17. Kodhavaggo

1. Rohin²khattiyakaññ±vatthu

Kodha½ jaheti ima½ dhammadesana½ satth± nigrodh±r±me viharanto rohini½ n±ma khattiyakañña½ ±rabbha kathesi.
Ekasmi½ kira samaye ±yasm± anuruddho pañcasatehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ kapilavatthu½ agam±si. Athassa ñ±tak± “thero ±gato”ti sutv± therassa santika½ agama½su µhapetv± rohini½ n±ma therassa bhagini½. Thero ñ±take pucchi “kaha½, rohin²”ti? “Gehe, bhante”ti. “Kasm± idha n±gat±”ti? “Sar²re tass± chavirogo uppannoti lajj±ya n±gat±, bhante”ti. Thero “pakkosatha nan”ti pakkos±petv± paµakañcuka½ paµimuñcitv± ±gata½ evam±ha– “rohini, kasm± n±gat±s²”ti? “Sar²re me, bhante, chavirogo uppanno, tasm± lajj±ya n±gat±mh²”ti. “Ki½ pana te puñña½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti? “Ki½ karomi, bhante”ti? “¾sanas±la½ k±reh²”ti. “Ki½ gahetv±”ti? “Ki½ te pas±dhanabhaº¹aka½ natth²”ti? “Atthi, bhante”ti. “Ki½ m³lan”ti? “Dasasahassam³la½ bhavissat²”ti. “Tena hi ta½ vissajjetv± ±sanas±la½ k±reh²”ti. “Ko me, bhante, k±ressat²”ti? Thero sam²pe µhitañ±take oloketv± “tumh±ka½ bh±ro hot³”ti ±ha. “Tumhe pana, bhante, ki½ karissath±”ti? “Ahampi idheva bhaviss±m²”ti. “Tena hi etiss± dabbasambh±re ±harath±”ti. Te “s±dhu, bhante”ti ±hari½su.
Thero ±sanas±la½ sa½vidahanto rohini½ ±ha– “dvibh³mika½ ±sanas±la½ k±retv± upari padar±na½ dinnak±lato paµµh±ya heµµh±s±la½ nibaddha½ sammajjitv± ±san±ni paññ±pehi, nibaddha½ p±n²yaghaµe upaµµh±peh²”ti. S± “s±dhu, bhante”ti pas±dhanabhaº¹aka½ vissajjetv± dvibh³mika-±sanas±la½ k±retv± upari padar±na½ dinnak±lato paµµh±ya heµµh±s±la½ sammajjan±d²ni ak±si. Nibaddha½ bhikkh³ nis²danti. Athass± ±sanas±la½ sammajjantiy±va chavirogo mil±yi. S± ±sanas±l±ya niµµhit±ya buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nimantetv± ±sanas±la½ p³retv± nisinnassa buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa paº²ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ ad±si. Satth± katabhattakicco “kasseta½ d±nan”ti pucchi. “Bhaginiy± me, bhante, rohiniy±”ti. “S± pana kahan”ti? “Gehe, bhante”ti. “Pakkosatha nan”ti? S± ±gantu½ na icchi. Atha na½ satth± aniccham±nampi pakkos±pesiyeva. ¾gantv± ca pana vanditv± nisinna½ ±ha– “rohini, kasm± n±gamitth±”ti? “Sar²re me, bhante, chavirogo atthi, tena lajjam±n± n±gat±mh²”ti. “J±n±si pana ki½ te niss±ya esa uppanno”ti? “Na j±n±mi, bhante”ti. “Tava kodha½ niss±ya uppanno eso”ti. “Ki½ pana me, bhante, katan”ti? “Tena hi suº±h²”ti. Athass± satth± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasirañño aggamahes² ekiss± rañño n±µakitthiy± ±gh±ta½ bandhitv± “dukkhamass± upp±dess±m²”ti cintetv± mah±kacchuphal±ni ±har±petv± ta½ n±µakitthi½ attano santika½ pakkos±petv± yath± s± na j±n±ti, evamass± sayane ceva p±v±rakojav±d²nañca antaresu kacchucuºº±ni µhap±pesi, ke¼i½ kurum±n± viya tass± sar²repi okiri. Ta½ khaºa½yeva tass± sar²ra½ uppakkuppakka½ gaº¹±gaº¹aj±ta½ ahosi. S± kaº¹uvant² gantv± sayane nipajji, tatr±piss± kacchucuººehi kh±diyam±n±ya kharatar± vedan± uppajji. Tad± aggamahes² rohin² ahos²ti.
Satth± ima½ at²ta½ ±haritv±, “rohini, tad± tay±veta½ kamma½ kata½. Appamattakopi hi kodho v± iss± v± k±tu½ na yuttar³po ev±”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
221. “Kodha½ jahe vippajaheyya m±na½,
sa½yojana½ sabbamatikkameyya;
ta½ n±mar³pasmimasajjam±na½,
akiñcana½ n±nupatanti dukkh±”ti.
Tattha kodhanti sabb±k±rampi kodha½ navavidhampi m±na½ jaheyya. Sa½yojananti k±mar±gasa½yojan±dika½ dasavidhampi sabbasa½yojana½ atikkameyya. Asajjam±nanti alaggam±na½. Yo hi “mama r³pa½ mama vedan±”ti-±din± nayena n±mar³pa½ paµiggaºh±ti, tasmiñca bhijjam±ne socati vihaññati aya½ n±mar³pasmi½ sajjati n±ma. Eva½ aggaºhanto avihaññanto na sajjati n±ma. Ta½ puggala½ eva½ asajjam±na½ r±g±d²na½ abh±vena akiñcana½ dukkh± n±ma n±nupatant²ti attho. Desan±vas±ne bah³ sot±pattiphal±d²ni p±puºi½s³ti. Rohin²pi sot±pattiphale patiµµhit±, taªkhaºaññevass± sar²ra½ suvaººavaººa½ ahosi.
S± tato cut± t±vati½sabhavane catunna½ devaputt±na½ s²mantare nibbattitv± p±s±dik± r³pasobhaggappatt± ahosi. Catt±ropi devaputt± ta½ disv± uppannasineh± hutv± “mama s²m±ya anto nibbatt±, mama s²m±ya anto nibbatt±”ti vivadant± sakkassa devarañño santika½ gantv±, “deva, ima½ no niss±ya a¹¹o uppanno, ta½ vinicchin±th±”ti ±ha½su. Sakkopi ta½ oloketv±va uppannasineho hutv± evam±ha– “im±ya vo diµµhak±lato paµµh±ya katha½ citt±ni uppann±n²”ti. Atheko ±ha– “mama t±va uppannacitta½ saªg±mabheri viya sannis²ditu½ n±sakkh²”ti. Dutiyo “mama citta½ pabbatanad² viya s²gha½ pavattatiyev±”ti Tatiyo “mama imiss± diµµhak±lato paµµh±ya kakkaµassa viya akkh²ni nikkhami½s³”ti. Catuttho “mama citta½ cetiye uss±pitadhajo viya niccala½ µh±tu½ n±sakkh²”ti. Atha ne sakko ±ha– “t±t±, tumh±ka½ t±va citt±ni pasayhar³p±ni, aha½ pana ima½ labhanto j²viss±mi, alabhantassa me maraºa½ bhavissat²”ti. Devaputt±, “mah±r±ja, tumh±ka½ maraºena attho natth²”ti ta½ sakkassa vissajjetv± pakkami½su. S± sakkassa piy± ahosi man±p±. “Asukak²¼a½ n±ma gacch±m±”ti vutte sakko tass± vacana½ paµikkhipitu½ n±sakkh²ti.

Rohin²khattiyakaññ±vatthu paµhama½.