6. Soºasuttavaººan±

46. Chaµµhe avant²s³ti avantiraµµhe. Kuraraghareti eva½n±make nagare. Pavatte pabbateti pavattan±make pabbate. “Pap±te pabbate”tipi paµhanti. Soºo up±sako kuµikaººoti n±mena soºo n±ma, t²hi saraºagamanehi up±sakabh±vappaµivedanena up±sako, koµi-agghanakassa kaººapi¼andhanassa dh±raºena “koµikaººo”ti vattabbe “kuµikaººo”ti eva½ abhiññ±to, na sukhum±lasoºoti adhipp±yo Ayañhi ±yasmato mah±kacc±yanassa santike dhamma½ sutv± s±sane abhippasanno, saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµhito pavatte pabbate ch±y³dakasampanne µh±ne vih±ra½ k±retv± thera½ tattha vas±petv± cat³hi paccayehi upaµµh±ti. Tena vutta½– “±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa upaµµh±ko hot²”ti.
So k±lena k±la½ therassa upaµµh±na½ gacchati. Thero cassa dhamma½ deseti. Tena sa½vegabahulo dhammacariy±ya uss±haj±to viharati. So ekad± satthena saddhi½ v±ºijjatth±ya ujjeni½ gacchanto antar±magge aµaviya½ satthe niviµµhe rattiya½ janasamb±dhabhayena ekamanta½ apakkamma nidda½ upagañchi. Sattho pacc³savel±ya½ uµµh±ya gato, na ekopi soºa½ pabodhesi, sabbepi visaritv± agama½su. So pabh±t±ya rattiy± pabujjhitv± uµµh±ya kañci apassanto sattheneva gatamagga½ gahetv± s²gha½ s²gha½ gacchanto eka½ vaµarukkha½ upagañchi. Tattha addasa eka½ mah±k±ya½ vir³padassana½ gacchanta½ purisa½ aµµhito mutt±ni attano ma½s±ni sayameva kh±danta½, disv±na “kosi tvan”ti pucchi. “Petomhi, bhante”ti. “Kasm± eva½ karos²”ti. “Attano pubbakammen±”ti. “Ki½ pana ta½ kamman”ti. “Aha½ pubbe bh±rukacchanagarav±s² k³µav±ºijo hutv± paresa½ santaka½ vañcetv± kh±di½, samaºe ca bhikkh±ya upagate ‘tumh±ka½ ma½sa½ kh±dath±’ti akkosi½, tena kammena etarahi ima½ dukkha½ anubhav±m²”ti. Ta½ sutv± soºo ativiya sa½vega½ paµilabhi.
Tato para½ gacchanto mukhato paggharitak±¼alohite dve petad±rake passitv± tatheva pucchi. Tepissa attano kamma½ kathesu½. Te kira bh±rukacchanagare d±rakak±le gandhav±ºijj±ya j²vika½ kappent± attano m±tari kh²º±save nimantetv± bhojentiy± geha½ gantv± “amh±ka½ santaka½ kasm± samaº±na½ desi, tay± dinna½ bhojana½ bhuñjanakasamaº±na½ mukhato k±¼alohita½ paggharat³”ti akkosi½su. Te tena kammena niraye paccitv± tassa vip±k±vasesena petayoniya½ nibbattitv± tad± ima½ dukkha½ anubhavanti. Tampi sutv± soºo ativiya sa½vegaj±to ahosi.
So ujjeni½ gantv± ta½ karaº²ya½ t²retv± kulaghara½ pacc±gato thera½ upasaªkamitv± katapaµisanth±ro therassa tamattha½ ±rocesi. Theropissa pavattinivatt²su ±d²nav±nisa½se vibh±vento dhamma½ desesi. So thera½ vanditv± geha½ gato s±yam±sa½ bhuñjitv± sayana½ upagato thoka½yeva nidd±yitv± pabujjhitv± sayanatale nisajja yath±suta½ dhamma½ paccavekkhitu½ ±raddho. Tassa ta½ dhamma½ paccavekkhato, te ca petattabh±ve anussarato sa½s±radukkha½ ativiya bhay±naka½ hutv± upaµµh±si, pabbajj±ya citta½ nami. So vibh±t±ya rattiy± sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± thera½ upasaªkamitv± attano ajjh±saya½ ±rocetv± pabbajja½ y±ci. Tena vutta½– “atha kho soºassa up±sakassa kuµikaººassa rahogatassa…pe… pabb±jetu ma½, bhante, ayyo mah±kacc±no”ti.
