Lakkhaºo h±ro niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo catuby³ho h±ro”ti pucchitabbatt±–
6. “Neruttamadhipp±yo byañjanamatha desan±nid±nañca;
pubb±par±nusandh², eso h±ro catuby³ho”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha nerutta½ suttapadanibbacanañca buddh±na½ tassa tassa suttassa desak±na½, s±vak±na½ v± adhipp±yo ca atthabyañjanena byañjanamukhena desan±nid±nañca pubb±parena anusandhi ca ete nirutt±dayo yena sa½vaººan±visesena vibh±v²yanti, eso sa½vaººan±viseso “catuby³ho h±ro”ti niddiµµho. Desan±pavattinimitta½ desakassa ajjh±say±di desan±nid±na½ n±ma. Catuby³hah±rassa bahuvisayatt± vibhaªge (netti. 25 ±dayo) lakkhaºasampatti½ katv± kathayiss±ma.

Catuby³hah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo ±vaµµah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
7. “Ekamhi padaµµh±ne, pariyesati sesaka½ padaµµh±na½;
±vaµµati paµipakkhe, ±vaµµo n±ma so h±ro”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha parakkamadh±tu-±d²na½ padaµµh±ne ekamhi ±rambhadh±tu-±dike desan±ru¼he sati visabh±gat±ya v± sesaka½ padaµµh±na½ pariyesati desan±ya sar³pato aggahaºena v± sesaka½ padaµµh±na½ pariyesati, yena sa½vaººan±visesena pariyesitv± yojento desana½ pam±d±d²na½ padaµµh±nabh³te kosajj±dike paµipakkhe ±vaµµati ±vaµµ±peti, so sa½vaººan±viseso “±vaµµo h±ro n±m±”ti niddiµµhoti atthayojan±.

“Paµipakkhe”ti ida½ nidassanamatta½, sesepi sabh±ge ±vaµµanato. Na hi ±rambhadh±tu-±dike desan±ru¼he sati tappaµipakkhe kosajj±dikeyeva desana½ ±vaµµeti, atha kho avasesav²riy±rambh±dikepi desana½ ±vaµµet²ti.
¾vaµµah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo vibhattih±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
8. “Dhammañca padaµµh±na½, bh³miñca vibhajate aya½ h±ro.
S±dh±raºe as±dh±raºe ca neyyo vibhatt²”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha kusal±divasena anekavidha½ sabh±vadhammañca d±nas²l±dipadaµµh±nañca “dassanabh³mi bh±van±bh³m²”ti evam±dika½ bh³miñca s±dh±raºe ca as±dh±raºe ca yena sa½vaººan±visesena vibhajate, so sa½vaººan±viseso “vibhatti h±ro”ti neyyoti atthayojan±.

“Imasmi½ sutte vutt± kusal± v±san±bh±giy±, imasmi½ sutte vutt± kusal± nibbedhabh±giy±”ty±din±, “imasmi½ sutte vutt± akusal± kilesabh±giy±”ty±din± dhammañca, “ida½ s²la½ imassa mahaggatavisesassa padaµµh±na½, ida½ s²la½ ida½ jh±na½ imassa lokuttarassa padaµµh±nan”ty±din± padaµµh±nañca, “dassanapah±tabbassa puthujjano bh³mi, bh±van±pah±tabbassa sot±pann±dayo bh³mi”ty±din± bh³miñca, “k±mar±gaby±p±d± puthujjanasot±pann±na½ s±dh±raº±”ty±din± s±dh±raºe ca, “k±mar±gaby±p±d± an±g±mi-arahant±na½ as±dh±raº±”ty±din± as±dh±raºe ca yena vibhajati, so vibhatti h±ro n±m±ti-±din± (netti. 33-34) vitth±retv± vibhajan±k±ro gahetabbo.
Vibhattih±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo parivattanah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
9. “Kusal±kusale dhamme, niddiµµhe bh±vite pah²ne ca.
Parivattati paµipakkhe, h±ro parivattano n±m±”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha sutte bh±vite bh±vitabbe kusale anavajjadhamme niddiµµhe kathite, sa½vaººite v± pah²ne pah±tabbe akusale s±vajjadhamme niddiµµhe kathite, sa½vaººite v± tesa½ dhamm±na½ paµipakkhe vipar²tadhamme yena sa½vaººan±visesena parivattati parivatteti, so sa½vaººan±viseso “parivattano h±ro n±m±”ti veditabboti atthayojan±.

