Santuµµhikath±ti ettha santuµµh²ti sakena attan± laddhena tuµµhi santuµµhi. Atha v± visama½ paccayiccha½ pah±ya sama½ tuµµhi, santuµµhi. Santena v± vijjam±nena tuµµhi santuµµhi. Vuttańceta½–
“At²ta½ n±nusocanto, nappajappaman±gata½;
paccuppannena y±pento, santuµµhoti pavuccat²”ti.
Samm± v± ń±yena bhagavat± anuńń±tavidhin± paccayehi tuµµhi santuµµhi. Atthato itar²tarapaccayasantoso so dv±dasavidho hoti. Katha½ C²vare yath±l±bhasantoso, yath±balasantoso, yath±s±ruppasantosoti tividho, eva½ piŗ¹ap±t±d²su.
Tatr±ya½ pabhedavaŗŗan±– idha bhikkhu c²vara½ labhati sundara½ v± asundara½ v±, so teneva y±peti, ańńa½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaŗh±ti, ayamassa c²vare yath±l±bhasantoso. Atha pana pakatidubbalo v± hoti ±b±dhajar±bhibh³to v±, garu½ c²vara½ p±rupanto kilamati, so sabh±gena bhikkhun± saddhi½ ta½ parivattetv± lahukena y±pentopi santuµµhova hoti, ayamassa c²vare yath±balasantoso. Aparo paµµac²var±d²na½ ańńatara½ mahagghac²vara½ labhitv± “ida½ ther±na½ cirapabbajit±na½, ida½ bahussut±na½ anur³pa½, ida½ gil±n±na½ dubbal±na½, ida½ appal±bh²na½ v± hot³”ti tesa½ datv± attan± saŖk±rak³µ±dito nantak±ni uccinitv± saŖgh±µi½ katv± tesa½ v± pur±ŗac²var±ni gahetv± dh±rentopi santuµµhova hoti, ayamassa c²vare yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu piŗ¹ap±ta½ labhati l³kha½ v± paŗ²ta½ v±, so teneva y±peti, ańńa½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaŗh±ti, ayamassa piŗ¹ap±te yath±l±bhasantoso. Atha pana ±b±dhiko hoti, l³kha½ pakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± piŗ¹ap±ta½ bhuńjitv± g±¼ha½ rog±taŖka½ p±puŗ±ti, so sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa hatthato sapp±yabhojana½ bhuńjitv± samaŗadhamma½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti, ayamassa piŗ¹ap±te yath±balasantoso Aparo bhikkhu paŗ²ta½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ labhati, so “aya½ piŗ¹ap±to cirapabbajit±d²na½ anur³po”ti c²vara½ viya tesa½ datv±, tesa½ v± santaka½ gahetv±, attan± piŗ¹±ya caritv±, missak±h±ra½ v± paribhuńjantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa piŗ¹ap±te yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhuno sen±sana½ p±puŗ±ti man±pa½ v± aman±pa½ v± antamaso tiŗakuµik±pi tiŗasanth±rakampi, so teneva santussati, puna ańńa½ sundaratara½ v± p±puŗ±ti, ta½ na gaŗh±ti, ayamassa sen±sane yath±l±bhasantoso. Atha pana ±b±dhiko hoti dubbalo v±, so by±dhiviruddha½ v± pakativiruddha½ v± sen±sana½ labhati, yatthassa vasato aph±su hoti, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa santake sapp±yasen±sane