54. “Paññ±vimutt²”ti vuttassa arahattaphalassa sam±dhissa samathavipassan±saªkh±t± pubbabh±gapaµipad± sam±dhimukhena ±cariyena vibhatt±, “t±ya paµipad±ya labhitabbo arahattaphalasam±dhi kittakena veditabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “so sam±dhi pañcavidhena veditabbo”ti vutta½. Yo arahattaphalasam±dhi samathavipassan±paµipad±ya labhitabbo, so arahattaphalasam±dhi pañcavidhena ñ±ºadassanena veditabbo.
“Katha½ pañcavidhañ±ºadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavat²”ti vattabbatt± “aya½ sam±dh²”ti-±di vutta½. Aya½ arahattaphalasam±dhi appitappitakkhaºe phalasam±pattisukhatt± paccuppannasukho hoti, iti paccavekkhantassa assa arahato paccattameva ñ±ºadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavati. Aya½ arahattaphalasam±dhi ±yati½ sam±pajjitabbassa arahattaphalasam±dhissa upanissayapaccayatt± ±yati½ sukhavip±ko hoti, iti paccavekkhantassa…pe… bhavati. Aya½ arahattaphalasam±dhi kilesa-ar²hi ±rakatt± ariyo, k±m±misavaµµ±misalok±mis±na½ abh±vato nir±miso ca hoti, iti paccavekkhantassa…pe… bhavati. Aya½ arahattaphalasam±dhi ak±purisehi samm±sambuddhapaccekabuddhas±vakabuddhehi sevitabbatt± ak±purisasevito hoti, iti paccavekkhantassa…pe… bhavati. Aya½ arahattaphalasam±dhi aªgasantakilesadarathasantatt± santo ceva divasampi sam±pajjantassa atittikaraºato paº²to ca paµippassaddhakilesena arahat± puggalena laddhatt± paµippassaddhiladdho ca arahattamaggasam±dhisaªkh±tena ekodibh±vena adhigatatt± ekodibh±v±dhigato ca sasaªkh±rena sapayogena adhigatatt±, n²varaº±dipaccan²kadhamme niggayha anadhigatatt±, aññe kilese v±retv± anadhigatatt±, arahattamaggaphalabh±veneva pavattatt± nasasaªkh±raniggayhav±ritagato hoti, iti paccavekkhantassa assa arahato paccattameva ñ±ºadassana½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavat²ti pañcavidhena ñ±ºadassanena so arahattaphalasam±dhi vicayitv± veditabboti.
“Paccuppannasukh±d²su sam±dh²su kittako samatho, kittak± vipassan±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha yo ca sam±dhi paccuppannasukho”ti-±di vutta½. Samatho, vipassan±ti ca arahattaphalasamathavipassan±va adhippet±, na pubbabh±gasamathavipassan±ti. Arahattaphalasam±dhi pañcavidhena veditabboti ±cariyena vutto, “tassa arahattaphalasam±dhissa pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya½ vutto sam±dhi kittakena veditabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “so sam±dhi pañcavidhena veditabbo”ti vutta½. Yo r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nasam±dhi pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya½ vutto, so r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nasam±dhi pañcavidhena pak±rena veditabbo. “Katamen±”ti pucchitabbatt± “p²tipharaºat±”ti-±di vutta½. Paµhamadutiyajjh±nesu paññ± p²tipharaºat± hoti. Paµhamadutiyatatiyajjh±nesu paññ± sukhapharaºat± hoti. Catutthajjh±ne cetopariyapaññ± cetopharaºat± hoti. Dibbacakkhupaññ± ±lokapharaºat± hoti. Jh±na½ paccavekkhitv± pavattam±napaññ± paccavekkhaº±nimitta½ hoti. Iti pañcavidhena paññ±pak±rena vicayitv± veditabboti. “Tesu pañcavidhesu pak±resu kittako samatho, kittak± vipassan±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha yo ca p²tipharaºo”ti-±di vutta½.
