15. Parikkh±rah±ravibhaªgavibh±van±

49. Yena yena sa½vaººan±visesabh³tena vibhaªgena dukkhasacc±d²na½ ekattat±dayo vibhatt±, so sa½vaººan±visesabh³to paripuººo, “katamo parikkh±rah±ravibhaªgo n±m±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo parikkh±ro h±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu niddiµµhesu so¼asasu desan±h±r±d²su katamo sa½vaººan±viseso parikkh±ro h±ro parikkh±rah±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti pucchati. “Ye dhamm± ya½ dhamma½ janayant²”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “yo dhammo ya½ dhamma½ janayati, tassa so parikkh±ro”ti-±diko parikkh±rabh³tassa hetuno ceva paccayassa ca vitth±rasa½vaººan±viseso parikkh±ravibhaªgo n±ma.
“Katamo sa½vaººetabbo parikkh±ro”ti pucchitabbatt± “yo dhammo”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yo hetupaccayappak±ro dhammo ya½ phalabh³ta½ dhamma½ janayati janeti, tassa phaladhammassa so hetupaccayappak±ro dhammo parikkh±ro n±ma. “Ki½lakkhaºo parikkh±ro”ti pucchitabbatt± tath± pucchitv± lakkhaºavisesa½ dassetu½ “ki½lakkhaºo”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana– “tattha ‘yo dhammo ya½ dhamma½ janayati, tassa so parikkh±ro’ti saªkhepato parikkh±ralakkhaºa½ vatv± ta½ vibh±gena dassetu½ ‘ki½lakkhaºo’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 49) vutta½. “Kittak± dhamm± janayant²”ti pucchitabbatt± “dve dhamm± janayanti hetu ca paccayo c±”ti vutta½. “Hetupi k±raºa½, paccayopi k±raºa½ tasm± k±raº±yeva kena lakkhaºena dvidh± vutt±”ti vattabbatt± “tattha ki½lakkhaºo”ti-±di vutta½. Janitabbaphalato aññehi phalehi as±dh±raºalakkhaºo hetu, sabbaphalehi s±dh±raºalakkhaºo paccayo, imin± visesalakkhaºena dvidh± vattabb±ti attho. “S±dh±raº±s±dh±raºaviseso k²diso bhave”ti pucchitabbatt± “yath± ki½ bhave”ti pucchitv± “yath± aªkurass±”ti-±di vutta½. Yath± yo s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºaviseso atthi, tath± so s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºaviseso ki½ viya bhaveti attho. Aªkurassa nibbattiy± b²ja½ as±dh±raºa½ yath±, tath± hetu phalassa nibbattiy± as±dh±raºo bhave. Pathav² ca ±po ca aªkurassa nibbattiy± s±dh±raº± bhavanti yath±, tath± paccayo phalassa nibbattiy± s±dh±raºo bhave. Sabbaphalassa paccayatt± aªkurassa b²ja½ as±dh±raºa½ janaka½ hetu. “Katha½ pathav², ±po ca s±dh±raº± janak±ti saddahitabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± “aªkurassa h²”ti-±di vutta½. Sama½ sam±na½ phala½ bhav±pet²ti sabh±vo, ko so? B²ja½ hetuyeva. “Ki½ hetupaccay±na½ viseso b²jaªkuropam±yeva dassetabbo, ud±hu aññ³pam±yapi dassetabbo”ti vattabbatt± aññ±ya upam±yapi visesa½ dassetu½ “yath± v± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Im±ya upam±yapi hetupaccay±na½ viseso vij±nitabboti adhipp±yo.
B²jaªkur±d²su b±hiresu parikkh±rabh³t±na½ hetupaccay±na½ viseso ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katha½ ajjhattikesu vibhatto”ti pucchitabbatt± “ayañhi sa½s±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± “b±hiresu parikkh±rabh³to hetupaccayo yutto hotu, katha½ ajjhattikesu yutto”ti vattabbatt± “ayañhi sa½s±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana– “eva½ b±hira½ hetupaccayavibh±ga½ dassetv± id±ni ajjhattika½ dassetu½ ‘ayañhi sa½s±ro’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 49) vutta½. Hetupaccayehi saha sa½s±ro bhavat²ti sahetupaccayo. Aya½ sa½s±ro hi yasm± sahetupaccayo hutv± nibbatto, tasm± ajjhattikepi parikkh±rabh³to hetupaccayo yuttoyev±ti daµµhabboti adhipp±yo.
