Dv±dasapadavibh±van±

Nettivisaya½ s±sanavarasaªkh±ta½ sa½vaººetabbasutta½ yesa½ byañjanapad±na½, atthapad±nañca vasena “dv±dasa pad±ni suttan”ti saªgahav±re vutta½, “katam±ni t±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± sar³pato niddisitu½–
23. “Akkhara½ pada½ byañjana½, nirutti tatheva niddeso.
¾k±rachaµµhavacana½, ett±va byañjana½ sabba½.
24. Saªk±san± pak±san±, vivaraº± vibhajanutt±n²kammapaññatti.
Etehi chahi padehi, attho kammañca niddiµµhan”ti.–

G±th±dvaya½ vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “id±ni yesa½ byañjanapad±na½, atthapad±nañca vasena ‘dv±dasa pad±ni ‘suttan’ti vutta½, t±ni pad±ni niddisitu½ ‘akkharapadan’ti-±dim±h±”ti (netti. aµµha. 23) vutta½.

Tattha kenaµµhena akkharanti? Akkharaµµhena asañcaraºaµµhena. Ak±r±divaººo hi ak±r±dito ik±r±dipariy±ya½ nakkharati, na sañcarati, na saªkamati. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “apariyosite pade vaººo akkhara½ pariy±yavasena akkharaºato asañcaraºato”ti (netti. aµµha. 23). Apariyosite padeti ca vibhatyantabh±va½ appatte dviticatukkharavantesu padesu ekadvitikkharamatteyeva akkhara½ n±ma, pariyosite pada½yeva, na akkharanti adhipp±yo. Pada½ pana pavesanato atthavasena pariy±ya½ sañcaranta½ viya hoti, na eva½ ak±r±divaººo avevacanatt±. “M± eva½ maññas²”ti-±d²su v± ekakkharapad± -k±r±di akkhara½ n±ma, vibhatyanta½ pada½ pana padameva hoti.
Pajjati attho eten±ti pada½. Ta½ n±m±khy±topasagganip±tappabhedena catubbidha½. Tattha dabbapadh±na½ “phasso vedan± cittan”ti evam±dika½ n±mapada½. Tattha hi dabbam±vibh³tar³pa½, kiriy± an±vibh³tar³p±. Kiriy±padh±na½ “phusati vedayati vij±n±t²”ti evam±dika½ ±khy±tapada½ n±ma. Tattha hi phusan±dikiriy± ±vibh³tar³p±, dabbaman±vibh³tar³pa½. Kiriy±visesabodhahetubh³ta½ pa-upa-iti-evam±dika½ upasaggapada½ n±ma. “Cirappav±si½ (dha. pa. 219) upavutthan”ti (a. ni. 3.71; su. ni. 405) evam±d²su hi pa-up±disadd± vasan±dikiriy±ya viyog±divisiµµhata½ d²penti. Vacanattho pana n±mapada-±khy±tapadadvaya½ upagantv± tassa padadvayassa attha½ sajjant²ti upasagg±ti daµµhabbo. Kiriy±ya ceva dabbassa ca sar³pavisesapak±sanahetubh³ta½ “eva½, it²”ti evam±dika½ nip±tapada½ assapi sa½vaººan±yapi icchitatt±, akkharena pana katha½ gahitoti ce? Akkharehi suyyam±nehi suºant±na½ visesavidh±nassa katatt± padapariyos±ne padatthasampaµipatti hoti. Tasm± akkharenapi atth±k±ro gahitov±ti veditabbo. Tena vutta½– “akkharehi saªk±seti, padehi pak±seti, akkharehi ca padehi ca ugghaµet²”ti (netti. 9) ca.
