Bhikkhave, may± chaphass±yatanik± n±ma niray± diµµh±, tattha tesu diµµhesu chaphass±yatanikesu n±ma nirayesu ya½ kiñci r³pa½ cakkhun± passati, ta½ aniµµhar³pa½yeva passati, no iµµhar³pa½. Akantar³pa½yeva passati, no kantar³pa½. Aman±par³pa½yeva passati, no man±par³pa½.
Ya½ kiñci sadda½ sotena…pe… gh±nena…pe… jivh±ya…pe… k±yena…pe… ya½ kiñci dhamma½ manas± vij±n±ti, ta½ aniµµhadhamma½yeva vij±n±ti, no iµµhadhamma½. Akantadhamma½yeva vij±n±ti, no kantadhamma½. Aman±padhamma½yeva vij±n±ti, no man±padhammanti p±µho yutto. “Aniµµhar³pa½yeva vij±n±ti, no iµµhar³pan”ti-±dip±µho ayutto, katthaci p±¼iya½ ayuttap±µho diµµho. Sukkapakkhe vuttanayavipariy±yena yojan± k±tabb±. Aya½ vuttappak±r± “l±bh± vo, bhikkhave”ti-±diko p±µho vip±ke v±cakañ±pakabh±veneva pavattanato vip±ko n±ma.
M±ris± niraye paccam±n±na½ amh±ka½ sabbaso nimujjana-ummujjanavasena saµµhivassasahass±ni paripuºº±ni, nirayassa anto pariyos±na½ kad± kasmi½ k±le bhavissati.
Nirayassa anto pariyos±na½ natthi. Nirayassa anto pariyos±na½ kuto atthi? Nirayassa anto pariyos±na½ amh±ka½ na paµidissati. M±ris±, yad± tumhe ca ahañca seµµhiputt± j±t±, tad± tuyha½ tumh±kañca mayha½ mama ca p±pa½ hi yasm± pakata½ pak±rehi kata½, tasm± nirayassa anto pariyos±na½ amh±ka½ na dissat²ti aya½ p±µho vip±ke v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato vip±ko n±ma. (13)
121. Adhammac±r² naro kusaladhammesu pamatto hi yasm± hoti, tasm± so adhammac±r² pamatto naro yahi½ yahi½ ya½ ya½ duggati½ gacchati, ta½ ta½ gacchanta½ adhammac±ri½ na½ nara½ attan± carito so dhammova hanati. Kimiva hanati? Saya½ attan± gahito kaºhasappo gaºhanta½ jana½ hanati yath±, eva½ attan± carito adhammo adhammac±ri½ na½ hanati. “Na hi dhammo adhammo c±”ti-±dig±th±ya attho p±kaµo. Ida½ suttadvaya½ kamme ca vip±ke ca v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato kammañca vip±ko ca hoti.
Bhikkhave, tumhe puññ±na½ m± bh±yittha; bhikkhave, yadida½ ya½ ida½ “puññ±n²”ti adhivacana½ pavatta½; eta½ “puññ±n²”ti adhivacana½ iµµhassa kantassa piyassa man±passa sukhassa sukhavip±kajanakassa kammassa adhivacana½ hoti. Bhikkhave, aha½ d²gharatta½ kat±na½ puññ±na½ d²gharatta½ paccanubh³ta½ iµµha½ kanta½ piya½ man±pa½ abhij±n±mi kho. “Katha½ abhij±n±m²”ti ce puccheyya pubbe satta vass±ni mettacitta½ mett±ya sahita½ dutiyajjh±nacitta½ bh±vetv± satta sa½vaµµavivaµµakappe ima½ loka½ manussaloka½ puna na ±gam±si½. Satta sa½vaµµavivaµµakappeti cettha sa½vaµµaggahaºena sa½vaµµaµµh±y², vivaµµaggahaºena vivaµµaµµh±y²pi gahit±ti veditabb±. Sesesupi evameva gahetabbo. Bhikkhave, sa½vaµµam±ne kappe aha½ ±bhassar³pago homi, vivaµµakappe suñña½ brahmavim±na½ upapajj±mi. Bhikkhave, tatra brahmavim±ne tatra upapajjam±ne upapajjam±nahetu aha½ brahm± homi, aññe mah±nubh±vena abhibhavanato abhibh³, aññehi anabhibhavanato anabhibh³to mah±brahm± homi, aññadatthu eka½sena daso aha½ vasavatt² homi.
Bhikkhave, aha½ dev±namindo sakko chatti½sakkhattu½ ahosi½ kho, dhammiko dhammar±j± c±turanto vijit±v² janapadatth±variyappatto cakkaratan±disattaratanasamann±gato cakkavattir±j± anekasatakkhattu½ ahosi½, padesarajjassa r±jabh±ve ko pana v±do.
