Nayasamuµµh±navibh±van±

79. Yena yena sa½vaººan±visesabh³tena desan±h±rasamp±t±din± h±rasamp±tena ekasuttappadesatth± niddh±retv± vibhatt±, so sa½vaººan±visesabh³to desan±h±rasamp±t±dih±rasamp±to paripuººo, “katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–“eva½ n±n±suttavasena, ekasuttavasena ca h±ravic±ra½ dassetv± id±ni nayavic±ra½ dassetu½ ‘tattha katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan’ti-±di ±raddhan”ti (netti. aµµha. 79) vutta½. “Tattha katamo nandiy±vaµµanayo”ti-±di½ an±rabhitv± “tattha katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan”ti-±di-±rambhane k±raºa½ aµµhakath±ya½ vuttameva. Tattha tatth±ti tesu h±r±d²su yo atthanayo sa½vaººan±nayena niddiµµho, tasseva atthanayassa samuµµh±na½ bh³mi½ pucchati “katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan”ti.
Kiñc±pi sa½vaººan±nay± niddiµµh±, tath±pi atthanayasa½vaººan±nay±na½ visesassa p±kaµa½ k±tu½ puna kathayiss±ma. Taºh±-avijj±hi sa½kilesapakkhassa suttatthassa catusaccayojanamukhena nayanalakkhaºo sa½vaººan±viseso ceva samathavipassan±hi vod±napakkhassa suttatthassa catusaccayojanamukhena nayanalakkhaºo sa½vaººan±viseso ca nandiy±vaµµo nayo n±ma. T²hi akusalam³lehi lobh±d²hi sa½kilesapakkhassa suttatthassa catusaccayojanamukhena nayanalakkhaºo sa½vaººan±viseso ceva t²hi kusalam³lehi alobh±d²hi vod±napakkhassa suttatthassa catusaccayojanamukhena nayanalakkhaºo sa½vaººan±viseso ca tipukkhalo nayo n±ma. Cat³hi subhasaññ±d²hi vipall±sehi sakalasa½kilesapakkhassa suttatthassa catusaccayojanamukhena nayanalakkhaºo sa½vaººan±viseso ceva cat³hi asubhasaññ±d²hi avipall±sehi satipaµµh±nehi, saddhindriyehi v± vod±napakkhassa suttatthassa catusaccayojanamukhena nayanalakkhaºo sa½vaººan±viseso ca s²havikk²¼ito nayo n±m±ti vutt± nay± sa½vaººan±nay± n±ma. Tesa½ sa½vaººan±nay±na½ samuµµh±na½ pucchati “katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan”ti.
Nay± pana n±n±suttato niddh±ritehi taºh±-avijj±d²hi m³lapadehi catusaccayojan±ya nayato anubujjhiyam±no dukkh±di-attho. So hi maggañ±ºa½ nayati samp±pet²ti “nayo”ti vutto, so atthanayo n±ma. Tasseva atthanayassa samuµµh±na½ pucchati “katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan”ti? Tasm± catusaccayojan±ya nayagg±hato n²yati anupucch²yat²ti nayo, ko so? Suttatthabh³to dukkh±diko attho. Nayati maggañ±ºa½ p±pet²ti v± nayo, dukkh±diko atthova. Ten±ha– “anubujjhiyam±no dukkh±di-attho. So hi maggañ±ºa½ nayati samp±pet²ti nayo”ti (netti. aµµha. 79). Samuµµhahanti nay± eten±ti samuµµh±na½, ki½ ta½? Avijj±taºh±dik±raºa½, ta½d²pan± sa½vaººan± ca. Avijj±taºh±din± hi dukkh±di-atthanay± sambhavanti. Atha v± avijj±taºh±d²hi catusaccayojan± samuµµh±na½ n±ma. Tena vutta½– “ki½ pana ta½? Ta½ta½m³lapadehi catusaccayojan±”ti (netti. aµµha. 79). Eva½ atthe gayham±ne sati sa½vaººan±nay±pi gahit± honti, nay±na½ samuµµh±na½ nayasamuµµh±na½, tasmi½ nayasamuµµh±ne.
