8. Vis±kh±vatthu

Yath±pi pupphar±simh±ti ima½ dhammadesana½ satth± s±vatthiya½ upaniss±ya pubb±r±me viharanto vis±kha½ up±sika½ ±rabbha kathesi.
S± kira aªgaraµµhe bhaddiyanagare meº¹akaseµµhiputtassa dhanañcayaseµµhino aggamahesiy± sumanadeviy± kucchismi½ nibbatti. Tass± sattavassikak±le satth± selabr±hmaº±d²na½ bodhaneyyabandhav±na½ upanissayasampada½ disv± mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro c±rika½ caram±no ta½ nagara½ p±puºi.
Tasmiñca samaye meº¹ako, gahapati, tasmi½ nagare pañcanna½ mah±puññ±na½ jeµµhako hutv± seµµhiµµh±na½ karoti. Pañca mah±puññ± n±ma meº¹ako seµµhi, candapadum± n±ma tasseva jeµµhakabhariy±, tasseva jeµµhakaputto dhanañcayo n±ma, tassa bhariy± sumanadev² n±ma, meº¹akaseµµhino d±so puººo n±m±ti. Na kevalañca meº¹akaseµµhiyeva, bimbis±rarañño pana vijite pañca amitabhog± n±ma ahesu½– jotiko, jaµilo, meº¹ako, puººako, k±kavaliyoti. Tesu aya½ meº¹akaseµµhi dasabalassa attano nagara½ sampattabh±va½ ñatv± puttassa dhanañcayaseµµhino dh²tara½ vis±kha½ d±rika½ pakkos±petv± ±ha– “amma, tuyhampi maªgala½, amh±kampi maªgala½, tava pariv±rehi pañcahi d±rik±satehi saddhi½ pañca rathasat±ni ±ruyha pañcahi d±sisatehi parivut± dasabalassa paccuggamana½ karoh²”ti. S± “s±dh³”ti paµissuºitv± tath± ak±si. K±raº±k±raºesu pana kusalatt± y±vatik± y±nassa bh³mi, y±nena gantv± y±n± paccorohitv± pattik±va satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Athass± cariy±vasena satth± dhamma½ desesi. S± desan±vas±ne pañcahi d±rik±satehi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi. Meº¹akaseµµhipi kho satth±ramupasaªkamitv± dhammakatha½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya sv±tan±ya nimantetv± punadivase attano nivesane paº²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ parivisitv± eteneva up±yena a¹¹ham±sa½ mah±d±namad±si. Satth± bhaddiyanagare yath±bhiranta½ viharitv± pakk±mi.
Tena kho pana samayena bimbis±ro ca pasenadi kosalo ca aññamañña½ bhaginipatik± honti. Athekadivasa½ kosalar±j± cintesi– “bimbis±rassa vijite pañca amitabhog± mah±puññ± vasanti, mayha½ vijite ekopi t±diso natthi, ya½n³n±ha½ bimbis±rassa santika½ gantv± eka½ mah±puñña½ y±ceyyan”ti. So tattha gantv± raññ± katapaµisanth±ro “ki½ k±raº± ±gatos²”ti puµµho “‘tumh±ka½ vijite pañca amitabhog± mah±puññ± vasanti, tato eka½ gahetv± gamiss±m²’ti ±gatomhi, tesu me eka½ deth±”ti ±ha. “Mah±kul±ni amhehi c±letu½ na sakk±”ti ±ha. “Aha½ aladdh± na gamiss±m²”ti ±ha. R±j± amaccehi saddhi½ mantetv± “jotik±d²na½ mah±kul±na½ c±lana½ n±ma mah±pathaviy± c±lanasadisa½, meº¹akamah±seµµhissa putto dhanañcayaseµµhi n±ma atthi, tena saddhi½ mantetv± paµivacana½ te dass±m²”ti vatv± ta½ pakkos±petv±, t±ta, kosalar±j± “‘eka½ dhanaseµµhi½ gahetv± gamiss±m²’ti vadati, tva½ tena saddhi½ gacch±h²”ti. “Tumhesu pahiºantesu gamiss±mi, dev±”ti. “Tena hi parivaccha½ katv± gaccha, t±t±”ti. So attano kattabbayuttakamak±si. R±j±pissa mahanta½ sakk±ra½ katv±, “ima½ ±d±ya gacchath±”ti pasenadir±j±na½ uyyojesi. So ta½ ±d±ya sabbattha ekarattiv±sena gacchanto eka½ ph±sukaµµh±na½ patv± niv±sa½ gaºhi, atha na½ dhanañcayaseµµhi pucchi– “ida½ kassa vijitan”ti? “Mayha½, seµµh²”ti. “K²va d³ro ito s±vatth²”ti “Sattayojanamatthake”ti. “Antonagara½ samb±dha½, amh±ka½ parijano mahanto, sace rocetha, idheva vaseyy±ma, dev±”ti. R±j± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± tasmi½ µh±ne nagara½ m±petv± tassa datv± agam±si. Tasmi½ padese saya½ vasanaµµh±nassa gahitatt± nagarassa s±ketantveva n±ma½ ahosi.
