2. Vicayah±rasamp±tavibh±van±

53. Yena desan±h±rasamp±tena ass±d±dayo ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, so desan±h±rasamp±to paripuººo, “katamo vicayah±rasamp±to”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo vicayo h±rasamp±to”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tesu desan±h±rasamp±t±d²su so¼asasu h±rasamp±tesu katamo sa½vaººan±viseso vicayah±rasamp±to n±m±ti pucchati. Imesu dhammesu aya½ dhammo yena sa½vaººan±visesena vicayitabbo, so sa½vaººan±viseso vicayah±rasamp±to n±m±ti niyametv± vibhajitu½ “tattha taºh±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–
“Eva½ desan±h±rasamp±ta½ dassetv± id±ni vicayah±rasamp±ta½ dassento yasm± desan±h±rapadatthavicayo vicayah±ro, tasm± desan±h±re vipall±sahetubh±vena niddh±rit±ya taºh±ya kusal±divibh±gapavicayamukhena vicayah±rasamp±ta½ dassetu½ ‘tattha taºh± duvidh±’ti-±di ±raddhan”ti (netti. aµµha. 53)–

Vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ “arakkhitena citten±”ti-±disuttatthe desan±h±rasamp±tena sa½vaººite akusaladhamme “taºh±”ti niddh±rit± sabbataºh±. Kusal±p²ti catubh³make kusale uddissa pavatt± taºh±pi. Akusal±p²ti akusaladhamme uddissa pavatt± taºh±p²ti duvidh± hot²ti vicayitabb±. Tena vutta½ µ²k±ya½– “kusaladhamm±rammaº±ti kusaladhamme uddissa pavattamatta½ sandh±ya vutta½, na tesa½ ±rammaºapaccayata½, idha ‘kusal± dhamm±’ti lokuttaradhamm±nampi adhippetatt±”ti.

“Kusal± taºh± ki½g±min², akusal± taºh± ki½ g±min²”ti pucchitabbatt± “akusal± sa½s±rag±min²”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± “katamo kusal±kusalataºh±na½ viseso”ti pucchitabbatt± “akusal± sa½s±rag±min²”ti-±di vutta½. “Taºh± n±ma sa½s±rag±min² hotu, katha½ apacayag±min²”ti vattabbatt± “pah±nataºh±”ti vutta½, pah±nassa hetubh³t± taºh± pah±nataºh±ti attho, pah±tabbataºha½ ±gamma ya½ pah±na½ pavattetabba½, tena pavattetabbena pah±nena apacaya½ gacchat²ti vutta½ hoti.
“Ki½ pana taºh±yeva kusal±kusal±ti dubbidh±, ud±hu aññopi kusal±kusal±ti dubbidho”ti vattabbatt± “m±nop²”ti-±di vutta½. “Katamo m±no kusalo, katamo m±no akusalo”ti pucchitabbatt± “ya½ m±na½ niss±ya m±na½ pajahati, aya½ m±no kusalo. Yo pana m±no dukkha½ nibbattayati, aya½ m±no akusalo”ti vutta½. Tattha ya½ m±na½…pe… kusaloti ya½ m±na½ niss±ya upaniss±ya pah±na½ pavattita½, tena pah±nena sant±ne uppajjan±raha½ m±na½ pajahati, aya½ upanissayapaccayabh³to m±no phal³pac±rena kusalo. Yo pana…pe… akusaloti yo pana m±no parahi½san±divasena pavattam±no hutv± attano ca parassa ca dukkha½ nibbattayati, aya½ m±no akusaloti vicayitv± veditabbo.
“Sa½s±r±pacayag±min²su t±su taºh±su katam± apacayag±min² taºh± kusal±”ti pucchitabbatt± “kusal±”ti vutt±ya taºh±ya sar³pa½ dassetu½ “tattha ya½ nekkhammasitan”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti t±su sa½s±r±pacayag±min²su taºh±bh³t±su kusal±kusal±su. Aya½ taºh± kusal±ti sambandho. “Ariy± puggal± santa½ ±yatana½ ya½ ariyaphaladhamma½ sacchikatv± upasampajja viharanti, ta½ ±yatana½ ariyaphaladhamma½ aha½ kud±ssu sacchikatv± viharissan”ti patthayantassa tassa kulaputtassa tasmi½ ariyaphale pih± uppajjati, pih±paccay± ya½ domanassa½ uppajjati, ida½ domanassa½ “nekkhammasitan”ti vuccati. Aya½ ariyaphale pih±saªkh±t± taºh± kusal± anavajj± anavajja-ariyaphaladhamma½ uddissa pavattatt±ti vicayitabba½.
“Katha½ pavatt±”ti vattabbatt± “r±gavir±g±”ti-±di vutta½. Y± r±gavir±g± cetovimutti pattabb±. Tad±rammaº± ta½ cetovimutti½ ±gamma pavatt± taºh± kusal± anavajj±, y± avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutti pattabb±, tad±rammaº± ta½ paññ±vimutti½ ±gamma pavatt± taºh± kusal± anavajj±ti vicayitabb±. T±ya paññ±vimuttiy± vasena bhagavat±–
“Tasm± rakkhitacittassa, samm±saªkappagocaro;
samm±diµµhipurekkh±ro, ñatv±na udayabbaya½;
thinamiddh±bhibh³ bhikkhu, sabb± duggatiyo jahe”ti. (Ud±. 32; netti. 31, 65, 78)–

