“Maccheravinaye yutta½, sacca½ kodh±bhibhu½ nara½;
ta½ ve dev± t±vati½s±, ±hu ‘sappuriso’it²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.257)–

Eva½ pasa½siyabh±va½ ±pajjitv± j²vitapariyos±ne t±vati½sabhavane sakko devar±j± hutv± nibbatti, tepissa sah±yak± tattheva nibbatti½su, va¹¹hak² vissakammadevaputto hutv± nibbatti. Tad± t±vati½sabhavane asur± vasanti. Te “abhinav± devaputt± nibbatt±”ti dibbap±na½ sajjayi½su. Sakko attano paris±ya kassaci apivanatth±ya saññamad±si. Asur± dibbap±na½ pivitv± majji½su. Sakko “ki½ me imehi s±dh±raºena rajjen±”ti attano paris±ya sañña½ datv± te p±desu g±h±petv± mah±samudde khip±pesi. Te ava½sir± samudde pati½su. Atha nesa½ puññ±nubh±vena sineruno heµµhimatale asuravim±na½ n±ma nibbatti, cittap±µali n±ma nibbatti.

Dev±surasaªg±me pana asuresu par±jitesu dasayojanasahassa½ t±vati½sadevanagara½ n±ma nibbatti. Tassa pana nagarassa p±c²napacchimadv±r±na½ antar± dasayojanasahassa½ hoti, tath± dakkhiºuttaradv±r±na½. Ta½ kho pana nagara½ dv±rasahassayutta½ ahosi ±r±mapokkharaºipaµimaº¹ita½. Tassa majjhe s±l±ya nissandena tiyojanasatubbedhehi dhajehi paµimaº¹ito sattaratanamayo sattayojanasatubbedho vejayanto n±ma p±s±do uggañchi. Suvaººayaµµh²su maºidhaj± ahesu½, maºiyaµµh²su suvaººadhaj±; pav±¼ayaµµh²su muttadhaj±, muttayaµµh²su pav±¼adhaj±; sattaratanamay±su yaµµh²su sattaratanadhaj±, majjhe µhito dhajo tiyojanasatubbedho ahosi. Iti s±l±ya nissandena yojanasahassubbedho p±s±do sattaratanamayova hutv± nibbatti, kovi¼±rarukkhassa nissandena samant± tiyojanasataparimaº¹alo p±ricchattako nibbatti, p±s±ºaphalakassa nissandena p±ricchattakam³le d²ghato saµµhiyojan± puthulato paºº±sayojan± bahalato pañcadasayojan± jayasumanarattakambalavaºº± paº¹ukambalasil± nibbatti. Tattha nisinnak±le upa¹¹hak±yo pavisati, uµµhitak±le ³na½ parip³rati.
Hatth² pana er±vaºo n±ma devaputto hutv± nibbatti. Devalokasmiñhi tiracch±nagat± na honti. Tasm± so uyy±nak²¼±ya nikkhamanak±le attabh±va½ vijahitv± diya¹¹hayojanasatiko er±vaºo n±ma hatth² ahosi. So tetti½sajan±na½ atth±ya tetti½sa kumbhe m±pesi ±vaµµena tig±vuta-a¹¹hayojanappam±ºe, sabbesa½ majjhe sakkassa atth±ya sudassana½ n±ma ti½sayojanika½ kumbha½ m±pesi. Tassa upari dv±dasayojaniko ratanamaº¹apo hoti. Tattha antarantar± sattaratanamay± yojanubbedh± dhaj± uµµhahanti. Pariyante kiªkiºikaj±la½ olambati. Yassa mandav±teritassa pañcaªgikat³riyasaddasa½misso dibbag²tasaddo viya ravo niccharati. Maº¹apamajjhe sakkassatth±ya yojaniko maºipallaªko paññatto hoti, tattha sakko nis²di. Tetti½sa devaputt± attano kumbhe ratanapallaªke nis²di½su. Tetti½s±ya kumbh±na½ ekekasmi½ kumbhe satta satta dante m±pesi. Tesu ekeko paºº±sayojan±y±mo, ekekasmiñcettha dante satta satta pokkharaºiyo honti, ekek±ya pokkharaºiy± satta satta padumin²gacch±ni, ekekasmi½ gacche satta satta pupph±ni honti, ekekasmi½ pupphe satta satta patt±ni, ekekasmi½ patte satta satta devadh²taro naccanti. Eva½ samant± paºº±sayojanaµh±nesu hatthidantesuyeva naµasamajj± honti. Eva½ mahanta½ yasa½ anubhavanto sakko devar±j± vicarati.
