ºa½ k±resi saddhi½ ñ±takehi. Eva½ s± saparijan± samittabandhav± anayabyasana½ p±puºi.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ s±m±vat²pamukh±na½ t±sa½ itth²na½ aggimhi anayabyasan±pattihetu½, m±gaº¹iy±ya ca samittabandhav±ya r±j±º±ya anayabyasan±pattinimitta½ sabb±k±rato viditv± tadatthad²pana½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha mohasambandhano loko, bhabbar³pova dissat²ti yo idha sattaloko bhabbar³pova hetusampanno viya hutv± dissati, sopi mohasambandhano mohena paliguºµhito attahit±hita½ aj±nanto hite na paµipajjati, ahita½ dukkh±vaha½ bahuñca apuñña½ ±cin±ti. “Bhavar³pova dissat²”tipi p±µho. Tassattho– aya½ loko mohasambandhano mohena paliguºµhito, tato eva bhavar³pova sassatasabh±vo viyassa att± dissati, ajar±maro viya upaµµh±ti, yena p±º±tip±t±d²ni akattabb±ni karoti.
Upadhibandhano b±lo, tamas± pariv±rito. Sassatoriva kh±yat²ti na kevalañca mohasambandhano eva, apica kho upadhibandhanopi aya½ andhab±laloko avijj±tamas± pariv±rito. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yena ñ±ºena avipar²ta½ k±me ca khandhe ca “anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±”ti passeyya, tassa abh±vato yasm± b±lo andhaputhujjano aññ±ºatamas± samantato pariv±rito nivuto, tasm± so k±m³padhi kiles³padhi khandh³padh²ti imesa½ upadh²na½ vasena ca upadhibandhano, tato eva cassa sopadhissa passato sassato viya nicco sabbak±labh±v² viya kh±yati. “Asassatiriva kh±yat²”tipi p±µho. Tassattho– att± sabbak±la½ vijjati upalabbhat²ti añño asassati aniccoti lokassa so upadhi micch±bhinivesavasena ekadeso viya kh±yati, upaµµhahat²ti attho. Rak±ro hi padasandhikaro. Passato natthi kiñcananti yo pana saªkh±re pariggahetv± anicc±divasena vipassati, tasseva vipassan±paññ±sahit±ya maggapaññ±ya yath±bh³ta½ passato j±nato paµivijjhato r±g±dikiñcana½ natthi, yena sa½s±re bajjheyya. Tath± apassanto eva hi avijj±taºh±diµµhi-±dibandhanehi sa½s±re baddho siy±ti adhipp±yo.

Dasamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

Niµµhit± ca c³¼avaggavaººan±.