G±th±ya½ “sabb± duggatiyo jahe”ti pada½ vutta½, “tass± paññ±vimuttiy± yo pavicayo k±tabbo, katamo so pavicayo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tass± ko pavicayo”ti-±di vutta½. Tass± paññ±vimuttiy± ko pavicayoti ce puccheyya “aµµha maggaªg±ni– samm±diµµhi samm±saªkappo samm±v±c± samm±kammanto samm±-±j²vo samm±v±y±mo samm±sati samm±sam±dh²”ti pavicayo veditabbo. “So pavicayo kattha daµµhabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “so katth±”ti-±di vutta½. So paññ±vimuttiy± pavicayo kattha kasmi½ dhamme daµµhabboti pucchati. Catutthe jh±ne p±ramit±ya ukka½sagat±ya catutthajjh±nabh±van±ya so pavicayo daµµhabbo.

“Catutthe jh±ne p±ramit±y±”ti vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “catutthe hi jh±ne”ti-±di vutta½. Yo so catutthajjh±nal±bh² puggalo catutthe jh±ne parisuddha½ pariyod±ta½ anaªgaºa½ vigat³pakkilesa½ mudu kammaniya½ µhita½ ±neñjappatta½, iti aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ citta½ bh±vayati, so catutthajjh±nal±bh² puggalo tattha catutthe jh±ne aµµhavidha½ vijj±caraºa½ adhigacchati. Katama½ aµµhavidha½? Cha abhiññ±, dve ca visese v± adhigacchat²ti yojan±. Iddhividh±dayo pañca, lokiy±bhiññ± ceva arahattamaggapaññ± c±ti cha abhiññ±. Manomayiddhi ceva vipassan±ñ±ºañc±ti dve ca vises± honti.
“Ta½ catutthajjh±nacitta½ kuto parisuddha½…pe… kuto ±neñjappattan”ti pucchitabbatt± “ta½ citta½ yato parisuddhan”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ citta½ yato upekkh±satip±risuddhibh±vato parisuddha½, tato upekkh±satip±risuddhibh±vato pariyod±ta½ hoti. Sukh±d²na½ paccayagh±tena yato v²tar±g±di-anaªgaºabh±vato anaªgaºa½, tato v²tar±g±di-anaªgaºabh±vato vigat³pakkilesa½. Yato subh±vitabh±vato mudu, tato subh±vitabh±vato kammaniya½. Yato parisuddh±d²su µhitabh±vato µhita½, tato parisuddh±d²su µhitabh±vato ±neñjappatta½ hot²tipi yojan± yutt± aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 53) yuga¼ato ±gatatt±. Saddh±v²riyasatisam±dhipaññ±-obh±sehi pariggahitabh±vato ±neñjappatta½. Saddh±ya hi pariggahita½ citta½ paµipakkhe assaddhiye na iñjati na calati, v²riyena pariggahita½ citta½ paµipakkhe kosajje na iñjati, satiy± pariggahita½ citta½ paµipakkhe pam±de na iñjati, sam±dhin± pariggahita½ citta½ paµipakkhe uddhacce na iñjati, paññ±ya pariggahita½ citta½ paµipakkh±ya avijj±ya na iñjati, obh±sagata½ citta½ kilesandhak±re na iñjati. Iti imehi chahi dhammehi pariggahita½ catutthajjh±nacitta½ ±neñjappatta½ hoti. Eva½ aµµhaªgasamann±gatatt± catutthajjh±nacitta½ channa½ abhiññ±ñ±º±nañca manomayiddhivipassan±ñ±º±nañca adhigam³p±yo hoti, tasm± so paññ±vimuttiparicayo catutthajjh±ne daµµhabboyev±ti saªkhepattho. Vitth±rato pana aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 53) “tattha upekkh±satip±risuddhibh±ven±”ti-±din± v± “aparo nayo”ti-±din± v± vuttoyev±ti amhehi na vutto.
“Yesa½ r±g±di-aªgaº±na½ abh±vena anaªgaºa½, yesa½ abhijjh±di-upakkiles±na½ abh±vena vigat³pakkilesa½, y±ya cittassa µhitiy± abh±vena µhita½, iñjan±ya abh±vena ±neñjappatta½, te r±g±di-aªgaº±dayo katam±ya pakkh±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha aªgaº±”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tesu r±g±di-aªgaº±d²su aªgaº± ca r±g±di-aªgaº± ca upakkiles± abhijjh±di-upakkiles± ca santi, tadubhaya½ r±g±di-aªgaºa-abhijjh±di-upakkilesadvaya½ taºh±pakkho r±g±di-aªgaº±na½ taºh±sabh±vatt±, abhijjh±di-upakkiles±nañca taºh±ya anulomatt±. Y± iñjan± phandan± y± ca cittassa aµµhiti anavaµµh±na½ atthi, aya½ iñjan± aµµhiti diµµhipakkho iñjan±ya ca aµµhitiy± ca micch±bhinivesahetubh±vatoti pavicayo k±tabbo.
