3. Niddesav±ra-atthavibh±van±

So¼asah±raniddesavibh±van±

4. H±r±d²su samud±yassa nettippakaraºassa uddeso uddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo niddeso”ti pucchitabbatt± uddiµµhe h±r±dayo niddisitu½ “tattha saªkhepato nett²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “eva½ uddiµµhe h±r±dayo niddisitu½ ‘tattha saªkhepato’ti-±di ±raddhan”ti (netti. aµµha. 4) vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ “tattha katame so¼asa h±r±? Desan± vicayo”ti-±di-uddesap±µhe. Saªkhepatoti sam±sato. Nett²ti nettippakaraºa½. Kittit±ti kathit±, id±ni niddesato kathess±m²ti vutta½ hoti.
1. “Ass±d±d²navat±, nissaraºampi ca phala½ up±yo ca.
¾ºatt² ca bhagavato, yog²na½ desan±h±ro”ti.–

G±th±ya½ yena sa½vaººan±visesena sutte ±gat± ass±dopi ±d²navat± ±d²navopi nissaraºampi phalampi up±yopi yog²na½ atth±ya bhagavato ±ºattipi ime dhamm± dassit± sa½vaººit± sa½vaººan±vasena ñ±pit±, so sa½vaººan±viseso desan±h±ro n±m±ti atthayojan±.

Vacanatth±dayo aµµhakath±ya½ vitth±rato vutt±va, tasm± kiñcimattameva kathess±mi. Ass±d²yateti ass±do, ko so? Sukha½, somanassa½, iµµh±rammaºabh³t± pañcup±d±nakkhandh± ca. Ass±deti et±y±ti v± ass±do, ko so? Taºh±, vipall±s± ca. Vipall±savasena hi ekacce satt± aniµµhampi ±rammaºa½ iµµh±k±rena ass±denti.
¾bhusa½ kammena d²na½ dukkh±di hutv± v±ti pavattat²ti ±d²navo, dukkh±di. Atha v± ativiya ±d²na½ kapaºa½ hutv± v±ti pavattat²ti ±d²navo, kapaºamanusso, tath±bh±v± ca tebh³mak± dhamm± aniccat±diyogato.
Nissarati eten±ti nissaraºa½, ariyamaggo. Nissarat²ti v± nissaraºa½, nibb±na½. Pi-saddo sampiº¹anattho. Nissaraºabhedo aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 4 h±rasaªkhepa) bahudh± vuttova.
Phalati pavattat²ti phala½, desan±ya phala½. Yadipi desan± phalanipph±dik± na hoti, tath±pi bhagavato dhammadesana½ sutv± puññasambh±r± sambhavanti, puññasambh±rahetuto phala½ pavatta½, tasm± desan±ya phala½ n±m±ti. Katama½ ta½? Devamanussesu ±yuvaººasukhabalayasapariv±ra-adhipateyya-upadhisampatticakkavattisiridevarajja- siricatusampatticakkas²lasam±dhisampad± vijj±bhiññ± paµisambhid± s±vakabodhipaccekabodhisamm±sambodhiyo.
Paccayas±maggi½ upagantv± ayati pavattati phala½ eten±ti up±yo, ko so? Ariyamaggassa pubbabh±gapaµipad±. Purim± paµipad± hi pacchim±ya paµipad±ya adhigam³p±yo, parampar±ya magganibb±n±dhigamassa ca up±yo. Keci “maggopi up±yo”ti vadanti, tesa½ matena nibb±nameva nissaraºanti vutta½ siy±. “Te pah±ya tare oghanti ida½ nissaraºan”ti (netti. 5) pana ariyamaggassa nissaraºabh±va½ vakkhati, tasm± kesañci v±do na gahetabbo.
¾ºatt²ti ±º±rahassa bhagavato veneyy±na½ hitasiddhiy± “eva½ samm±paµipatti½ paµipajj±hi, micch±paµipatti½ m± paµipajj±h²”ti vidh±na½ ±º±µhapana½ ±ºatti n±ma.
Yujjanti payujjanti catusaccakammaµµh±nabh±van±s³ti yogino, veneyy±, tesa½ yog²na½ atth±y±ti vacanasesa½ n²haritv± yojan± k±tabb±. Sutte ±gat±na½ sabbesa½ ass±d±d²na½ ekades±gat±nampi n²haritv± sabbesa½ vibhajanasa½vaººan±viseso desan±h±roti niddesato gahetabbo, so ca vibhajan±k±ro desan±h±ravibhaªge (netti. 5) ±gamissat²ti idha na dassitoti.
Desan±h±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo vicayah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
2. “Ya½ pucchitañca vissajjitañca, suttassa y± ca anug²ti.
Suttassa yo pavicayo, h±ro vicayoti niddiµµho”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha suttassa ya½ pucchitañca y± pucch± vicayam±n± ca suttassa ya½ vissajjitañca y± vissajjan± vicayam±n± ca suttassa yo pad±divicayo, ass±d±divicayo ca atthi, te vuttappak±r± vicayam±n± pucch±dayo yena sa½vaººan±visesena viciyanti, so sa½vaººan±viseso vicayo h±roti niddiµµhoti atthayojan± k±tabb±.

