Nayaniddesavibh±van±

17. H±raniddes± niddiµµh±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katame nayaniddes±”ti pucchitabbatt± “taºhañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± eva½ uddesakkameneva h±re niddisitv± id±ni naye niddisitu½ “taºhañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yo sa½vaººan±viseso sutte ±gata½ taºhañca avijjañca atthato niddh±raºavasena gahita½ taºhañca avijjañca sa½kilesapakkha½ neti, sutte ±gatena samathena, sutte ±gat±ya vipassan±ya atthato niddh±raºavasena v± gahitena samathena, gahit±ya vipassan±ya vod±napakkha½ neti, nayanto ca saccehi yojetv± neti, aya½ sa½vaººan±viseso so nandiy±vaµµo nayo n±m±ti atthayojan±.
Ettha ca atthanayassa bh³mi, sa½vaººan± ca g±th±ya½ “nayo”ti vutt±, tasm± “sa½vaººan±viseso”ti vutta½. Na hi atthanayo sa½vaººan±, catusaccapaµivedhassa anur³po pubbabh±ge anug±haºanayo atthanayova. Tassa pana atthanayassa y± sa½vaººan± ugghaµitaññu-±d²na½ vasena taºh±dimukhena nayabh³miracan± pavatt±, tassa sa½vaººan±va nayavoh±ro katoti vitth±rato h±rasamp±te (netti. 78-79) ±gamissati.
Nandiy±vaµµanayaniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo tipukkhalanayaniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
18. “Yo akusale sam³lehi, neti kusale ca kusalam³lehi.
Bh³ta½ tatha½ avitatha½, tipukkhala½ ta½ naya½ ±h³”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha yo sa½vaººan±viseso akusale sam³lehi attano akusalassa t²hi lobh±d²hi m³lehi sa½kilesapakkha½ neti, kusale ca kusalam³lehi t²hi alobh±d²hi vod±napakkha½ neti, nayanto ca bh³ta½ kusal±kusala½ neti, na abh³ta½ m±y±mar²ci-±dayo viya, tatha½ kusal±kusala½ neti, na ghaµ±dayo viya sammutisaccamatta½, avitatha½ kusal±kusala½ neti, na vitatha½. Kusal±kusal±na½ sabh±vato vijjam±natt± bh³t± paramatthasaccatt± tath±, akusalassa iµµhavip±kat±bh±vato, kusalassa ca aniµµhavip±kat±bh±vato vip±ke sati avisa½v±dakatt± avitath± bhavanti, kusal±kusal± hi etesa½ tiººa½ “bh³ta½, tatha½, avitathan”ti pad±na½ kusal±kusalavisesanat± daµµhabb±.

Atha v± akusalam³lehi akusal±ni, kusalam³lehi ca kusal±ni nayanto aya½ nayo bh³ta½ tatha½ avitatha½ neti catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±retv± yojeti. Dukkh±d²ni hi b±dhak±dibh±vato aññath±bh±v±bh±vena bh³t±ni, saccasabh±vatt± tath±ni, avisa½v±danato avitath±ni. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, tath±ni avitath±ni anaññath±n²”ti sa½. ni. 5.1090; paµi. ma. 2.8). Akusal±disuttatthassa catusaccayojanamukhena nayanalakkhaºa½ ta½ sa½vaººan±visesa½ tipukkhala½ nayanti ±h³ti atthayojan±.
Tattha t²hi het³hi pukkhalo sobhanoti tipukkhalo akusal±diko atthanayo sa½vaººan±visesoti µh±n³pac±rato tipukkhalanayo n±m±ti. Vitth±ro pana h±rasamp±te (netti. 87-88) ±gamissati.
Tipukkhalanayaniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo s²havikk²¼itanayaniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
19. “Yo neti vipall±sehi, kilese indriyehi saddhamme.
Eta½ naya½ nayavid³, s²havikk²¼ita½ ±h³”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha yo sa½vaººan±viseso sutte vuttehi vipall±sehi kilese sa½kilesapakkha½ neti, sutte vuttehi indriyehi saddhamme vod±napakkha½ neti, eta½ sa½vaººan±visesa½ nayavid³ saddhammanayakovid±, atthanayakusal± eva v± s²havikk²¼ita½ nayanti ±h³ti atthayojan±.