“Samm±diµµhissa purisapuggalassa micch±diµµhi nijjiºº± bhavat²”ti-±din± ca “yassa v± p±º±tip±t± paµiviratassa p±º±tip±to pah²no”ti-±din± ca “bhuñjitabb± k±m± …pe… k±mehi veramaº² tesa½ adhammo”ti-±din± ca paµipakkhe parivattanabh±va½ vibhaªgav±re (netti. 35 ±dayo) vakkhat²ti na vitth±rit±.
Parivattanah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo vevacanah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
10. “Vevacan±ni bah³ni tu, sutte vutt±ni ekadhammassa.
Yo j±n±ti suttavid³, vevacano n±ma so h±ro”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha ekadhammassa padatthassa sutte vutt±ni tu vutt±ni eva, bah³ni tu bah³ni eva vevacan±ni yena sa½vaººan±visesena yo suttavid³ j±n±ti, j±nitv± ekasmi½yeva padatthe yojeti, tassa suttaviduno so sa½vaººan±viseso “vevacano n±ma h±ro”ti niddiµµhoti atthayojan±.

Ettha ca yo so-sadd± asam±natth± ca hont²ti “yo suttavid³”ti vatv± “so sa½vaººan±viseso”ti vuttanti. “Bhagav±”ti padassa ekasmi½yeva atthe bhagavati “araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±, phalanipphattigato ves±rajjappatto adhigatapaµisambhido catuyogavippah²no agatigamanav²tivatto uddhaµasallo niru¼havaºo madditakaºµako nibb±pitapariyuµµh±no bandhan±t²to ganthaviniveµhano ajjh±sayav²tivatto bhinnandhak±ro cakkhum± lokadhammasamatikkanto anurodhavirodhavippayutto iµµh±niµµhesu dhammesu asaªkhepagato bandhan±tivatto µhapitasaªg±mo abhikkantataro ukk±dharo ±lokakaro pajjotakaro tamonudo raºañjaho aparim±ºavaººo appameyyavaººo asaªkheyyavaººo ±bhaªkaro pabhaªkaro dhammobh±sapajjotakaro”ti (netti. 38) evam±d²ni bah³ni vevacan±ni yojit±ni. Vitth±ro vibhaªgav±re (netti. 37 ±dayo) ±gamissati.
Vevacanah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo paññattih±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
11. “Eka½ bhagav± dhamma½, paññatt²hi vividh±hi deseti.
So ±k±ro ñeyyo, paññatt² n±ma so h±ro”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha bhagav± eka½ khandh±didhamma½ vividh±hi nikkhepappabhavapaññatt±d²hi paññatt²hi yena paññ±petabb±k±rena deseti, so paññ±petabb±k±ro yena sa½vaººan±visesena vibh±vito, so sa½vaººan±viseso “paññatti h±ro n±m±”ti ñeyyoti atthayojan±.

