9. Udap±nasuttavaººan±

69. Navame malles³ti mall± n±ma j±napadino r±jakum±r±, tesa½ niv±so ekopi janapado ru¼h²vasena “mall±”ti vuccati, tesu mallesu, ya½ loke “mallo”ti vuccati. Keci pana “m±les³”ti paµhanti. C±riya½ caram±noti aturitac±rik±vasena mah±maº¹alajanapadac±rika½ caram±no. Mahat± bhikkhusaªghen±ti aparicchedaguºena mahantena samaºagaºena. Tad± hi bhagavato mah±bhikkhupariv±ro ahosi. Th³ºa½ n±ma mall±na½ br±hmaºag±moti puratthimadakkhiº±ya dis±ya majjhimadesassa avadhiµµh±ne malladese th³ºan±mako br±hmaºabahulat±ya br±hmaºag±mo. Tadavasar²ti ta½ avasari, th³ºag±mamagga½ p±puº²ti attho. Assosunti suºi½su, sotadv±rasampattavacananigghos±nus±rena j±ni½s³ti attho. Khoti padap³raºe, avadh±raºatthe v± nip±to. Tattha avadh±raºatthena assosu½yeva, na tesa½ savanantar±yo ahos²ti vutta½ hoti. Padap³raºena padabyañjanasiliµµhattamattameva. Th³ºeyyak±ti th³ºag±mav±sino. Br±hmaºagahapatik±ti ettha brahma½ aºant²ti br±hmaº±, mante sajjh±yant²ti attho. Idameva hi j±tibr±hmaº±na½ nibbacana½, ariy± pana b±hitap±patt± “br±hmaº±”ti vuccanti. Gahapatik±ti khattiyabr±hmaºe vajjetv± ye keci ag±ra½ ajjh±vasant± vuccanti, visesato vess±. Br±hmaº± ca gahapatik± ca br±hmaºagahapatik±.
Id±ni yamattha½ te assosu½, ta½ dassetu½ “samaºo khalu, bho, gotamo”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha samitap±patt± “samaºo”ti veditabbo. Vuttañheta½ “samit±ssa honti p±pak± akusal± dhamm±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.434). Bhagav± ca anuttarena ariyamaggena sabbaso samitap±po. Tenassa yath±bhuccaguº±dhigatameta½ n±ma½, yadida½ samaºoti. Khal³ti anussavatthe nip±to. Bhoti br±hmaºaj±tik±na½ j±tisamud±gata½ ±lapanamatta½. Vuttampi ceta½ “bhov±di n±ma so hoti, sace hoti sakiñcano”ti (dha. pa. 396). Gotamoti gottavasena bhagavato parikittana½. Tasm± “samaºo khalu, bho, gotamo”ti samaºo kira, bho, gotamagottoti ayamettha attho. Sakyaputtoti ida½ pana bhagavato ucc±kulaparid²pana½. Sakyakul± pabbajitoti saddh±pabbajitabh±vaparid²pana½. Kenaci p±rijuññena anabhibh³to aparikkh²ºa½yeva ta½ kula½ pah±ya nekkhamm±dhigamasaddh±ya pabbajitoti vutta½ hoti. Udap±na½ tiºassa ca bhusassa ca y±va mukhato p³resunti p±n²yak³pa½ tiºena ca bhusena ca mukhappam±ºena va¹¹hesu½, tiº±d²ni pakkhipitv± k³pa½ pidahi½s³ti attho.
Tassa kira g±massa bahi bhagavato ±gamanamagge br±hmaº±na½ paribhogabh³to eko udap±no ahosi. Ta½ µhapetv± tattha sabb±ni k³pata¼±k±d²ni udakaµµh±n±ni tad± visukkh±ni nirudak±ni ahesu½. Atha th³ºeyyak± ratanattaye appasann± maccherapakat± bhagavato ±gamana½ sutv± “sace samaºo gotamo sas±vako ima½ g±ma½ pavisitv± dv²hat²ha½ vaseyya, sabba½ ima½ jana½ attano vacane µhapeyya, tato br±hmaºadhammo patiµµha½ na labheyy±”ti tattha bhagavato av±s±ya parisakkant± “imasmi½ g±me aññattha udaka½ natthi, amu½ udap±na½ aparibhoga½ kariss±ma, eva½ samaºo gotamo sas±vako ima½ g±ma½ na pavisissat²”ti sammantayitv± sabbe g±mav±sino satt±hassa udaka½ gahetv± c±µi-±d²ni p³retv± udap±na½ tiºena ca bhusena ca pidahi½su. Tena vutta½– “udap±na½ tiºassa ca bhusassa ca y±va mukhato p³resu½, ‘m± te muº¹ak± samaºak± p±n²ya½ apa½s³”’ti.