vasitv± samaŗadhamma½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti, ayamassa sen±sane yath±balasantoso. Aparo sundara½ sen±sana½ pattampi na sampaµicchati “paŗ²tasen±sana½ pam±daµµh±nan”ti, mah±puńńat±ya v± leŗamaŗ¹apak³µ±g±r±d²ni paŗ²tasen±san±ni labhati, so t±ni c²var±d²ni viya cirapabbajit±d²na½ datv± yattha katthaci vasantopi santuµµhova hoti, ayamassa sen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu bhesajja½ labhati l³kha½ v± paŗ²ta½ v±, so teneva tussati, ańńa½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaŗh±ti, ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±l±bhasantoso. Atha pana telena atthiko ph±ŗita½ labhati, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv±, tassa hatthato tela½ gahetv±, bhesajja½ katv± samaŗadhamma½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti, ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±balasantoso. Aparo mah±puńńo bahu½ telamadhuph±ŗit±dipaŗ²tabhesajja½ labhati, so ta½ c²var±d²ni viya cirapabbajit±d²na½ datv± tesa½ ±bhatena yena kenaci bhesajja½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Yo pana ekasmi½ bh±jane muttahar²taka½, ekasmi½ catumadhura½ µhapetv± “gaŗhatha, bhante, yadicchas²”ti vuccam±no sacassa tesu ańńatarenapi rogo v³pasammati “muttahar²taka½ n±ma buddh±d²hi vaŗŗita½, p³timuttabhesajja½ niss±ya pabbajj±, tattha te y±vaj²va½ uss±ho karaŗ²yo”ti (mah±va. 128) vacanamanussaranto catumadhura½ paµikkhipitv± muttahar²takena bhesajja½ karonto paramasantuµµhova hoti, ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±s±ruppasantoso.
So eva½pabhedo sabbopi santoso santuµµh²ti pavuccati. Tena vutta½ “atthato itar²tarapaccayasantoso”ti. Itar²tarasantuµµhiy± saddhi½ sandassan±dividhin± ±nisa½savibh±vanavasena, tappaµipakkhassa atricchat±dibhedassa icch±pakatattassa ±d²navavibh±vanavasena ca pavatt± kath± santuµµhikath±. Ito par±supi kath±su eseva nayo, visesamattameva vakkh±ma.
Pavivekakath±ti ettha k±yaviveko cittaviveko upadhivivekoti tayo vivek±. Tesu eko gacchati, eko tiµµhati, eko nis²dati, eko seyya½ kappeti, eko g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya pavisati, eko paµikkamati, eko abhikkamati, eko caŖkama½ adhiµµh±ti, eko carati, eko viharat²ti eva½ sabbiriy±pathesu sabbakiccesu gaŗasaŖgaŗika½ pah±ya vivittav±so k±yaviveko n±ma. Aµµha sam±pattiyo pana cittaviveko n±ma. Nibb±na½ upadhiviveko n±ma. Vuttańheta½–
“K±yaviveko ca vivekaµµhak±y±na½ nekkhamm±bhirat±na½, cittaviveko ca parisuddhacitt±na½ paramavod±nappatt±na½, upadhiviveko ca nirupadh²na½ puggal±na½ visaŖkh±ragat±nan”ti (mah±ni. 57).
Vivekoyeva paviveko, pavivekappaµisa½yutt± kath± pavivekakath±.