Tattha vividh±hi paññatt²hi nikkhepapaññattipabhavapaññattipariññ±paññattipah±napaññatti- bh±van±paññattisacchikiriy±paññattinirodhapaññattinibbid±paññatt²ti evam±dipaññatt²hi ekapadatthasseva paññ±petabb±k±ravibh±van±lakkhaºo sa½vaººan±viseso paññatti h±ro n±m±ti.
Tattha “ida½ dukkhan”ti aya½ paññatti pañcanna½ khandh±na½, channa½ dh±t³na½, aµµh±rasanna½ dh±t³na½, dv±dasanna½ ±yatan±na½, dasanna½ indriy±na½ nikkhepapaññatti.
“Kaba¼²k±re ce, bhikkhave, ±h±re atthi r±go, atthi nand², atthi taºh±, patiµµhita½ tattha viññ±ºa½ viru¼ha½. Yattha patiµµhita½ viññ±ºa½ viru¼ha½, atthi tattha n±mar³passa avakkanti. Yattha atthi n±mar³passa avakkanti, atthi tattha saªkh±r±na½ vuddh²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.64; kath±. 296) evam±di pabhavapaññatti dukkhassa ca samudayassa c±ti.
“Kaba¼²k±re ce, bhikkhave, ±h±re natthi r±go, natthi nand², natthi taºh±”ti (sa½. ni. 2.64; kath±. 296) evam±di pariññ±paññatti dukkhassa, “pah±napaññatti samudayassa, bh±van±paññatti maggassa, sacchikiriy±paññatti nirodhass±”ti ca “nikkhepapaññatti sutamayiy± paññ±ya, sacchikiriy±paññatti anaññ±taññass±m²tindriyassa, pavattan±paññatti dhammacakkass±”ti evam±divitth±ro vibhaªge (netti. 39 ±dayo) ±gamissat²ti.
Paººattih±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo otaraºah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
12. “Yo ca paµiccupp±do, indriyakhandh± ca dh±tu-±yatan±.
Etehi otarati yo, otaraºo n±ma so h±ro”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha yo paµiccasamupp±do ca ye indriyakhandh± ca y±ni dh±tu-±yatan±ni ca yena sa½vaººan±visesena niddh±rit±ni, etehi paµiccasamupp±d±dindriyakhandhadh±t±yatanehi, sutte ±gatapadatthamukhena niddh±riyam±nehi ca yo sa½vaººan±viseso otarati og±hati paµiccasamupp±d±dike tattha v±cakavasena, tattha ñ±pakavasena v± anupavisati, so sa½vaººan±viseso otaraºo h±ro n±m±ti atthayojan±.

Tattha indriyakhandh±ti indriy±ni ca khandh± c±ti indriyakhandh±. Dh±tu-±yatan±ti dh±tuyo ca ±yatan±ni ca dh±tu-±yatan±. Katha½ otaraºo? “Uddha½ adho sabbadhi vippamutto”ti-±di (netti. 42) p±µho.
Uddhanti r³padh±tu ca ar³padh±tu ca. Adhoti k±madh±tu. Sabbadhi vippamuttoti tedh±tuke aya½ asekkh±vimutti. T±niyeva asekkh±ni pañcindriy±ni, aya½ indriyehi otaraº±.
T±niyeva asekkh±ni pañcindriy±ni vijj±, vijjupp±d± avijj±nirodho…pe… dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hoti, aya½ paµiccasamupp±dehi otaraº±.
T±niyeva asekkh±ni pañcindriy±ni t²hi khandhehi saªgahit±ni s²lakkhandhena sam±dhikkhandhena paññ±kkhandhena, aya½ khandhehi otaraº±.
T±niyeva asekkh±ni pañcindriy±ni saªkh±rapariy±pann±ni ye saªkh±r± an±sav±, no ca bhavaªg±, te saªkh±r± dhammadh±tusaªgahit±, aya½ dh±t³hi otaraº±.
S± dhammadh±tu dhamm±yatanapariy±pann±, ya½ ±yatana½ an±sava½, no ca bhavaªga½, aya½ ±yatanehi otaraº±ti evam±d²hi vibhaªge (netti. 42 ±dayo) ±gamissat²ti.
Otaraºah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo sodhanah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
13. “Vissajjitamhi pañhe, g±th±ya½ pucchit± yam±rabbha.
Suddh±suddhaparikkh±, h±ro so sodhano n±m±”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha tissa½ g±th±ya½ ±ru¼he pañhe ñ±tumicchite atthe bhagavat± vissajjanag±th±ya½ vissajjitamhi ya½ suttattha½ ±rabbha adhikicca s± g±th± pucchit± pucchanatth±ya µhapit±, tassa suttatthassa yena sa½vaººan±visesena suddh±suddhaparikkh± vic±raº± bhave, so sa½vaººan±viseso sodhano h±ro n±m±ti atthayojan±.