S±vatthiyampi kho mig±raseµµhino putto puººava¹¹hanakum±ro n±ma vayappatto ahosi. Atha na½ m±t±pitaro vadi½su– “t±ta, tava ruccanaµµh±ne eka½ d±rika½ upadh±reh²”ti. “‘Mayha½ evar³p±ya bhariy±ya kicca½ natth²’ti, putta, m± eva½ kari, kula½ n±ma aputtaka½ na tiµµhat²”ti. So punappuna½ vuccam±no “tena hi pañcakaly±ºasamann±gata½ d±rika½ labham±no tumh±ka½ vacana½ kariss±m²”ti ±ha. “K±ni panet±ni pañca kaly±º±ni n±ma, t±t±”ti. Kesakaly±ºa½, ma½sakaly±ºa½, aµµhikaly±ºa½, chavikaly±ºa½, vayakaly±ºanti. Mah±puññ±ya hi itthiy± kes± morakal±pasadis± hutv± muñcitv± vissaµµh± niv±sananta½ paharitv± nivattitv± uddhagg± tiµµhanti, ida½ kesakaly±ºa½ n±ma, dant±varaºa½ bimbaphalasadisa½ vaººasampanna½ sama½ suphusita½ hoti ida½ ma½sakaly±ºa½ n±ma, dant± sukk± sam± avira¼± uss±petv± µhapitavajirapanti viya samacchinnasaªkhapanti viya ca sobhanti, ida½ aµµhikaly±ºa½ n±ma, k±¼iy± cuººak±d²hi avilitto eva chavivaººo siniddho n²luppalad±masadiso hoti, od±t±ya ca kaºik±rapupphad±masadiso hoti, ida½ chavikaly±ºa½ n±ma, dasakkhattu½ vij±t±pi kho pana saki½ vij±t± viya avigatayobban±yeva hoti, ida½ vayakaly±ºa½ n±ma hoti. Athassa m±t±pitaro aµµhuttarasatabr±hmaºe nimantetv± bhojetv± “pañcakaly±ºasamann±gat± itthiyo n±ma hont²”ti pucchi½su. “¾ma, hont²”ti. “Tena hi evar³pa½ d±rika½ pariyesitu½ aµµha jan± gacchant³”ti bahu½ dhana½ datv± “±gatak±le vo kattabba½ j±niss±ma, gacchatha, evar³pa½ d±rika½ pariyesatha, diµµhak±le ca ima½ pilandhana½ dadeyy±th±”ti satasahassagghanika½ suvaººam±la½ datv± uyyojesu½.
