9. Up±tidh±vantisuttavaººan±

59. Navame rattandhak±ratimis±yanti rattiya½ andhak±re mah±timis±ya½. Ratt²pi hi andhak±ravirahit± hoti, y± puººam±ya ratti juºhobh±sit±. Andhak±ropi “timis±”ti na vattabbo hoti abbhamahik±di-upakkilesavirahite deve. Mahandhak±ro hi “timis±”ti vuccati. Aya½ pana am±vas² ratti devo ca meghapaµalasañchanno. Tena vutta½– “rattandhak±ratimis±yanti rattiy± andhak±re mah±timis±yan”ti. Abbhok±seti appaµicchanne ok±se vih±raªgaºe. Telappad²pesu jh±yam±nes³ti telapajjotesu jalam±nesu.
Nanu ca bhagavato by±mappabh± pakatiy± by±mamattappadesa½ abhiby±petv± candimas³riy±loka½ abhibhavitv± ghanabahala½ buddh±loka½ vissajjent² andhak±ra½ vidhamitv± tiµµhati, k±yappabh±pi n²lap²t±divasena chabbaººaghanabuddharasmiyo vissajjetv± pakatiy±va samantato as²tihatthappadesa½ obh±sent² tiµµhati, eva½ buddh±lokeneva ekobh±sabh³te bhagavato nisinnok±se pad²pakaraºe kicca½ natth²ti? Sacca½ natthi, tath±pi puññatthik± up±sak± bhagavato bhikkhusaªghassa ca p³j±karaºattha½ devasika½ telappad²pa½ upaµµhapenti. Tath± hi vutta½– s±maññaphalepi “ete maº¹alam±le d²p± jh±yant²”ti (d². ni. 1.159). “Rattandhak±ratimis±yan”ti idampi tass± rattiy± sabh±vakittanattha½ vutta½, na pana bhagavato nisinnok±sassa andhak±rabh±vato. P³j±karaºatthameva hi tad±pi up±sakehi pad²p± k±rit±.
Tasmiñhi divase s±vatthiv±sino bah³ up±sak± p±tova sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± vih±ra½ gantv± uposathaªg±ni sam±diyitv± buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nimantetv± nagara½ pavisitv± mah±d±n±ni pavattetv± bhagavanta½ bhikkhusaªghañca anugantv± nivattitv± attano attano geh±ni gantv± sayampi paribhuñjitv± suddhavatthanivatth± suddhuttar±saªg± gandham±l±dihatth± vih±ra½ gantv± bhagavanta½ p³jetv± keci manobh±van²ye bhikkh³ payirup±sant± keci yonisomanasikaront± divasabh±ga½ v²tin±mesu½. Te s±yanhasamaye bhagavato santike dhamma½ sutv± satthari dhammasabh±maº¹apato paµµh±ya gandhakuµisam²pe ajjhok±se paññattavarabuddh±sane nisinne, bhikkhusaªghe ca bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± payirup±sante uposathavisodhanatthañceva yonisomanasik±raparibr³hanatthañca nagara½ agantv± vih±reyeva vasituk±m± oh²yi½su. Atha te bhagavato bhikkhusaªghassa ca p³j±karaºattha½ bah³ telappad²pe ±ropetv± satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± bhikkhusaªghassa ca añjali½ katv± bhikkh³na½ pariyante nisinn± katha½ samuµµh±pesu½, “bhante, ime titthiy± n±n±vidh±ni diµµhigat±ni abhinivissa voharanti, tath± voharant± ca kad±ci sassata½, kad±ci asassata½, ucched±d²su aññataranti ekasmi½yeva aµµhatv± navanav±ni diµµhigat±ni ‘idameva sacca½ moghamaññan’ti paggayha tiµµhanti ummattakasadis±, tesa½ tath± abhiniviµµh±na½ k± gati, ko abhisampar±yo”ti. Tena ca samayena bah³ paµaªgap±ºak± patant± patant± tesu telappad²pesu nipatanti. Tena vutta½– “tena kho pana samayena sambahul± adhip±tak±”ti-±di.
Tattha adhip±tak±ti paµaªgap±ºak±, ye “salabh±”tipi vuccanti. Te hi d²pasikha½ adhipatanato “adhip±tak±”ti adhippet±. ¾p±taparip±tanti ±p±ta½ parip±ta½, ±patitv± ±patitv± paripatitv± paripatitv±, abhimukhap±tañceva paribbhamitv± p±tañca katv±ti attho. “¾p±the parip±tan”ti keci paµhanti, ±p±the pad²passa attano ±p±thagamane sati paripatitv± paripatitv±ti attho. Anayanti ava¹¹hi½ dukkha½. Byasananti vin±sa½. Purimapadena hi maraºamatta½ dukkha½, pacchimapadena maraºa½ tesa½ d²peti. Tattha keci p±ºak± saha patanena mari½su, keci maraºamatta½ dukkha½ ±pajji½su.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ adhip±takap±ºak±na½ attahita½ aj±nant±na½ attupakkamavasena niratthakabyasan±patti½ viditv± tesa½ viya diµµhigatik±na½ diµµh±bhinivesena anayabyasan±pattid²paka½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha up±tidh±vanti na s±rament²ti s²lasam±dhipaññ±vimutti-±dibheda½ s±ra½ na enti, catusacc±bhisamayavasena na adhigacchanti. Tasmi½ pana sa-up±ye s±re tiµµhanteyeva vimutt±bhil±s±ya ta½ upent± viya hutv±pi diµµhivipall±sena atidh±vanti atikkamitv± gacchanti, pañcup±d±nakkhandhe “nicca½ subha½ sukha½ att±”ti abhinivisitv± gaºhant±ti attho. Nava½ nava½ bandhana½ br³hayant²ti tath± gaºhant± ca taºh±diµµhisaªkh±ta½ nava½ nava½ bandhana½ br³hayanti va¹¹hayanti. Patanti pajjotamiv±dhip±tak±, diµµhe sute itiheke niviµµh±ti eva½ taºh±diµµhibandhanehi baddhatt± eke samaºabr±hmaº± diµµhe attan± cakkhuviññ±ºena diµµhidassaneneva v± diµµhe anussav³palabbhamatteneva ca sute “itiha ekantato evametan”ti niviµµh± diµµh±bhinivesena “sassatan”ti-±din± abhiniviµµh±, ekantahita½ v± nissaraºa½ aj±nant± r±g±d²hi ek±dasahi agg²hi ±ditta½ bhavattayasaªkh±ta½ aªg±rak±su½yeva ime viya adhip±tak± ima½ pajjota½ patanti, na tato s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ sakkont²ti attho.

Navamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.