Katha½? “Avijj±ya nivuto loko”ti pada½ sodhita½, ±rambho na sodhito. “Vivicch± pam±d± nappak±sat²”ti pada½ sodhita½, ±rambho na sodhito. “Japp±bhilepana½ br³m²”ti pada½ sodhita½, ±rambho na sodhito. “Dukkhamassa mahabbhayan”ti padañca sodhita½, ±rambho ca sodhitoti. Eva½ pad±d²na½ sodhit±sodhitabh±vavic±ro h±ro sodhano n±ma. Vitth±rato pana vibhaªge (netti. 45 ±dayo) ±gamissat²ti.
Sodhanah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo adhiµµh±nah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
14. “Ekattat±ya dhamm±, yepi ca vemattat±ya niddiµµh±.
Te na vikappayitabb±, eso h±ro adhiµµh±no”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha ye dukkhasacc±dayo dhamm± ekattat±ya s±maññenapi ca vemattat±ya visesenapi niddiµµh±, yena sa½vaººan±visesena niddiµµh± dukkhasacc±dayo dhamm± na vikappayitabb± s±maññavisesakappan±ya voh±rabh±vena anavaµµh±nato, k±ladis±vises±d²na½ viya apekkh±siddhito ca, eso sa½vaººan±viseso adhiµµh±no h±roti atthayojan±.

Tattha ekattat±y±ti ekassa sam±nassa bh±vo ekatta½, ekattameva ekattat±, t±ya. Ekasaddo cettha sam±natthav±cako, na saªkhy±v±cakoti. Vemattat±y±ti visiµµh± matt± vimatt±, vimatt± eva vematta½, vemattassa bh±vo vemattat±, t±ya. Yath± hi “ajja sve”ti vuccam±n± k±lavises± anavaµµhit± bhavanti, “purim± dis±, pacchim± dis±”ti vuccam±n± dis±vises±, eva½ s±maññavises± ca atthassa sabh±v±ti. Tath± hi “ida½ dukkhan”ti vuccam±na½ j±ti-±di½ apekkh±ya s±mañña½ sam±nampi sacc±pekkh±ya viseso hoti. Esa nayo samudayasacc±d²sup²ti. “Dukkhan”ti ekattat±. “J±ti dukkh±, jar± dukkh±, maraºa½ dukkhan”ti evam±di vemattat±. “Dukkhasamudayo”ti ekattat±, “taºh± ponobhavik± nand²r±gasahagat±”ti evam±di vemattat±ti evam±di vitth±ro vibhaªge (netti. 46 ±dayo) ±gamissat²ti.
Adhiµµh±nah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo parikkh±rah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
15. “Ye dhamm± ya½ dhamma½, janayantippaccay± paramparato.
Hetumavaka¹¹hayitv±, eso h±ro parikkh±ro”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha avijj±dik± ye paccayadhamm± saªkh±r±dika½ ya½ phaladhamma½ paccay± sahaj±tapaccayena paramparato paramparapaccayabh±vena janayanti, tassa saªkh±r±diphalassa paccaya½ parikkh±rabh³ta½ purimuppanna½ avijj±dika½ as±dh±raºa½ janaka½ hetu½, ayonisomanasik±r±dika½ s±dh±raºa½ paccayahetuñca avaka¹¹hayitv± suttato niddh±retv± yo sa½vaººan±viseso parikkh±rasa½vaººan±bh±vena pavatto, eso sa½vaººan±viseso parikkh±ro h±ro n±m±ti atthayojan±. Avijj±dayo hi avijj±d²na½ as±dh±raºahet³ bhavanti, ayonisomanasik±r±dayo s±dh±raºapaccay±. Ten±ha– “as±dh±raºalakkhaºo hetu, s±dh±raºalakkhaºo paccayo”ti, “avijj± avijj±ya hetu, ayonisomanasik±ro paccayo”ti-±dika½ (netti. 49) vibhaªgavacanañca.

