20. Maggavaggo

1. Pańcasatabhikkhuvatthu

Magg±naµµhaŖgikoti ima½ dhammadesana½ satth± jetavane viharanto pańcasate bhikkh³ ±rabbha kathesi.
Te kira satthari janapadac±rika½ caritv± puna s±vatthi½ ±gate upaµµh±nas±l±ya nis²ditv± “asukag±mato asukag±massa maggo samo, asukag±massa maggo visamo, sasakkharo, asakkharo”ti-±din± nayena attano vicaritamagga½ ±rabbha maggakatha½ kathesu½. Satth± tesa½ arahattass³panissaya½ disv± ta½ µh±na½ ±gantv± pańńatt±sane nisinno “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte, “bhikkhave, aya½ b±hirakamaggo, bhikkhun± n±ma ariyamagge kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµati, evańhi karonto bhikkhu sabbadukkh± pamuccat²”ti vatv± im± g±th± abh±si–
273. “Magg±naµµhaŖgiko seµµho, sacc±na½ caturo pad±;
vir±go seµµho dhamm±na½, dvipad±nańca cakkhum±.
274. “Eseva maggo natthańńo, dassanassa visuddhiy±;
etańhi tumhe paµipajjatha, m±rasseta½ pamohana½.
275. “Etańhi tumhe paµipann±, dukkhassanta½ karissatha;
akkh±to vo may± maggo, ańń±ya sallakantana½.
276. “Tumhehi kiccam±tappa½, akkh±t±ro tath±gat±;
paµipann± pamokkhanti, jh±yino m±rabandhan±”ti.
Tattha magg±naµµhaŖgikoti jaŖghamagg±dayo v± hontu dv±saµµhi diµµhigatamagg± v±, tesa½ sabbesampi magg±na½ samm±diµµhi-±d²hi aµµhahi aŖgehi micch±diµµhi-±d²na½ aµµhanna½ pah±na½ karonto nirodha½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± cat³supi saccesu dukkhaparij±nan±dikicca½ s±dhayam±no aµµhaŖgiko maggo seµµho uttamo. Sacc±na½ caturo pad±ti “sacca½ bhaŗe na kujjheyy±”ti (dha. pa. 224) ±gata½ vac²sacca½ v± hotu, “sacco br±hmaŗo sacco khattiyo”ti-±dibheda½ sammutisacca½ v± “idameva sacca½ moghamańńan”ti (dha. sa. 1144; ma. ni. 2.187-188) diµµhisacca½ v± “dukkha½ ariyasaccan”ti-±dibheda½ paramatthasacca½ v± hotu, sabbesampi imesa½ sacc±na½ parij±nitabbaµµhena sacchik±tabbaµµhena pah±tabbaµµhena bh±vetabbaµµhena ekapaµivedhaµµhena ca tathapaµivedhaµµhena ca dukkha½ ariyasaccanti-±dayo caturo pad± seµµh± n±ma. Vir±go seµµho dhamm±nanti “y±vat±, bhikkhave, dhamm± saŖkhat± v± asaŖkhat± v±, vir±go tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti (itivu. 90; a. ni. 4.34) vacanato sabbadhamm±na½ nibb±nasaŖkh±to vir±go seµµho. Dvipad±nańca cakkhum±ti sabbesa½ devamanuss±dibhed±na½ dvipad±na½ pańcahi cakkh³hi cakkhum± tath±gatova seµµho. Ca-saddo sampiŗ¹anattho, ar³padhamme sampiŗ¹eti. Tasm± ar³padhamm±nampi tath±gato seµµho uttamo.
Dassanassa visuddhiy±ti maggaphaladassanassa visuddhattha½ yo may± “seµµho”ti vutto, esova maggo, natthańńo. Etańhi tumheti tasm± tumhe etameva paµipajjatha. M±rasseta½ pamohananti eta½ m±ramohana½ m±ramanthananti vuccati. Dukkhassantanti sakalassapi vaµµadukkhassa anta½ pariccheda½ karissath±ti attho. Ańń±ya sallakantananti r±gasall±d²na½ kantana½ nimmathana½ abb³haŗa½ eta½ magga½, may± vin± anussav±d²hi attapaccakkhato ńatv±va aya½ maggo akkh±to, id±ni tumhehi kiles±na½ ±t±panena “±tappan”ti saŖkha½ gata½ tassa adhigamatth±ya sammappadh±nav²riya½ kicca½ karaŗ²ya½. Kevalańhi akkh±t±rova tath±gat±. Tasm± tehi akkh±tavasena ye paµipann± dv²hi jh±nehi jh±yino, te tebh³makavaµµasaŖkh±t± m±rabandhan± pamokkhant²ti attho.
Desan±vas±ne te bhikkh³ arahatte patiµµhahi½su, sampatt±nampi s±tthik± dhammadesan± ahos²ti.

Pańcasatabhikkhuvatthu paµhama½.