Bhagav± s²lakkhandhe s²lakkhandhahetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± sam±dhikkhandhe sam±dhikkhandhahetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± paññ±kkhandhe paññ±kkhandhahetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± vimuttikkhandhe vimuttikkhandhahetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± vimuttiñ±ºadassanakkhandhe vimuttiñ±ºadassanakkhandhahetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± iriy±ya½ k±yavac²sam±c±re k±yavac²sam±c±rahetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± pabh±ve ±nubh±vahetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± hitesit±ya½ mett±hetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± karuº±ya½ karuº±hetu ettako etaparim±ºo, bhagav± iddhiya½ iddhividhahetu ettako etaparim±ºoti avissajjan²yoti yojan±. Ida½ “ettako”ti-±dika½ sutta½ avissajjan²ye visaye v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato avissajjan²ya½ n±ma.
Bhikkhave, arahato samm±sambuddhassa tath±gatassa loke upp±d± upp±dahetu tiººa½ ratan±na½ upp±do sambhavati, ±yati½ buddharatanassa upp±do sambhavati, ekassa buddharatanassa dharam±nakkhaºena hi aññassa buddharatanassa anuppajjanato ±yatinti vutta½, dhammaratanassa upp±do sambhavati, saªgharatanassa upp±do sambhavat²ti t²ºi ratan±ni. “T±ni t²ºi ratan±ni guºato ki½pam±º±n²”ti pucchite sati t±ni t²ºi ratan±ni guºato etaparim±º±n²ti na vissajjitabb±n²ti yojan±. Ida½ “tath±gatass±”ti-±dika½ sutta½ avissajjan²ye visaye v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato avissajjan²ya½ n±ma.
Buddhavisayo puggalaparo puggalapadh±no pañho avissajjan²yo, buddhavisay±va puggalaparoparaññut± avissajjan²y±. Bhikkhave, avijj±n²varaº±na½ satt±na½ pubb± koµi na paññ±yati taºh±sa½yojan±na½, saki½ niraya½ sandh±vata½ sa½sarata½ satt±na½, saki½ tiracch±nayoni½ sandh±vata½ sa½sarata½ satt±na½, saki½ pettivisaya½ sandh±vata½ sa½sarata½ satt±na½, saki½ asurayoni½ sandh±vata½ sa½sarata½ satt±na½, saki½ deve sandh±vata½ sa½sarata½ satt±na½, saki½ manusse sandh±vata½ sa½sarata½ satt±na½ pubb± koµi na paññ±yati na dissati na upalabbhat²ti. “S± pubb± koµi katam±”ti kenaci kata½ pucchana½ avissajjan²ya½ sa½s±rassa pubbakoµiy± abh±vato avissajjan²ya½ hoti. “Na paññ±yat²”ti desan± s±vak±na½ ñ±ºavekallena kat±, na attano ñ±ºavekallena. “Na paññ±yat²”ti desan± attano ceva s±vak±nañca ñ±ºavekallena k±tabb± siy±ti codana½ manasi katv± “duvidh± buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ desan±”ti-±di vutta½. Att± upanetabbo etiss± desan±y±ti att³pan±yik±. Paro upanetabbo etiss± desan±y±ti par³pan±yik±. “Katam± att³pan±yik± desan±, katam± par³pan±yik± desan±”ti pucchitabbatt± niyametv± dassetu½ “na paññ±yat²”ti-±di vutta½. “Na paññ±yat²”ti desan± s±vak±na½ netabb±na½ vasena desitatt± par³pan±yik± desan± n±ma, “natthi buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ avij±nan±”ti desan± attano netabbassa vasena desitatt± att³pan±yik± desan± n±ma. “Natthi buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ avij±nan±”ti vuttatt± pubb±ya koµiy± abh±vato eva na paññ±yat²ti viññ±yati, bhagavato ñ±ºassa paññ±pana½ k±tu½ asamatthatt± na paññ±yat²ti na viññ±yati tena aµµhakath±ya½ “natthi buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ avij±nan±ti etena purim±ya koµiy± abh±vato eva na paññ±yati, na tattha ñ±ºassa paµigh±toti dasset²”ti (netti. aµµha. 118) vutta½.
“Katha½ pana buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ avij±nan±ya natthibh±vovij±nitabbo”ti vattabbatt± avij±nan±ya natthibh±va½ j±n±petu½ “yath± bhagav± kok±lika½ bhikkhun”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana– “ya½ pana atthi, ta½ aññesa½ appameyyampi bhagavato na appameyyanti bhagavato sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºata½ dassetu½ ‘yath± bhagav± kok±lika½ bhikkhu½ ±rabbh±’ti-±dim±h±”ti vutta½. Bhagav± kok±lika½ bhikkhu½ ±rabbha “k²va d²gha½ nu kho, bhante, padume niraye ±yuppam±ºan”ti pañha½ pucchitv± nisinna½ aññatara½ bhikkhu½ yath± yena pak±rena “seyyath±pi…pe… ±gh±tetv±”ti evam±ha. Tato tena pak±rena avij±nan±ya natthibh±vo vij±nitabboti attho gahetabbo.