Bhikkhave, tassa cakkavattir±jabh³tassa mayha½ eta½ parivitakkana½ ahosi “yena phalena yena vip±kena aha½ etarahi eva½mahiddhiko eva½mah±nubh±vo amhi, ta½ ida½ phala½ kissa kammassa phala½ nu kho, so aya½ vip±ko kissa kammassa vip±ko nu kho”ti eta½ parivitakkana½ ahosi. Bhikkhave, tassa vitakkentassa mayha½ eta½ parivitakkana½ ahosi “yena phalena yena vip±kena aha½ etarahi eva½mahiddhiko eva½mah±nubh±vo amhi, me pavatta½ ta½ ida½ phala½ tiººa½ kamm±na½ phala½ kho, so aya½ vip±ko tiººa½ kamm±na½ vip±ko kho, seyyathida½ katamesa½ tiººa½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko? D±nassa damassa sa½yamass±ti tiººa½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko”ti eta½ parivitakkana½ ahos²ti avoc±ti yojan±.
Tattha tasmi½ “m±, bhikkhave, puññ±na½ bh±yitth±”ti-±dike sutte yañca d±na½, yo ca damo, yo ca sa½yamo atthi, ida½ d±n±dittaya½ kamma½, ta½v±cakañ±paka½ suttampi kamma½ n±ma. Tappaccayo ta½kammapaccayo paccayuppannabh³to paccanubh³to yo vip±ko atthi, eta½ vip±ke phalampi pakkhipitabba½, aya½ vip±ko ta½v±cakañ±pako p±µhopi vip±ko n±ma. C³¼akammavibhaªgo c³¼akammavip±kaputhuttavibh±go tath± vattabbo.
Todeyyaputtassa subhassa m±ºavassa ya½ sutta½ bhagavat± desita½, tattha sutte vutt± ye p±º±tip±t±dayo dhamm± app±yukad²gh±yukat±ya sa½vattanti, ye hi½san±dayo dhamm± bahv±b±dha-app±b±dhat±ya sa½vattanti, ye us³yan±dayo dhamm± appesakkhamahesakkhat±ya sa½vattanti, ye kodh±dayo dhamm± dubbaººasuvaººat±ya sa½vattanti, ye ag±rav±dayo dhamm± n²cakulika-uccakulikat±ya sa½vattanti, ye maccher±dayo dhamm± appabhogamah±bhogat±ya sa½vattanti, ye asallakkhaº±dayo dhamm± duppaññapaññavantat±ya sa½vattanti. Ida½ p±º±tip±tasattayuga½ kamma½, ta½v±cakañ±paka½ suttampi kamma½ n±ma. Tattha subhasutte y± app±yukad²gh±yukat± vutt±…pe… y± duppaññapaññavantat± vutt±, so aya½ app±yukad²gh±yukat±diko vip±ko, ta½v±cakañ±pakap±µhopi vip±ko. Ida½ subhasutta½ kusal±kusalakamme ceva vip±ke ca v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato kammañca vip±ko ca hoti. (14)
122. Yo puggalo vac²duccaritaparivajjanena v±c±nurakkh² bhaveyya, abhijjh±di-anupp±danena manas± sa½vuto bhaveyya, p±º±tip±t±dipajahanena k±yena akusala½ na kayir±, iti tayo ete kammapathe visodhaye, so puggalo isippavedita½ magga½ ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ ±r±dhaye ±r±dhayeyy±ti yojan±. Ida½ “v±c±nurakkh²”ti-±dika½ sutta½ kusale v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato kusala½ n±ma.
Yassa puggalassa k±yena dukkaµa½ duggatisa½vattaniyakamma½ natthi, v±c±ya dukkaµakamma½ natthi, manas± dukkaµakamma½ natthi, t²hi µh±nehi uppajjanaµµh±nehi sa½vuta½ ta½ puggala½ “br±hmaºan”ti aha½ vad±m²ti yojan±. Ida½ g±th±vacana½ vuttanayena kusala½ n±ma.
“T²ºim±ni, bhikkhave…pe… kusalam³l±n²”ti ida½ vacana½ vuttanayena kusala½. Bhikkhave, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ sam±pattiy± vijj± pubbaªgam± hoti, hir² ca ottappañca anudev±ti yojan±. Ida½ vacana½ vuttanayena kusala½ n±ma.
M±luv± s±la½ rukkha½ onata½ bh³miya½ patana½ karoti iva, tath± yassa janassa accanta½ dv²su t²su bhavesu duss²lya½ atthi, so jano att±na½ onata½ ap±yesu p±kaµa½ karoti. Anatthak±mo jano yath± anattha½ icchati, tath± anattha½ karoti yath±, tath± ²diso duss²lo na½ att±na½ anattha½ karot²ti yojan±. Ida½ “yass±”ti-±dika½ vacana½ vuttanayena akusala½.
Asmamaya½ asmasaªkh±ta½ p±s±ºamaºimaya½ vajira½ vajirassa uµµh±nasaªkh±ta½ p±s±ºamaºi½ abhimatthati vidha½seti iva, tath± attan± hi sayameva kata½ attaja½ attasambhava½ p±pa½ dummedha½ p±pa½ karonta½ jana½ abhimatthat²ti yojan±. Ida½ “attan± h²”ti-±dika½ vacana½ vuttanayena akusala½.
