3. Uttar±-up±sik±vatthu

Akkodhena jine kodhanti ima½ dhammadesana½ satth± ve¼uvane viharanto uttar±ya gehe katabhattakicco uttara½ up±sika½ ±rabbha kathesi.
Tatr±yamanupubb² kath±– r±jagahe kira sumanaseµµhi½ niss±ya puººo n±ma daliddo bhati½ katv± j²vati. Tassa bhariy± ca uttar± n±ma dh²t± c±ti dveyeva geham±nusak±. Athekadivasa½ “satt±ha½ nakkhatta½ k²¼itabban”ti r±jagahe ghosana½ kari½su. Ta½ sutv± sumanaseµµhi p±tova ±gata½ puººa½ ±mantetv±, “t±ta, amh±ka½ parijano nakkhatta½ k²¼ituk±mo, tva½ ki½ nakkhatta½ k²¼issasi, ud±hu bhati½ karissas²”ti ±ha. “S±mi, nakkhatta½ n±ma sadhan±na½ hoti, mama pana gehe sv±tan±ya y±gutaº¹ulampi natthi, ki½ me nakkhattena, goºe labhanto kasitu½ gamiss±m²”ti. “Tena hi goºe gaºh±h²”ti. So balavagoºe ca naªgalañca gahetv±, “bhadde, n±gar± nakkhatta½ k²¼anti, aha½ daliddat±ya bhati½ k±tu½ gamiss±mi, mayhampi t±va ajja dviguºa½ niv±pa½ pacitv± bhatta½ ±hareyy±s²”ti bhariya½ vatv± khetta½ agam±si.
S±riputtattheropi satt±ha½ nirodhasam±panno ta½ divasa½ vuµµh±ya “kassa nu kho ajja may± saªgaha½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti olokento puººa½ attano ñ±ºaj±lassa anto paviµµha½ disv± “saddho nu kho esa, sakkhissati v± me saªgaha½ k±tun”ti olokento tassa saddhabh±vañca saªgaha½ k±tu½ samatthabh±vañca tappaccay± cassa mah±sampattipaµil±bhañca ñatv± pattac²varam±d±ya tassa kasanaµµh±na½ gantv± ±v±µat²re eka½ gumba½ olokento aµµh±si.
Puººo thera½ disv±va kasi½ µhapetv± pañcapatiµµhitena thera½ vanditv± “dantakaµµhena attho bhavissat²”ti dantakaµµha½ kappiya½ katv± ad±si. Athassa thero pattañca pariss±vanañca n²haritv± ad±si. So “p±n²yena attho bhavissat²”ti ta½ ±d±ya p±n²ya½ pariss±vetv± ad±si. Thero cintesi– “aya½ paresa½ pacchimagehe vasati. Sacassa gehadv±ra½ gamiss±mi, imassa bhariy± ma½ daµµhu½ na labhissati. Y±vass± bhatta½ ±d±ya magga½ paµipajjati, t±va idheva bhaviss±m²”ti. So tattheva thoka½ v²tin±metv± tassa magg±ru¼habh±va½ ñatv± antonagar±bhimukho p±y±si.