Vivaraº± vitth±raº±. Vibhajan± ca utt±n²kammañca paññatti ca vibhajanutt±n²kammapaññatt²ti sam±h±re aya½ dvandasam±so. Tattha vibh±gakaraºa½ vibhajana½ n±ma. Byañjan±k±rehi yo atth±k±ro niddisiyam±no, so atth±k±ro vivaraºavibhajan±ti dv²hi atthapadehi niddisito. P±kaµakaraºa½ utt±n²kamma½ n±ma. Pak±rehi ñ±pana½ paññatti. Niruttiniddesasaªkh±tehi byañjanapadehi pak±siyam±no yo atth±k±ro atthi, so atth±k±ro utt±n²kammapaññatt²hi paµiniddisito. Etehi saªk±san±d²hi chahi atthapadehi attho suttattho gahito, kammañca ugghaµan±dikammañca niddiµµhanti attho. Yena suttatthena ugghaµitaññuno cittasant±nassa sambodhanakiriy±saªkh±tassa ugghaµanakammassa nibbatti bhave, so suttattho saªk±san±pak±san±k±ro hoti. Yena suttatthena vipañcitaññuno cittasant±nassa bodhanakiriy±saªkh±tassa vipañcanakammassa nibbatti, so suttattho vivaraº±vibhajan±k±ro hoti. Yena suttatthena neyyassa cittasant±nassa pabodhanakiriy±saªkh±tassa nayakammassa nibbatti, so suttattho utt±n²kammapaññatt±k±ro hot²ti daµµhabbo. Ten±ha aµµhakath±cariyo “suttatthena hi desan±ya pavattiyam±nena ugghaµitaññu-±diveneyy±na½ cittasant±nassa pabodhanakiriy±nibbatti, so ca suttattho saªk±san±di-±k±ro”ti (netti. aµµha. 24).
“Yath±vuttehi t²hi atthanayehi ceva chahi atthapadehi ca ayuttopi attho ki½ koci atthi, ud±hu sabbo attho yutto ev±”ti pucchitabbatt±–
25. “T²ºi ca nay± an³n±, atthassa ca chappad±ni gaºit±ni.
Navahi padehi bhagavato, vacanassattho sam±yutto”ti.–

G±tham±ha. Tattha t²º²ti liªgavipall±saniddeso, tayoti pana pakatiliªganiddeso vattabbo. Gaºit± an³n± tayo atthassa nay± ca gaºit±ni an³n±ni cha atthassa pad±ni ca niddiµµh±ni, niddiµµhehi ca atthapadehi bhagavato vacanassa sabbo attho sam±yuttova ayutto koci attho natth²ti yojan± k±tabb±. Atthass±ti suttatthassa. Nay±ti netti-atthanay±. Pad±n²ti netti-atthapad±ni.

26. Ye h±r±dayo niddiµµh±, te h±r±dayo sampiº¹etv± nettippakaraºassa padatthe sukhaggahaºattha½ gaºanavasena paricchinditv± dassento “atthass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha atthassa sam³hassa avayavabh³t±ni navabhed±ni atthapad±ni suttabyañjanassa atthassa pariyeµµhisaªkh±t±ya sa½vaººan±ya gaºanato catuv²sati byañjanapad±ni honti, atthapadabyañjanapadabh³ta½ ubhaya½ saªkhepayato sampiº¹ayato tetti½s± tetti½savidh± ettik± tetti½savidh±va nett²ti yojan±.
Tattha navappad±n²ti tayo atthanay±, cha atthapad±ni ca. Catubb²s±ti so¼asa h±r±, cha byañjanapad±ni, dve dis±locananaya-aªkusanay± c±ti eva½ tetti½savidh± ca netti n±ma, ito vinimutto añño koci nettipadattho natth²ti attho daµµhabbo.
“Eva½ tetti½sapadatth±ya nettiy± h±ranay±na½ katamo desan±h±ravicayah±ro”ti-±di desan±kkameneva siddho, eva½ siddhe satipi “so¼asa h±r± paµhaman”ti ±rambho “sabbepime h±r± ceva nay± ca imin± dassitakkameneva sa½vaººetabbesu suttesu sa½vaººan±vasena yojetabb±, na uppaµip±µiy±”ti imamattha½ d²peti. D²panavacanasavan±nus±rena ñ±peti, tasm± eva½ kamo dassito, ass±d±d²navanissaraº±ni dhammadesan±ya nissay±ni, phalañca dhammadesan±ya phala½, up±yo ca dhammadesan±ya up±yo, ±ºatti ca dhammadesan±ya sar²ra½. Desan±h±rassa t±sa½ ass±d±d²navanissaraºaphalup±y±ºatt²na½ vibh±vanasabh±vatt±.
Niddh±raºena vin±pi pakatiy± sabbasa½vaººetabbasuttesu anar³p±ti suviññeyyatt±, sa½vaººan±vises±na½ vicayah±r±d²na½ nissayabh±vato ca paµhama½ desan±h±ro dassito.
