16. Sam±ropanah±ravibhaŖgavibh±van±

50. Yena yena sa½vaŗŗan±visesabh³tena parikkh±rah±ravibhaŖgena suttatth±na½ hetupaccayo vibhatto, so…pe… vibhaŖgo paripuŗŗo, “katamo sam±ropanah±ravibhaŖgo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo sam±ropano h±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tesu niddiµµhesu so¼asasu desan±h±r±d²su katamo sa½vaŗŗan±viseso sam±ropano h±ro sam±ropanah±ravibhaŖgo n±m±ti pucchati. “Ye dhamm± ya½m³l±”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “ekasmi½ padaµµh±ne yattak±ni padaµµh±n±ni otarant²”ti-±diko vitth±rasa½vaŗŗan±viseso sam±ropanah±ravibhaŖgo n±ma.
“Kittake padaµµh±ne sutte vutte kittak±ni padaµµh±n±ni sam±ropayitabb±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “ekasmi½ padaµµh±ne”ti-±di vutta½. Ekasmi½ padaµµh±ne sutte vutte sati avutt±ni yattak±ni padaµµh±n±ni otaranti samosaranti, sabb±ni t±ni avutt±ni padaµµh±n±ni sutte vutt±ni viya niddh±raŗavasena ±netv± desan±ya ±ropayitabb±ni. “K±ni viya sam±ropayitabb±n²”ti vattabbatt± “yath± ±vaµµe”ti-±di vutta½. ¾vaµµe h±re ekasmi½ padaµµh±ne sutte vutte sati sutte avutt±ni bahuk±ni padaµµh±n±ni otaranti, t±ni bahuk±ni padaµµh±n±ni pariyesitabb±ni yath±, eva½ sam±ropane h±repi bahuk±ni padaµµh±n±ni desan±ya sam±ropayitabb±n²ti attho.
“Kevala½ pana padaµµh±navaseneva sam±ropan± k±tabb± ki½, ud±hu ańńavasen±pi sam±ropan± k±tabb± kin”ti vattabbatt± ańńavasen±pi sam±ropan± k±tabb±; tasm± sam±ropan± catubbidh± k±tabb±ti dassento “tattha sam±ropan± catubbidh±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti t±su sam±ropayitabbasam±ropan±su padaµµh±na½ padaµµh±nasam±ropan±, vevacana½ vevacanasam±ropan±, bh±van± bh±van±sam±ropan±, pah±na½ pah±nasam±ropan±, iti imin± pabhedena sam±ropan± catubbidh± k±tabb±.
“T±su catubbidh±su sam±ropan±su katam± padaµµh±nasam±ropan±”ti pucchitabbatt± tath± pucchitv± padaµµh±nasam±ropana½ dassetu½ “tattha katam±”ti-±di vutta½. Sutte vuttena padaµµh±nena sutte avutt±na½ padaµµh±n±na½ sam±ropan± katam±ti pucchati.
Sabbap±passa akusalassa ya½ akaraŗa½ akaraŗahetu s±sana½ atthi, eta½ s±sana½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ ov±do hoti, atha v± akaraŗa½ akaraŗatth±ya ya½ s±sana½ atthi, eta½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ ov±do hoti, na yassa kassaci s±sananti attho. Akaraŗanti hi sampad±natthe pavatta½ paccattavacana½ yath± “kissa atth±ya kimatthan”ti. Kusalassa sampad± sampad±ya ya½ s±sana½ atthi, eta½ buddh±na½ s±sana½. Sacittapariyod±pana½ sacittapariyod±panattha½ ya½ s±sana½ atthi, eta½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ hoti.
Iti eva½pak±rena vuttassa tassa s±sanassa ki½ padaµµh±nanti visesassa visesapadaµµh±na½ puna pucchati. Ida½ sucaritattaya½ s±sanassa ov±dassa padaµµh±na½ sucaritattayena hetun± s±sanatt±ti daµµhabba½ yath± “annena vasat²”ti-±di. “Sucaritattaye padaµµh±ne vutte katama½ padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha ya½ k±yikańc±”ti-±di vutta½. Ida½ khandhattaya½ s±sanassa padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabba½, “khandhattaye padaµµh±ne sam±ropayite katama½ sam±ropayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha s²lakkhandho c±”ti-±di vutta½. Ida½ samathavipassan±dvaya½ s±sanassa padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabba½. “Samathavipassan±dvaye padaµµh±ne sam±ropayite katama½ padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha samathassa phalan”ti-±di vutta½. Ida½ phaladvaya½ s±sanassa padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabba½.