S± antar±magge thera½ disv± cintesi– “appekad±ha½ deyyadhamme sati ayya½ na pass±mi, appekad± me ayya½ passantiy± deyyadhammo na hoti. Ajja pana me ayyo ca diµµho, deyyadhammo c±ya½ atthi, karissati nu kho me saªgahan”ti. S± bhattabh±jana½ oropetv± thera½ pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv±, “bhante, ida½ l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v±ti acintetv± d±sassa vo saªgaha½ karoth±”ti ±ha. Thero patta½ upan±metv± t±ya ekena hatthena bh±jana½ dh±retv± ekena hatthena tato bhatta½ dadam±n±ya upa¹¹habhatte dinne “alan”ti hatthena patta½ pidahi. S±, “bhante, ekova paµiviso, na sakk± dvidh± k±tu½. Tumh±ka½ d±sassa idhalokasaªgaha½ akatv± paralokasaªgaha½ karotha, niravasesameva d±tuk±mamh²”ti vatv± sabbameva therassa patte patiµµhapetv± “tumhehi diµµhadhammasseva bh±g² assan”ti patthana½ ak±si. Thero “eva½ hot³”ti vatv± µhitakova anumodana½ karitv± ekasmi½ udakaph±sukaµµh±ne nis²ditv± bhattakiccamak±si. S±pi nivattitv± taº¹ule pariyesitv± bhatta½ paci. Puººopi a¹¹hakar²samattaµµh±na½ kasitv± jighaccha½ sahitu½ asakkonto goºe vissajjetv± ekarukkhacch±ya½ pavisitv± magga½ olokento nis²di.
Athassa bhariy± bhatta½ ±d±ya gaccham±n± ta½ disv±va “esa jighacch±ya p²¼ito ma½ olokento nisinno. Sace ma½ ‘ativiya je cir±y²’ti tajjetv± patodalaµµhiy± ma½ paharissati, may± katakamma½ niratthaka½ bhavissati. Paµikaccevassa ±rocess±m²”ti cintetv± evam±ha– “s±mi, ajjekadivasa½ citta½ pas±dehi, m± may± katakamma½ niratthaka½ kari. Ahañhi p±tova te bhatta½ ±harant² antar±magge dhammasen±pati½ disv± tava bhatta½ tassa datv± puna gantv± bhatta½ pacitv± ±gat±, pas±dehi, s±mi, cittan”ti. So “ki½ vadesi, bhadde”ti pucchitv± puna tamattha½ sutv±, “bhadde, s±dhu vata te kata½ mama bhatta½ ayyassa dadam±n±ya, may±pissa ajja p±tova dantakaµµhañca mukhodakañca dinnan”ti pasannam±naso ta½ vacana½ abhinanditv± ussure laddhabhattat±ya kilantak±yo tass± aªke s²sa½ katv± nidda½ okkami.
Athassa p±tova kasitaµµh±na½ pa½sucuººa½ up±d±ya sabba½ rattasuvaººa½ kaºik±rapupphar±si viya sobham±na½ aµµh±si. So pabuddho oloketv± bhariya½ ±ha– “bhadde, eta½ kasitaµµh±na½ sabba½ mama suvaººa½ hutv± paññ±yati, ki½ nu kho me ati-ussure laddhabhattat±ya akkh²ni bhamant²”ti. “S±mi, mayhampi evameva paññ±yat²”ti. So uµµh±ya tattha gantv± ekapiº¹a½ gahetv± naªgalas²se paharitv± suvaººabh±va½ ñatv± “aho ayyassa dhammasen±patissa me dinnad±nena ajjeva vip±ko dassito, na kho pana sakk± ettaka½ dhana½ paµicch±detv± paribhuñjitun”ti bhariy±ya ±bhata½ bhattap±ti½ suvaººassa p³retv± r±jakula½ gantv± raññ± katok±so pavisitv± r±j±na½ abhiv±detv± “ki½, t±t±”ti vutte, “deva, ajja may± kasitaµµh±na½ sabba½ suvaººabharitameva hutv± µhita½, ida½ suvaººa½ ±har±petu½ vaµµat²”ti. “Kosi tvan”ti? “Puººo n±ma ahan”ti. “Ki½ pana te ajja katan”ti? “Dhammasen±patissa me ajja p±tova dantakaµµhañca mukhodakañca dinna½, bhariy±yapi me mayha½ ±haraºabhatta½ tasseva dinnan”ti.
