14. Adhiµµh±nah±ravibhaªgavibh±van±

46. Yena yena sa½vaººan±visesabh³tena vibhaªgena pañh±dayo sodhit±, so sa½vaººan±visesabh³to paripuººo, “katamo adhiµµh±nah±ravibhaªgo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo adhiµµh±no h±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu niddiµµhesu so¼asasu desan±h±r±d²su katamo sa½vaººan±viseso paµiniddesato adhiµµh±no h±ro adhiµµh±nah±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti pucchati. “Ekattat±ya dhamm±, yepi ca vemattat±ya niddiµµh±”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “ye tattha niddiµµh±, tath± te dh±rayitabb±”ti-±diko vitth±rasa½vaººan±viseso adhiµµh±nah±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti gahetabbo.
“Ye dhamm± suttesu ekattat±ya ca vemattat±ya ca niddiµµh±, te dhamm± ki½ pana tatheva dh±rayitabb± ud±hu aññath±pi vikappayitabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± “ye tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tesu suttantesu ye dukkhasacc±dayo dhamm± ekattat±ya ca vemattat±ya ca niddiµµh±, te dukkhasacc±dayo dhamm± tath± ekattat±ya ca vemattat±ya ca dh±rayitabb± upalakkhitabb±, na aññath± vikappayitabb±.
“S±maññakappan±ya voh±rabh±vena anavaµµh±nato katam± ekattat±, katam± vemattat±”ti pucchitabbatt± “dukkhanti ekattat±”ti-±di vutta½. Dukkhanti j±ti-±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± dukkhas±maññat± vutt±, s± aya½ dukkhas±maññat± dukkhassa ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katama½ dukkhan”ti pucchit± “j±ti dukkh±, jar± dukkh±…pe.. viññ±ºa½ dukkhan”ti j±ti-±divisesamapekkhitv± y± dukkhavisesat± vutt±, s± aya½ dukkhavisesat± dukkhassa vemattat± n±ma. Tatth±ti ye dukkh±dayo dhamm± sutte vutt±, tattha tesu dukkh±d²su atthesu.
Dukkhasamudayoti “taºh± ponobhavik±”ti visesamanapekkhitv± y± samudayas±maññat± vutt±, s± aya½ samudayas±maññat± samudayassa ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katamo samudayo”ti pucchitv± “y±ya½ taºh±…pe… vibhavataºh±”ti visesa½ apekkhitv± y± samudayavisesat± vutt±, s± aya½ samudayavisesat± samudayassa vemattat± n±ma.
Dukkhanirodhoti “tass±yeva taºh±ya asesavir±ganirodho”ti visesamanapekkhitv± y± nirodhas±maññat± vutt±, s± aya½ nirodhas±maññat± nirodhassa ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katamo dukkhanirodho”ti pucchitv± “yo tass±yeva taºh±ya asesavir±ganirodho c±go paµinissaggo mutti an±layo”ti visesamapekkhitv± y± nirodhavisesat± vutt±, s± aya½ nirodhavisesat± nirodhassa vemattat± n±ma.
Dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti? Paµipad±ti samm±diµµhi-±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± nirodhag±minipaµipad±s±maññat± vutt±, s± aya½ nirodhag±minipaµipad±s±maññat± maggassa ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katam± dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±”ti pucchitv± “ayameva ariyo…pe… samm±sam±dh²”ti samm±diµµhi-±divisesamapekkhitv± y± visesadukkhanirodhag±minipaµipadat± vutt±, s± aya½ visesadukkhanirodhag±minipaµipadat± maggassa vemattat± n±ma.
Maggoti nirayag±mimagg±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± s±maññamaggat± vutt±, s± aya½ s±maññamaggat± maggassa ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katamo maggo”ti pucchitv± “nirayag±m² maggo…pe… nibb±nag±m² maggo”ti nirayag±mimagg±divisesa½ apekkhitv± y± visesamaggat± vutt±, s± aya½ visesamaggat± maggassa vemattat± n±ma.
Nirodhoti paµisaªkh±nirodh±divisesa½ anapekkhitv± y± s±maññanirodhat± vutt±, s± aya½ s±maññanirodhat± nirodhassa ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katamo nirodho”ti pucchitv± “paµisaªkh±nirodho…pe… sabbakilesanirodho”ti paµisaªkh±nirodh±divisesa½ apekkhitv± y± visesanirodhat± vutt±, s± aya½ visesanirodhat± nirodhassa vemattat± n±ma.
R³panti c±tumah±bh³tik±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± s±maññar³pat± vutt±, s± aya½ s±maññar³pat± r³passa ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katama½ r³pan”ti pucchitv± “c±tumah±bh³tika½…pe… v±yodh±tuy± citta½ vir±jet²”ti c±tumah±bh³tik±divisesamapekkhitv± y± visesar³pat± vutt±, s± aya½ visesar³pat± r³passa vemattat± n±ma.
48. Avijj±ti dukkhe-aññ±º±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± avijj±s±maññat± vutt±, s± aya½ avijj±s±maññat± avijj±ya ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katam± avijj±”ti pucchitv± “dukkhe aññ±ºa½, dukkhasamudaye aññ±ºa½…pe… avijj±laªgh² moho akusalam³lan”ti dukkhe-aññ±º±divisesamapekkhitv± y± avijj±visesat± vutt±, s± aya½ avijj±visesat± avijj±ya vemattat± n±ma.
Vijj±ti dukkheñ±º±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± vijj±s±maññat± vutt±, s± aya½ vijj±s±maññat± vijj±ya ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katam± vijj±”ti pucchitv± “dukkhe ñ±ºa½, dukkhasamudaye ñ±ºa½…pe… dhammavicayasambojjhaªgo maggaªga½ maggapariy±pannan”ti dukkheñ±º±divisesamapekkhitv± y± vijj±visesat± vutt±, s± aya½ vijj±visesat± vijj±ya vemattat± n±ma.