Tattha vipall±seh²ti asubhe subha½, dukkhe sukha½, anicce nicca½, anattani att±ti cat³hi vipall±sehi. Indriyeh²ti saddh±d²hi indriyehi. Saddhammeti paµipattipaµivedhasaddhamme. Sesamettha vuttanayameva. Vitth±ro pana h±rasamp±te (netti. 86-87) ±gamissat²ti.
S²havikk²¼itanayaniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo dis±locananayaniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
20. “Veyy±karaºesu hi ye, kusal±kusal± tahi½ tahi½ vutt±.
Manas± volokayate, ta½ khu dis±locana½ ±h³”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. “S²halocana½ ±h³”ti p±µho likhito, so pana na therassa p±µhoti daµµhabbo bhinnalakkhaºatt±. Tattha tahi½ tahi½ veyy±karaºesu ye kusal±kusal± nayassa dis±bh³t± dhamm± vutt±, te kusal±kusale nayassa dis±bh³tadhamme abahi abbhantara½ citte eva ya½ olokana½ karoti, ta½ olokana½ khu olokana½ eva dis±locananti ±h³ti atthayojan±.

Tattha veyy±karaºes³ti tassa tassa atthanayassa yojanattha½ katesu suttassa atthavissajjanesu. Kusal±ti vod±niy±. Akusal±ti sa½kilesik±. Vutt±ti suttato niddh±retv± kathit±. Olokayateti te kusal±didhamme citteneva “aya½ paµham± dis±, aya½ dutiy± dis±”ti-±din± tassa tassa nayassa dis±bh±vena upaparikkhati, vic±ret²ti attho. Kh³ti avadh±raºatthe nip±to, tena dis±locananayo koci atthaviseso na hot²ti dasset²ti.
21. Dis±locananayaniddeso niddiµµho. Amhehi ca ñ±to. “Katamo aªkusanayaniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt± “oloketv±”ti-±dig±th± vutt±. Tattha ta½ta½nayadis±bh³te sabbe kusal±kusale dis±locanena oloketv± ukkhipiya suttato uddharitv± ya½ sam±neti ya½ sam±nayana½ karoti, aya½ sam±nayanasaªkh±to nayo aªkuso nayo n±m±ti atthayojan±.
Ettha ca aªkuso n±ma hatth²na½ icchitaµµh±na½ ±nayanak±raºabh³to vajir±dimayo tikkhaggo ujuvaªkabh³to dabbasambh±raviseso, ayampi nayo aªkuso viy±ti atthena aªkuso. Etena hi nayena icchita½ suttattha½ nayat²ti. Mukhyato pana aªke vijjhanaµµh±ne uddhaµo asati anto pavisat²ti aªkuso. Aªkasadd³papada-upubba-asadh±tu apaccayoti. Ayampi nayo kocipi atthaviseso na hot²ti.
So¼asa h±raniddes± ceva pañca nayaniddes± ca ±cariyena niddiµµh±. Amhehi ca ñ±t±, “sa½vaººetabbasutte ki½ so¼asa h±r± paµhama½ yojetabb±, ud±hu nay±”ti pucchitabbatt±–
22. “So¼asa h±r± paµhama½, dis±locanato dis± viloketv±.
Saªkhipiya aªkusena hi, nayehi tihi niddise suttan”ti.–

G±tham±ha. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “eva½ h±re, naye ca niddisitv± id±ni nesa½ yojanakkama½ dassento ‘so¼asa h±r± paµhaman’ti-±dim±h±”ti (netti. aµµha. 22) vutta½. Tattha so¼asa h±r± byañjanapariyeµµhibh±vato sa½vaººetabbasutte sa½vaººan±bh±vena paµhama½ yojetabb±, yojentena niddiµµh± h±r±nukkameneva yojetabb±, na uppaµip±µiy±. H±rasa½vaººan±nukkamena sa½vaººetabba½ paµhama½ sa½vaººetv± pacch± dis±locanena oloketv± aªkusanayena netv± t²hi atthanayehi niddiseti adhipp±yo.

Iti sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Nayaniddesavibh±van± niµµhit±.