4. Paµhaman±n±titthiyasuttavaŗŗan±

54. Catutthe n±n±titthiyasamaŗabr±hmaŗaparibb±jak±ti ettha taranti etena sa½s±roghanti tittha½, nibb±namaggo. Idha pana vipar²tavipall±savasena diµµhigatikehi tath± gahitadiµµhidassana½ “titthan”ti adhippeta½. Tasmi½ sassat±din±n±k±re titthe niyutt±ti n±n±titthiy±, nagganigaŗµh±disamaŗ± ceva kaµhakal±p±dibr±hmaŗ± ca pokkharas±t±diparibb±jak± ca samaŗabr±hmaŗaparibb±jak±. N±n±titthiy± ca te samaŗabr±hmaŗaparibb±jak± c±ti n±n±titthiyasamaŗabr±hmaŗaparibb±jak±.
“Sassato att± ca loko c±”ti-±din± passanti et±ya, saya½ v± passati, tath± dassanamattameva v±ti diµµhi, micch±bhinivesasseta½ adhivacana½. Sassat±divasena n±n± anekavidh± diµµhiyo etesanti n±n±diµµhik±. Sassat±divaseneva khamana½ khanti, rocana½ ruci, atthato “sassato att± ca loko c±”ti-±din± (ud±. 55) pavatto cittavipall±so sańń±vipall±so ca. Tath± n±n± khantiyo etesanti n±n±khantik±, n±n± ruciyo etesanti n±n±rucik±. Diµµhigatik± hi pubbabh±ge tath± tath± citta½ rocetv± kham±petv± ca pacch± “idameva sacca½ moghamańńan”ti abhinivisanti. Atha v± “anicca½ niccan”ti-±din± tath± tath± dassanavasena diµµhi, khamanavasena khanti, ruccanavasena ruc²ti eva½ t²hipi padehi diµµhi eva vutt±ti veditabb±. N±n±diµµhinissayanissit±ti sassat±diparikappavasena n±n±vidha½ diµµhiy± nissaya½ vatthu½ k±raŗa½, diµµhisaŖkh±tameva v± nissaya½ nissit± all²n± upagat±, ta½ anissajjitv± µhit±ti attho. Diµµhiyopi hi diµµhigatik±na½ abhinives±k±r±na½ nissay± honti.
Sant²ti atthi sa½vijjanti upalabbhanti. Eketi ekacce. Samaŗabr±hmaŗ±ti pabbajj³pagamena samaŗ±, j±tiy± br±hmaŗ±, lokena v± samaŗ±ti ca br±hmaŗ±ti ca eva½ gahit±. Eva½v±dinoti eva½ id±ni vattabb±k±rena vadant²ti eva½v±dino. Eva½ id±ni vattabb±k±rena pavatt± diµµhi etesanti eva½diµµhino. Tattha dutiyena diµµhigatik±na½ micch±bhiniveso dassito, paµhamena tesa½ yath±bhinivesa½ paresa½ tattha patiµµh±panavasena voh±ro.
Sassato loko, idameva sacca½ moghamańńanti ettha lokoti att±. So hi diµµhigatikehi lokiyanti ettha puńńa½ p±pa½ tabbip±k±, saya½ v± k±rak±dibh±vena abhiyuttehi lokiyat²ti lokoti adhippeto. Sv±ya½ sassato amaro nicco dhuvoti yadida½ amh±ka½ dassana½ idameva sacca½ avipar²ta½, ańńa½ pana asassatoti-±di paresa½ dassana½ mogha½ micch±ti attho. Etena catt±ropi sassatav±d± dassit± honti. Asassatoti na sassato, anicco adhuvo cavanadhammoti attho. “Asassato”ti sassatabh±vappaµikkhepeneva ucchedo d²pitoti sattapi ucchedav±d± d²pit± honti.