Pucch²yate pucchita½. Vissajj²yate vissajjitanti bh±vas±dhanattho daµµhabbo, na kammas±dhanattho. Tena vutta½ µ²k±ya½ “bh±vatthe toti ±ha– ‘vissajjitanti vissajjan±”’ti.
“Suttass±”ti niyamitatt± sa½vaººan±vasena aµµhakath±ya½ ±gata½ na gahetabbanti daµµhabba½. So vicayo h±ro aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 4 h±rasaªkhepa) vuttova. Katha½?–
“Aya½ pucch± adiµµhajotan± diµµhasa½sandan± vimaticchedan± anumatipucch± kathetukamyat±pucch± satt±dhiµµh±n± dhamm±dhiµµh±n± ek±dhiµµh±n± anek±dhiµµh±n± sammutivisay± paramatthavisay± at²tavisay± an±gatavisay± paccuppannavisay±”ti-±din± pucch±vicayo veditabbo. “Ida½ vissajjana½ eka½saby±karaºa½ vibhajjaby±karaºa½ paµipucch±by±karaºa½ µhapana½ s±vasesa½ niravasesa½ sa-uttara½ niruttara½ lokiya½ lokuttaran”ti-±din± vissajjanavicayo.
“Aya½ pucch± imin± sameti, etena na samet²”ti pucchitattha½ ±netv±, vicayo pubben±para½ sa½sanditv± ca vicayo pubb±paravicayo. “Aya½ anug²ti vuttatthasaªgah± avuttatthasaªgah± tadubhayatthasaªgah± kusalatthasaªgah± akusalatthasaªgah±”ti-±din± anug²tivicayo. Ass±d±d²su sukhavedan±ya “iµµh±rammaº±nubhavanalakkhaº±”ti-±din±, taºh±ya “±rammaºaggahaºalakkhaº±”ti-±din±, vipall±s±na½ “vipar²taggahaºalakkhaº±”ti-±din±, avasiµµh±na½ tebh³makadhamm±na½ “yath±sakalakkhaº±”ti-±din± sabbesañca dv±v²satiy± tikesu, dv±catt±l²s±dhike ca dukasate labbham±napadavasena ta½ta½ass±datthavisesaniddh±raºa½ ass±davicayo.
Dukkhavedan±ya “aniµµh±nubhavanalakkhaº±”ti-±din±, dukkhasacc±na½ “paµisandhilakkhaº±”ti-±din±, aniccat±d²na½ ±di-antavantat±ya aniccantikat±ya ca “anicc±”ti-±din± sabbesañca lokiyadhamm±na½ sa½kilesabh±giyah±nabh±giyat±divasena ±d²navavuttiy± ok±raniddh±raºena ±d²navavicayo. Nissaraºapade ariyamaggassa ±gamanato k±y±nupassan±dipubbabh±gapaµipad±vibh±gavisesaniddh±raºavasena, nibb±nassa yath±vuttapariy±yavibh±gavisesaniddh±raºavasen±ti eva½ nissaraºavicayo. Phal±d²na½ ta½ta½suttadesan±ya s±dhetabbaphalassa tadup±yassa tattha tattha suttavidhivacanassa ca vibh±ganiddh±raºavasena vicayo veditabbo. Eva½ padapucch±vissajjanapucch±pubb±par±nug²t²na½, ass±d±d²nañca visesaniddh±raºavaseneva vicayalakkhaºo “vicayo h±ro”ti veditabboti–

Eva½ vuttova.

Vissajjanaviseso pana µ²k±ya½ vutto. Katha½?–
“Cakkhu aniccan”ti puµµhe “±ma, cakkhu aniccamev±”ti ekantato vissajjana½ eka½saby±karaºa½, “aññindriya½ bh±vetabba½, sacchik±tabbañc±”ti puµµhe “maggapariy±panna½ bh±vetabba½, phalapariy±panna½ sacchik±tabban”ti vibhajitv± vissajjana½ vibhajjaby±karaºa½, “aññindriya½ kusalan”ti puµµhe “ki½ anavajjaµµho kusalattho, ud±hu sukhavip±kaµµho”ti paµipucchitv± vissajjana½ paµipucch±by±karaºa½, “sassato att±, asassato v±”ti vutte “aby±katametan”ti-±din± avissajjana½ µhapana½, “ki½ panete ‘kusal±’ti v± ‘dhamm±’ti v± ekatth±, ud±hu n±natth±”ti ida½ pucchana½ s±vasesa½. Vissajjanassa pana s±vasesato veneyyajjh±sayavasena desan±ya½ veditabb±. Ap±µih²raka½ sa-uttara½ sapp±µih²raka½ niruttara½, sesa½ vicayah±raniddese suviññeyyamev±ti–

Vuttova. Sa½vaººan±su vutto attho an±kulo p±kaµo yatipotehi viññ±to, so sabbattha amhehi na vibhattoti daµµhabbo.