Tattha yath± yath±ti-±d²na½ pad±na½ aya½ saªkhepattho– yena yena ±k±rena ayyo mah±kacc±no dhamma½ deseti ±cikkhati paññapeti paµµhapeti vivarati vibhajati utt±n²karoti pak±seti, tena tena me upaparikkhato eva½ hoti, yadeta½ sikkhattayabrahmacariya½ ekampi divasa½ akkhaº¹a½ katv± carimakacitta½ p±petabbat±ya ekantaparipuººa½. Ekadivasampi kilesamalena amalina½ katv± carimakacitta½ p±petabbat±ya ekantaparisuddha½. Saªkhalikhitanti likhitasaªkhasadisa½ dhotasaªkhasappaµibh±ga½ caritabba½. Ida½ na sukara½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat± ag±ramajjhe vasantena ekanta paripuººa½…pe… caritu½ ya½n³n±ha½ kese ceva mass³ni ca oh±retv± voropetv± k±s±yarasap²tat±ya k±s±y±ni brahmacariya½ carant±na½ anucchavik±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± niv±setv± ceva p±rupitv± ca ag±rasm± nikkhamitv± anag±riya½ pabbajeyya½ Yasm± ag±rassa hita½ kasiv±ºijj±dikamma½ ag±riyanti vuccati, tañca pabbajj±ya natthi, tasm± pabbajj± anag±riy± n±ma. Ta½ anag±riya½ pabbajja½ pabbajeyya½ upagaccheyya½, paµipajjeyyanti attho.
Eva½ attan± rahovitakkita½ soºo up±sako therassa ±rocetv± ta½ paµipajjituk±mo “pabb±jetu ma½, bhante, ayyo mah±kacc±no”ti ±ha. Thero pana “t±vassa ñ±ºaparip±ka½ kathan”ti upadh±retv± ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±no “dukkara½ kho”ti-±din± pabbajj±chanda½ niv±resi.
Tattha ekabhattanti “ekabhattiko hoti ratt³parato virato vik±labhojan±”ti (d². ni. 1.194; a. ni. 3.71) eva½ vutta½ vik±labhojanavirati½ sandh±ya vadati. Ekaseyyanti adutiyaseyya½. Ettha ca seyy±s²sena “eko tiµµhati, eko gacchati, eko nis²dat²”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 7; 49) nayena vuttesu cat³su iriy±pathesu k±yaviveka½ d²peti, na ek±kin± hutv± sayanamatta½. Brahmacariyanti methunaviratibrahmacariya½, sikkhattay±nuyogasaªkh±ta½ s±sanabrahmacariya½ v±. Iªgh±ti codanatthe nip±to. Tatthev±ti geheyeva. Buddh±na½ s±sana½ anuyuñj±ti niccas²la-uposathas²l±dibheda½ pañcaªga-aµµhaªgadasaªgas²la½, tadanur³pañca sam±dhipaññ±bh±vana½ anuyuñja. Etañhi up±sakena pubbabh±ge anuyuñjitabba½ buddhas±sana½ n±ma. Ten±ha– “k±layutta½ ekabhatta½ ekaseyya½ brahmariyan”ti.