Antav±ti sapariyanto parivaµumo paricchinnappam±ŗo, na sabbagatoti attho. Etena sar²raparim±ŗo aŖguµµhaparim±ŗo avayavaparim±ŗo param±ŗuparim±ŗo att±ti evam±div±d± dassit± honti. Anantav±ti apariyanto, sabbagatoti attho. Etena kapilakaŗ±d±div±d± d²pit± honti.
Ta½ j²va½ ta½ sar²ranti ya½ sar²ra½, tadeva j²vasaŖkh±ta½ vatthu, yańca j²vasaŖkh±ta½ vatthu, tadeva sar²ranti j²vańca sar²rańca advaya½ samanupassati. Etena ±j²vak±na½ viya “r³p² att±”ti aya½ v±do dassito hoti. Ańńa½ j²va½ ańńa½ sar²ranti imin± pana “ar³p² att±”ti aya½ v±do dassito.
Hoti tath±gato para½ maraŗ±ti ettha tath±gatoti satto. Tańhi diµµhigatiko k±rakavedak±disaŖkh±ta½, niccadhuv±disaŖkh±ta½ v± tath±bh±va½ gatoti tath±gatoti voharati, so maraŗato idhak±yassa bhedato para½ uddha½ hoti, atthi sa½vijjat²ti attho. Etena sassatagg±hamukhena so¼asa sańń²v±d± aµµha asańń²v±d± aµµha ca nevasańń²n±sańń²v±d± dassit± honti. Na hot²ti natthi na upalabbhati. Etena ucchedav±do dassito. Hoti ca na ca hot²ti atthi ca natthi c±ti. Etena ekaccasassatav±d± satta sańń²v±d± ca dassit±. Neva hoti na na hot²ti imin± pana amar±vikkhepav±do dassitoti veditabba½.
Ime kira diµµhigatik± n±n±desato ±gantv± s±vatthiya½ paµivasant± ekad± samayappav±dake sannipatitv± attano attano v±da½ paggayha ańńav±de khu½sent± viv±d±pann± ahesu½. Tena vutta½ “te bhaŗ¹anaj±t±”ti-±di.
Tattha bhaŗ¹ana½ n±ma kalahassa pubbabh±go. Bhaŗ¹anaj±t±ti j±tabhaŗ¹an±. Kalahoti kalaho eva, kalassa v± hananato kalaho daµµhabbo. Ańńamańńassa viruddhav±da½ ±pann±ti viv±d±pann±. Mammaghaµµanato mukhameva satt²ti mukhasatti, pharusav±c±. Phal³pac±rena viya hi k±raŗa½ k±raŗ³pac±rena phalampi vohariyati yath± ta½ “sukho buddhupp±do, p±pakamma½ paccanubhot²”ti ca. T±hi mukhasatt²hi vitudant± vijjhant± viharanti. Ediso dhammoti dhammo avipar²tasabh±vo ediso evar³po, yath± may± vutta½ “sassato loko”ti. Nediso dhammoti na ediso dhammo yath± tay± vutta½ “asassato loko”ti, eva½ sesapadehipi yojetabba½. So ca titthiy±na½ viv±do sakalanagare p±kaµo j±to. Atha bhikkh³ s±vatthi½ piŗ¹±ya paviµµh± ta½ sutv± “atthi no ida½ kath±p±bhata½, ya½ n³na maya½ ima½ pavatti½ bhagavato ±roceyy±ma, appeva n±ma ta½ niss±ya satthu saŗhasukhuma½ dhammadesana½ labheyy±m±”ti te pacch±bhatta½ dhammadesan±k±le bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½. Tena vutta½– “atha kho sambahul± bhikkh³”ti-±di.