Asa½saggakath±ti ettha savanasa½saggo dassanasa½saggo samullapanasa½saggo sambhogasa½saggo k±yasa½saggoti pańca sa½sagg±. Tesu idhekacco bhikkhu suŗ±ti “asukasmi½ g±me v± nigame v± itth² abhir³p± dassan²y± p±s±dik± param±ya vaŗŗapokkharat±ya samann±gat±”ti, so ta½ sutv± sa½s²dati vis²dati, na sakkoti brahmacariya½ sandh±retu½, sikkha½ paccakkh±ya h²n±y±vattati, eva½ visabh±g±rammaŗasavanena uppannakilesasanthavo savanasa½saggo n±ma. Na heva kho bhikkhu suŗ±ti, apica kho s±ma½ passati itthi½ abhir³pa½ dassan²ya½ p±s±dika½ param±ya vaŗŗapokkharat±ya samann±gata½, so ta½ disv± sa½s²dati vis²dati, na sakkoti brahmacariya½ sandh±retu½, sikkha½ paccakkh±ya h²n±y±vattati, eva½ visabh±g±rammaŗadassanena uppannakilesasanthavo dassanasa½saggo n±ma. Disv± pana ańńamańńa½ ±l±pasall±pavasena uppanno kilesasanthavo samullapanasa½saggo n±ma. Sahajagghan±d²nipi eteneva saŖgaŗh±ti. Attano pana santaka½ ya½kińci m±tug±massa datv± v± adatv± v± tena dinnassa vanabhaŖgiy±dino paribhogavasena uppannakilesasanthavo sambhogasa½saggo n±ma. M±tug±massa hatthagg±h±divasena uppannakilesasanthavo k±yasa½saggo n±ma. Yopi cesa–
“Gih²hi sa½saµµho viharati ananulomikena sa½saggena sahasok² sahanand² sukhitesu sukhito, dukkhitesu dukkhito uppannesu kiccakaraŗ²yesu attan± uyyoga½ ±pajjat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.3; mah±ni. 164)–

Eva½ vutto ananulomiko gihisa½saggo, yo ca sabrahmac±r²hipi kilesuppattihetubh³to sa½saggo, ta½ sabba½ pah±ya yv±ya½ sa½s±re thiratara½ sa½vega½, saŖkh±resu tibba½ bhayasańńa½, sar²re paµik³lasańńa½, sabb±kusalesu jigucch±pubbaŖgama½ hirottappa½, sabbakiriy±su satisampajańńanti sabba½ paccupaµµhapetv± kamaladale jalabindu viya sabbattha alaggabh±vo, aya½ sabbasa½saggappaµipakkhat±ya asa½saggo. Tappaµisa½yutt± kath± asa½saggakath±.

V²riy±rambhakath±ti ettha v²rassa bh±vo, kammanti v± v²riya½, vidhin± ²rayitabba½ pavattetabbanti v± v²riya½, v²riyańca ta½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upasampad±ya ±rambhana½ v²riy±rambho. Sv±ya½ k±yiko cetasiko c±ti duvidho, ±rambhadh±tu, nikkamadh±tu, parakkamadh±tu c±ti tividho; sammappadh±navasena catubbidho. So sabbopi yo bhikkhu gamane uppanna½ kilesa½ µh±na½ p±puŗitu½ na deti; µh±ne uppanna½ nisajja½, nisajj±ya uppanna½ sayana½ p±puŗitu½ na deti, tattha tattheva ajapadena daŗ¹ena kaŗhasappa½ upp²¼etv± gaŗhanto viya, tikhiŗena asin± amitta½ g²v±ya paharanto viya ca s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ adatv± v²riyabalena niggaŗh±ti, tasseva½ ±raddhav²riyassa vasena veditabbo. Tappaµisa½yutt± kath± v²riy±rambhakath±.
S²lakath±d²su duvidha½ s²la½ lokiya½ lokuttarańca. Tattha lokiya½ p±timokkhasa½var±di catup±risuddhis²la½, lokuttara½ maggas²la½ phalas²lańca. Tath± vipassan±ya p±dakabh³t± saha upac±rena aµµha sam±pattiyo lokiyo sam±dhi, maggasampayutto panettha lokuttaro sam±dhi n±ma. Tath± pańń±pi lokiy± sutamay± cint±may± jh±nasampayutt± vipassan±ń±ŗańca. Visesato panettha vipassan±pańń± gahetabb±, lokuttar± maggapańń± phalapańń± ca. Vimutt²pi ariyaphalavimutti nibb±nańca. Apare pana tadaŖgavikkhambhanasamucchedavimutt²nampi vasenettha attha½ vaŗŗenti. Vimuttiń±ŗadassanampi ek³nav²satividha½ paccavekkhaŗań±ŗa½. Iti imesa½ s²l±d²na½ saddhi½ sandassan±dividhin± anek±k±ravok±ra-±nisa½savibh±vanavasena ceva tappaµipakkh±na½ duss²ly±d²na½ ±d²navavibh±vanavasena ca pavatt± kath±, tappaµisa½yutt± kath± v± s²l±dikath± n±ma.