Tattha muº¹ak± samaºak±ti muº¹e “muº¹±”ti samaºe “samaº±”ti vattu½ vaµµeyya, te pana khu½san±dhipp±yena h²¼ent± evam±ha½su. ti paµisedhe, m± apa½su m± pivi½s³ti attho. Magg± okkamm±ti maggato apasakkitv±. Etamh±ti yo udap±no tehi tath± kato, tameva niddisanto ±ha. Ki½ pana bhagav± tesa½ br±hmaº±na½ vippak±ra½ an±vajjitv± evam±ha– “etamh± udap±n± p±n²ya½ ±har±”ti, ud±hu ±vajjitv± j±nantoti? J±nanto eva bhagav± attano buddh±nubh±va½ pak±setv± te dametv± nibbisevane k±tu½ evam±ha, na p±n²ya½ p±tuk±mo. Tenevettha mah±parinibb±nasutte viya “pip±sitosm²”ti (d². ni. 2.191) na vutta½. Dhammabhaº¹±g±riko pana satthu ajjh±saya½ aj±nanto th³ºeyyakehi kata½ vippak±ra½ ±cikkhanto “id±ni so, bhante”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha id±n²ti adhun±, amh±ka½ ±gamanavel±yamev±ti attho. Eso, bhante, udap±noti paµhanti. Thero dvikkhattu½ paµikkhipitv± tatiyav±re “na kho tath±gat± tikkhattu½ paccan²k± k±tabb±, k±raºa½ diµµha½ bhavissati d²ghadassin±”ti mah±r±jadattiya½ bhagavato patta½ gahetv± udap±na½ agam±si. Gacchante there udap±ne udaka½ paripuººa½ hutv± uttaritv± samantato sandati, sabba½ tiºa½ bhusañca uplavitv± sayameva apagacchi. Tena ca sandam±nena salilena upar³pari va¹¹hantena tasmi½ g±me sabbeva pokkharaº²-±dayo jal±say± visukkh± parip³ri½su, tath± parikh±kusubbhaninn±d²ni ca. Sabbo g±mappadeso mahoghena ajjhotthaµo mah±vassak±le viya ahosi. Kumuduppalapadumapuº¹ar²k±d²ni jalajapupph±ni tattha tattha ubbhijjitv± vikasam±n±ni udaka½ sañch±di½su. Saresu ha½sakoñcacakkav±kak±raº¹avabak±day± udakasakuºik± vassam±n± tattha tattha vicari½su. Th³ºeyyak± ta½ mahogha½ tath± uttaranta½ samantato v²citaraªgasam±kula½ pariyantato samuµµhaham±na½ rucira½ pheºabubbu¼aka½ disv± acchariyabbhutacittaj±t± eva½ sammantesu½ “maya½ samaºassa gotamassa udakupaccheda½ k±tu½ v±yamimh±, aya½ pana mahogho tassa ±gamanak±lato paµµh±ya eva½ abhiva¹¹hati, nissa½saya½ kho aya½ tassa iddh±nubh±vo. Mahiddhiko hi so mah±nubh±vo. Ýh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, yath± ya½ mahogho uµµhahitv± amh±ka½ g±mampi otthareyya. Handa maya½ samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamitv± payirup±sitv± accaya½ desent± kham±peyy±m±”ti.