Parikkh±rah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo sam±ropanah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
16. “Ye dhamm± ya½m³l±, ye cekatth± pak±sit± munin±.
Te sam±ropayitabb±, esa sam±ropano h±ro”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha ye s²l±dayo dhamm± ya½m³l± yesa½ sam±dhi-±d²na½ m³l±, te s²l±dayo dhamm± tesa½ sam±dhi-±d²na½ padaµµh±nabh±vena sa½vaººan±visesena sam±ropayitabb±, ye ca r±gavir±gacetovimuttisekkhaphalak±madh±tusamatikkaman±disadd± an±g±miphalatthat±ya ekatth± sam±natth±ti buddhamunin± pak±sit±, te r±ga…pe… tikkaman±disadd± aññamaññavevacanabh±vena sam±ropayitabb±, eso sa½vaººan±viseso sam±ropano h±ro n±m±ti atthayojan±.

Ettha ca s²l±dikkhandhattayassa pariy±yantaravibh±van±p±rip³r² kathit±, bh±van±p±rip³r² ca pah±tabbassa pah±nena hot²ti bh±van±sam±ropanapah±nasam±ropan±pi dassit±ti catubbidho sam±ropano padaµµh±nasam±ropano, vevacanasam±ropano, bh±van±sam±ropano, pah±nasam±ropanoti.
Tattha k±yikasucarita½, v±casikasucaritañca s²lakkhandho, manosucarite anabhijjh±, aby±p±do ca sam±dhikkhandho, samm±diµµhi paññ±kkhandho. S²lakkhandho sam±dhikkhandhassa padaµµh±na½, sam±dhikkhandho paññ±kkhandhassa padaµµh±na½. S²lakkhandho, sam±dhikkhandho ca samathassa padaµµh±na½, paññ±kkhandho vipassan±ya padaµµh±na½. Samatho r±gavir±gacetovimuttiy± padaµµh±na½, vipassan± avijj±vir±gapaññ±vimuttiy± padaµµh±nanti evam±di padaµµh±nasam±ropano. R±gavir±g± cetovimutti sekkhaphala½, avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutti asekkhaphala½, ida½ vevacana½. R±gavir±g± cetovimutti an±g±miphala½, avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutti aggaphala½ arahatta½, ida½ vevacana½. R±gavir±g± cetovimutti k±madh±tusamatikkamana½, avijj±vir±g± cetovimutti tedh±tusamatikkamana½, ida½ vevacana½. Paññindriya½, paññ±bala½, adhipaññ±sikkh±, paññ±kkhandhoti evam±di vevacananti evam±di vevacanasam±ropano. K±ye k±y±nupassino viharato catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, cat³su satipaµµh±nesu bh±viyam±nesu catt±ro sammappadh±n± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, cat³su sammappadh±nesu bh±viyam±nesu catt±ro iddhip±d± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchant²ti evam±di bh±van±sam±ropano. K±ye k±y±nupass² viharanto asubhe “subhan”ti vipall±sa½ pajahati, kaba¼²k±ro cassa ±h±ro pariñña½ gacchati, k±mup±d±nena ca anup±d±no bhavati, k±mayogena ca visa½yutto bhavati, abhijjh±k±yaganthena ca vippayujjati, k±m±savena ca an±savo bhavati, k±moghañca uttiººo bhavati, r±gasallena ca visallo bhavati, r³p³pik± cassa viññ±ºaµµhiti pariñña½ gacchati r³padh±tuya½ cassa r±go pah²no bhavati, na ca chand±gati½ gacchati, vedan±s³ti evam±di pah±nasam±ropanoti evam±di sam±ropano h±ro niyuttoti.

Iti sattibal±nur³p± racit±.

So¼asah±raniddesavibh±van± niµµhit±.