55. Sampayogavasena sam±dhi ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katha½ ±rammaºavasena vibhatto”ti pucchitabbatt± “dasa kasiº±yatan±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Imehi dasahi ±rammaºehi kasiºehipi sam±dhi vicinitv± veditabboti. “Tesu dasasu kittako samatho, kittak± vipassan±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha yañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Kasiºanti ca kasiºamaº¹alampi parikammampi paµibh±ganimittampi tasmi½ paµibh±ganimitte uppannajjh±nampi vuccati, idha pana sasampayuttajjh±nameva adhippeta½.
“Ki½ pana vuttappak±ro sam±dhiyeva samathavipassan±ya yojetabbo, ud±hu aññopi yojetabbo”ti vattabbatt± satipaµµh±n±dipubbabh±gapaµipad±bhedena anekabhedabhinno niravaseso ariyamaggopi vicayitv± yojetabboti dassetu½ “eva½ sabbo”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha evanti may± vuttanayena vuttanay±nus±rena sabbo niravaseso satipaµµh±n±dipubbabh±gapaµipad±bhedena anekabhedabhinno ariyo maggo yojetabbo. Katha½? Yena yena anabhijjh±di±k±rena paccuppannasukhat±di-±k±rena sam±dhi may± vutto, tena tena anabhijjh±di-±k±rena paccuppannasukhat±di-±k±rena yo yo ariyamaggo samathena yojetu½ sambhavati, so so ariyamaggo samathena vicayitv± yojayitabbo. Yo yo ariyamaggo vipassan±ya yojetu½ sambhavati, so so ariyamaggo vipassan±ya yojayitv± yojayitabboti attho gahetabbo.
“Yehi samath±dhiµµh±nehi vipassan±dhammehi yojayitabbo, te samath±dhiµµh±n± vipassan±dhamm± katamehi dhammehi saªgahit±”ti pucchitabbatt± “te t²hi dhammehi saªgahit± aniccat±ya dukkhat±ya anattat±y±”ti vutta½, te samath±dhiµµh±n± vipassan±dhamm± “aniccat±ya paññ±ya dukkhat±ya paññ±ya anattat±ya paññ±y±”ti t²hi anupassan±dhammehi saªgahit± gaºhit±ti attho. Aniccat±din± sahacaraºato anupassan±paññ±pi “aniccat± dukkhat± anattat±”ti vuccati.
“Yo yog² puggalo samath±dhiµµh±na½ vipassana½ bh±vayam±no hoti, so yog² puggalo ki½ bh±vayat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “so samathavipassana½ bh±vayam±no”ti-±di vutta½.
Samathavipassan±d²ni bh±vayam±no puggalo r±gacarito dosacarito mohacaritoti tividho, “tattha katamo puggalo katamena katamena vimokkhamukhena niyy±ti, katam±ya½ katam±ya½ sikkhanto, katama½ katama½ pajahanto, katama½ katama½ anupagacchanto, katama½ katama½ parij±nanto, katama½ katama½ pav±hento, katama½ katama½ niddhunanto, katama½ katama½ vamento, katama½ katama½ nibb±pento, katama½ katama½ upp±µento, katama½ katama½ vijaµento niyy±t²”ti pucchitabbatt± “r±gacarito puggalo”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “id±ni yesa½ puggal±na½ yattha sikkhant±na½ visesato niyy±namukh±ni, yesañca kiles±na½ paµipakkhabh³t±ni t²ºi vimokkhamukh±ni, tehi saddhi½ t±ni dassetu½ ‘r±gacarito’ti-±di vuttan”ti vutta½. Tassatthopi aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 55) vuttoyeva.
“Kasm± t²ºi vimokkhamukh±ni bh±vayanto tayo khandhe bh±vayat²”ti vattabbatt± “tattha suññatavimokkhamukhan”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tesu t²su vimokkhamukhesu. Suññatavimokkhamukha½ paññ±kkhandho anatt±nupassan±ya paññ±padh±natt±. Animittavimokkhamukha½ sam±dhikkhandho anicc±nupassan±ya sam±dhipadh±natt±. Appaºihitavimokkhamukha½ s²lakkhandho dukkh±nupassan±ya s²lapadh±natt±. Iti t²hi vimokkhamukhehi tiººa½ khandh±na½ saªgahitatt± t²ºi vimokkhamukh±ni bh±vayanto so yog² puggalo tayo khandhe bh±vayatiyev±ti paññ±padh±n±dibh±vo aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 55) vutto. Tayo khandhe bh±vayanto ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ bh±vayati. “Kasm± bh±vayat²”ti vattabbatt± k±raºa½ dassetu½ “tattha y±”ti-±di vutta½.