“Katama½ nandiy±vaµµanayasamuµµh±nan”ti pucchitabbatt± paµhama½ nandiy±vaµµanayasamuµµh±na½ dassetu½ “pubb± koµi na paññ±yat²”ti-±di vutta½. Nandiy±vaµµanayasamuµµh±nabh³t±ya avijj±ya ca taºh±ya ca pubb± koµi “asukassa buddhassa bhagavato uppajjanak±le uppann±, asukassa cakkavattino uppajjanak±le uppann±”ti na paññ±yati koµiy± abh±vatoti yojan±. “Avijj±taºh±su katam± n²varaºa½, katam± sa½yojanan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha avijj± n²varaºa½ taºh± sa½yojanan”ti vutta½. Tatth±ti t±su avijj±taºh±su. ¾d²navapaµicch±dikatt± avijj± n²varaºa½. Bhavesu sa½yojanato taºh± sa½yojana½. “Avijj±n²varaº± satt± katha½ vicaranti, katha½ vuccanti, taºh±sa½yojan± satt± katha½ vicaranti katha½ vuccant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “avijj±n²varaº± satt±”ti-±di vutta½. Avijj±n²varaºametesamatth²ti avijj±n²varaº±. Avijj±ya sa½yutt± viya pavatt± avijj±ya abhinivisavatth³su sa½yutt± viya pavatt± satt± avijj±pakkhena vipall±sena nicc±di-abhinivesavatthubh³te r³p±di-±rammaºe vicaranti vividh± caranti pavattanti, te nicc±di-abhinivisant± vicarant± satt± “diµµhicarit±”ti vuccanti. Taºh±sa½yojanametesanti taºh±sa½yojan±. Taºh±ya sa½yutt± viya pavatt±, taºh±ya v± ±rammaºabh³te vatthuk±me sa½yutt± viya pavatt± satt± taºh±pakkhena aµµhasatataºh±vicaritena ±rammaºabh³te vatthusmi½ vicaranti pavattant²ti attho.
“Diµµhicarit± satt± ka½ paµipatti½ anuyutt± viharanti, taºh±carit± satt± ka½ paµipatti½ anuyutt± viharant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “diµµhicarit±”ti-±di vutta½. Diµµhicarit± satt± ito s±sanato bahiddh± pabbajit± hont±pi “sukhena adhigantabba½ sukha½ natthi, dukkhena adhigantabba½ sukha½ pana atth²”ti manasi karont± attakilamath±nuyoga½ pañc±tap±dipaµipatti½ anuyutt± viharanti. Taºh±carit± satt± ito s±sanato bahiddh± pabbajit± hont±pi “k±me paµisevant± loka½ va¹¹h±pent± bahu½ puñña½ va¹¹h±pent²”ti manasi karont± k±mesu k±masukhallik±nuyoga½ paµipatti½ anuyutt± viharanti.
“Kasm± diµµhicarit± tath±vidha½ paµipatti½ anuyutt± viharanti, kasm± taºh±carit± tath±vidha½ paµipatti½ anuyutt± viharant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha ki½ k±raºan”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tattha tesu diµµhicaritataºh±caritesu. Ya½ yasm± k±raº± viharanti, ta½ k±raºa½ kinti pucchati. Ito s±sanato bahiddh± yesa½ puggal±na½ saccavavatth±na½ natthi, catusaccappak±san± kuto ca atthi, samathavipassan±kosalla½ v± upasamasukhappatti v± kuto atthi, te puggal± upasamasukhassa anabhiññ± vipar²tacet± hutv± eva½ ±ha½su “sukhena adhigantabba½ sukha½ natthi dukkhena adhigantabba½ sukha½ n±ma atth²”ti. Te eva½saññ² eva½diµµh² dukkhena sukha½ patthayam±n± hutv± attakilamath±nuyogamanuyutt± viharanti. Ito s±sanato bahiddh± yesa½ puggal±na½ saccavavatth±na½ natthi, catusaccappak±san± kuto ca atthi, samathavipassan±kosalla½ v± upasamasukhappatti v± kuto atthi, te puggal± upasamasukhassa anabhiññ± vipar²tacet± hutv± evam±ha½su “yo k±me paµisevati, so loka½ va¹¹hayati, yo loka½ va¹¹hayati, so bahu½ puñña½ pasavat²”ti. Te eva½saññ² eva½diµµh² k±mesu sukhasaññ² hutv± k±masukhallik±nuyoga½ anuyutt± ca viharant²ti yojan± k±tabb±.
“Tath± viharant± ki½ va¹¹hayant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “te tadabhiññ± sant± rogameva va¹¹hayant²”ti vutta½. “Tath± va¹¹hayant± rog±d²na½ bhesajja½ samathavipassana½ va¹¹hayanti kin”ti pucchitabbatt± “te rog±bhitunn± gaº¹apaµip²¼it± sall±nuviddh± nirayatiracch±nayonipet±suresu ummujjanimujj±ni karont± uggh±taniggh±ta½ paccanubhont± rogagaº¹asallabhesajja½ na vindant²”tivutta½. Attho pana aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 79) vutto. “Katame sa½kilesavod±n±, katame rog±dayo, katama½ bhesajjan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha attakilamath±nuyogo”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tesu sa½kilesavod±narogabhesajj±d²su. Attakilamath±nuyogo ca k±masukhallik±nuyogo ca sa½kileso hoti, samathavipassan± vod±na½ hoti, attakilamath±nuyogo ca rogo hoti, samathavipassan± roganiggh±takabhesajja½…pe.. samathavipassan± salluddh±raºabhesajja½ hoti.