Padapucch±vissajjan±pucch±pad±nug²t²hi saddhi½ desan±h±rapadatth±na½ ass±d±d²na½ pavicayabh±vato desan±h±r±nantara½ vicayo h±ro.
Vicayah±rena pavicit±na½ atth±na½ yutt±yuttivic±raºabh±vato vicayah±r±nantara½ yutti h±ro.
Padaµµh±nah±rassa yutt±yutt±na½yeva atth±na½ upapatti-anur³pa½ k±raºaparampar±ya niddh±raºatt± yuttih±r±nantara½ padaµµh±nah±ro.
Yutt±yutt±na½ k±raºaparampar±ya pariggahitasabh±v±na½yeva ca dhamm±na½ avutt±nampi sam±nalakkhaºat±ya gahaºalakkhaºatt±ya padaµµh±nah±r±nantara½ lakkhaºah±ro.
Lakkhaºah±rena atthato suttantarato niddh±rit±nampi dhamm±na½ nibbacan±d²ni vattabb±ni, na sutte sar³pato ±gatadhamm±na½yev±ti dassanattha½ lakkhaºah±r±nantara½ catuby³ho h±ro. Evañhi niravasesato atth±vabodho hoti.
Catuby³hena h±rena vuttehi nibbacan±dhipp±yanid±nehi saddhi½ sutte padatth±na½ suttantarasa½sandanasaªkh±te pubb±paravic±re dassite tesa½ suttapadatth±na½ sabh±gavisabh±gadhammantar±vaµµana½ sukhena sakk± dassetunti catuby³hah±r±nantara½ ±vaµµo h±ro. Suttantarasa½sandanassa hi sabh±gavisabh±gadhammantar±vaµµanayassa up±yabh±vato “±rambhatha nikkamath±”ti-±dig±th±ya (sa½. ni. 1.185; netti. 29; peµako. 38) ±rambhananikkamanabuddhas±sanayogadhunanehi v²riyasam±dhipaññindriy±ni niddh±retv± tesu ±rambhananikkamanabuddhas±sanayogadhunanesu ananuyogassa m³la½ pam±doti suttantare dassito pam±do ±vaµµitoti.
¾vaµµena h±rena sabh±gavisabh±gadhamm±vaµµanena payojite s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºavasena sa½kilesavod±nadhamm±na½ padaµµh±nato ceva bh³mito ca vibh±go sakk± sukhena yojetunti ±vaµµah±r±nantara½ vibhatti h±ro.
Vibhattih±rena sa½kilesavod±nadhamm±na½ vibh±ge kate sa½vaººetabbasutte ±gat± dhamm± akasirena paµipakkhato parivattetu½ sakk±ti vibhattih±r±nantara½ parivattanah±ro. Vibhattih±rena hi “samm±diµµhissa purisapuggalassa micch±diµµhi nijjiºº± hot²”ti (netti. 35) paµivibhattasabh±ve eva dhamme parivattanah±ravibhaªge ud±har²yissati.
Parivattanah±rena paµipakkhato parivattit±pi dhamm± pariy±yavacanehi bodhetabb±, na sa½vaººetabbasutte ±gatadhamm±yev±ti dassanattha½ parivattanah±r±nantara½ vevacanah±ro.
Vevacanah±rena pariy±yato pak±sit±na½ dhamm±na½ pabhedato paññattivasena vibhajana½ sukhena sakk± ñ±tunti vevacanah±r±nantara½ paññatti h±ro.
Paññattih±rena pabhavapariññ±dipaññattivibh±gamukhena paµiccasamupp±dasacc±didhammavibh±ge kate sutte ±gatadhamm±na½ paµiccasamupp±d±dimukhena avataraºa½ sakk± dassetunti paññattih±r±nantara½ otaraºo h±ro.
Otaraºena h±rena dh±t±yatan±d²su ot±rit±na½ sa½vaººetabbasutte padatth±na½ pucch±rambhasodhana½ sakk± sukhena samp±detunti otaraºah±r±nantara½ sodhano h±ro.
Sodhanena h±rena sa½vaººetabbasutte padapadatthesu visodhitesu tattha tattha ekattat±ya v± vemattat±ya v± labbham±nas±maññavisesabh±vo sukaro hot²ti dassetu½ sodhanah±r±nantara½ adhiµµh±no h±ro.