Ettha ca “attan± ca appiccho hoti, appicchakathańca paresa½ katt±”ti (ma. ni. 1.252; a. ni. 10.70) “santuµµho hoti itar²tarena c²varena, itar²tarac²varasantuµµhiy± ca vaŗŗav±d²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.144; c³¼ani. khaggavis±ŗasuttaniddesa 128) ca ±divacanato sayańca appicchat±diguŗasamann±gatena paresampi tadatth±ya hitajjh±sayena pavattetabb± tath±r³p² kath±, y± idha abhisallekhik±dibh±vena visesetv± vutt± appicchakath±d²ti veditabb±. K±rakasseva hi kath± visesato adhippetatthas±dhin². Tath± hi vakkhati “kaly±ŗamittasseta½, meghiya, bhikkhuno p±µikaŖkha½…pe akasiral±bh²”ti.
Evar³p±y±ti ²dis±ya, yath±vutt±ya. Nik±mal±bh²ti yathicchital±bh² yath±rucil±bh², sabbak±la½ im± kath± sotu½ vic±retuńca yath±sukha½ labhanto. Akicchal±bh²ti niddukkhal±bh². Akasiral±bh²ti vipulal±bh².
¾raddhav²riyoti paggahitav²riyo. Akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±y±ti akosallasambh³taµµhena akusal±na½ p±padhamm±na½ pajahanatth±ya. Kusal±na½ dhamm±nanti kucchit±na½ salan±di-atthena anavajjaµµhena ca kusal±na½ sahavipassan±na½ maggaphaladhamm±na½. Upasampad±y±ti samp±dan±ya, attano sant±ne upp±dan±ya. Th±mav±ti usso¼hisaŖkh±tena v²riyath±mena samann±gato. Da¼haparakkamoti thiraparakkamo asithilav²riyo. Anikkhittadhuroti anorohitadhuro anosakkitav²riyo.
Pańńav±ti vipassan±pańń±ya pańńav±. Udayatthag±miniy±ti pańcanna½ khandh±na½ udayańca vayańca paµivijjhantiy±. Ariy±y±ti vikkhambhanavasena kilesehi ±rak± d³re µhit±ya niddos±ya. Nibbedhik±y±ti nibbedhabh±giy±ya. Samm± dukkhakkhayag±miniy±ti vaµµadukkhassa khepanato “dukkhakkhayo”ti laddhan±ma½ ariyamagga½ samm± hetun± ń±yena gacchantiy±.
Imesu ca pana pańcasu dhammesu s²la½ v²riya½ pańń± ca yogino ajjhattika½ aŖga½, itaradvaya½ b±hira½ aŖga½. Tath±pi kaly±ŗamittasannissayeneva sesa½ catubbidha½ ijjhati, kaly±ŗamittassevettha bah³pak±rata½ dassento satth± “kaly±ŗamittasseta½, meghiya, bhikkhuno p±µikaŖkhan”ti-±din± desana½ va¹¹heti. Tattha p±µikaŖkhanti eka½sena icchitabba½, avassa½bh±v²ti attho. Yanti kiriy±par±masana½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “s²lav± bhavissat²”ti ettha yadeta½ kaly±ŗamittassa bhikkhuno s²lavantat±ya bhavana½ s²lasampannatta½, tassa bhikkhuno s²lasampannatt± eta½ tassa p±µikaŖkha½, avassa½bh±v² eka½seneva tassa tattha niyojanatoti adhipp±yo. P±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharissat²ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Eva½ bhagav± sadevake loke uttamakaly±ŗamittasaŖkh±tassa attano vacana½ an±diyitv± ta½ vanasaŗ¹a½ pavisitv± t±disa½ vippak±ra½ pattassa ±yasmato meghiyassa kaly±ŗamittat±din± sakala½ s±sanasampatti½ dassetv±, id±nissa tattha ±daraj±tassa pubbe yehi k±mavitakk±d²hi upaddutatt± kammaµµh±na½ na sampajji, tassa tesa½ ujuvipaccan²kabh³tatt± ca bh±van±naya½ pak±setv±, tato para½ arahattassa kammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhanto, “tena ca pana, meghiya, bhikkhun± imesu pańcasu dhammesu patiµµh±ya catt±ro dhamm± uttari bh±vetabb±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ten±ti eva½ kaly±ŗamittasannissayena yath±vuttas²l±diguŗasamann±gatena. Tenev±ha “imesu pańcasu dhammesu patiµµh±y±”ti. Uttar²ti ±raddhataruŗavipassanassa r±g±diparissay± ce uppajjeyyu½, tesa½ visodhanattha½ tato uddha½ catt±ro dhamm± bh±vetabb± upp±detabb± va¹¹hetabb± ca.
