18. Malavaggo

1. Gogh±takaputtavatthu

Paº¹upal±sova d±nis²ti ima½ dhammadesana½ satth± jetavane viharanto eka½ gogh±takaputta½ ±rabbha kathesi.
S±vatthiya½ kireko gogh±tako g±vo vadhitv± varama½s±ni gahetv± pac±petv± puttad±rehi saddhi½ nis²ditv± ma½sañca kh±dati, m³lena ca vikkiºitv± j²vika½ kappesi. So eva½ pañcapaºº±sa vass±ni gogh±takakamma½ karonto dhuravih±re viharantassa satthu ekadivasampi kaµacchumattampi y±gu½ v± bhatta½ v± na ad±si. So ca vin± ma½sena bhatta½ na bhuñjati. So ekadivasa½ divasabh±ge ma½sa½ vikkiºitv± attano atth±ya pacitu½ eka½ ma½sakhaº¹a½ bhariy±ya datv± nh±yitu½ agam±si. Athassa sah±yako geha½ gantv± bhariya½ ±ha– “thoka½ me vikkiºiyama½sa½ dehi, geha½ me p±hunako ±gato”ti. Natthi vikkiºiyama½sa½, sah±yako te ma½sa½ vikkiºitv± id±ni nh±yitu½ gatoti. M± eva½ kari, sace ma½sakhaº¹a½ atthi, deh²ti. Sah±yakassa te nikkhittama½sa½ µhapetv± añña½ natth²ti. So “sah±yakassa me atth±ya µhapitama½sato añña½ ma½sa½ natthi, so ca vin± ma½sena na bhuñjati, n±ya½ dassat²”ti s±ma½yeva ta½ ma½sa½ gahetv± pakk±mi.
Gogh±takopi nhatv± ±gato t±ya attano pakkapaººena saddhi½ va¹¹hetv± bhatte upan²te ±ha “kaha½ ma½san”ti? “Natthi, s±m²”ti. Nanu aha½ paccanatth±ya ma½sa½ datv± gatoti. Tava sah±yako ±gantv± “p±hunako me ±gato, vikkiºiyama½sa½ deh²”ti vatv± may± “sah±yakassa te µhapitama½sato añña½ ma½sa½ natthi, so ca vin± ma½sena na bhuñjat²”ti vuttepi balakk±rena ta½ ma½sa½ s±ma½yeva gahetv± gatoti. Aha½ vin± ma½sena bhatta½ na bhuñj±mi, har±hi nanti. Ki½ sakk± k±tu½, bhuñja, s±m²ti. So “n±ha½ bhuñj±m²”ti ta½ bhatta½ har±petv± sattha½ ±d±ya pacch±gehe µhito goºo atthi, tassa santika½ gantv± mukhe hattha½ pakkhipitv± jivha½ n²haritv± satthena m³le chinditv± ±d±ya gantv± aªg±resu pac±petv± bhattamatthake µhapetv± nisinno eka½ bhattapiº¹a½ bhuñjitv± eka½ ma½sakhaº¹a½ mukhe µhapesi. Taªkhaºaññevassa jivh± chijjitv± bhattap±tiya½ pati. Taªkhaºaññeva kammasarikkhaka½ vip±ka½ labhi. Sopi kho goºo viya lohitadh±r±ya mukhato paggharantiy± antogeha½ pavisitv± jaººukehi vicaranto viravi.
Tasmi½ samaye gogh±takassa putto pitara½ olokento sam²pe µhito hoti. Atha na½ m±t± ±ha– “passa, putta, ima½ gogh±taka½ goºa½ viya gehamajjhe jaººukehi vicaritv± viravanta½, ida½ dukkha½ tava matthake patissati, mamampi anoloketv± attano sotthi½ karonto pal±yass³”ti. So maraºabhayatajjito m±tara½ vanditv± pal±yi, pal±yitv± ca pana takkasila½ agam±si. Gogh±takopi goºo viya gehamajjhe viravanto vicaritv± k±lakato av²cimhi nibbatti. Goºopi k±lamak±si. Gogh±takaputtopi takkasila½ gantv± suvaººak±rakamma½ uggaºhi. Athass±cariyo g±ma½ gacchanto “evar³pa½ n±ma alaªk±ra½ kareyy±s²”ti vatv± pakk±mi. Sopi tath±r³pa½ alaªk±ra½ ak±si. Athass±cariyo ±gantv± alaªk±ra½ disv± “aya½ yattha katthaci gantv± j²vitu½ samattho”ti vayappatta½ attano dh²tara½ ad±si. So puttadh²t±hi va¹¹hi.
Athassa putt± vayappatt± sippa½ uggaºhitv± aparabh±ge s±vatthiya½ gantv± tattha ghar±v±sa½ saºµhapetv± vasant± saddh± pasann± ahesu½. Pit±pi nesa½ takkasil±ya½ kiñci kusala½ akatv±va jara½ p±puºi. Athassa putt± “pit± no mahallako”ti attano santika½ pakkos±petv± “pitu atth±ya d±na½ dass±m±”ti buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nimantayi½su. Te punadivase antogehe buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nis²d±petv± sakkacca½ parivisitv± bhattakicc±vas±ne satth±ra½ ±ha½su– “bhante, amhehi ida½ pitu j²vabhatta½ dinna½, pitu no anumodana½ karoth±”ti. Satth± ta½ ±mantetv±, “up±saka, tva½ mahallako paripakkasar²ro paº¹upal±sasadiso, tava paralokagaman±ya kusalap±theyya½ natthi, attano patiµµha½ karohi, paº¹ito bhava, m± b±lo”ti anumodana½ karonto im± dve g±th± abh±si–