Tattha k±layuttanti c±tuddas²pañcadas²-aµµham²p±µih±riyapakkhasaªkh±tena k±lena yutta½, yath±vuttak±le v± tuyha½ anuyuñjantassa yutta½ patir³pa½ sakkuºeyya½, na sabbak±la½ pabbajj±ti adhipp±yo. Sabbameta½ ñ±ºassa aparipakkatt± tassa k±m±na½ duppah±nat±ya samm±paµipattiya½ yogya½ k±r±petu½ vadati, na pabbajj±chanda½ niv±retu½. Pabbajj±bhisaªkh±roti pabbajitu½ ±rambho uss±ho. Paµipassambh²ti indriy±na½ aparipakkatt±, sa½vegassa ca n±titikkhabh±vato v³pasami. Kiñc±pi paµipassambhi, therena vuttavidhi½ pana anutiµµhanto k±lena k±la½ thera½ upasaªkamitv± payirup±santo dhamma½ suº±ti. Tassa vuttanayeneva dutiya½ pabbajj±ya citta½ uppajji, therassa ca ±rocesi. Dutiyampi thero paµikkhipi. Tatiyav±re pana ñ±ºassa paripakkabh±va½ ñatv± “id±ni na½ pabb±jetu½ k±lo”ti thero pabb±jesi, pabbajitañca ta½ t²ºi sa½vacchar±ni atikkamitv± gaºa½ pariyesitv± upasamp±desi. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½– “dutiyampi kho soºo…pe… upasamp±des²”ti.
Tattha appabhikkhukoti katipayabhikkhuko. Tad± kira bhikkh³ yebhuyyena majjhimadese eva vasi½su. Tasm± tattha katipay± eva ahesu½ te ca ekasmi½ nigame eko, ekasmi½ dveti eva½ visu½ visu½ vasi½su. Kicchen±ti dukkhena. Kasiren±ti ±y±sena. Tato tatoti tasm± tasm± g±manigam±dito. Therena hi katipaye bhikkh³ ±netv± aññesu ±n²yam±nesu pubbe ±n²t± kenacideva karaº²yena pakkami½su, kiñci k±la½ ±gametv± puna tesu ±n²yam±nesu itare pakkami½su. Eva½ punappuna½ ±nayanena sannip±to cireneva ahosi, thero ca tad± ekavih±r² ahosi. Dasavagga½ bhikkhusaªgha½ sannip±tetv±ti tad± bhagavat± paccantadesepi dasavaggeneva saªghena upasampad± anuññ±t±. Itonid±nañhi therena y±cito pañcavaggena saªghena paccantadese upasampada½ anuj±ni. Tena vutta½– “tiººa½ vass±na½…pe… sannip±tetv±”ti.
Vassa½vuµµhass±ti upasampajjitv± paµhamavassa½ upagantv± vusitavato. ¿diso ca ²diso c±ti evar³po ca evar³po ca, evar³p±ya n±mak±yar³pak±yasampattiy± samann±gato, evar³p±ya dhammak±yasampattiy± samann±gatoti sutoyeva me so bhagav±. Na kho me so bhagav± sammukh± diµµhoti etena puthujjanasaddh±ya eva½ ±yasm± soºo bhagavanta½ daµµhuk±mo ahosi. Aparabh±ge pana satth±r± saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiya½ vasitv± pacc³sasamaya½ ajjhiµµho so¼asa aµµhakavaggik±ni satthu sammukh± aµµhi½ katv± manasi katv± sabba½ cetaso samann±haritv± atthadhammappaµisa½ved² hutv± bhaºanto dhamm³pasañhitap±mojj±dimukhena sam±hito sarabhaññapariyos±ne vipassana½ paµµhapetv± saªkh±re sammasanto anupubbena arahatta½ p±puºi. Etadatthameva hissa bhagavat± attan± saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiya½ v±so ±ºattoti vadanti.
Keci pan±hu– “na kho me so bhagav± sammukh± diµµho”ti ida½ r³pak±yadassanameva sandh±ya vuttanti. ¾yasm± hi soºo pabbajitv±va therassa santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± ghaµento v±yamanto anupasampannova sot±panno hutv± upasampajjitv± “up±sak±pi sot±pann± honti, ahampi sot±panno, kimettha cittan”ti uparimaggatth±ya vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± antovasseyeva cha¼abhiñño hutv± visuddhipav±raº±ya pav±resi Ariyasaccadassanena hi bhagavato dhammak±yo diµµho n±ma hoti. Vuttañheta½–
“Yo kho, vakkali, dhamma½ passati, so ma½ passati. Yo ma½ passati, so dhamma½ passat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.87).
Tasm±ssa dhammak±yadassana½ pageva siddha½, pav±retv± pana r³pak±ya½ daµµhuk±mo ahos²ti.