Sudhamm±pi k±la½ katv± gantv± tattheva nibbatti. Tass± sudhamm± n±ma nava yojanasatik± devasabh± nibbatti. Tato ramaº²yatara½ kira añña½ µh±na½ n±ma natthi m±sassa aµµha divase dhammassavana½ tattheva hoti. Y±vajjatan± aññatara½ ramaº²ya½ µh±na½ disv±, “sudhamm± devasabh± viy±”ti vadanti. Nand±pi k±la½ katv± gantv± tattheva nibbatti, tass± pañcayojanasatik± nand± n±ma pokkharaº² nibbatti. Citt±pi k±la½ katv± gantv± tattheva nibbatti tass±pi pañcayojanasatika½ cittalat±vana½ n±ma nibbatti, tattha uppannapubbanimitte devaputte netv± mohayam±n± vicaranti. Suj± pana k±la½ katv± ekiss± girikandar±ya ek± bakasakuºik± hutv± nibbatti. Sakko attano paric±rik± olokento “sudhamm± idheva nibbatt±, tath± nand± ca citt± ca, suj± nu kho kuhi½ nibbatt±”ti cintento ta½ tattha nibbatta½ disv±, “b±l± kiñci puñña½ akatv± id±ni tiracch±nayoniya½ nibbatt±, id±ni pana ta½ puñña½ k±retv± idh±netu½ vaµµat²”ti attabh±va½ vijahitv± aññ±takavesena tass± santika½ gantv±, “ki½ karont² idha vicaras²”ti pucchi. “Ko pana tva½, s±m²”ti? “Aha½ te s±miko magho”ti. “Kuhi½ nibbattosi, s±m²”ti? “Aha½ t±vati½sadevaloke nibbatto”. “Tava sah±yik±na½ pana nibbattaµµh±na½ j±n±s²”ti? “Na j±n±mi, s±m²”ti. “T±pi mameva santike nibbatt±, passissasi t± sah±yik±”ti. “Kath±ha½ tattha gamiss±m²”ti? Sakko “aha½ ta½ tattha ness±m²”ti vatv± hatthatale µhapetv± devaloka½ netv± nand±ya pokkharaºiy± t²re vissajjetv± itar±sa½ tissanna½ ±rocesi– “tumh±ka½ sah±yika½ suja½ passissath±”ti. “Kuhi½ s±, dev±”ti “Nand±ya pokkharaºiy± t²re µhit±”ti ±ha. T± tissopi gantv±, “aho ayy±ya evar³pa½ attabh±vamaº¹anassa phala½, id±niss± tuº¹a½ passatha, p±de passatha, jaªgh± passatha, sobhati vatass± attabh±vo”ti ke¼i½ katv± pakkami½su.
Puna sakko tass± santika½ gantv±, “diµµh± te sah±yik±”ti vatv± “diµµh± ma½ uppaº¹etv± gat±, tattheva ma½ neh²”ti vutte ta½ tattheva netv± udake vissajjetv±, “diµµh± te t±sa½ sampatt²”ti pucchi. “Diµµh±, dev±”ti? “Tay±pi tattha nibbattan³p±ya½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti. “Ki½ karomi, dev±”ti? “May± dinna½ ov±da½ rakkhissas²”ti. “Rakkhiss±mi, dev±”ti. Athass± pañca s²l±ni datv±, “appamatt± rakkh±h²”ti vatv± pakk±mi. S± tato paµµh±ya saya½matamacchakeyeva pariyesitv± kh±dati. Sakko katip±haccayena tass± v²ma½sanatth±ya gantv±, v±luk±piµµhe matamacchako viya hutv± utt±no nipajji. S± ta½ disv± “matamacchako”ti saññ±ya aggahesi. Maccho gilanak±le naªguµµha½ c±lesi. S± “saj²vamacchako”ti udake vissajjesi. So thoka½ v²tin±metv± puna tass± purato utt±no hutv± nipajji. Puna s± “matamacchako”ti saññ±ya gahetv± gilanak±le agganaªguµµha½ c±lesi. Ta½ disv± “saj²vamaccho”ti vissajjesi. Eva½ tikkhattu½ v²ma½sitv± “s±dhuka½ s²la½ rakkhat²”ti att±na½ j±n±petv± “aha½ tava v²ma½sanatth±ya ±gato, s±dhuka½ s²la½ rakkhasi, eva½ rakkham±n± na cirasseva mama santike nibbattissasi, appamatt± hoh²”ti vatv± pakk±mi.