Asubh±ti ek±dasasu asubhakammaµµh±nesu yath±raha½ yattha katthaci asubhabh±van±. R±gassa pah±n±y±ti k±mar±gassa pajahanatth±ya. Ayamattho s±lil±yakopam±ya vibh±vetabbo– eko hi puriso asita½ gahetv± koµito paµµh±ya s±likhette s±liyo l±yati, athassa vati½ bhinditv± g±vo pavisi½su. So asita½ µhapetv±, yaµµhi½ ±d±ya, teneva maggena g±vo n²haritv±, vati½ p±katika½ katv±, puna asita½ gahetv± s±liyo l±yi. Tattha s±likhetta½ viya buddhas±sana½ daµµhabba½, s±lil±yako viya yog±vacaro, asita½ viya pańń±, l±yanak±lo viya vipassan±ya kammakaraŗak±lo, yaµµhi viya asubhakammaµµh±na½, vati viya sa½varo vati½ bhinditv± g±v²na½ pavisana½ viya sahas± appaµisaŖkh±ya pam±da½ ±gamma r±gassa uppajjana½, asita½ µhapetv±, yaµµhi½ ±d±ya, paviµµhamaggeneva g±vo n²haritv±, vati½ paµip±katika½ katv±, puna µhitaµµh±nato paµµh±ya s±lil±yana½ viya asubhakammaµµh±nena r±ga½ vikkhambhetv±, puna vipassan±ya kammakaraŗak±loti idamettha upam±sa½sandana½. Eva½bh³ta½ bh±van±vidhi½ sandh±ya vutta½ “asubh± bh±vetabb± r±gassa pah±n±y±”ti.
Mett±ti mett±kammaµµh±na½. By±p±dassa pah±n±y±ti vuttanayeneva uppannakopassa pajahanatth±ya. ¾n±p±nassat²ti so¼asavatthuk± ±n±p±nassati. Vitakkupacched±y±ti vuttanayeneva uppann±na½ vitakk±na½ upacchedanatth±ya. Asmim±nasamuggh±t±y±ti asm²ti uppajjanakassa navavidhassa m±nassa samucchedanatth±ya. Aniccasańńinoti hutv± abh±vato udayabbayavantato pabhaŖguto t±vak±likato niccappaµipakkhato ca “sabbe saŖkh±r± anicc±”ti (dha. pa. 277; c³¼ani. hemakam±ŗavapucch±niddesa 56) pavatta-anicc±nupassan±vasena aniccasańńino. Anattasańń± saŗµh±t²ti as±rakato avasavattanato parato rittato tucchato suńńato ca “sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti (dha. pa. 279; c³¼ani. hemakam±ŗavapucch±niddesa 56) eva½ pavatt± anatt±nupassan±saŖkh±t± anattasańń± citte saŗµhahati, atida¼ha½ patiµµh±ti. Aniccalakkhaŗe hi diµµhe anattalakkhaŗa½ diµµhameva hoti. T²su hi lakkhaŗesu ekasmi½ diµµhe itaradvaya½ diµµhameva hoti. Tena vutta½– “aniccasańńino hi, meghiya, anattasańń± saŗµh±t²”ti. Anattalakkhaŗe diµµhe asm²ti uppajjanakam±no suppajahova hot²ti ±ha– “anattasańń² asmim±nasamuggh±ta½ p±puŗ±t²”ti diµµheva dhamme nibb±nanti diµµheyeva dhamme imasmi½yeva attabh±ve apaccayaparinibb±na½ p±puŗ±ti. Ayamettha saŖkhepo, vitth±rato pana asubh±dibh±van±nayo visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.102) vuttanayena gahetabbo.