Ta½ sutv± bhagav± ańńatitthiy±na½ dhammassa ayath±bh³tapaj±nana½ pak±sento “ańńatitthiy±, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha andh±ti pańń±cakkhuvirahena andh±. Ten±ha “acakkhuk±”ti. Pańń± hi idha “cakkh³”ti adhippet±. Tath± hi vutta½ “attha½ na j±nant²”ti-±di. Tattha attha½ na j±nant²ti idhalokattha½ paralokattha½ na j±nanti, idhalokaparalokesu vuddhi½ abbhudaya½ n±vabujjhanti, paramatthe pana nibb±ne kath±vak±. Ye hi n±ma pavattimattepi samm³¼h±, te katha½ nivatti½ j±nissant²ti. Anattha½ na j±nant²ti yadaggena te attha½ na j±nanti, tadaggena anatthampi na j±nanti. Yasm± dhamma½ na j±nanti, tasm± adhammampi na j±nanti. Te hi vipariyesagg±hit±ya dhamma½ kusalampi akusala½ karonti, adhammampi akusala½ kusala½ karonti. Na kevalańca dhamm±dhammesu eva, atha kho tassa vip±kesupi samm³¼h±. Tath± hi te kammampi vip±ka½ katv± voharanti, vip±kampi kamma½ katv±. Tath± dhamma½ sabh±vadhammampi na j±nanti, adhamma½ asabh±vadhammampi na j±nanti. Eva½bh³t± ca sabh±vadhamma½ asabh±vadhammańca, asabh±vadhamma½ sabh±vadhammańca katv± pavedenti.
Iti bhagav± titthiy±na½ mohadiµµhipaµil±bhabh±vena pańń±cakkhuvekallato andhabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni tamattha½ jaccandh³pam±ya pak±setu½ “bh³tapubba½, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bh³tapubbanti pubbe bh³ta½, at²tak±le nibbatta½. Ańńataro r±j± ahos²ti pur±tano n±magottehi loke ap±kaµo eko r±j± ahosi. So r±j± ańńatara½ purisa½ ±mantes²ti tassa kira rańńo sobhaggappatta½ sabbaŖgasampanna½ attano opavayha½ hatthi½ upaµµh±na½ ±gata½ disv± etadahosi– “bhaddaka½ vata, bho, hatthiy±na½ dassan²yan”ti. Tena ca samayena eko jaccandho r±jaŖgaŗena gacchati. Ta½ disv± r±j± cintesi– “mah±j±niy± kho ime andh± ye evar³pa½ dassan²ya½ na labhanti daµµhu½. Ya½n³n±ha½ imiss± s±vatthiy± yattak± jaccandh± sabbe te sannip±t±petv± ekadesa½ ekadesa½ hatthena phus±petv± tesa½ vacana½ suŗeyyan”ti. Ke¼is²lo r±j± ekena purisena s±vatthiy± sabbe jaccandhe sannip±t±petv± tassa purisassa sańńa½ ad±si “yath± ekeko jaccandho s²s±dika½ ekeka½yeva hatthissa aŖga½ phusitv± ‘hatth² may± diµµho’ti sańńa½ upp±desi, tath± karoh²”ti. So puriso tath± ak±si. Atha r±j± te jaccandhe pacceka½ pucchi “k²diso, bhaŗe, hatth²”ti. Te attan± diµµhadiµµh±vayavameva hatthi½ katv± vadant± “ediso hatth², nediso hatth²”ti ańńamańńa½ kalaha½ karont± hatth±d²hi upakkamitv± r±jaŖgaŗe mahanta½ kol±hala½ aka½su. R±j± saparijano tesa½ ta½ vippak±ra½ disv± ph±sukehi bhijjam±nehi hadayena uggatena mah±hasita½ hasi. Tena vutta½– “atha kho, bhikkhave, so r±j±…pe… attamano ahos²”ti.