Ta½ sutv± r±j± “ajjeva kira, bho, dhammasen±patissa dinnad±nena vip±ko dassito”ti vatv±, “t±ta, ki½ karom²”ti pucchi. “Bah³ni sakaµasahass±ni pahiºitv± suvaººa½ ±har±peth±”ti. R±j± sakaµ±ni pahiºi. R±japurisesu “rañño santakan”ti gaºhantesu gahitagahita½ mattik±va hoti. Te gantv± rañño ±rocetv± “tumhehi kinti vatv± gahitan”ti. Puµµh± “tumh±ka½ santakan”ti ±ha½su. Na mayha½, t±t±, santaka½, gacchatha “puººassa santakan”ti vatv± gaºhath±ti. Te tath± kari½su, gahitagahita½ suvaººameva ahosi. Sabbampi ±haritv± r±jaªgaºe r±simaka½su, as²tihatthubbedho r±si ahosi. R±j± n±gare sannip±tetv± “imasmi½ nagare atthi kassaci ettaka½ suvaººan”ti? “Natthi, dev±”ti. “Ki½ panassa d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti? “Seµµhichatta½, dev±”ti. R±j± “b±hudhanaseµµhi n±ma hot³”ti mahantena bhogena saddhi½ tassa seµµhichattamad±si. Atha na½ so ±ha– “maya½, deva, ettaka½ k±la½ parakule vasimh±, vasanaµµh±na½ no deth±”ti. “Tena hi passa, esa gumbo paññ±yati, eta½ har±petv± geha½ k±reh²”ti pur±ºaseµµhissa gehaµµh±na½ ±cikkhi. So tasmi½ µh±ne katip±heneva geha½ k±r±petv± gehappavesanamaªgalañca chattamaªgalañca ekatova karonto satt±ha½ buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa d±na½ ad±si. Athassa satth± anumodana½ karonto anupubbi½ katha½ kathesi. Dhammakath±vas±ne puººaseµµhi ca bhariy± cassa dh²t± ca uttar±ti tayo jan± sot±pann± ahesu½.
Aparabh±ge r±jagahaseµµhi puººaseµµhino dh²tara½ attano puttassa v±resi. So “n±ha½ dass±m²”ti vatv± “m± eva½ karotu, ettaka½ k±la½ amhe niss±ya vasanteneva te sampatti laddh±, detu me puttassa dh²taran”ti vutte “so micch±diµµhiko, mama dh²t± t²hi ratanehi vin± vattitu½ na sakkoti, nevassa dh²tara½ dass±m²”ti ±ha. Atha na½ bah³ seµµhigaº±dayo kulaputt± “m± tena saddhi½ viss±sa½ bhindi, dehissa dh²taran”ti y±ci½su. So tesa½ vacana½ sampaµicchitv± ±s±¼hipuººam±ya½ dh²tara½ ad±si. S± patikula½ gatak±lato paµµh±ya bhikkhu½ v± bhikkhuni½ v± upasaªkamitu½ d±na½ v± d±tu½ dhamma½ v± sotu½ n±lattha. Eva½ a¹¹hatiyesu m±sesu v²tivattesu santike µhita½ paric±rika½ pucchi– “id±ni kittaka½ antovassassa avasiµµhan”ti? “A¹¹ham±so, ayye”ti. S± pitu s±sana½ pahiºi “kasm± ma½ evar³pe bandhan±g±re pakkhipi½su, vara½ me lakkhaº±hata½ katv± paresa½ d±si½ s±vetu½. Evar³passa micch±diµµhikulassa d±tu½ na vaµµati. ¾gatak±lato paµµh±ya bhikkhudassan±d²su ekampi puñña½ k±tu½ na labh±m²”ti.
Athass± pit± “dukkhit± vata me dh²t±”ti anattamanata½ pavedetv± pañcadasa kah±paºasahass±ni pesesi “imasmi½ nagare sirim± n±ma gaºik± atthi, devasika½ sahassa½ gaºh±ti. Imehi kah±paºehi ta½ ±netv± s±mikassa p±daparic±rika½ katv± saya½ puññ±ni karot³”ti S± sirima½ pakkos±petv± “sah±yike ime kah±paºe gahetv± ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ tava sah±yaka½ paricar±h²”ti ±ha. S± “s±dh³”ti paµissuºi. S± ta½ ±d±ya s±mikassa santika½ gantv± tena sirima½ disv± “ki½ idan”ti vutte, “s±mi, ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ mama sah±yik± tumhe paricaratu, aha½ pana ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ d±nañceva d±tuk±m± dhammañca sotuk±m±”ti ±ha. So ta½ abhir³pa½ itthi½ disv± uppannasineho “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchi.