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ ±yasmato meghiyassa micch±vitakkacorehi kusalabhaŗ¹upacchedasaŖkh±ta½ attha½ j±nitv±. Ima½ ud±nanti ima½ k±mavitakk±d²na½ avinodane vinodane ca ±d²nav±nisa½sad²paka½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha khudd±ti h²n± l±mak±. Vitakk±ti k±mavitakk±dayo tayo p±pavitakk±. Te hi sabbavitakkehi patikiµµhat±ya idha khudd±ti vutt± “na ca khuddam±care”ti-±d²su (khu. p±. 9.3; su. ni. 145) viya. Sukhum±ti ń±tivitakk±dayo adhippet±. ѱtivitakko janapadavitakko amar±vitakko par±nuddayat±ya paµisa½yutto vitakko l±bhasakk±rasilokapaµisa½yutto vitakko anavańńattipaµisa½yutto vitakkoti ete hi vitakk± k±mavitakk±dayo viya d±ruŗ± na hont²ti ano¼±rikasabh±vat±ya sukhum±ti vutt±. Anugat±ti cittena anuvattit±. Vitakke hi uppajjam±ne citta½ tadanugatameva hoti tassa ±rammaŗ±bhiniropanato. “Anuggat±”tipi p±¼i, anu-uµµhit±ti attho. Manaso uppil±v±ti cetaso uppil±vitattakar±.
Ete avidv± manaso vitakketi ete k±mavitakk±dike manovitakke ass±d±d²navanissaraŗato ń±tat²raŗapah±naparińń±hi yath±bh³ta½ aj±nanto. Hur± hura½ dh±vati bhantacittoti appah²namicch±vitakkatt± anavaµµhitacitto “kad±ci r³pe, kad±ci sadde”ti-±din± tasmi½ tasmi½ ±rammaŗe ass±d±divasena apar±para½ dh±vati paribbhamati. Atha v± hur± hura½ dh±vati bhantacittoti aparińń±tavitakkatt± tannimitt±na½ avijj±taŗh±na½ vasena paribbhamanam±naso idhalokato paraloka½ ±d±nanikkhepehi apar±para½ dh±vati sa½sarat²ti attho.
Ete ca vidv± manaso vitakketi ete yath±vuttappabhede k±mavitakk±dike manovitakke ass±d±dito yath±bh³ta½ j±nanto. ¾t±piyoti v²riyav±. Sa½varat²ti pidahati. Satim±ti satisampanno. Anuggateti dullabhavasena anuppanne. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ete vuttappak±re k±mavitakk±dike manovitakke cittassa uppil±vitahetut±ya manaso uppil±ve vidv± vipassan±pańń±sahit±ya maggapańń±ya sammadeva j±nanto, tassa sah±yabh³t±na½ samm±v±y±masat²na½ atthit±ya ±t±piyo satim± te ariyamaggabh±van±ya ±yati½ uppattirahe anuggate anuppanne eva maggakkhaŗe sa½varati, ń±ŗasa½varavasena pidahati, ±gamanapatha½ pacchindati, eva½bh³to ca catusaccappabodhena buddho ariyas±vako arahatt±dhigamena asesa½, anavasesa½ ete k±mavitakk±dike pajah±si samucchind²ti. Etth±pi “anugate”tipi paµhanti. Tassattho heµµh± vuttoyeva.

Paµhamasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.