Te mahantamahant±ni nagar±ni gantv± pariyesam±n± pañcakaly±ºasamann±gata½ d±rika½ adisv± nivattitv± ±gacchant± vivaµanakkhattadivase s±keta½ anuppatt±– “ajja amh±ka½ kamma½ nipphajjissat²”ti cintayi½su. Tasmi½ pana nagare anusa½vacchara½ vivaµanakkhatta½ n±ma hoti. Tad± bahi anikkhamanakul±nipi pariv±rena saddhi½ geh± nikkhamitv± appaµicchannena sar²rena padas±va nad²t²ra½ gacchanti. Tasmi½ divase khattiyamah±s±l±d²na½ putt±pi “attano sam±naj±tika½ man±pa½ kulad±rika½ disv± m±l±gu¼ena parikkhipiss±m±”ti ta½ ta½ magga½ niss±ya tiµµhanti. Tepi kho br±hmaº± nad²t²re eka½ s±la½ pavisitv± aµµha½su. “Tasmi½ khaºe vis±kh± pannarasaso¼asavassuddesik± hutv± sabb±bharaºapaµimaº¹it± pañcahi kum±rik±satehi parivut± nadi½ gantv± nh±yiss±m²”ti ta½ padesa½ patt±, atha kho megho uµµhahitv± p±vassi. Pañcasat± kum±rik±yo vegena gantv± s±la½ pavisi½su. Br±hmaº± olokent± t±su ekampi pañcakaly±ºasamann±gata½ na passi½su. Atha vis±kh± pakatigamaneneva s±la½ p±visi, vatth±bharaº±ni temi½su. Br±hmaº± tass± catt±ri kaly±º±ni disv± dante passituk±m± “alasaj±tik± amh±ka½ dh²t±, etiss± s±miko kañjikamattampi na labhissati maññe”ti aññamañña½ kathayi½su. Atha ne vis±kh± ±ha– “ka½ vadetha tumhe”ti? “Ta½ kathema, amm±”ti. Madhuro hi tass± saddo ka½sat±¼asaro viya niccharati. Atha ne puna madhurasaddena “ki½ k±raº± bhaºath±”ti pucchi. “Tava pariv±ritthiyo vatth±laªk±re atemetv± vegena s±la½ paviµµh±, tuyha½ ettaka½ µh±na½ vegena ±gamanamattampi natthi, vatth±bharaº±ni temetv± ±gat±si. Tasm± kathema, amm±”ti.
“T±t±, eva½ m± vadetha, aha½ et±hi balavatar±, k±raºa½ pana sallakkhetv± javena n±gat±mh²”ti. “Ki½, amm±”ti? “T±t±, catt±ro jan± javam±n± na sobhanti, aparampi k±raºa½ atth²”ti. “Katame catt±ro jan± javam±n± na sobhanti, amm±”ti? T±t±, abhisittar±j± t±va sabb±bharaºapaµimaº¹ito kaccha½ bandhitv± r±jaªgaºe javam±no na sobhati, “ki½ aya½ r±j± gahapatiko viya dh±vat²”ti aññadatthu garaha½ labhati, saºika½ gacchantova sobhati. Rañño maªgalahatth²pi alaªkato javam±no na sobhati, v±raºal²¼±ya gacchantova sobhati. Pabbajito javam±no na sobhati, “ki½ aya½ samaºo gih² viya dh±vat²”ti kevala½ garahameva labhati, samitagamanena pana sobhati. Itth² javam±n± na sobhati, “ki½ es± itth² puriso viya dh±vat²”ti garahitabb±va hoti, “ime catt±ro jan± javam±n± na sobhanti, t±t±”ti. “Katama½ pana apara½ k±raºa½, amm±”ti? “T±t±, m±t±pitaro n±ma dh²tara½ aªgapaccaªg±ni saºµh±petv± posenti. Mayañhi vikkiºeyyabhaº¹a½ n±ma, amhe parakulapesanatth±ya posenti. Sace javam±n±na½ nivatthadussakaººe v± akkamitv± bh³miya½ v± pakkhalitv± patitak±le hattho v± p±do v± bhijjeyya, kulasseva bh±ro bhaveyya, pas±dhanabhaº¹a½ pana me temetv± sussissati. Ima½ k±raºa½ sallakkhetv± na dh±vit±mhi, t±t±”ti.