Tiººa½ khandh±na½ ariya-aµµhaªgikamaggabh±vo vibhatto, amhehi ca j±nito, “katha½ samathavipassan±bh±vo j±nitabbo”ti vattabbatt± tiººa½ khandh±na½ samathavipassan±bh±va½ dassetu½ “tattha s²lakkhandho c±”ti-±di vutta½. “Yo yog² puggalo samathavipassana½ bh±veti, tassa yogino puggalassa bhavaªg±ni katama½ bh±vana½ gacchant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “yo samathavipassana½ bh±veti, tass±”ti-±di vutta½. K±yo ca cittañca dve bhavaªg±ni upapattibhavassa aªg±ni bh±vana½ va¹¹hana½ gacchanti. S²lañca sam±dhi ca dve pad±ni dve p±d± bhavanirodhag±min² paµipad± bh±vana½ va¹¹hana½ gacchanti.
“Katha½ gacchant²”ti vattabbatt± “so hoti bhikkh³”ti-±di vutta½. Bh±vitak±yoti bh±vito k±yo k±ya-±bhisam±c±riko, k±yasa½varo v± yena bhikkhun±ti bh±vitak±yo. Sesesupi esa nayo. K±ye k±ya-±bhisam±c±rike, k±yasa½vare v± bh±viyam±ne sati samm±kammanto, samm±v±y±mo ca dve dhamm± bh±vana½ gacchanti k±yasam±c±ras²latt±. S²le v±c±sa½vara-±j²vasa½varavasena pavatte s²le bh±viyam±ne sati samm±v±c± ca samm±-±j²vo ca dve dhamm± bh±vana½ gacchanti v±c±disa½varas²latt±. Citte cittasa½varavasena pavatte citte bh±viyam±ne sati samm±sati ca samm±sam±dhi ca dve dhamm± bh±vana½ gacchanti cittasa½varas²latt±. Paññ±ya bh±viyam±n±ya sati samm±diµµhi ca samm±saªkappo ca dve dhamm± bh±vana½ gacchanti sam±natt±, upak±rakatt± ca. Samm±saªkappena hi punappuna½ saªkappantassa paññ± va¹¹hat²ti.
“Samm±kammanto ca samm±v±y±mo ca dve dhamm± k±yavaseneva vibhatt± vicetabb± ki½, ud±hu cittavasena vibhatt± vicetabb± kin”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha yo ca samm±kammanto”ti-±di vutta½. K±yasucaritacetan±bh³to yo ca samm±kammanto, ta½sahito yo ca samm±v±y±mo siy± k±yiko, viratibh³to yo ca samm±kammanto, ta½sahito yo ca samm±v±y±mo siy± cetasiko, tattha tesu k±yikacetasikabh³tesu samm±kammantasamm±v±y±mesu yo samm±kammantasamm±v±y±mo k±yasaªgaho, so samm±kammantasamm±v±y±mo k±ye k±ya-±bhisam±c±rike, k±yasa½vare v± bh±vite sati bh±vana½ gacchati. Yo samm±kammantasamm±v±y±mo cittasaªgaho, so samm±kammantasamm±v±y±mo citte cittasa½vare bh±vite sati bh±vana½ gacchat²ti yojan±.
“Samathavipassana½ bh±vayanto so yog² puggalo kittaka½ adhigama½ gacchat²”ti vicayitabbatt± “so samathavipassana½ bh±vayanto”ti-±di vutta½. Pañcavidha½ ariyamagg±dhigama½ dassetu½ “khipp±dhigamo c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 55) vibhatto. “Kena katamo adhigamo hot²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha samathen±”ti-±di vutta½.