Te sabbeva ekajjh±say± hutv± saªghasaªgh² gaº²bh³t± g±mato nikkhamitv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su. Upasaªkamitv± appekacce bhagavato p±de siras± vandi½su, appekacce añjali½ paº±mesu½, appekacce bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi½su, appekacce tuºh²bh³t± nis²di½su, appekacce n±magotta½ s±vesu½. Eva½ pana katv± sabbeva ekamanta½ nis²ditv± “idha maya½, bho gotama, bhoto ceva gotamassa gotamas±vak±nañca udakappaµisedha½ k±rayimha, amukasmi½ udap±ne tiºañca bhusañca pakkhipimha. So pana udap±no acetanopi sam±no sacetano viya bhoto guºa½ j±nanto viya sayameva sabba½ tiºa½ bhusa½ apanetv± suvisuddho j±to, sabbopi cettha ninnappadeso mahat± udakoghena paripuººo ramaº²yova j±to, udak³paj²vino satt± parituµµh±. Maya½ pana manuss±pi sam±n± bhoto guºe na j±nimha, ye maya½ eva½ akarimha, s±dhu no bhava½ gotamo tath± karotu, yath±ya½ mahogho ima½ g±ma½ na otthareyya, accayo no accagam± yath±b±la½, ta½ no bhava½ gotamo accaya½ paµiggaºh±tu anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti accaya½ desesu½. Bhagav±pi “taggha tumhe accayo accagam± yath±b±la½, ta½ vo maya½ paµiggaºh±ma ±yati½ sa½var±y±”ti tesa½ accaya½ paµiggahetv± pasannacittata½ ñatv± uttari ajjh±say±nur³pa½ dhamma½ desesi. Te bhagavato dhammadesana½ sutv± pasannacitt± saraº±d²su patiµµhit± bhagavanta½ vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakkami½su. Tesa½ pana ±gamanato puretara½yeva ±yasm± ±nando ta½ p±µih±riya½ disv± acchariyabbhutacittaj±to pattena p±n²ya½ ±d±ya bhagavato upan±metv± ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Tena vutta½– “eva½, bhanteti kho ±yasm± ±nando”ti-±di.
Tattha mukhato ovamitv±ti sabba½ ta½ tiº±di½ mukhena cha¹¹etv±. Vissandanto maññeti pubbe d²gharajjukena udap±nena ussiñcitv± gahetabba-udakogho bhagavato patta½ gahetv± therassa gatak±le mukhena vissandanto viya samatittiko k±kapeyyo hutv± aµµh±si. Idañca therassa gatak±le udakappavatti½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tato para½ pana pubbe vuttanayena tasmi½ g±me sakala½ ninnaµµh±na½ udakena paripuººa½ ahos²ti. Aya½ paniddhi na buddh±na½ adhiµµh±nena, n±pi dev±nubh±vena, atha kho bhagavato puññ±nubh±vena parittadesanattha½ r±jagahato ves±ligamane viya. Keci pana “th³ºeyyak±na½ bhagavati pas±dajananattha½ tesa½ atthak±m±hi devat±hi katan”ti. Apare “udap±nassa heµµh± vasanakan±gar±j± evamak±s²”ti. Sabba½ ta½ ak±raºa½, yath± bhagavato puññ±nubh±venayeva tath± udakuppattiy± parid²pitatt±.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ adhiµµh±nena vin± attan± icchitanipphattisaªkh±ta½ attha½ sabb±k±rato viditv± tadatthad²pana½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha ki½ kayir± udap±nena, ±p± ce sabbad± siyunti yassa sabbak±la½ sabbattha ca ±p± ce yadi siyu½ yadi upalabbheyyu½ yadi ±kaªkh±mattapaµibaddho, tesa½ l±bho, tena udap±nena ki½ kayir± ki½ kareyya, ki½ payojananti attho. Taºh±ya m³lato chetv±, kissa pariyesana½ careti y±ya taºh±ya vinibaddh± satt± akatapuññ± hutv± icchit±l±bhadukkhena vihaññanti, tass± taºh±ya m³la½, m³le v± chinditv± µhito m±diso sabbaññubuddho kissa kena k±raºena p±n²yapariyesana½, añña½ v± paccayapariyesana½ careyya. “M³lato chett±”tipi paµhanti, taºh±ya m³la½ m³leyeva v± chedakoti attho. Atha v± m³lato chett±ti m³lato paµµh±ya taºh±ya chedako. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yo bodhiy± m³labh³tamah±paºidh±nato paµµh±ya aparimita½ sakala½ puññasambh±ra½ attano acintetv± lokahitatthameva pariº±manavasena parip³rento m³lato pabhuti taºh±ya chett±, so taºh±hetukassa icchit±l±bhassa abh±vato kissa kena k±raºena udakapariyesana½ careyya, ime pana th³ºeyyak± andhab±l± ima½ k±raºa½ aj±nant± evamaka½s³ti.

Navamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.