Uttar±pi kho buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nimantetv±, “bhante, ima½ a¹¹ham±sa½ aññattha agantv± idheva bhikkh± gahetabb±”ti satthu paµiñña½ gahetv± “ito d±ni paµµh±ya y±va mah±pav±raº±, t±va satth±ra½ upaµµh±tu½ dhammañca sotu½ labhiss±m²”ti tuµµham±nas± “eva½ y±gu½ pacatha, eva½ p³ve pacath±”ti mah±nase sabbakicc±ni sa½vidahant² vicarati. Athass± s±miko “sve pav±raº± bhavissat²”ti mah±nas±bhimukho v±tap±ne µhatv± “ki½ nu kho karont² s± andhab±l± vicarat²”ti olokento ta½ seµµh²dh²tara½ sedakilinna½ ch±rik±ya okiººa½ aªg±ramasimakkhita½ tath± sa½vidahitv± vicaram±na½ disv± “aho andhab±l± evar³pe µh±ne ima½ sirisampatti½ n±nubhavati, ‘muº¹akasamaºe upaµµhahiss±m²’ti tuµµhacitt± vicarat²”ti hasitv± apagañchi.
Tasmi½ apagate tassa santike µhit± sirim± “ki½ nu kho oloketv± esa has²”ti teneva v±tap±nena olokent² uttara½ disv± “ima½ oloketv± imin± hasita½, addh± imassa et±ya saddhi½ santhavo atth²”ti cintesi. S± kira a¹¹ham±sa½ tasmi½ gehe b±hiraka-itth² hutv± vasam±n±pi ta½ sampatti½ anubhavam±n± attano b±hiraka-itthibh±va½ aj±nitv± “aha½ gharas±min²”ti saññamak±si. S± uttar±ya ±gh±ta½ bandhitv± “dukkhamass± upp±dess±m²”ti p±s±d± oruyha mah±nasa½ pavisitv± p³vapacanaµµh±ne pakkuthita½ sappi½ kaµacchun± ±d±ya uttar±bhimukha½ p±y±si. Uttar± ta½ ±gacchanti½ disv± “mama sah±yik±ya mayha½ upak±ro kato, cakkav±¼a½ atisamb±dha½, brahmaloko atin²cako, mama sah±yik±ya guºova mahanto. Ahañhi eta½ niss±ya d±nañca d±tu½ dhammañca sotu½ labhi½. Sace mama etiss± upari kopo atthi, ida½ sappi ma½ dahatu. Sace natthi, m± dahat³”ti ta½ mett±ya phari. T±ya tass± matthake ±sitta½ pakkuthitasappi s²tudaka½ viya ahosi.