56. “Arakkhitena citten±”ti-±disuttattho veneyy±na½ arahattaphalavimuttimukhena ±cariyena vicayito vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “desakassa dasabalasamann±gatassa dasa bal±ni katha½ vicayitabb±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha yo desayati, so dasabalasamann±gato”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–
“Iti mah±thero ‘tasm± rakkhitacittass±’ti g±th±ya vasena arahattaphalavimuttimukhena vicayah±rasamp±ta½ niddisanto, desan±kusalat±ya anekehi suttappadesehi tass± pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya bh±van±vises±na½ bh±van±nisa½s±nañca vibhajanavasena n±nappak±rato vicayah±ra½ dassetv±, id±ni dasanna½ tath±gatabal±nampi vasena ta½ dassetu½ ‘tattha yo desayat²’ti-±dim±h±”ti–

Vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu samathavipassana½ bh±vayantesu s±sitabbas±sakesu. Dasabalasamann±gato yo desako satth± “arakkhitena citten±”ti-±didhamma½ deseti, ov±dena s±vake na visa½v±dayati, tassa desakassa satthuno dasa bal±ni vicayitabb±n²ti yojan±.

“Kinti deset²”ti pucchitabbatt± “so tividhan”ti-±di vutta½. Tesu dasasu tath±gatabalesu µh±n±µµh±nañ±ºa½ paµhama½ tath±gatabala½ n±ma, “ta½ bala½ katha½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “so tath± ovadito”ti-±di vutta½. Attho aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 56) vutto, p±¼ivasenapi p±kaµo. “Eta½ µh±na½ na vijjat²”ti j±nana½ aµµh±nañ±ºa½ n±ma, “eta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti j±nana½ µh±nañ±ºa½ n±m±ti µh±n±µµh±n±na½ j±nanañ±ºa½ paµhama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti adhipp±yo veditabbo. (1)
57. Ýh±n±µµh±nañ±ºa½ paµhama½ tath±gatabala½ ±cariyena vicayita½ vibhatta½ amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katha½ sabbatthag±minipaµipad±ñ±ºa½ dutiyatath±gatabala½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti µh±n±µµh±nat±”ti vutta½. “Aya½ paµipad± imasmi½ bhave g±min², aya½ paµipad± imasmi½ bhave g±min²”ti sabbattha g±miniy± paµipad±ya j±nanañ±ºa½ sabbatthag±minipaµipad±ñ±ºa½ n±m±ti sabbatthag±minipaµipad±ñ±ºa½ dutiya½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti adhipp±yo. (2)
59. Sabbatthag±minipaµipad±ñ±ºa½ dutiya½ tath±gatabala½ ±cariyena vicayita½, amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katha½ anekadh±tun±n±dh±tuñ±ºa½ tatiya½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti sabbatthag±min² paµipad±”ti-±di vutta½. “Aya½ dh±tu ca aya½ dh±tu ca anekadh±tu n±ma, aya½ dh±tu ca aya½ dh±tu ca n±n±dh±tu n±m±”ti anekadh±tun±n±dh±t³na½ j±nanañ±ºa½ anekadh±tun±n±dh±tuñ±ºa½ n±m±ti anekadh±tun±n±dh±tuñ±ºa½ tatiya½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti. (3)
60. Anekadh±tun±n±dh±tuñ±ºa½ tatiya½ tath±gatabala½ ±cariyena vicayita½ vibhatta½, amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katha½ satt±na½ n±n±dhimuttikat±ñ±ºa½ catuttha½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti anekadh±tun±n±dh±tukassa lokass±”ti-±di vutta½. “Ime satt± eva½ adhimutt±, ime satt± eva½ adhimutt±”ti satt±na½ adhimuccan±na½ j±nanañ±ºa½ satt±na½ n±n±dhimuttikat±ñ±ºa½ n±m±ti satt±na½ n±n±dhimuttikat±ñ±ºa½ catuttha½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti. (4)
Satt±na½ n±n±dhimuttikat±ñ±ºa½ catuttha½ tath±gatabala½ ±cariyena vibhatta½, amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katha½ vip±kavemattat±ñ±ºa½ pañcama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti te yath±dhimutt± c±”ti-±di vutta½. “Eva½ adhimutt±na½ satt±na½ ida½ kamma½ kaºha½, imassa kaºhakammassa aya½ vip±ko. Ida½ kamma½ sukka½, imassa sukkakammassa aya½ vip±ko”ti evam±d²hi vip±k±na½ n±nattaj±nanañ±ºa½ vip±kavemattat±ñ±ºa½ n±m±ti vip±kavemattat±ñ±ºa½ pañcama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti.