Br±hmaº± tass± kathanak±le dantasampatti½ disv± “evar³p± no dantasampatti diµµhapubb±”ti tass± s±dhuk±ra½ datv±, “amma, tuyhameves± anucchavik±”ti vatv± ta½ suvaººam±la½ pilandhayi½su. Atha ne pucchi– “kataranagarato ±gat±ttha, t±t±”ti? “S±vatthito, amm±”ti. “Seµµhikula½ katara½ n±m±”ti? “Mig±raseµµhi n±ma, amm±”ti. “Ayyaputto ko n±m±”ti? “Puººava¹¹hanakum±ro n±ma, amm±”ti. S± “sam±naj±tika½ no kulan”ti adhiv±setv± pitu s±sana½ pahiºi “amh±ka½ ratha½ peset³”ti Kiñc±pi hi s± ±gamanak±le padas± ±gat±, suvaººam±l±ya pana pilandhanak±lato paµµh±ya tath± gantu½ na labhati, issarad±rik± rath±d²hi gacchanti, itar± pakatiy±naka½ v± abhiruhanti, chatta½ v± t±lapaººa½ v± upari karonti, tasmimpi asati nivatthas±µakassa dasanta½ ukkhipitv± a½se khipant± gacchanti eva. Tass± pana pit± pañca rathasat±ni pesesi. S± sapariv±r± ratha½ ±ruyha gat±. Br±hmaº±pi ekatova agama½su. Atha ne seµµhi pucchi– “kuto ±gat±tth±”ti? “S±vatthito mah±seµµh²”ti. “Seµµhi kataro n±m±”ti? “Mig±raseµµhi n±m±”ti. “Putto ko n±m±”ti? “Puººava¹¹hanakum±ro n±ma mah±seµµh²”ti. “Dhana½ kittakan”ti? “Catt±l²sakoµiyo mah±seµµh²”ti. “Dhana½ t±va amh±ka½ dhana½ up±d±ya k±kaºikamatta½, d±rik±ya pana ±rakkhamatt±ya laddhak±lato paµµh±ya ki½ aññena k±raºen±”ti adhiv±sesi. So tesa½ sakk±ra½ katv± ek±hadv²ha½ vas±petv± uyyojesi.
Te s±vatthi½ gantv± mig±raseµµhissa “laddh± no d±rik±”ti ±rocayi½su. “Kassa dh²t±”ti? “Dhanañcayaseµµhino”ti. So “mah±kulassa me d±rik± laddh±, khippameva na½ ±netu½ vaµµat²”ti tattha gamanattha½ rañño ±rocesi. R±j± “‘mah±kula½ eta½ may± bimbis±rassa santik± ±netv± s±kete nivesita½, tassa samm±na½ k±tu½ vaµµat²’ti ahampi ±gamiss±m²”ti ±ha, so “s±dhu, dev±”ti vatv± dhanañcayaseµµhino s±sana½ pesesi– “mayi ±gacchante r±j±pi ±gamissati, mahanta½ r±jabala½ ettakassa janassa kattabbayuttaka½ k±tu½ sakkhissasi, na sakkhissas²”ti? Itaropi “sacepi dasa r±j±no ±gacchanti, ±gacchant³”ti paµis±sana½ pesesi. Mig±raseµµhi t±va mahante nagare gehagopakamatta½ µhapetv± sesajana½ ±d±ya gantv± a¹¹hayojanamatte µh±ne µhatv± “±gat±mh±”ti s±sana½ pahiºi. Dhanañcayaseµµhi bahupaºº±k±ra½ pesetv± dh²tar± saddhi½ mantesi, “amma, sasuro kira te kosalaraññ± saddhi½ ±gato, tassa katara½ geha½ paµijaggitabba½, rañño katara½ upar±j±d²na½ katar±n²”ti? Paº¹it± seµµhidh²t± vajiraggatikhiºañ±º± kappasatasahassa½ patthitapatthan± abhin²h±rasampann± “sasurassa me asukageha½ paµijaggatha, rañño asukageha½, upar±j±d²na½ asuk±n²”ti sa½vidahitv± d±sakammakare pakkos±petv± “ettak± rañño kattabbakicca½ karotha, ettak± upar±j±d²na½, hatthi-ass±dayopi tumheyeva paµijaggatha, assabandh±dayopi ±gantv± maªgalachaºa½ anubhavissant²”ti sa½vidahi. “Ki½ k±raº±”? “‘Maya½ vis±kh±ya maªgalaµµh±na½ gantv± na kiñci labhimha, assarakkhaº±d²ni karont± sukha½ na vicarimh±’ti keci vattu½ m± labhi½s³”ti.