S±sanassa padaµµh±n±ni sam±ropayitabb±n²ti ±cariyena niddh±retv± vibhatt±ni, amhehi ca ń±t±ni, “id±ni katamassa katama½ padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± “vana½ vanathass±”ti-±di vutta½. Ida½ k±maguŗapańcaka½ vana½ taŗh±bh³tassa vanathassa padaµµh±na½ taŗh±vatthubh±vato, “itth²”ti v± “puriso”ti v± nimittagg±hasaŖkh±ta½ ida½ vana½ “aho cakkhu, aho sota½, aho gh±na½, aho jivh±, aho k±yo”ti tesa½ tesa½ aŖgapaccaŖg±na½ anubyańjanagg±hasaŖkh±tassa vanathassa padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabba½. Aparińń±ta½ dv±das±yatanasaŖkh±ta½ ida½ vana½ sa½yojanasaŖkh±tassa vanathassa padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabba½, ±yatana½ paµicca sa½yojanuppajjanato anusayasaŖkh±ta½ ida½ vana½ pariyuµµh±nasaŖkh±tassa vanathassa padaµµh±na½ sam±ropayitabba½. “Pańcak±maguŗ±d²na½ vanabh±vo ca taŗh±d²na½ vanathabh±vo ca kena amhehi saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±ha bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. Tena pańcak±maguŗ±d²na½ vanabh±vena ca taŗh±d²na½ vanathabh±vena ca bhagav± “chetv± vanańca vanathańc±”ti ya½ vacana½ ±ha, tena bhagavato vacanena vacan±nus±rena saddahitabboti. Ayanti aya½ “ekasmi½ padaµµh±ne”ti-±disa½vaŗŗan±. Padaµµh±nen±ti ekekena padaµµh±nena. Sam±ropan±ti tadańńapadaµµh±n±na½ sam±ropan± Sam±ropenti sam±ropayitabb±ni et±ya sa½vaŗŗan±y±ti sam±ropan±ti viggahoti. (1)
51. Padaµµh±nena sam±ropan± ±cariyena niddiµµh±, amhehi ca ń±t±, “katam± vevacanena sam±ropan±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katam± vevacanen±”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti t±su cat³su padaµµh±nasam±ropan±d²su sam±ropan±su vevacanena ekekena rotadańńavevacan±na½ sam±ropan± katam±ti pucchati. “R±gavir±g±”ti ca “cetovimutt²”ti ca “sekkhaphalan”ti ca ida½ vacanattaya½ an±g±miphalatthatt± an±g±miphalassa vevacana½. “Avijj±vir±g±”ti ca “pańń±vimutt²”ti ca “asekkhaphalan”ti ca ida½ vacanattaya½ arahattaphalatthatt± arahattaphalassa vevacana½. Imin± nayena sesesu yojan± k±tabb±. (2)
Vevacanena sam±ropan± ±cariyena niddiµµh±, amhehi ca ń±t±, “katam± bh±van±ya sam±ropan±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katam± bh±van±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti t±su cat³su padaµµh±nasam±ropan±d²su katam±ya desit±ya bh±van±ya katames±na½ adesit±na½ bh±van±ropan± katam±ti pucchati. Yath± yena pak±rena ya½ bh±vana½ bhagav± “tasm±tiha, tva½ bhikkhu, k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati, ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.369, 371, 395, 415) ±ha, tath± tena pak±rena t±ya bh±van±ya tadańńabh±van±pi sam±ropayitabb±ti attho.