Bhikkhu, tva½ sallakkhehi, kok±liko v²satikh±riko kosalako tilav±ho r±si½ katv± µhapito, tato tilato puriso vassasatassa vassasatassa accayena ekameka½ tila½ uddhareyya, so v²satikh±riko kosalako tilav±ho imin± uddhar±nupakkamena khippatara½ parikkhaya½ pariy±d±na½ seyyath±pi gaccheyya, eko abbudo nirayo parikkhaya½ pariy±d±na½ na tveva gaccheyya. V²sati abbud± niray± tattake k±le parikkhaya½ pariy±d±na½ seyyath±pi gaccheyyu½, evameva eko nirabbudo nirayo tattake k±le parikkhaya½ pariy±d±na½ na tveva gaccheyya. Esa nayo sesesupi. S±riputtamoggall±nesu citta½ ±gh±tetv± paduma½ niraya½ kok±liko bhikkhu upapanno kho, bhikkhu, tva½ eva½ sallakkheh²ti bhagav± ±h±ti yojan±. Bhagav± “aya½ appameyyo aya½ asaªkhyeyyo”ti v± na kiñci ±ha. “Tasmi½ appameyye katamo appameyyo, tasmi½ asaªkhyeyye katamo asaªkhyeyyo”ti kenaci kata½ pucchana½ buddhavisayatt± avissajjan²ya½. Ida½ appameyya-asaªkhyeyyasutta½ vuttanayena avissajjan²ya½. (11)
119. “Yad± so upako”ti-±d²su yojan± p±kaµ±.
“Katha½ kena pak±rena jino”ti upakena kata½ pucchana½ “kilesappah±napak±rena jino”ti vissajjan²yatt± vissajjan²ya½. “Kena pak±rena jino”ti upakena kata½ pucchana½ “p±pak±na½ dhamm±na½ jitatt± jino”ti vissajjan²yatt± vissajjan²ya½. “Katamo jino”ti kata½ pucchana½ “r³p±diko jino”ti v± “r³p±dika½ muñcitv± añño jino”ti v± vissajjetu½ asakkuºeyyatt± avissajjan²ya½. “Katamo ±savakkhayo, katamo r±gakkhayo, katamo dosakkhayo, katamo mohakkhayo”ti kata½ pucchana½ “nibb±na½ ±savakkhayo”ti v± “arahattamaggo ±savakkhayo”ti v± “arahattaphala½ r±gakkhayo”ti v± iti evam±din± vissajjan²yatt± vissajjan²ya½. “Kittako ±savakkhayo, kittako r±gakkhayo, kittako dosakkhayo, kittako mohakkhayo”ti kata½ pucchana½ “ettako etaparim±ºo ±savakkhayo”ti evam±din± avissajjan²yatt± avissajjan²ya½. Ida½ vuttappak±ra½ sutta½ vuttanayena vissajjan²yañca avissajjan²yañca hoti. (12)
“Tath±gato satto atth²”ti pucchana½ “pañcakkhandhe up±d±ya paññ±petabbo sattabh³to atth²”ti vissajjan²yatt± vissajjan²ya½. “Atthi r³pan”ti kata½ pucchana½ r³passa vissajjam±natt± “±mant±”ti vissajjan²yatt± vissajjan²ya½, “r³pa½ tath±gato”ti kata½ pucchana½ tath±bh±vato alabbhanato avissajjan²yatt± avissajjan²ya½. “R³pav± tath±gato”ti-±d²supi esa nayo yath±sambhava½ yojetabbo. Ida½ vuttappak±ra½ sutta½ vuttanayena vissajjan²yañca avissajjan²yañca hoti.
“Passati bhagav± dibbena cakkhun±…pe… yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±t²”ti kata½ pucchana½ “passati bhagav±”ti v±…pe… “paj±n±ti bhagav±”ti v± vissajjan²yatt± vissajjan²ya½. “Katame satt±, katamo tath±gato”ti kata½ pucchana½ paramatthato alabbhanato avissajjan²yatt± avissajjan²ya½.