So imassa sa½s±rassa sahetupaccayatta½ yadi bhagavat± vutta½, eva½ sati amhehi saddahitabba½, “katha½ saddahitabban”ti vattabbatt± “evañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Evanti imin± avijj±din± hetupaccayena sabbo paµiccasamupp±do sa½s±roti nibbattoti bhagavat± sa½s±rassa sahetupaccayatta½ vutta½, tasm± saddahitabba½. Avijj±dayo saªkh±r±d²na½ paccayo hotu, “katamo avijj±ya het³”ti pucchitabbatt± “iti avijj± avijj±ya het³”ti vutta½. “Katamo avijj±ya paccayo”ti pucchitabbatt± “ayoniso manasik±ro paccayo”ti vutta½. “Katam± avijj± katam±ya avijj±ya het³”ti pucchitabbatt± “purimik± avijj± pacchimik±ya avijj±ya het³”ti vutta½. “Katam± purimik± avijj± katam± pacchimik± avijj±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. “Avijj±pariyuµµh±nassa hetubh³to purimo avijj±nusayo samanantarova ki½, ud±hu paramparahetupi hot²”ti pucchitabbatt± “b²jaªkuro viy±”ti-±di vutta½. B²jaªkuroti b²j±na½ aªkuroti b²jaªkuro, b²j±na½ samanantarahetut±ya aªkuro nibbattati viya. Yattha rukkh±dike ya½ phala½ nibbattati, tasmi½ rukkh±dike nibbattassa assa phalassa ida½ b²ja½ pana paramparahetut±ya hetubh³ta½ bhavati.
“B²ja½ pana eka½yeva hoti, katha½ dvidh± vattabban”ti vattabbatt± “duvidho h²”ti-±di vutta½, samanantarak±laparamparak±labhedena hetupi duvidho hotiyev±ti attho. B²jabh³to hetu duvidho yath±, eva½ avijj±ya hetubh³to avijj±nusayopi samanantarahetu ca paramparahetu c±ti k±labhedena duvidho bhavati, samanantaro avijj±nusayo samanantarassa avijj±pariyuµµh±nassa samanantarahetu hoti. Purimataro avijj±nusayo pacchimatarassa avijj±pariyuµµh±nassa paramparahetu hoti. Iti b²jabh³to as±dh±raºo hetu, pathav²-±p±diko s±dh±raºo paccayoti viseso p±kaµo yath±, eva½ avijj±nusayo as±dh±raºo hetu, ayonisomanasik±ro s±dh±raºo paccayoti viseso daµµhabbo.
“Ettakeneva hetupaccay±na½ viseso vattabbo”ti vattabbatt± “yath± v± pana th±lakañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana– “yath± v± pan±ti-±din±pi hetupaccayavibh±gameva dasset²”ti vutta½. Tattha pad²passa paccayabh³ta½ th±lakañca vaµµi ca telañca pad²passa sabh±vahetu sam±nahetu na hot²ti yojan±. “Pad²passa paccayabh³tampi th±lak±dika½ sabh±vahetu na hot²ti kasm± saddahitabban”ti vattabbatt± “na hi sakk±”ti-±di vutta½. Pad²passa paccayabh³ta½ anaggika½ aggirahita½ th±lakañca vaµµiñca telañca d²petu½ j±letu½ hi yasm± na sakk±, tasm± purimo pad²po pacchimassa pad²passa sabh±vahetu hoti viya, eva½ th±lak±dika½ sabh±vahetu na hoti. Iti eva½pak±ro sabh±vo sam±no pad²po hetu hoti yath±, parabh±vo asam±no th±lak±diko paccayo hoti yath± ca, tath± ajjhattiko sabh±vo hetu hoti, b±hiro asam±no paccayo hoti. Janako avijj±nusayo avijj±pariyuµµh±nassa hetu hoti, parigg±hako upatthambhako paccayo hoti. Aññehi phalehi as±dh±raºo hetu hoti, sabbehi phalehi s±dh±raºo paccayo hot²ti yojetv± pad²popam±yapi hetupaccay±na½ p±kaµo viseso daµµhabboti adhipp±yo.
Hetupaccayappabheda½ k±raºa½ parikkh±roti ±cariyena vutta½, tassa k±raºassa k±raºabh±vo ca phal±pekkho hoti, tasm± “yo k±raºabh±vo yen±k±rena hoti, katamo so k±raºabh±vo, katamo so ±k±ro”ti pucchitabbatt± ca “ya½ phala½ yena visesena hoti, katama½ ta½ phala½, katamo so viseso”ti pucchitabbatt± ca “k±raºaphal±na½ yo sambandho hoti, katamo so sambandho”ti pucchitabbatt± ca ta½ sabba½ vibh±vetu½ “avupacchedattho”ti-±di vutta½. Ayamanusandhyattho ca aµµhakath±ya½ “id±ni yasm± k±raºa½ ‘parikkh±ro’ti vutta½, k±raºabh±vo ca phal±pekkh±ya, tasm± k±raºassa yo k±raºabh±vo yath± ca so hoti, yañca phala½, yo ca tassa viseso, yo ca k±raºaphal±na½ sambandho, ta½ sabba½ vibh±vetu½ ‘avupacchedattho’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 49) imin± vuttoti daµµhabbo.
