8. Saªghabhedasuttavaººan±

48. Aµµhame ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoc±ti abhim±re payojetv± n±¼±giri½ vissajj±petv± sila½ pavaµµetv± bhagavato anattha½ k±tu½ asakkonto “saªgha½ bhinditv± cakkabheda½ kariss±m²”ti adhipp±yena eta½ “ajjatagge”ti-±divacana½ avoca. Aññatreva bhagavat±ti vin± eva bhagavanta½, satth±ra½ akatv±ti attho. Aññatra bhikkhusaªgh±ti vin± eva bhikkhusaªgha½. Uposatha½ kariss±mi saªghakamm±ni c±ti bhagavato ov±dak±raka½ bhikkhusaªgha½ visu½ katv± ma½ anuvattantehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ ±veºika½ uposatha½ saªghakamm±ni ca kariss±m²ti attho. Devadatto saªgha½ bhindissat²ti bhedakar±na½ sabbesa½ devadattena sajjitatt± eka½seneva devadatto ajja saªgha½ bhindissati dvidh± karissati. “Adhamma½ dhammo”ti-±d²su hi aµµh±rasasu bhedakaravatth³su ya½kiñci ekampi vatthu½ d²petv± tena tena k±raºena “ima½ gaºhatha, ima½ roceth±”ti saññ±petv± sal±ka½ g±hetv± visu½ saªghakamme kate saªgho bhinno hoti. Vuttañheta½–
“Pañcahi, up±li, ±k±rehi saªgho bhijjati kammena uddesena voharanto anuss±vanena sal±kagg±hen±”ti (pari. 458).
Tattha kammen±ti apalokanakamm±d²su cat³su kammesu aññatarena kammena. Uddesen±ti pañcasu p±timokkhuddesesu aññatarena uddesena. Voharantoti t±hi t±hi uppatt²hi “adhamma½ dhammo”ti-±d²ni (a. ni. 10.37; c³¼ava. 352) aµµh±rasabhedakaravatth³ni d²pento. Anuss±vanen±ti “nanu tumhe j±n±tha mayha½ ucc±kul± pabbajitabh±va½ bahussutabh±vañca, m±diso n±ma uddhamma½ ubbinaya½ g±heyy±ti ki½ tumh±ka½ cittampi upp±detu½ yutta½, kimaha½ ap±yato na bh±y±m²”ti-±din± nayena kaººam³le vac²bheda½ katv± anuss±vanena. Sal±kagg±hen±ti eva½ anuss±vetv± tesa½ citta½ upatthambhetv± an±vattidhamme katv± “gaºhatha ima½ sal±kan”ti sal±kagg±hena.
Ettha ca kammameva uddeso v± pam±ºa½, voh±r±nuss±vanasal±kagg±h± pana pubbabh±g±. Aµµh±rasavatthud²panavasena hi voharantena tattha rucijananattha½ anuss±vetv± sal±k±ya g±hit±yapi abhinnova hoti saªgho. Yad± paneva½ catt±ro v± atirek± v± sal±ka½ g±hetv± ±veºika½ uddesa½ v± kamma½ v± karonti, tad± saªgho bhinno n±ma hoti. Devadatto ca sabba½ saªghabhedassa pubbabh±ga½ nipph±detv± “eka½seneva ajja ±veºika½ uposatha½ saªghakammañca kariss±m²”ti cintetv± “ajjatagge”ti-±divacana½ avoca. Ten±ha– “ajja, bhante, devadatto saªgha½ bhindissat²”ti. Yato avocumh± “bhedakar±na½ sabbesa½ devadattena sajjitatt±”ti.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ av²cimah±nirayuppattisa½vattaniya½ kappaµµhiya½ atekiccha½ devadattena nibbattiyam±na½ saªghabhedakamma½ sabb±k±rato viditv± Ima½ ud±nanti kusal±kusalesu yath±kkama½ sappuris±sappurisasabh±gavisabh±gapaµipattivasena pana sukusal±ti idamatthavibh±vana½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha sukara½ s±dhun± s±dh³ti attano paresañca hita½ s±dhet²ti s±dhu, samm±paµipanno. Tena s±dhun± s±riputt±din± s±vakena paccekabuddhena samm±sambuddhena aññena v± lokiyas±dhun± s±dhu sundara½ bhaddaka½ attano paresañca hitasukh±vaha½ sukara½ sukhena k±tu½ sakk±. S±dhu p±pena dukkaranti tadeva pana vuttalakkhaºa½ s±dhu p±pena devadatt±din± p±papuggalena dukkara½ k±tu½ na sakk±, na so ta½ k±tu½ sakkot²ti attho. P±pa½ p±pena sukaranti p±pa½ asundara½ attano paresañca anatth±vaha½ p±pena yath±vuttap±papuggalena sukara½ sukhena k±tu½ sakkuºeyya. P±pamariyehi dukkaranti ariyehi pana buddh±d²hi ta½ ta½ p±pa½ dukkara½ durabhisambhava½. Setugh±toyeva hi tesanti satth± d²peti.

Aµµhamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.