4. Paµiniddesav±ra-atthavibh±van±

1. Desan±h±ravibhaªgavibh±van±

5. Eva½ h±r±dayo sar³pato ±cariyena uddesato uddiµµh±, niddesato ca niddiµµh±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, atha kasm± puna “tattha katamo desan±h±ro”ti-±diko ±raddhoti ce? Veneyy±na½ tividhatt±. Veneyy± hi atitikkhapañño n±titikkhapañño mandapaññoti tividh± honti. Tesañhi atitikkhapaññass±nur³pa½ h±r±dayo uddesato uddiµµh±, n±titikkhapaññassa anur³pa½ niddesato niddiµµh±, id±ni mandapaññass±nur³pa½ h±r±dayo vibhajitv± dassetu½ “tattha katamo desan±h±ro”ti-±diko vibhaªgav±ro ±raddho. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “eva½ h±r±dayosukhaggahaºattha½ g±th±bandhavasena sar³pato niddisitv± id±ni tesu h±re t±va paµiniddesavasena vibhajitu½ ‘tattha katamo desan±h±ro’ti-±di ±raddhan”ti (netti. aµµha. 5) vutta½.
Tattha ye h±r±dayo uddesaniddesesu niddiµµh±, tattha h±r±d²su katamo desan±h±roti ce? Y± “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th± (netti. 4) vutt±, s± aya½ g±th± niddesavasena desan±h±ro n±ma, tassa “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±di (netti. 4) niddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “aya½ desan±h±ro ki½ desayat²”ti-±diko vitth±rasa½vaººan±viseso desan±h±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti yojan±. “Aya½ desan±h±ro ki½ desayat²”ti pucchitabbatt± puccha½ µhapetv± “ima½ desayat²”ti niyametv± dassetu½ “aya½ desan±h±ro ki½ desayati? Ass±da½ ±d²navan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha aya½ desan±h±ro ki½ desayat²ti ce Ass±da½ desayati sa½vaººeti vitth±reti, ±d²nava½ desayati…pe… vitth±reti, nissaraºa½ desayati…pe… vitth±reti, phala½ desayati…pe… vitth±reti, up±ya½ desayati…pe… vitth±reti, ±ºatti½ desayati sa½vaººeti vitth±ret²ti yojano.
Ettha ca “aya½ desan±h±ro”ti saddo pubb±par±pekkhoti daµµhabbo. “‘Ass±d±d²navat±’ti-±dig±th±ya½ (netti. 4) dassit± ime ass±d±dayo kattha sa½vaººetabbe p±¼idhamme ±gat±”ti pucchitabbatt± “dhamma½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±m²”ti-±di vutta½. “‘Ass±d±d²navat±’ti-±dig±th±ya½ (netti. 4) dassit± ime ass±d±dayo kattha sa½vaººetabbe p±¼idhamme ±gat±”ti pucchitabbatt± “dhamma½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½ kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±sess±m²”ti paµiññ±tabbe p±¼idhamme sa½vaººetabbe ye ass±d±dayo ±gat±, te aya½ desan±h±ro desayat²ti adhipp±yo.
Tattha dhammasaddo pariyattisaccasam±dhipaññ±pakatipuññ±pattiñeyy±d²su bah³su atthesu pavatto, tath±pi idha pariyattidhammeyeva pavattoti daµµhabbo. Atthuddeso pana aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 5) vutto, tasm± idha may± na vutto. Vo-k±ropi upayogakaraºapadap³raºasampad±natthesu dissati ca, tath±pi idha sampad±natthev±ti daµµhabbo. Bhikkhanti y±canti s²lakkhandh±dayo, paccaye v± k±yaviññattiy±ti bhikkh³, sa½s±re bhaya½ ikkhanti paccavekkhant²ti v± bhikkh³. Bhikkhaveti te bhikkh³ ±lapati, kimatth±y±ti attano mukh±bhimukha½ katv± dhammassavane ati-uss±hane niyojetu½ ±lapat²ti veditabbo.