“Atthi tath±gato”ti kata½ pucchana½ heµµh± vuttanayena vissajjan²ya½. “Atthi tath±gato para½ maraº±”ti kata½ pucchana½ “atthi tath±gato para½ maraº±”ti vissajjam±ne sati ca idhaloko eva paralokoti ±pajjati, “natthi tath±gato para½ maraº±”ti vissajjam±ne sati ca idhalokato añño paralokoti ±pajjati, tasm± avissajjan²yatt± avissajjan²ya½. Ida½ vuttappak±ra½ sutta½ vissajjan²ye visaye ca avissajjan²ye visaye ca v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato vissajjan²yañca avissajjan²yañca hoti.
120. N±n±vidha½ vissajjan²y±vissajjan²yasutta½ ±cariyena niddh±rita½, amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katama½ sutta½ kamman”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katama½ kamman”ti-±di vutta½.
“Antaken±dhipannass±”ti-±d²su attho heµµh± vuttanayatt± p±kaµo “maraºen±bhibh³tassa…pe… ch±y±va anap±yin²”ti ida½ sutta½ puññakammap±pakammadvaye v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato kamma½ n±ma.
Bhikkhave, tumhe puna capara½ kamma½ sallakkhetha. (Anuµµh±nagil±na½) anuµµh±nagil±nassa p²µhasam±ru¼ha½ p²µhasam±ru¼hassa b±la½ b±lassa v± mañcasam±ru¼ha½ mañcasam±ru¼hassa b±la½ b±lassa v± cham±ya½ bh³miya½ sem±na½ sem±nassa sayantassa b±la½ b±lassa v± k±yena duccarit±ni v±c±ya duccarit±ni manas± duccarit±ni p±pak±ni y±ni kamm±ni pubbe pubbak±le v± at²te anekakappakoµisatasahasse v± assa b±lena kat±ni, t±ni p±pak±ni kamm±ni tamhi p²µhasam±ru¼h±disamaye olambanti viya upaµµhahanti ajjholambanti viya upaµµhahanti abhippalambanti viya upaµµhahanti. Bhikkhave mahata½ mahant±na½ pabbatak³µ±na½ ch±y± s±yanhasamaya½ pathaviya½ seyyath±pi olambanti ajjholambanti abhippalambanti yath±, bhikkhave, evameva b±la½…pe… abhippalambanti. Bhikkhave, tatra tasmi½ upaµµh±n±k±re upaµµh±n±k±rahetu b±lassa katap±passa eva½ parivitakko hoti “me may± kaly±ºa½ akata½ vata, me may± kusala½ akata½ vata, bh²rutt±ºa½ kata½ vata, me may± p±pa½ kata½ vata, me may± ludda½ kata½ vata, me may± kibbisa½ kata½ vata, bho agil±na sappurisa akatakaly±º±na½ akatakusal±na½ akatabh²rutt±º±na½ katap±p±na½ kataludd±na½ katakibbis±na½ y±vat± gati duggati atthi, ta½ gati½ aha½ pecca gacch±m²”ti eva½ parivitakko hoti. Eva½ vitakkento so b±lo socati kilamati paridevati, uratt±¼i½ kandati sammoha½ ±pajjat²ti yojan±.
Pabbatak³µ±na½ ch±y± n±ma s³riyuggamanak±lepi pathaviy± olambant²pi ch±y± h±yanavasena olambanti. S±yanhasamaya½ pana ch±y± va¹¹hanavasena olambanti, tatheva kamm±nipi tasmi½ k±le va¹¹hanavasena upaµµhahanti, tasm± tameva va¹¹hanupaµµh±na½ sandh±ya “s±yanhasamayan”ti vutta½. Sukkapakkhepi yojan± kaºhapakkhe yojan±nus±rena k±tabb±. Ida½ “puna caparan”ti-±dika½ suttadvaya½ kusalakamma-akusalakammesu v±cakañ±pakabh±vena pavattanato kamma½ n±ma.
N±n±vidha½ kamma½ ±cariyena niddh±rita½, amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katamo vip±ko”ti pucchitabbatt± tattha katamo vip±ko”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tesu aµµhav²satividhesu lokiy±d²su s±sanapaµµh±nesu katamo vip±koti pucchati. Bhikkhave, vo tumhehi ye manussattasaddh±paµil±bh±dayo paµiladdh±, te manussattasaddh±paµil±bh±dayo vo tumh±ka½ l±bh± bhavanti. Tumhehi pabbajitv± ya½ catup±risuddhis²l±disamp±dana½ laddha½, ta½ catup±risuddhis²l±disamp±dana½ vo tumh±ka½ suladdha½ bhavati. Bhikkhave, yo buddhupp±do navamo khaºo tumhehi laddho, so buddhupp±do navamo khaºo vo tumh±ka½ brahmacariyav±s±ya paµiladdho bhavati.