“Katamo katama½ saccan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha sa½kileso dukkhan”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tesu sa½kiles±d²su sa½kileso ekadesavasena dukkha½ dukkhasacca½ hoti. Tadabhisaªgoti tasmi½ sa½kilese abhisaªgo viya pavatto lokiyadhammo niravasesavasena dukkhasacca½ hoti. Atha v± tasmi½ dukkhe abhisaªgo viya pavatt± taºh± dukkhasamudayo samudayasacca½ hoti. Taºh±nirodho dukkhanirodho nirodhasacca½ hoti. Samathavipassan± dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± maggasacca½ hoti. Im±ni catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±retv± yojetabb±ni. “Tesu cat³su saccesu katama½ pariññeyya½, katamo pah±tabbo, katamo bh±vetabbo, katamo sacchik±tabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “dukkha½ pariññeyyan”ti-±di vutta½.
80. Diµµhicaritataºh±carit±na½ attakilamath±nuyog±divasena catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±rit±ni, “katha½ diµµhicaritataºh±carit±na½ sakk±yadassane pavattibhedavasena catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±rit±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha diµµhicarit±”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± “diµµhicaritataºh±carit±na½ sakk±yadassane katamo pavattibhedo”ti pucchitabbatt± imesa½ sakk±yadassane aya½ pavattibhedoti vibhajitv± dassetu½ “tattha diµµhicarit±”ti-±di vutta½. Tena vutta½– “id±ni diµµhicaritataºh±carit±na½ sakk±yadiµµhidassane pavattibheda½ dassetu½ ‘diµµhicarit±’ti-±di vuttan”ti. Tatth±ti tesu diµµhicaritataºh±caritesu. Diµµhicarit± puggal± r³pa½ “att±”ti attato upagacchanti…pe… viññ±ºa½ “att±”ti attato upagacchanti diµµhicarit±na½ att±bhinivesassa balavabh±vato, taºh±carit± pana r³pa½ v± “att±”ti r³pavanta½ att±na½ upagacchanti attani v± r³pa½, r³pasmi½ v± “att±”ti att±na½ upagacchanti…pe… viññ±ºasmi½ v± “att±”ti att±na½ upagacchanti taºh±carit±na½ attaniy±bhinivesassa balavabh±vato. Pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu ekeka½ niss±ya catubbidhatt± v²sativatthuk± aya½ micch±diµµhi “sakk±yadiµµh²”ti vuccati. Eva½ diµµhicaritataºh±carit±na½ sakk±yadassane pavattibhedo viññ±tabboti attho.
“Sakk±yadiµµhiy± katamo paµipakkho”ti pucchitabbatt± “tass± paµipakkho”ti-±di vutta½. Tass± sakk±yadiµµhiy± pajahanavasena lokuttar± samm±diµµhi paµipakkho, tass± samm±diµµhiy± anv±yik± anuguºabh±vena pavattanak± dhamm± ca sakk±yadiµµhiy± pajahanavasena paµipakkh± bhavanti. “Katame dhamm± anv±yik±”ti pucchitabbatt± “samm±saªkappo”ti-±di vutta½. Samm±saªkappo…pe… samm±sam±dhi ime dhamm± anv±yik± honti. Aya½ samm±diµµhi-±diko ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo tass± sakk±yadiµµhiy± paµipakkho hoti pah±yakatt±. “Te samm±diµµhiy±dayo dhamm± khandhato kittak± hont²”ti pucchitabbatt± “te tayo khandh±”ti-±di vutta½. “Katamo khandho samatho, katamo khandho vipassan±”ti pucchitabbatt± “s²lakkhandho sam±dhikkhandho ca samatho, paññ±kkhandho vipassan±”ti vutta½. “Sakk±y±d²su katamo katama½ sacca½, katamo katama½ saccan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha sakk±yo”ti-±di vutta½.
“Diµµhicaritataºh±carit±na½ sakk±yadiµµhitappaµipakkhavasena catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±rit±ni, katha½ antadvayamajjhimapaµipad± niddh±rit±”ti vattabbatt± “tattha ye r³pa½ attato”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tesu diµµhicaritataºh±caritesu ye diµµhicarit± puggal± r³pa½ “att±”ti attato upagacchanti…pe… viññ±ºa½ “att±”ti attato upagacchanti. Ime diµµhicarit± puggal± “r³p±dayo ca att±, r³p±d²nañca aniccatt±, attass±pi aniccatt± att± ucchijjati, att± vinassati, att± para½ maraº± na hot²”ti abhinivisanato “ucchedav±dino”ti vuccanti. Ye taºh±carit± puggal± r³pa½ v± “att±”ti r³pavanta½ att±na½ upagacchanti…pe… viññ±ºa½ v± “att±”ti viññ±ºavanta½ att±na½ upagacchanti. Attani v± viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºasmi½ v± att±na½ upagacchanti. Ime taºh±carit± puggal± “r³p±d²hi att± añño aññatt± att± nicco sassato”ti abhinivisanato “sassatav±dino”ti vuccanti.