Tattha ambhoti ±lapana½. Y±vatak±ti yattak±. Jaccandh±ti j±tiy± andh±, j±tito paµµh±ya acakkhuk±. Ekajjhanti ekato. Bhaŗeti abahum±n±l±po. Hatthi½ dasseh²ti yath±vutta½ hatthi½ say±petv± dassehi. So ca susikkhitatt± aparipphandanto nipajji. Diµµho no hatth²ti hatthena par±masana½ dassana½ katv± ±ha½su. Tena purisena s²sa½ par±mas±petv± “ediso hatth²”ti sańń±pitatt± t±disa½yeva na½ hatthi½ sańj±nant± jaccandh± “ediso deva hatth² seyyath±pi kumbho”ti vadi½su. Kumbhoti ca ghaµoti attho. Kh²loti n±gadantakh²lo. Soŗ¹oti hattho. NaŖgal²s±ti naŖgalassa sirassa ²s±. K±yoti sar²ra½. Koµµhoti kus³lo. P±doti jaŖgho. Th³ŗoti thambho. NaŖguµµhanti v±¼assa urimappadeso. V±ladh²ti v±lassa aggappadeso. Muµµh²hi sa½sumbhi½s³ti muµµhiyo bandhitv± pahari½su, muµµhigh±ta½ aka½su. Attamano ahos²ti ke¼is²latt± so r±j± tena jaccandh±na½ kalahena attamano pah±sena gahitamano ahosi.
Evameva khoti upam±sa½sandana½. Tassattho– bhikkhave, yath± te jaccandh± acakkhuk± ekaŖgadassino anavasesato hatthi½ apassitv± attan± diµµh±vayavamatta½ hatthisańń±ya itarehi diµµha½ ananuj±nant± ańńamańńa½ viv±da½ ±pann± kalaha½ aka½su, evameva ime ańńatitthiy± sakk±yassa ekadesa½ r³pavedan±di½ attano diµµhidassanena yath±diµµha½ “att±”ti mańńam±n± tassa sassat±dibh±va½ ±ropetv± “idameva sacca½ moghamańńan”ti abhinivisitv± ańńamańńa½ vivadanti, yath±bh³ta½ pana atth±nattha½ dhamm±dhammańca na j±nanti. Tasm± andh± acakkhuk± jaccandhapaµibh±g±ti.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ titthiy±na½ dhammasabh±va½ yath±bh³ta½ aj±nant±na½ apassant±na½ jaccandh±na½ viya hatthimhi yath±dassana½ micch±bhinivesa½, tattha ca viv±d±patti½ sabb±k±rato viditv± tadatthad²paka½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha imesu kira sajjanti, eke samaŗabr±hmaŗ±ti idhekacce pabbajj³pagamanena samaŗ±, j±timattena br±hmaŗ± “sassato loko”ti-±dinayappavattesu imesu eva as±resu diµµhigatesu diµµh±bhinandanavasena, imesu v± r³p±d²su up±d±nakkhandhesu eva½ aniccesu dukkhesu vipariŗ±madhammesu taŗh±bhinandanadiµµh±bhinandan±na½ vasena “eta½ mam±”ti-±din± sajjanti kira. Aho nesa½ sammohoti dasseti. Kirasaddo cettha arucis³canattho. Tena tattha saŖgak±raŗ±bh±vameva d²peti. Na kevala½ sajjanti eva, atha kho viggayha na½ vivadanti “na tva½ ima½ dhammavinaya½ ±j±n±si, aha½ ima½ dhammavinaya½ ±j±n±m²”ti-±din± vigg±hikakath±nuyogavasena viggayha vivadanti viv±da½ ±pajjanti. Nanti cettha nip±tamatta½. Atha v± viggayha nanti na½ diµµhinissaya½ sakk±yadiµµhimeva v± vipar²tadassanatt± sassat±divasena ańńamańńa½ viruddha½ gahetv± vivadanti visesato vadanti, attano eva v±da½ visiµµha½ avipar²ta½ katv± abhinivissa voharanti. Yath± ki½? Jan± ekaŖgadassino yatheva jaccandhajan± hatthissa ekekaŖgadassino “ya½ ya½ attan± phusitv± ń±ta½, ta½ tadeva hatth²”ti gahetv± ańńamańńa½ viggayha vivadi½su, eva½sampadamidanti attho. Ivasaddo cettha luttaniddiµµhoti veditabbo.

Catutthasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.