S±maññavisesabh³tesu s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºesu dhammesu adhiµµh±nena h±rena paveditesu parikkh±rasaªkh±tassa s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºar³passa paccayahetur±sissa pabhedo suviññeyyoti adhiµµh±nah±r±nantara½ parikkh±ro h±ro.
As±dh±raºe, s±dh±raºe ca k±raºe parikkh±rena h±rena dassite tassa attano phalesu k±raº±k±ro, tesa½ hetuphal±na½ pabhedato desan±k±ro, bh±vetabbapah±tabbadhamm±na½ bh±van±pah±n±ni ca niddh±retv± vuccam±n±ni samm± sa½vaººetabbasuttassa attha½ tathatt±vabodh±ya sa½vattant²ti parikkh±rah±r±nantara½ sam±ropano h±ro dassito hoti. Ida½ h±r±na½ dassan±nukkamak±raºa½ daµµhabba½.
Uddeso ugghaµitaññuno upak±r±ya sa½vattati yath±, eva½ nandiy±vaµµanayo ugghaµitaññuno upak±r±ya sa½vattati, tasm± paµhama½ nandiy±vaµµanayo dassito. Niddeso vipañcitaññuno upak±r±ya sa½vattati yath±, eva½ tipukkhalanayo vipañcitaññuno upak±r±ya sa½vattati, tasm± nandiy±vaµµanay±nantara½ tipukkhalanayo. Paµiniddeso neyyassa upak±r±ya sa½vattati yath±, eva½ s²havikk²¼itanayo neyyassa upak±r±ya sa½vattati Tasm± tipukkhal±nantara½ s²havikk²¼itanayo dassitoti tiººa½ atthanay±na½ dassan±nukkamo veditabbo. Atthanay±na½ dis±bh³t±ya bh³miy± ±loketv± tesa½ tass± dis±ya bh³miy± sam±nayana½ hoti. Na hi sakk± anoloketv± sam±netunti dis±locananaya½ dassetv± aªkusanayo dassito. Potthak±ru¼h±vachek± sabb±su dis±su hatthigamanaµµh±na½ oloketv± aªkusena icchitaµµh±na½ sam±nayanti. Keci acchek± anoloketv± vinayanti. Tesa½ nayanamattameva, na sam±nayana½. Evameva paº¹it± suttattha½ vaººent± manas±va oloketv±va nay± netabb±ti daµµhabb±.
Samuµµh±nasa½vaººan± adhipp±yasa½vaººan± padatthasa½vaººan± vidhi-anuv±dasa½vaººan± nigamanasa½vaººan±ti v±, payojanasa½vaººan± piº¹atthasa½vaººan± anusandhisa½vaººan± codan±sa½vaººan± parih±rasa½vaººan±ti v±, upoggh±µasa½vaººan± padaviggahasa½vaººan± padatthac±lanasa½vaººan± paccupaµµh±nasa½vaººan±ti v±, tath± ekan±¼ik±kath± caturassakath± nisinnavattik±kath±ti v± ±gat±.
Tattha samuµµh±na½ nid±nameva. Vidhi-anuv±do visesavacanameva. Upoggh±µo nid±nameva. C±lan± codan±yeva. Paccupaµµh±na½ parih±rova.
P±¼i½ vatv± ekekapadassa atthakathanasaªkh±t± sa½vaººan± ekan±¼ik±kath± n±ma.
Paµipakkha½ dassetv± paµipakkhassa upama½ dassetv± sapakkha½ dassetv± sapakkhassa upama½ dassetv± kathanasaªkh±t± sa½vaººan± caturassakath± n±ma.
Visabh±gadhammavaseneva pariyos±na½ gantv± puna sabh±gadhammavaseneva pariyos±nagamanasaªkh±t± sa½vaººan± nisinnavattik±kath± n±ma.
T± sabb± sa½vaººan±yopi desan±h±r±d²su nettisa½vaººan±su antogadh±yeva. Ten±ha “yattak± hi suttassa sa½vaººan±vises±, sabbe te netti-upades±yatt±”ti. Eva½ ett±vat± etaparamat± daµµhabb± Hetuphalabh³mi-upanis±sabh±gavisabh±galakkhaºanay±dayo pana aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 4 dv±dasapada) vitth±rato vutt±ti na vitth±rayiss±m²ti.

Iti sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Niddesav±ra-atthavibh±van± niµµhit±.