Dhamma½ desess±m²ti n±ha½ issarat±ya tumhe añña½ kiñci k±reyy±mi, dhamma½yeva desess±mi, desento ca na aññesa½ dhamma½ sutv± sutamayañ±º±nus±rena desess±mi, an±varaºañ±ºena sabbañeyyadhammesu paccakkhak±rit±ya id±ni may±yeva pavattiyam±na½ dhamma½ aha½ desess±m²ti paµij±n±ti. ¾dimhi kaly±ºa½ ±dikaly±ºa½, ±di kaly±ºametass±ti v± ±dikaly±ºa½. Sesesupi eseva nayo. ¾dikaly±º±dayo cettha atthakaly±º±divasena vutt±ti daµµhabb±. Ten±ha– “s²lena ±dikaly±ºa½, sam±dhin± majjhekaly±ºa½, paññ±ya pariyos±nakaly±ºa½. Buddhasubuddhat±ya v± ±dikaly±ºa½, dhammasudhammat±ya majjhekaly±ºa½, saªghasuppaµipattiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºa½. Atha v± ugghaµitaññuvinayanena ±dikaly±ºa½, vipañcitaññuvinayanena majjhekaly±ºa½, neyyapuggalavinayanena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½. Ayamevattho idh±dhippeto”ti (netti. aµµha. 5).
Ar²yati ñ±yat²ti attho, ara-dh±tuy± nippariy±yato ñ±ºappadh±no ±rammaºikacittupp±do attho, µh±n³pac±rato atthassa ñ±tabbassa ±rammaºapaccayasatti attho, iti-saddena s±yeva satti par±mas²yati, ±rammaºapaccayasattisahito ±rammaºapaccayasaªkh±to ñ±tabbo attho ta-paccayassa atthoti dh±tupaccay±na½ atthaviseso daµµhabbo. Asati bhavat²ti v± attho, saha atthena yo dhammo vattat²ti so dhammo s±ttho, atthena samann±gato v± dhammo s±ttho, saªk±san±dicha-atthapadasam±yogato v± s±ttho. Ayamevattho idh±dhippeto nettivisayatt±. Sampanna½ byañjana½ yassa dhammass±ti sabyañjano. Sithiladhanitad²gharassagarulahusambandhavavatthitavimuttaniggahitasampannatt± ak±rant±di-itthiliªg±di-ekavacan±disampannatt±, pam±dalekh±dirahitatt± ca avayavo sampanno ta½sam³hatt± dhammo sampannabyañjano n±ma, akkhar±dichabyañjanapadasam±yog± v± sabyañjano. Ayamevattho idh±dhippeto. Imasmi½ aya½ ³no, so netabbo pakkhipitabboti upanetabb±bh±vato kevalaparipuººo, s²lakkhandhasam±dhikkhandhapaññ±kkhandha- vimuttikkhandhavimuttiñ±ºadassanakkhandhap±rip³riy± v± kevalaparipuººo. Idh±ya½ atireko, so apanetabboti vatv± apanetabb±bh±vato parisuddho, caturoghanittharaºatth±ya, lok±misanirapekkhat±ya pavattiyam±natt± v± parisuddho. Seµµhatt± brahmacariya½, brahm±na½ v± seµµh±na½ ariy±na½ cariya½ brahmacariya½, pabbajjabrahmacariyamaggabrahmacariyas±sanabrahmacariy±d²su s±sanabrahmacariya½ pak±sayiss±mi, parid²payiss±m²ti attho.
“Dhamma½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi…pe… pak±sess±m²”ti paµiññ±tabbe p±¼idhamme ±gate ass±d±dayo desan±h±ro desayati sa½vaººeti vitth±ret²ti ±cariyena s±maññavaseneva vutta½, tasm± desan±h±ro idha p±¼iya½ ±gata½ ima½ ass±da½ desayati, idha p±¼iya½ ±gata½ ima½ ±d²nava½ desayat²ti-±di viseso na viññ±tabbo, “katha½ viññ±tabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “idha p±¼iya½ ±gato aya½ ass±do, idha p±¼iya½ ±gato aya½ ±d²navo”ti visesa½ niyametv± upalakkhaºanayena dassetu½ “tattha katamo ass±do? K±ma½ k±mayam±nass±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµhesu visayavisayibhedesu ass±desu katamo ass±do tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼iya½ ±gatoti pucchitv±–
“K±ma½ k±mayam±nassa, tassa ceta½ samijjhati;
addh± p²timano hoti, laddh± macco yadicchat²”ti. (Su. ni. 772; mah±ni. 1)–

Idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ yo visayabh³to ass±do ±gato, so aya½ ass±detabbo ass±do desan±h±rassa visayoti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–

“Eva½ bhagavat± desito, pak±sito ca s±sanadhammo yesa½ ass±d±d²na½ dassanavasena pavatto, te ass±d±dayo desan±h±rassa visayabh³t± yattha yattha p±µhe savisesa½ vutt±, tato tato niddh±retv± ud±haraºavasena idh±netv± dassetu½ ‘tattha katamo ass±do’ti-±di ±raddhan”ti (netti. aµµha. 5) vutta½.
Tattha ass±d²yateti ass±do, ass±detabbo vatthuk±mo. K±m²yateti k±mo, vatthuk±mo ca. Ta½ k±mayat²ti k±mayam±no, satto. Tassa p²tiy± yutta½ mano etass±ti p²timano. Manati j±n±t²ti-±divacanatthena macco. K±ma½ k±mitabba½ vatthu k±mayam±nassa tassa sattassa eta½ k±mitabba½ vatthu sace samijjhati, eva½ sati so satto addh± p²timano hoti. Yo macco ya½ vatthu½ icchati, ta½ vatthu½ so macco laddh± addh± p²timano hot²ti g±th±yattho daµµhabbo.
“K±ma½ …pe… p²timano hot²”ti ettakameva avatv± “laddh± macco yadicchat²”ti vuttatt± lobhan²ya½ vatthu½yeva laddh± p²timano na hoti, atha kho patthetabba½ p³jetabbanti sabba½ laddh± macco p²timano ca hot²ti atirekattho daµµhabbo.
Visayabh³to ass±detabbo ass±do idha p±¼iya½ g±th±ya½ ±gatoti ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “dukkhadomanass±dibhedesu ±d²navesu katamo ±d²navo kattha p±¼idhamme ±gato”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo ±d²navo? Tassa ce k±may±nass±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµhesu dukkhadomanass±d²su ±d²navesu katamo ±d²navo tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼iya½ ±gatoti pucchitv±–
“Tassa ce k±may±nassa, chandaj±tassa jantuno;
te k±m± parih±yanti, sallaviddhova ruppat²”ti. (Su. ni. 773; mah±ni. 2)–

Idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ yo domanassasaªkh±to ±d²navo ±gato, so aya½ domanassasaªkh±to ±d²navo desan±h±rassa visayoti.

G±th±ya½ pana k±mayati icchat²ti k±may±no. Atha v± y±yati gacchat²ti y±no, k±mena y±no k±may±no, tassa. Chando j±to yassa so chandaj±to, tassa. Vijjh²yateti viddho sallati pavisat²ti sallo, sallena viddho sallaviddho. K±ma½ k±may±nassa chandaj±tassa jantuno ye k±m± labhitabb±, te k±m± kenaci antar±yena yad± parih±yanti, tad± so jantu ruppati. K²disova ruppati? Ayomayasallaviddho migo ruppati iva, parih²nak±mo jantu ruppat²ti daµµhabbo. Ettha ca “ruppat²”tivacanena domanassuppatti dassit±ti daµµhabb±.
Domanassabh³to ±d²navo idha p±¼iya½ ±gatoti ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “magganibb±navasena duvidhesu nissaraºesu katama½ nissaraºa½ kattha p±¼iya½ ±gatan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katama½ nissaraºa½? Yo k±me parivajjet²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµhesu magganibb±navasena duvidhesu nissaraºesu katama½ nissaraºa½ tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼idhamme ±gatanti pucchitv±–
“Yo k±me parivajjeti, sappasseva pad± siro;
soma½ visattika½ loke, sato samativattat²”ti. (Su. ni. 774; mah±ni. 3)–

Idha p±¼ig±th±ya½ ya½ samativattanakaraºa½ maggasaªkh±ta½ nissaraºa½ ±gata½, ta½ ida½ maggasaªkh±ta½ samativattanakaraºa½ nissaraºa½ desan±h±rassa visayanti.

G±th±ya½ yoti jh±nal±bh² v± ariyo v±. K±meti vuttappak±ro vatthuk±mo. Tesu pavattachandar±gassa vikkhambhanena v± samucchindanena v± parivajjeti. Ki½ parivajjeti iva vajjeti? Sappassa siro sira½ cakkhum± puriso disv± pad± p±dena parivajjeti iva, eva½ parivajjeti. Sato satisampanno so puggalo loke r³p±d²su visattika½ ima½ taºha½ yena maggena samativattati sa½ suµµhu atikkamitv± vattati, ida½ maggasaªkh±ta½ samativattanakaraºa½ ekadesa½ nissaraºa½ n±m±ti yojetabba½. “P±d±”ti vattabbe ±k±rassa rassa½ katv± “pad±”ti vutta½. P±d±ti ca p±dena yath± “amohabh±v± amohabh±ven±”ti. Tena vutta½ “attano p±den±”ti (netti. aµµha. 5).
Ekadeso visayasaªkh±to ass±do idha p±¼iya½ ±gatoti ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “ekadeso visayisaªkh±to ass±do kattha p±¼iya½ ±gato”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo ass±do? Khetta½ vatthun”ti-±di ±raddha½. Atha v± “tattha katamo ass±do? Khetta½ vatthun”ti-±di kasm± eva½ ±raddha½, nanu “tattha katamo ass±do? K±ma½ k±mayam±nass±”ti-±din± ass±do vibhatto? Sacca½, ass±do pana duvidho visayavisayivasena, tasmi½ visayasaªkh±to ass±do pubbe vibhatto, id±ni visayisaªkh±ta½ ass±da½ vibhajitu½ “tattha katamo ass±do? Khetta½ vatthun”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tassa½ “ass±d±d²navat±”ti-±dig±th±ya½ niddiµµhesu visayavisayibhedesu ass±desu katamo ass±do tattha tesu p±¼idhammesu kattha p±¼iya½ ±gatoti pucchitv±–