Atha na½ “ida½ s²tala½ bhavissat²”ti kaµacchu½ p³retv± ±d±ya ±gacchanti½ uttar±ya d±siyo disv± “apehi dubbin²te, na tva½ amh±ka½ ayy±ya pakkuthita½ sappi½ ±siñcitu½ anucchavik±”ti santajjentiyo ito cito ca uµµh±ya hatthehi ca p±dehi ca pothetv± bh³miya½ p±tesu½. Uttar± v±rent²pi v±retu½ n±sakkhi. Athass± upari µhit± sabb± d±siyo paµib±hitv± “kissa te evar³pa½ bh±riya½ katan”ti sirima½ ovaditv± uºhodakena nh±petv± satap±katelena abbhañji. Tasmi½ khaºe s± attano b±hirakitthibh±va½ ñatv± cintesi– “may± bh±riya½ kamma½ kata½ s±mikassa hasanamattak±raº± imiss± upari pakkuthita½ sappi½ ±siñcantiy±, aya½ ‘gaºhatha nan’ti d±siyo na ±º±pesi. Ma½ viheµhanak±lepi sabbad±siyo paµib±hitv± mayha½ kattabbameva ak±si. Sac±ha½ ima½ na kham±pess±mi, muddh± me sattadh± phaleyy±”ti tass± p±dam³le nipajjitv±, “ayye, kham±hi me”ti ±ha. Aha½ sapitik± dh²t±, pitari khamante kham±m²ti. Hotu, ayye, pitara½ te puººaseµµhi½ kham±pess±m²ti. Puººo mama vaµµajanakapit±, vivaµµajanake pitari khamante pan±ha½ khamiss±m²ti. Ko pana te vivaµµajanakapit±ti? Samm±sambuddhoti. Mayha½ tena saddhi½ viss±so natth²ti. Aha½ kariss±mi, satth± sve bhikkhusaªgha½ ±d±ya idh±gamissati, tva½ yath±laddha½ sakk±ra½ gahetv± idheva ±gantv± ta½ kham±peh²ti. S± “s±dhu, ayye”ti uµµh±ya attano geha½ gantv± pañcasat± pariv±ritthiyo ±º±petv± n±n±vidh±ni kh±dan²y±ni ceva s³peyy±ni ca samp±detv± punadivase ta½ sakk±ra½ ±d±ya uttar±ya geha½ ±gantv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa patte patiµµh±petu½ avisahant² aµµh±si. Ta½ sabba½ gahetv± uttar±va sa½vidahi. Sirim±pi bhattakicc±vas±ne saddhi½ pariv±rena satthu p±dam³le nipajji.
Atha na½ satth± pucchi– “ko te apar±dho”ti? Bhante, may± hiyyo ida½ n±ma kata½, atha me sah±yik± ma½ viheµhayam±n± d±siyo niv±retv± mayha½ upak±rameva ak±si. S±ha½ imiss± guºa½ j±nitv± ima½ kham±pesi½, atha ma½ es± “tumhesu khamantesu khamiss±m²”ti ±ha. “Eva½ kira uttare”ti? “¾ma, bhante, s²se me sah±yik±ya pakkuthitasappi ±sittan”ti. Atha “tay± ki½ cintitan”ti? “Cakkav±¼a½ atisamb±dha½, brahmaloko atin²cako, mama sah±yik±ya guºova mahanto. Ahañhi eta½ niss±ya d±nañca d±tu½ dhammañca sotu½ alattha½, sace me imiss± upari kopo atthi, ida½ ma½ dahatu. No ce, m± dahat³”ti eva½ cintetv± ima½ mett±ya phari½, bhanteti. Satth± “s±dhu s±dhu, uttare, eva½ kodha½ jinitu½ vaµµati. Kodho hi n±ma akkodhena, akkosakaparibh±sako anakkosantena aparibh±santena, thaddhamacchar² attano santakassa d±nena, mus±v±d² saccavacanena jinitabbo”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
223. “Akkodhena jine kodha½, as±dhu½ s±dhun± jine;
jine kadariya½ d±nena, saccen±likav±dinan”ti.
Tattha akkodhen±ti kodhano hi puggalo akkodhena hutv± jinitabbo. As±dhunti abhaddako bhaddakena hutv± jinitabbo. Kadariyanti thaddhamacchar² attano santakassa c±gacittena jinitabbo. Alikav±d² saccavacanena jinitabbo. Tasm± evam±ha– “akkodhena jine kodha½…pe… saccen±likav±dinan”ti.
Desan±vas±ne sirim± saddhi½ pañcasat±hi itth²hi sot±pattiphale patiµµhah²ti.

Uttar±-up±sik±vatthu tatiya½.