“Sace ma½ upajjh±yo anuj±n±t²”tipi p±µho. “Bhante”ti pana likhanti. Tath± “s±dhu s±dhu, ±vuso soºa, gaccha tva½, ±vuso soº±”tipi p±µho. “¾vuso”ti pana kesuci potthakesu natthi. Tath± “evam±vusoti kho ±yasm± soºo”tipi p±µho. ¾vusov±doyeva hi aññamañña½ bhikkh³na½ bhagavato dharam±nak±le ±ciººo. Bhagavanta½ p±s±dikanti-±d²na½ pad±na½ attho heµµh± vuttoyeva.
Kacci bhikkhu khaman²yanti bhikkhu ida½ tuyha½ catucakka½ navadv±ra½ sar²rayanta½ kacci khaman²ya½, ki½ sakk± khamitu½ sahitu½ pariharitu½, ki½ dukkhabh±ro n±bhibhavati. Kacci y±pan²yanti ki½ ta½ta½kiccesu y±petu½ gametu½ sakk±, na kañci antar±yanti dasseti. Kaccisi appakilamathen±ti an±y±sena ima½ ettaka½ addh±na½ kacci ±gatosi.
Etadahos²ti buddh±ciººa½ anussarantassa ±yasmato ±nandassa eta½ “yassa kho ma½ bhagav±”ti-±din± id±ni vuccam±na½ citte ±ciººa½ ahosi. Ekavih±reti ekagandhakuµiya½. Gandhakuµi hi idha vih±roti adhippet±. Vatthunti vasitu½.
Nisajj±ya v²tin±metv±ti ettha yasm± bhagav± ±yasmato soºassa sam±pattisam±pajjane paµisanth±ra½ karonto s±vakas±dh±raº± sabb± sam±pattiyo anulomapaµiloma½ sam±pajjanto bahudeva ratti½…pe… vih±ra½ p±visi, tasm± ±yasm±pi soºo bhagavato adhipp±ya½ ñatv± tadanur³pa½ sabb± t± sam±pattiyo sam±pajjanto “bahudeva ratti½…pe… vih±ra½ p±vis²”ti keci vadanti. Pavisitv± ca bhagavat± anuññ±to c²vara½ tirokaraº²ya½ katv±pi bhagavato p±dapasse nisajj±ya v²tin±mesi. Ajjhes²ti ±º±pesi. Paµibh±tu ta½ bhikkhu dhammo bh±situnti bhikkhu tuyha½ dhammo bh±situ½ upaµµh±tu ñ±ºamukhe ±gacchatu, yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ bhaº±h²ti attho.
So¼asa aµµhakavaggik±n²ti aµµhakavaggabh³t±ni k±masutt±d²ni so¼asa sutt±ni. Sarena abhaº²ti suttuss±raºasarena abh±si, sarabhaññavasena kathes²ti attho. Sarabhaññapariyos±neti uss±raº±vas±ne. Suggahit±n²ti samm± uggahit±ni. Sumanasikat±n²ti suµµhu manasi kat±ni. Ekacco uggahaºak±le samm± uggahetv±pi pacch± sajjh±y±divasena manasi karaºak±le byañjan±ni v± micch± ropeti, padapacch±bhaµµha½ v± karoti, na evamaya½. Imin± pana sammadeva yathuggahita½ manasi kat±ni. Tena vutta½– “sumanasikat±n²ti suµµhu manasi kat±n²”ti. S³padh±rit±n²ti atthatopi suµµhu upadh±rit±ni. Atthe hi suµµu upadh±rite sakk± p±¼i½ samm± uss±retu½. Kaly±ºiy±si v±c±ya samann±gatoti sithiladhanit±d²na½ yath±vidh±navacanena parimaº¹alapadabyañjanaparipuºº±ya poriy± v±c±ya samann±gato ±si. Vissaµµh±y±ti vimutt±ya. Etenassa vimuttav±dita½ dasseti. Anelaga¼±y±ti el± vuccati doso, ta½ na paggharat²ti anelaga¼±, t±ya niddos±y±ti attho. Atha v± anelaga¼±y±ti anel±ya ca aga¼±ya ca niddos±ya aga¼itapadabyañjan±ya, aparih²napadabyañjan±y±ti attho. Tath± hi na½ bhagav± “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ kaly±ºav±kkaraº±na½ yadida½ soºo kuµikaººo”ti (a. ni. 1.206) etadagge µhapesi. Atthassa viññ±paniy±ti yath±dhippeta½ attha½ viññ±petu½ samatth±ya.