62. Vip±kavemattat±ñ±ºa½ pañcama½ tath±gatabala½ ±cariyena vicayita½, amhehi ca ñ±ta½, “katha½ jh±n±na½ sa½kilesavod±navuµµh±nañ±ºa½ chaµµha½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti tath± sam±dinn±nan”ti-±di vutta½. “Eva½ sam±dinn±na½ kamm±na½ jh±n±na½ vimokkh±na½ sam±dh²na½ sam±patt²na½ aya½ sa½kileso, ida½ vod±na½, ida½ vuµµh±na½, eva½ sa½kilissati, eva½ vod±yati, eva½ vuµµhahat²”ti jh±n±na½ sa½kilesavod±navuµµh±n±na½ an±varaºañ±ºa½ jh±n±na½ sa½kilesavod±navuµµh±nañ±ºa½ n±m±ti jh±n±na½ sa½kilesavod±navuµµh±nañ±ºa½ chaµµha½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti. (5)
63. Jh±n±na½ sa½kilesañ±ºa½ chaµµha½ tath±gatabala½ ±cariyena vicayita½, “katha½ indriyaparopariyattavemattat±ñ±ºa½ sattama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti tasseva sam±dhiss±”ti-±di vutta½. “Eva½ ±dhipateyyaµµhena indriy±ni, eva½ akampiyaµµhena bal±n²”ti j±nanena saha “aya½ mudindriyo, aya½ majjhindriyo, aya½ tikkhindriyo”ti parasatt±na½ parapuggal±na½ indriyabal±na½ amudumajjh±dhimattat±j±nanañ±ºa½amudumajjh±dhimattat±j±nanañ±ºa½ indriyaparopariyattavemattat±ñ±ºa½ n±m±ti indriyaparopariyattavemattat±ñ±ºa½ sattama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti. (6)
64. Indriyaparopariyattañ±ºa½ sattama½ tath±gatabala½ ±cariyena vicayita½, “katha½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½ aµµhama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabba½, katha½ dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ navama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti tattha ya½ anekavihitan”ti-±di vutta½. “Eka½ j±tin”ti-±din± j±tivasena v± “eva½n±mo”ti-±din± n±magottavaºº±h±rasukhadukkhapaµisa½vedan±ya pariyantavasena v± s±k±rassa sa-uddesassa anekavihitapubbeniv±sassa ta½ta½bhavassa asesato j±nanañ±ºa½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½ n±m±ti pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½ aµµhama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti. (7)
Cavam±na-upapajjam±nah²napaº²tasuvaººadubbaººasugataduggatayath±kamm³pag±na½ satt±na½ asesato cut³pap±t±na½ j±nanañ±ºa½ dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ n±m±ti dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ navama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti. (8-9)
Pubbeniv±s±di-aµµhamanavama½ tath±gatabala½ ±cariyena vicayita½ vibhatta½, “katha½ sabb±savakkhayañ±ºa½ dasama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti tattha yan”ti-±di vutta½. Bodhim³le sa½kilesam±ranihana½ ñ±ºa½ uppanna½, ida½ kilesam±ranihana½ ñ±ºa½ sabb±savakkhayañ±ºa½ n±m±ti sabb±savakkhayañ±ºa½ dasama½ tath±gatabala½ vicayitabbanti aya½ saªkhepattho. Vitth±rato pana p±¼ito ca aµµhakath±to ca yatipot±nampi p±kaµo bhaveyy±ti maññitv± na dassito.(10)
“Ettakova vicayah±rasamp±to paripuººo”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto vicayo h±rasamp±to”ti vutta½. Ye ye suttappadesatth± vutt±, te te suttappadesatth± yena yena sa½vaººan±visesabh³tena vicayah±rasamp±tena vicayitabb±, so so sa½vaººan±visesabh³to vicayah±rasamp±to niyutto yath±raha½ n²haritv± yujjitabboti attho gahetabboti.

Iti vicayah±rasamp±te sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana…pe… gahetabboti.