S± tato paµµh±ya pana saya½matamaccha½ labhati v±, na v±. Alabham±n± katip±haccayeneva sussitv± k±la½ katv± tassa s²lassa phalena b±r±ºasiya½ kumbhak±rassa dh²t± hutv± nibbatti. Athass± pannarasaso¼asavassuddesikak±le sakko “kuhi½ nu kho s± nibbatt±”ti ±vajjento disv±, “id±ni may± tattha gantu½ vaµµat²”ti e¼±lukavaººena paññ±yam±nehi sattahi ratanehi y±naka½ p³retv± ta½ p±jento b±r±ºasi½ pavisitv±, “ammat±t±, e¼±luk±ni gaºhatha gaºhath±”ti ugghosento v²thi½ paµipajji. Muggam±s±d²ni gahetv± ±gate pana “m³lena na dem²”ti vatv±, “katha½ des²”ti vutte, “s²larakkhik±ya itthiy± damm²”ti ±ha. “S²la½ n±ma, s±mi, k²disa½, ki½ k±¼a½, ud±hu n²l±divaººan”ti? “Tumhe ‘s²la½ k²disan’tipi na j±n±tha, kimeva na½ rakkhissatha, s²larakkhik±ya pana dass±m²”ti. “S±mi, es± kumbhak±rassa dh²t± ‘s²la½ rakkh±m²’ti vicarati, etiss± deh²”ti. S±pi na½ “tena hi mayha½ dehi, s±m²”ti ±ha. “K±si tvan”ti? “Aha½ avijahitapañcas²l±”ti. “Tuyhamevet±ni may± ±n²t±n²”ti y±naka½ p±jento tass± ghara½ gantv± aññehi an±hariya½ katv± e¼±lukavaººena devadattiya½ dhana½ datv± att±na½ j±n±petv±, “ida½ te j²vitavuttiy± dhana½, pañcas²l±ni akhaº¹±d²ni katv± rakkh±h²”ti vatv± pakk±mi.
S±pi tato cavitv± asurabhavane asurajeµµhakassa dh²t± hutv± sakkassa verighare nibbatti. Dv²su pana attabh±vesu s²lassa surakkhitatt± abhir³p± ahosi suvaººavaºº± as±dh±raº±ya r³pasiriy± samann±gat±. Vepacitti-asurindo ±gat±gat±na½ asur±na½ “tumhe mama dh²tu anucchavik± na hoth±”ti ta½ kassaci adatv±, “mama dh²t± attan±va attano anucchavika½ s±mika½ gahessat²”ti asurabala½ sannip±t±petv±, “tuyha½ anucchavika½ s±mika½ gaºh±”ti tass±, hatthe pupphad±ma½ ad±si. Tasmi½ khaºe sakko tass± nibbattaµµh±na½ olokento ta½ pavatti½ ñatv±, “id±ni may± gantv± ta½ ±netu½ vaµµat²”ti mahallaka-asuravaººa½ nimminitv± gantv± parisapariyante aµµh±si. S±pi ito cito ca olokent² ta½ diµµhamatt±va pubbasanniv±savasena uppannena pemena mahogheneva ajjhotthaµahaday± hutv±, “eso me s±miko”ti tassa upari pupphad±ma½ khipi Asur± “amh±ka½ r±j± ettaka½ k±la½ dh²tu anucchavika½ alabhitv± id±ni labhi, ayamevassa dh²tu pit±mahato mahallako anucchaviko”ti lajjam±n± apakkami½su. Sakkopi ta½ hatthe gahetv± “sakkohamasm²”ti naditv± ±k±se pakkhandi. Asur± “vañcitamh± jarasakken±”ti ta½ anubandhi½su. M±tali, saªg±hako vejayantaratha½ ±haritv± antar±magge aµµh±si. Sakko ta½ tattha ±ropetv± devanagar±bhimukho p±y±si. Athassa