Vicayah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo yuttih±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
3. “Sabbesa½ h±r±na½, y± bh³m² yo ca gocaro tesa½.
Yutt±yuttaparikkh±, h±ro yutt²ti niddiµµho”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha sabbesa½ so¼asanna½ h±r±na½ y± bh³mi pavattanaµµh±nabh³ta½ byañjana½, yo gocaro suttattho ca atthi, tesa½ bh³misaªkh±tabyañjanagocarasaªkh±tasuttatth±na½ y± yutt±yuttaparikkh± yutt±yutt²na½ vic±raº± sa½vaººan± kat±, so yutti-ayuttiparikkh±vic±raºasaªkh±to sa½vaººan±viseso “yutti h±ro”ti niddiµµhoti atthayojan±.

Tesa½ h±r±na½ bh³mibh³tassa sutte ±gatassa byañjanassa yuttibh±vo duvidho sabh±vaniruttibh±vo, adhippetatthav±cakabh±vo ca. Gocarabh³tassa pana sutte ±gatassa yuttibh±vo suttavinayadhammat±hi avilomana½. Ayuttibh±vo vuttavipariy±yena gahetabbo.
Yuttih±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo padaµµh±nah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
4. “Dhamma½ deseti jino, tassa ca dhammassa ya½ padaµµh±na½.
Iti y±va sabbadhamm±, eso h±ro padaµµh±no”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha dhammanti ya½ kiñci kusal±didhamma½ sutte jino deseti, tassa sutte jinena desitassa kusal±didhammassa yañca padaµµh±na½ niddh±retabba½, ta½ ta½ padaµµh±nañc±ti eva½ vuttanayena y±va yattak± sabbe dhamm± sutte jinena desit±, tattak±na½ sabbesa½ dhamm±na½ yañca padaµµh±na½ niddh±retabba½, tassa ca padaµµh±nassa yañca padaµµh±na½ niddh±retabba½, ta½ ta½ padaµµh±nañca, iti eva½ vuttanayena y±va yattak± sabbe padaµµh±nadhamm± niddh±retabb±va, tattak±ni sabb±ni dhammapadaµµh±n±ni yath±nur³pa½ niddh±retv± yena sa½vaººan±visesena kathit±ni, eso sa½vaººan±viseso “padaµµh±no h±ro”ti niddiµµhoti atthayojan±.

Sutte desitakusaladhammassa yonisomanasik±rasaddhammassavanasappuris³panissay±di padaµµh±na½, sutte desita-akusaladhammassa ayonisomanasik±ra-asaddhammassavana-asappuris³panissay±di padaµµh±na½, aby±katassa dhammassa yath±raha½ kusal±kusal±by±kat± padaµµh±nanti-±din± niddh±retabbanti.
Padaµµh±nah±raniddeso niddiµµho, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo lakkhaºah±raniddeso”ti pucchitabbatt±–
5. “Vuttamhi ekadhamme, ye dhamm± ekalakkhaº± keci.
Vutt± bhavanti sabbe, so h±ro lakkhaºo n±m±”ti.–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha ekadhamme sutte bhagavat± vuttamhi, aµµhakath±ya½ niddh±rite v± sati tena dhammena ye keci dhamm± ekalakkhaº± bhavanti, sabbe te dhamm± sutte sar³pato avutt±pi sam±nalakkhaºat±ya sa½vaººetabbabh±vena ±netv± yena sa½vaººan±visesena vutt± bhavanti, so sa½vaººan±viseso “lakkhaºo n±ma h±ro”ti niddiµµhoti atthayojan±.

Eka½ sam±na½ lakkhaºa½ etesanti ekalakkhaº±, sam±nalakkhaº±, sahac±rit±ya v± sam±nakiccat±ya v± sam±nahetut±ya v± sam±naphalat±ya v± sam±n±rammaºat±ya v± avutt±pi niddh±rit±ti. Katha½ – “N±nattak±y±n±nattasaññino (d². ni. 3.341, 357, 359; a. ni. 9.24), n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r±”ti-±d²su sahac±rit±ya saññ±ya sahagat± dhamm± niddh±rit±. “Dada½ mitt±ni ganthat²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 189) sam±nakiccat±, piyavacana-atthacariy± sam±natthat±pi niddh±rit±, “phassapaccay± vedan±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.126; sa½. ni. 2.1; mah±va. 1; vibha. 225; ud±. 1; netti. 24) sam±nahetut±ya saññ±dayopi niddh±rit±, “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.126; sa½. ni. 2.1; mah±va. 1; vibha. 225; ud±. 1; netti. 24) sam±naphalat±ya taºhup±d±n±dayopi niddh±rit±, “r³pa½ ass±deti abhinandati, ta½ ±rabbha r±go uppajjat²”ti-±d²su (paµµh±. 1.1.424) sam±n±rammaºat±ya ta½sampayutt± vedan±dayopi niddh±rit±, niddh±retv± vattabb±ti atthoti. Vitth±ro vibhaªgav±re (netti. 23) ±gamissati.