Tattha avupacchinnassa hetupaccayasaªkh±tassa k±raºassa yo anupacchedattho atthi, so anupacchedattho santati-attho hoti phalena sambandhatt± yañca k±raºa½ attano phalassa janaka½ upatthambhaka½ hutv± nirujjhati, so anupacchinno eva n±ma hot²ti. Yañca phala½ aññassa k±raºa½ hutv± nirujjhati, tasmi½ anupacchinne tassa ca santati-attho hoti. Ya½ pana phala½ aññassa phalassa k±raºa½ ahutv± nirujjhati, ta½ upacchinna½ hoti, yath± ta½ arahato cuticittanti. K±raºato nibbattassa phalassa yo nibbatti-attho atthi, so nibbatti-attho phalattho hoti. Paµisandhikkhandh±na½ yo paµisandhi-attho paµisandahanattho atthi, so paµisandhi-attho punabbhavattho punabbhavanattho hoti. Kiles±na½ yo palibodhattho sant±ne uppajjanattho atthi, so palibodhattho pariyuµµh±nattho hoti. Kiles±na½ maggena yo asamuggh±tattho atthi, so asamuggh±tattho anusayattho hoti. Avijj±ya catunna½ sacc±na½ yo asampaµivedhattho atthi, so asampaµivedhattho avijjattho hoti. Arahattamaggena yo apariññ±tattho atthi, so apariññ±tattho viññ±ºassa paµisandhiviññ±ºassa b²jattho hoti.
Ett±vat± k±raºabh±vo ca k±raº±k±ro ca phalañca phalaviseso ca ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katamo paramparahetupaccayattho, katamo ca sambandhattho”ti pucchitabbatt± “yattha avupacchedo”ti-±di vutta½. Yattha yassa½ r³p±r³papavattiya½ avupacchinnassa hetupaccayappabhedassa k±raºassa yo avupacchedo atthi, so avupacchedo tattha tissa½ r³p±r³papavattiya½ santati hoti. Yattha yassa½ r³p±r³papavattiya½ y± santati atthi, s± santatitattha r³p±r³papavattiya½ nibbatti hot²ti-±din± yojetv± paramparahetu-±diko viññ±tabbo.
S²lakkhandhoti parisuddhas²lakkhandho. Sam±dhikkhandhass±ti mahaggatakkhandhassa, sam±dhipaµµh±no hi mahaggatadhammo. Paññ±kkhandhoti maggaphalapaññ±padh±nakkhandho. So hi vimuttiñ±ºadassanasaªkh±tassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºakkhandhassa paccayo hoti. Titthaññut±d²na½ attho padaµµh±nah±ravibhaªgavaººan±ya½ vuttova.
Sabh±vo het³ti ±cariyena vutto, “k²diso so sabh±vo het³”ti pucchitabbatt± “yath± v± pana cakkhuñca paµicc±”ti-±di vutta½ Cakkhuviññ±ºa½ cakkhuñca cakkhundriyañca paµicca nissaya½ katv± r³pe paµicca ±rammaºa½ katv± uppajjati. Tattha cakkh±d²su cakkhundriya½ ±dhipateyyapaccayat±ya indriyapaccayat±ya cakkhuviññ±ºassa paccayo, r³p±rammaºa½ purej±t±rammaºapaccayat±ya paccayo, ±loko sannissayat±ya upanissayat±ya paccayo hoti. So paccayo honto phalena cakkhuviññ±ºena asam±natt± sabh±vo hetu na hoti, paccayo ca hoti manasik±ro. Kiriyamanodh±tu pana phalena cakkhuviññ±ºena viññ±ºabh±vena sam±natt± sabh±vo hetu hoti yath±, eva½ saªkh±r± n±makkhandhabh±vena sam±natt± viññ±ºassa paccay± hont± sabh±vo hetu honti. Viññ±ºa½ n±mar³pena ekasantativasena sam±natt± n±mar³passa paccayo honta½ sabh±vo hetu hoti. Imin± nayena “n±mar³pa½ sa¼±yatanass±”ti-±d²supi attho veditabbo. Eva½ vuttappak±ro hetu, paccayo janako, upatthambhako ca yo koci upanissayo balavapaccayo hoti, sabbo so hetupaccayo janaka-upatthambhako janitabbupatthambhiyassa phalassa parikkharaºato abhisaªkharaºato nippariy±yato parikkh±ro n±ma.
“Vuttappak±ro hetupaccayo parikkh±ro n±m±ti kena amhehi saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tena k±raºabh³tena sabbassa hetupaccayassa parikkh±rabh±vena ±yasm± mah±kacc±no “ye dhamm± ya½ dhamma½ janayant²”ti ya½ vacana½ ±ha, tena vacanena saddahitabbo, “ye dhamm± ya½ dhamma½ janayant²”ti vacana½ niss±ya tumhehi sallakkhetabboti adhipp±yo.
“Ettakova parikkh±ro h±ro yuñjitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto parikkh±ro h±ro”ti vutta½, yo yo parikkh±ro h±ro yuñjitabbo, so so parikkh±ro h±ro n²haritv± yutto yuñjitabboti.

Iti parikkh±rah±ravibhaªge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.