sippalivana½ sampattak±le rathasadda½ sutv± bh²t± garu¼apotak± viravi½su. Tesa½ sadda½ sutv± sakko m±tali½ pucchi– “ke ete viravant²”ti? “Garu¼apotak±, dev±”ti. “Ki½ k±raº±”ti? “Rathasadda½ sutv± maraºabhayen±”ti. “Ma½ eka½ niss±ya ettako dijo rathavegena vicuººito m± nassi, nivattehi rathan”ti. Sopi sindhavasahassassa daº¹akasañña½ datv± ratha½ nivattesi. Ta½ disv± asur± “jarasakko asurapurato paµµh±ya pal±yanto id±ni ratha½ nivattesi, addh± tena upatthambho laddho bhavissat²”ti nivattetv± ±gamanamaggeneva asurapura½ pavisitv± puna s²sa½ na ukkhipi½su.
Sakkopi suja½ asurakañña½ devanagara½ netv± a¹¹hateyy±na½ acchar±koµ²na½ jeµµhikaµµh±ne µhapesi. S± sakka½ vara½ y±ci– “mah±r±ja, mama imasmi½ devaloke m±t±pitaro v± bh±tikabhaginiyo v± natthi, yattha yattha gacchasi, tattha tattha ma½ gahetv±va gaccheyy±s²”ti. So “s±dh³”ti tass± paµiñña½ ad±si. Tato paµµh±ya cittap±µaliy± pupphit±ya asur± “amh±ka½ nibbattaµµh±ne dibbap±ricchattakassa pupphanak±lo”ti yuddhatth±ya sagga½ abhiruhanti. Sakko heµµh±samudde n±g±na½ ±rakkha½ ad±si, tato supaºº±na½, tato kumbhaº¹±na½, tato yakkh±na½. Tato catunna½ mah±r±j±na½. Sabb³pari pana upaddavanivattanatth±ya devanagaradv±resu vajirahatth± indapaµim± µhapesi. Asur± n±g±dayo jinitv± ±gat±pi indapaµim± d³rato disv± “sakko nikkhanto”ti pal±yanti. Eva½, mah±li, magho m±ºavo appam±dapaµipada½ paµipajji. Eva½ appamatto panesa evar³pa½ issariya½ patv± dv²su devalokesu rajja½ k±resi. Appam±do n±mesa buddh±d²hi pasattho. Appam±dañhi niss±ya sabbesampi lokiyalokuttar±na½ vises±na½ adhigamo hot²ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
30. “Appam±dena maghav±, dev±na½ seµµhata½ gato;
appam±da½ pasa½santi, pam±do garahito sad±”ti.
Tattha appam±den±ti macalag±me bh³mippadesasodhana½ ±di½ katv± katena appam±dena. Maghav±ti id±ni “maghav±”tipaññ±to magho m±ºavo dvinna½ devalok±na½ r±jabh±vena dev±na½ seµµhata½ gato. Pasa½sant²ti buddh±dayo paº¹it± appam±dameva thomenti vaººayanti. Ki½ k±raº±? Sabbesa½ lokiyalokuttar±na½ vises±na½ paµil±bhak±raºatt±. Pam±do garahito sad±ti pam±do pana tehi ariyehi nicca½ garahito nindito. Ki½ k±raº±? Sabbavipatt²na½ m³labh±vato. Manussadobhagga½ v± hi ap±yuppatti v± sabb± pam±dam³lik±yev±ti.
G±th±pariyos±ne mah±li licchav² sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi, sampattaparis±yapi bah³ sot±pann±dayo j±t±ti.

Maghavatthu sattama½.