“Ki½ pana catutthajjh±nacitta½ aµµhaªgasamann±gatatt±yeva channa½ abhiññ±ñ±º±nañca manomayiddhivipassan±ñ±º±nañca adhigam³p±yo hot²”ti pucchitabbatt± “catt±ri indriy±n²”ti vutta½. “Tassa catutthajjh±nal±bhino, dukkhindriya½ domanassindriya½ sukhindriya½ somanassindriya½ iti catt±rindriy±ni catutthajjh±ne nirujjhanti, tassa catutthajjh±nal±bhino upekkhindriya½ avasiµµha½ bhavati, tasm±pi catutthajjh±nacitta½ vuttappak±r±na½ aµµhanna½ ñ±º±na½ adhigam³p±yo hoti, so ca adhigam³p±yabh±vo ciººavas²bh±vasseva bhaveyya, katha½ catutthajjh±namattal±bhino ciººavas²bh±vo siy±”ti vattabbatt± so catutthajjh±nal±bh² catutthajjh±neyeva aµµhatv± ar³pasam±pattiyopi eva½ katv± nibbatteti bh±veti, tasm± ciººavas²bh±vo hot²ti dassetu½ “so uparima½ sam±pattin”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 53) vitth±rato vutto, tasm± yojanamatta½ kariss±ma.
So r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nal±bh² yog±vacaro r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nasam±pattito uparima½ ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ santato santatarato manasi karoti. Yath±vutta½ uparima½ sam±patti½ santato manasi karoto tassa catutthajjh±nal±bhino yog±vacarassa catutthajjh±ne saññ± saññ±padh±n± sam±patti o¼±rik± viya hutv± saºµhahati, paµighasaññ± ca ukkaºµh± anabhirati hutv± saºµhahati, so yath±vuttena vidhin± manasi karonto yog±vacaro sabbaso niravasesato r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam± paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r± “±k±sa½ anantan”ti manasi katv± pavattam±na½ ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ sacchikatv± upasampajja viharati. R³pasaññ± r³p±vacarasaññ± pañcavidhaabhiññ±bhin²h±ro hoti. N±nattasaññ± n±n±rammaºesu vok±ro akusalo pavattati. Eva½ r³p±vacarajjh±ne ±d²navadass² hutv± t± r³pasaññ±n±nattasaññ±yo ±rammaºe samatikkamati, assa yog±vacarassa paµighasaññ± ca abbhattha½ gacchati. Eva½ imin± vuttanayena samatikkamena sam±hitassa, santavuttin± ar³p±vacarasam±dhin± sam±hitassa yog±vacarassa obh±so r³p±vacarajjh±nobh±so antaradh±yati. R³p±na½ kasiºar³p±na½ jh±nacakkhun± dassanañca antaradh±yat²ti yojan±.
“Yena sam±dhin± sam±hitassa, sam±hitassa obh±so ca r³p±na½ dassanañca antaradh±yati, so sam±dhi kittakehi aªgehi samann±gato, katha½ paccavekkhitabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “so sam±dh²”ti-±di vutta½. So sam±dh²ti yena r³p±r³p±vacarasam±dhin± sam±hito, so duvidhopi sam±dhi anabhijjh±by±p±dav²riy±rambhehi t²hi upak±rakaªgehi ca passaddhisat²hi dv²hi parikkh±raªgehi ca avikkhittena ekena sabh±vaªgena ca chahi aªgehi samann±gatoti paccavekkhitabbo punappuna½ cintetabbo sallakkhetabbo “Katha½ kattha paccavekkhitabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “anabhijjh±sahagata½ me m±nasa½ sabbaloke”ti-±di vutta½. “Tesu chasu aªgesu kittako samatho, kittak± vipassan±”ti pucchitabbatt± ettako samatho, ettak± vipassan±ti vibhajitu½ “tattha yañc±”ti-±di vutta½.