Devate kusalehi vivajjit± akusal± dasa kammapathe niseviya katv± garah± g±rayh± bhavanti, b±lamat² mandabuddhino nirayesu paccareti yojan±. Ida½ “dasa kammapathe”ti-±dika½ sutta½ vuttanayena akusala½.
“T²ºim±ni, bhikkhave…pe… akusalam³l±n²”ti ida½ vacana½ vuttanayena akusala½. (15)
Y±disa½ ya½ b²ja½ vapate, ta½ b²ja½ t±disa½ phala½ harate iva, tath± kaly±ºak±r² paº¹ito kaly±ºa½ phala½ harate, p±pak±r² b±lo ca p±paka½ phala½ harateti yojan±. Tattha “y±disan”ti-±dike sutte “kaly±ºak±r² kaly±ºan”ti ya½ vacana½ ±ha, ida½ vacana½ kusala½. “P±pak±r² ca p±pakan”ti ya½ vacana½ ±ha, ida½ vacana½ akusala½. Ida½ dvivacana½ vuttanayena kusalañca akusalañca hoti.
Kaly±ºak±r² sappuris± subhena kammena suggati½ vajanti gacchanti, p±pak±r² k±puris± asubhena kammun± ap±yabh³mi½ vajanti gacchanti, kammassa abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºasahagatakammassa khay± khayanato vimuttacetas± samucchedavimuttipaµippassaddhivimutticitt± te sappuris± asubhe nibbanti. Kimiva nibbanti? Indhanakkhay± joti nibb±ti iva, tath± te sappuris± kammassa khay± anavasesakhayanato nibbant²ti yojan±. Tattha tasmi½ “subhen±”ti-±dig±th±vacane “subhena…pe… suggatin”ti ya½ vacana½ ±ha, ida½ “subhena…pe…suggatin”ti vacana½ kusale v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato kusala½ n±ma. “Ap±yabh³mi½ asubhena kammun±”ti ya½ vacana½ ±ha ida½ “ap±ya…pe… kammun±”ti vacana½ akusale v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato akusala½ n±ma. Ida½ “subhen±”ti-±dika½ g±th±vacana½ vuttanayena kusalañca akusalañca hoti. (16)
123. “Yath±pi bhamaro puppha½…pe… mun² care”ti ida½ g±th±vacana½ anuññ±te caraºe v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato anuññ±ta½ n±ma.
Bhamaro n±ma puppharasapivanagahaºavasena caraºako madhukar±diko bhamaro. So puppharasa½ gaºhanto mandavego hutv± pupphañca vaººañca gandhañca avin±setv± y±vadattha½ puppharasa½ pivitv± madhukaraºatth±ya ca puppharasa½ gahetv± madhukaraºaµµh±na½ vanasaº¹a½ paleti. Pupphavaººagandh± p±katik±va honti. Evameva piº¹±ya g±ma½ pavisanto muni pas±dajanaka½ ±lokanavilokanagamanatiµµhan±dika½ janetv± p²tisomanassasahita½ pas±da½ janetv± saddh±deyya½ piº¹ap±ta½ y±panamatta½ paµiggahetv± g±mato nikkhamitv± udakaph±sukaµµh±ne vane bhesajja½ limpanto viya, kant±re puttama½sa½ kh±danto viya, piº¹ap±ta½ paccavekkhitv± paribhuñjitv± bhamaro vane madhu½ karoti viya, kammaµµh±n±nur³pa½ vanasaº¹a½ pavisitv± jh±namaggaphalanibbattanatth±ya samaºadhammakaraºatth±ya g±me care careyy±ti adhipp±yo veditabbo.
“T²ºim±ni, bhikkhave, bhikkh³na½ karaº²y±ni…pe… im±ni kho, bhikkhave, bhikkh³na½ t²ºi karaº²y±n²”ti ida½ sutta½ bhagavat± anuññ±te ±c±re atthe v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato anuññ±ta½ n±ma. Tasmi½ sutte yo bhikkhu s²la½ p±ti rakkhati, iti rakkhaºato so bhikkhu p±ti n±ma. Ya½ s²la½ ta½ p±ti½ bhikkhu½ ap±y±didukkhato moceti, iti mocanato ta½ s²la½ p±timokkha½ n±ma. Yena s²lena bhikkhu sa½varitabbacakkhundriy±dika½ sa½varati, iti sa½varaºakaraºato ta½ s²la½ sa½vara½ n±ma, p±timokkha½ eva sa½vara½ p±timokkhasa½vara½, p±timokkhasa½varena sa½vuto samann±gato hutv± sa½vuºanato catu-iriy±pathesu c±rako hoti, iti sa½vuºanato bhikkhu p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto n±ma. Viharati catu-iriy±pathe pavatteti. V±rittac±ra½ vajjetv± c±rittas²la½ ±d±ya caraºa½ ±c±ro, agocare vajjetv± gocare caraºa½ gocaroti. Attho vuccam±no ativitth±ro bhavissati, tasm± kiñcimatta½ kathetv± s±sanapaµµh±nasuttabh±va½ kathess±ma.