235. “Paº¹upal±sova d±nisi,
yamapuris±pi ca te upaµµhit±;
uyyogamukhe ca tiµµhasi,
p±theyyampi ca te na vijjati.
236. “So karohi d²pamattano,
khippa½ v±yama paº¹ito bhava;
niddhantamalo anaªgaºo,
dibba½ ariyabh³mi½ upehis²”ti.
Tattha paº¹upal±sova d±nis²ti, up±saka, tva½ id±ni chijjitv± bh³miya½ patitapaº¹upal±so viya ahosi. Yamapuris±ti yamad³t± vuccanti, ida½ pana maraºameva sandh±ya vutta½, maraºa½ te paccupaµµhitanti attho. Uyyogamukheti parih±nimukhe, avu¹¹himukhe ca µhitos²ti attho. P±theyyanti gamikassa taº¹ul±dip±theyya½ viya paraloka½ gacchantassa tava kusalap±theyyampi natth²ti attho. So karoh²ti so tva½ samudde n±v±ya bhinn±ya d²pasaªkh±ta½ patiµµha½ viya attano kusalapatiµµha½ karohi. Karonto ca khippa½ v±yama, s²gha½ s²gha½ v²riya½ ±rabha, attano kusalakammapatiµµhakaraºena paº¹ito bhava. Yo hi maraºamukha½ appatv± k±tu½ samatthak±leva kusala½ karoti, esa paº¹ito n±ma, t±diso bhava, m± andhab±loti attho. Dibba½ ariyabh³minti eva½ v²riya½ karonto r±g±d²na½ mal±na½ n²haµat±ya niddhantamalo aªgaº±bh±vena anaªgaºo nikkileso hutv± pañcavidha½ suddh±v±sabh³mi½ p±puºissas²ti attho.
Desan±vas±ne up±sako sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi, sampatt±nampi s±tthik± dhammadesan± ahos²ti.
Te punadivasatth±yapi satth±ra½ nimantetv± d±na½ datv± katabhattakicca½ satth±ra½ anumodanak±le ±ha½su– “bhante, idampi amh±ka½ pitu j²vabhattameva, imasseva anumodana½ karoth±”ti. Satth± tassa anumodana½ karonto im± dve g±th± abh±si–
237. “Upan²tavayo ca d±nisi,
sampay±tosi yamassa santika½;
v±so te natthi antar±,
p±theyyampi ca te na vijjati.
238. “So karohi d²pamattano,
khippa½ v±yama paº¹ito bhava;
niddhantamalo anaªgaºo,
na puna j±tijara½ upehis²”ti.
Tattha upan²tavayoti up±ti nip±tamatta½, n²tavayoti vigatavayo atikkantavayo, tvañcasi d±ni tayo vaye atikkamitv± maraºamukhe µhitoti attho. Sampay±tosi yamassa santikanti maraºamukha½ gantu½ sajjo hutv± µhitos²ti attho. V±so te natthi antar±ti yath± magga½ gacchant± t±ni t±ni kicc±ni karont± antar±magge vasanti, na eva½ paraloka½ gacchant±. Na hi sakk± paraloka½ gacchantena “adhiv±setha katip±ha½, d±na½ t±va demi, dhamma½ t±va suº±m²”ti-±d²ni vattu½. Ito pana cavitv± paraloke nibbattova hoti. Imamattha½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. P±theyyanti ida½ kiñc±pi heµµh± vuttameva, up±sakassa pana punappuna½ da¼h²karaºattha½ idh±pi satth±r± kathita½. J±tijaranti ettha by±dhimaraº±nipi gahit±neva honti. Heµµhimag±th±hi ca an±g±mimaggo kathito, idha arahattamaggo kathito. Eva½ santepi yath± n±ma raññ± attano mukhapam±ºena kaba¼a½ va¹¹hetv± puttassa upan²te so kum±ro attano mukhapam±ºeneva gaºh±ti, evameva satth±r± uparimaggavasena dhamme desitepi up±sako attano upanissayavasena heµµh± sot±pattiphala½ patv± imiss± anumodan±ya avas±ne an±g±miphala½ patto. Sesaparis±yapi s±tthik± dhammadesan± ahos²ti.

Gogh±takaputtavatthu paµhama½.