Kativassoti so kira majjhimavayassa tatiyakoµµh±se µhito ±kappasampanno ca paresa½ ciratarapabbajito viya kh±yati. Ta½ sandh±ya bhagav± pucchat²ti keci, ta½ ak±raºa½. Eva½ sante sam±dhisukha½ anubhavitu½ yutto, ettaka½ k±la½ kasm± pam±dam±pannoti puna anuyuñjitu½ satth± “kativassos²”ti ta½ pucchati. Tenev±ha– “kissa pana tva½ bhikkhu eva½ cira½ ak±s²”ti.
Tattha kiss±ti ki½ k±raº±. Eva½ cira½ ak±s²ti eva½ cir±yi, kena k±raºena eva½ cirak±la½ pabbajja½ anupagantv± ag±ramajjhe vas²ti attho. Cira½ diµµho meti cirena cirak±lena may± diµµho. K±mes³ti kilesak±mesu ca vatthuk±mesu ca. ¾d²navoti doso. Api c±ti k±mesu ±d²nave kenaci pak±rena diµµhepi na t±v±ha½ ghar±v±sato nikkhamitu½ asakkhi½. Kasm±? Samb±dho ghar±v±so ucc±vacehi kiccakaraº²yehi samupaby³¼ho ag±riyabh±vo. Tenev±ha– “bahukicco bahukaraº²yo”ti.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti k±mesu yath±bh³ta½ ±d²navadassino citta½ cir±yitv±pi na patiµµh±ti, aññadatthu padumapal±se udakabindu viya vinivattatiyev±ti etamattha½ sabb±k±rato viditv±. Ima½ ud±nanti pavatti½ nivattiñca sammadeva j±nanto pavattiya½ tannimitte ca na kad±cipi ramat²ti idamatthad²paka½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha disv± ±d²nava½ loketi sabbasmi½ saªkh±raloke “anicco dukkho vipariº±madhammo”ti-±din± ±d²nava½ dosa½ paññ±ya passitv±. Etena vipassan±v±ro kathito Ñatv± dhamma½ nirupadhinti sabb³padhipaµinissaggatt± nirupadhi½ nibb±nadhamma½ yath±bh³ta½ ñatv± nissaraºavivek±saªkhat±matasabh±vato maggañ±ºena paµivijjhitv±. “Disv± ñatv±”ti imesa½ pad±na½ “sappi½ pivitv± bala½ hoti, s²ha½ disv± bhaya½ hoti, paññ±ya disv± ±sav± parikkh²º± hont²”ti-±d²su (pu. pa. 208; a. ni. 9.42-43) viya hetu-atthat± daµµhabb±. Ariyo na ramat² p±peti kilesehi ±rakatt± ariyo sappuriso aºumattepi p±pe na ramati. Kasm±? P±pe na ramat² suc²ti suvisuddhak±yasam±c±r±dit±ya visuddhapuggalo r±jaha½so viya ukk±raµµh±ne p±pe sa½kiliµµhadhamme na ramati n±bhinandati. “P±po na ramat² sucin”tipi p±µho. Tassattho– p±po p±papuggalo suci½ anavajja½ vod±nadhamma½ na ramati, aññadatthu g±mas³kar±dayo viya ukk±raµµh±na½ asuci½ sa½kilesadhamma½yeva ramat²ti paµipakkhato desana½ parivatteti.
Eva½ bhagavat± ud±ne ud±nite ±yasm± soºo uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ vanditv± attano upajjh±yassa vacanena paccantadese pañcavaggena upasampad±dipañcavatth³ni y±ci. Bhagav±pi t±ni anuj±n²ti ta½ sabba½ khandhake (mah±va. 242 ±dayo) ±gatanayena veditabba½.

Chaµµhasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.