Sam±patt²ti saññ±sam±paty±divisesa½ anapekkhitv± y± s±maññasam±pattit± vutt±, s± s±maññasam±pattit± sam±pattiy± ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katam± sam±patt²”ti pucchitv± “saññ±sam±patti asaññ±sam±patti…pe… nirodhasam±patt²”ti saññ±sam±paty±divisesa½ apekkhitv± y± visesasam±pattit± vutt±, s± aya½ visesasam±pattit± sam±pattiy± vemattat± n±ma.
Jh±y²ti sekkhajh±y²-±divisesa½ anapekkhitv± y± jh±y²s±maññat± vutt±, s± jh±y²s±maññat± jh±yino ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katamo jh±y²”ti pucchitv± “atthi sekkho jh±y², atthi asekkho jh±y²…pe… paññuttaro jh±y²”ti sekkhajh±y²-asekkhajh±y²-±divisesamapekkhitv± y± jh±y²visesat± vutt±, s± aya½ jh±y²visesat± jh±yino vemattat± n±ma.
Sam±dh²ti saraºasam±dhy±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± sam±dhis±maññat± vutt±, s± aya½ sam±dhis±maññat± sam±dhino ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katamo sam±dh²”ti pucchitv± “saraºo sam±dhi, araºo sam±dhi…pe… micch±sam±dhi, samm±sam±dh²”ti saraºasam±dhy±divisesamapekkhitv± y± sam±dhivisesat± vutt±, s± aya½ sam±dhivisesat± sam±dhino vemattat± n±ma.
Paµipad±ti ±g±¼hapaµipad±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± paµipad±s±maññat± vutt±, aya½ paµipad±s±maññat± paµipad±ya ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katam± paµipad±”ti pucchitv± “±g±¼hapaµipad±, nijjh±mapaµipad±…pe… sukh± paµipad± khipp±bhiññ±”ti ±g±¼hapaµipad±divisesamapekkhitv± y± paµipad±visesat± vutt±, s± aya½ paµipad±visesat± paµipad±ya vemattat± n±ma.
K±yoti n±mak±y±divisesamanapekkhitv± y± k±yas±maññat± vutt±, s± aya½ k±yas±maññat± k±yassa ekattat± n±ma. “Tattha katamo k±yo”ti pucchitv± “n±mak±yo r³pak±yo…pe… aya½ n±mak±yo”ti n±mak±y±divisesamapekkhitv± y± k±yavisesat± vutt±, s± aya½ k±yavisesat± k±yassa vemattat± n±m±ti yojan± k±tabb±. Padatth±diko viseso aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 47) vitth±rato vutto.
Vuttappak±rassa dukkhasamuday±dikassa dhammassa ekattat±dilakkhaºa½ nigamanavasena dassetu½ “eva½ yo dhammo”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha evanti imin± may± vuttena “dukkhanti ekattat±. Tattha katama½ dukkha½? J±ti dukkh±, jar± dukkh±”ti-±divacanena. Yo dhammoti yo koci j±tijar±by±dhy±divisesadhammo. Yassa dhammass±ti tato j±ti-±divisesadhammato aññassa jar±divisesadhammassa. Sam±nabh±voti j±ti-±divisesadhammena jar±divisesadhammassa dukkhabh±vena sam±nabh±vo. Tassa dhammass±ti jar±divisesadhammassa. Ekattat±y±ti dukkhasamudayat±disam±nat±ya dukkhasamuday±dibh±v±na½ ek²bh±vena. Ek²bhavat²ti j±ti-±divisesabhedena anekopi “dukkhasamudayo”ti-±din± ekasadd±bhidheyyat±ya ek²bhavati. Yena yena v± pana vilakkhaºo, tena tena vematta½ gacchati. Yassa j±ti-±didhammassa yena yena abhinibbattanaparip±can±disabh±vena yo j±ti-±didhammo jar±didhammena vilakkhaºo visadiso hoti, tassa j±ti-±didhammassa tena tena abhinibbattanaparip±can±disabh±vena so j±ti-±didhammo jar±didhammena vemattata½ visadisatta½ gacchati, dukkhasamuday±dibh±vena sam±nopi j±ti-±didhammo jar±didhammassa visiµµhata½ gacchat²ti attho daµµhabbo.
Dukkhasamuday±didhammassa ekattavemattat± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “t±ya ekattavemattat±ya kattha pucchite sati adhiµµh±na½ v²ma½sitabban”ti pucchitabbatt± sutt±dike pucchite sati v²ma½sitabbanti dassetu½ “eva½ sutte v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha eva½ imin± vuttappak±rena sutte v± pucchite, veyy±karaºe v± pucchite, g±th±ya½ v± pucchit±ya½ sati adhiµµh±na½ v²ma½sitabba½. “Ki½ v²ma½sitabban”ti puccheyya “ekattat±ya pucchati ki½, ud±hu vemattat±ya pucchati kin”ti v²ma½sitabbanti yojan±. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana– “id±ni t±va ekattavemattat±visaye niyojetv± dassetu½ ‘sutte v± veyy±karaºe v±’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 48) vutta½. “Katha½ pucchita½, katha½ vissajjitabban”ti vattabbatt± “yadi ekattat±y±”ti-±di vutta½. “Ten±h±”ti-±dy±nusandhy±diko ca “niyutto adhiµµh±no h±ro”ti imassa anusandhy±diko ca vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.

Iti adhiµµh±nah±ravibhaªge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.