“Tasm±tih±”ti-±dip±µhe “ki½ bh±vana½ bhagav± ±h±”ti pucchitabbatt± “±t±p²”ti-±di vutta½. “¾t±p²”ti vacanena v²riyindriya½ bhagav± ±ha. “Sampaj±no”ti vacanena pańńindriya½ bhagav± ±ha. “Satim±”ti vacanena satindriya½ ±ha. “Vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassan”ti vacanena sam±dhindriya½ ±ha. “Eva½ vutte katam± bh±van± sam±ropayitabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± “eva½ k±ye k±y±nupassino viharato catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchant²”ti vutta½. Eva½ vutt±ya v²riyindriy±dibh±van±ya catt±ro satipaµµh±n± sam±ropayitabb±ti attho. Kena k±raŗena bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchant²ti pucchati. Catunna½ indriy±na½ indriyabh±vena, bh±vetabbabh±vena v± ekalakkhaŗatt± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchant²ti vissajjeti. “Tesu sam±ropitesu katame sam±ropayitabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± “cat³s³”ti-±di vutta½. Cat³su satipaµµh±nesu bh±viyam±nesu sam±ropayitabbesu catt±ro sammappadh±n± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchant²ti sam±ropayitabb±ti attho. Sesesupi evameva sam±ropayitabb±.
Bh±van±ya sam±ropan± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ń±t±, “katam± pah±nena sam±ropan±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katam±”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti t±su cat³su padaµµh±nasam±ropan±d²su katamena desitena pah±nena katamesa½ adesit±na½ pah±n±na½ katam± sam±ropan±ti pucchati. “K±ye k±y±nupass² viharanto asubhe ‘subhan’ti vipall±sa½ pajahat²”ti desitena “subhan”ti vipall±sappah±nena kaba¼²k±r±h±raparińń±ya paribandhakilesak±mup±d±nappah±n±dayopi sam±ropayitabb±.
“Vedan±su vedan±nupass² viharanto dukkhe ‘sukhan’ti vipall±sa½ pajahat²”ti desitena “sukhan”ti vipall±sappah±nena phass±h±raparińń±ya paribandhakilesabhavup±d±nappah±n±dayopi sam±ropayitabb±.
“Citte citt±nupass² viharanto anicce ‘niccan’ti vipall±sa½ pajahat²”ti desitena “niccan”ti vipall±sappah±nena vińń±ŗ±h±raparińń±ya paribandhakilesadiµµhup±d±nappah±n±dayopi sam±ropayitabb±.
“Dhammesu dhamm±nupass² viharanto anattani ‘att±’ti vipall±sa½ pajahat²”ti desitena “att±”ti vipall±sappah±nena manosańcetan±h±raparińń±ya? Manosańcetan±h±raparińń±ya paribandhakilesa-attav±dup±d±nappah±n±dayopi sam±ropayitabb±ti adhipp±yo. (4)
Pah±nah±ro pana lakkhaŗah±ravibhaŖgavaŗŗan±ya½ vuttoyev±ti idha na vad±ma.
“Sutte desitena ekekena padaµµh±n±dikena adesit±na½ padaµµh±n±d²na½ sam±ropanabh±vo kena amhehi vij±nitabbo saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±ha ±yasm±”ti-±dim±ha. Tena tath± sam±ropanabh±vena ±yasm± mah±kacc±no–
“Ye dhamm± ya½m³l±, ye cekatth± pak±sit± munin±;
te sam±ropayitabb±, esa sam±ropano h±ro”ti–

Ya½ vacana½ ±ha, tena vacanena vacan±nus±rena tath± sam±ropanabh±vo tumhehi vij±nitabbo saddahitabboti vutta½ hoti.

“Ki½ pana ett±vat± sam±ropano h±ro paripuŗŗo, ańńo niyutto natth²”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto sam±ropano h±ro”ti vutta½. Sutte desitena nayena padaµµh±n±dikena adesit±ni padaµµh±n±ni sam±ropayitabb±ni bhavanti, tena tena padaµµh±n±dikena adesit±na½ padaµµh±n±d²na½ sam±ropano h±ro niyutto niddh±retv± yuńjitabboti attho daµµhabbo.

Iti sam±ropanah±ravibhaŖge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paŗ¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabbo.
Ime yath±vutt± so¼asa sa½vaŗŗan±vises± sa½vaŗŗetabbatthesu ańń±ŗasa½say±na½ haraŗato apanayanato h±r± n±m±ti.

Niµµhit± h±ravibhaŖgav±ravibh±van±.