12. Otaraºah±ravibhaªgavibh±van±

42. Yena yena sa½vaººan±visesabh³tena paññattih±ravibhaªgena paññattiyo vibhatt±, so sa½vaººan±visesabh³to vibhaªgo paripuººo, “katamo otaraºo h±ravibhaªgo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo otaraºo h±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu niddiµµhesu so¼asasu desan±h±r±d²su katamo sa½vaººan±viseso otaraºo h±ro otaraºah±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti pucchati. “Yo ca paµiccupp±do”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “uddha½ adho sabbadhi vippamutto”ti-±diko vitth±rasa½vaººan±viseso otaraºo h±ro otaraºah±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti gahetabbo.
Tattha p±µhe “katame paµiccasamupp±d±dayo niddh±retv± katamehi niddh±ritehi dhammehi otarat²”ti pucchitabbatt± imasmi½ p±µhe ime paµiccasamupp±d±dayo niddh±retv± imehi niddh±ritehi dhammehi otarat²ti dassetu½ “uddha½ adho sabbadhi vippamutto”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha uddhanti k±madh±tuto uddha½ uparibh±ge pavatt±ya r³padh±tu-ar³padh±tuy±. Adhoti r³padh±tuto heµµh±bh±ge pavatt±ya k±madh±tuy±. Sabbadh²ti sabbasmi½ k±mar³pa-ar³padh±tumhi. Vippamuttoti paµisandhivasena appavattanato vippamutto asekkho. Aya½ sekkho dassanamaggena sakk±yadiµµhiy± samuggh±tatt± “aha½ asm²”ti an±nupass² viharati. Eva½ sekkh±ya vimuttiy± ceva asekkh±ya vimuttiy± ca sekkho ceva asekkho ca atiººapubba½ ogha½ apunabbhav±ya vimutto udat±r²ti g±th±ttho gahetabbo.
Tasmi½ g±th±p±µhe “katame niddh±retv± katamehi otarat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “uddhanti r³padh±t³”ti-±di vutta½. Uddhanti manussalokato uddha½ c±tumah±r±jik±dayopi gahit±ti atthasambhavato ta½ nivattetu½ “r³padh±tu ar³padh±t³”ti vutta½. Adhoti manussabhavato adho catt±ro ap±yabh³miyo ca gahit±ti atthasambhavato ta½ nivattetu½ “k±madh±t³”ti vutta½. Sabbadh²ti catubh³miketi atthasambhavato “tedh±tuke”ti vutta½. Aya½ asekkh± vimutt²ti vimuttassa asekkhassa y± vir±gat± atthi, ayampi vir±gat± asekkhaphalavimutti. “Uddha½ adho sabbadhi vippamutto”ti p±µhe vuttappak±r± aya½ asekkh± vimutti niddh±rit±ti attho. Niddh±rit±ya asekkh±ya vimuttiy± y±ni saddh±dipañcindriy±ni niddh±rit±ni, t±niyeva asekkh±ni pañcindriy±ni bhavanti. Aya½ vuttappak±r± otaraº± indriyehi vimuttiy± otaraº± n±ma pavesan± n±ma.
T±niyeva asekkh±ni pañcindriy±ni vijj±ya upak±rakatt±, paññ±padaµµh±natt± v± vijj± bhavanti. Vijjupp±d± t±dis±ya vijj±ya upp±d± upp±dahetuto avijj±nirodho avijj±ya nirodho hoti…pe… dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hoti, aya½ vuttappak±r± otaraº± paµiccasamupp±dehi otaraº± n±ma.
T±niyeva asekkh±ni pañcindriy±ni t²hi khandhehi saªgahit±ni saddh±v²riyehi s²lasambhavato, satiy± ca paññ±nuvattakatt±. Ses± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabb±.
“Uddha½ adho sabbadhi vippamutto”ti p±µhe niddh±retv± otaraº± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “aya½ ahasm²ti an±nupass²”ti p±µhe “katame niddh±retv± katamehi otaraºehi otarat²”ti vattabbatt± “aya½ ahasm²ti an±nupass²ti aya½ sakk±yadiµµhiy±”ti-±di vutta½. Yo aya½ sekkho “ahamasm²”ti n±nupass², tassa sekkhassa sakk±yadiµµhiy± yo samuggh±to atthi, y± samuggh±tasaªkh±t± samuggh±tavimutti sekkh± vimutti hoti, tass± sekkh±ya vimuttiy± y±ni saddh±dipañcindriy±ni niddh±rit±ni, t±niyeva sekkh±ni pañcindriy±ni bhavanti. Aya½ vuttappak±r± otaraº± indriyehi otaraº± n±ma. Ses± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabb±.
43. “Uddha½ adho”ti-±dig±th±ya½ otaraº± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “nissitassa calitan”ti-±dip±µhe “katame niddh±retv± katamehi otarat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “nissitassa calita½, anissitassa calita½ natth²”ti-±di vutta½. Nissitassa puggalassa calita½ calana½ atthi, anissitassa puggalassa calita½ calana½ natthi. Calite calane asati passaddhi bhavati, passaddhiy± sati vijjam±n±ya nati na hoti, natiy± asati avijjam±n±ya ±gatigati na hoti, ±gatigatiy± asati avijjam±n±ya cut³pap±to na hoti, cut³pap±te asati avijjam±ne idha chasu ajjhattik±yatanesu att±na½ neva passati, hura½ v± chasu b±hir±yatanesu att±na½ na passati, ubhaya½ antarena vajjetv± phass±disamud±yesu dhammesu att±na½ na passati, esova paµiccasamupp±do “avijj±nirodh±”ti-±diko dukkhassa anto avas±na½ karot²ti attho.
Nissitassa calitanti ettha “nissayo katividho”ti pucchitabbatt± “nissitassa calitanti nissayo n±m±”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tesu duvidhesu taºh±nissayadiµµhinissayesu y± cetan± rattassa puggalassa niddh±rit±, aya½ cetan±dhammo taºh±nissayo n±ma. Y± cetan± m³¼hassa puggalassa niddh±rit±. Aya½ cetan±dhammo diµµhinissayo n±ma. S± duvidh± cetan± pana saªkh±r± n±ma. Saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºa½…pe… sabbo paµiccasamupp±do niddh±rito. Aya½ vuttappak±r± otaraº± paµiccasamupp±dehi otaraº± n±ma.
Tatth±ti tasmi½ taºh±nissayadiµµhinissaye y± vedan± rattassa puggalassa niddh±rit±, aya½ sukh± vedan±. Y± cetan± samm³¼hassa puggalassa niddh±rit±, aya½ adukkhamasukh± vedan±. Yebhuyyena ses± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabb±.
44. “Nissitassa calitan”ti-±dip±µhe otaraº± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±.
“Ye keci sok± paridevit± v±…pe…
piya½ na kayir±tha kuhiñci loke”ti.–

G±th±p±µhe “katame niddh±retv± katamehi otarat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “ye keci sok±”ti-±di vutta½. Ye keci sok± v± y± k±ci paridevit± v± anekar³p± y± k±ci dukkh± v± lokasmi½ sambhavanti. Ete sok±dayo piya½ paµicca pabhavanti, piye asante ete sok±dayo na bhavanti. Tasm± piye asante sok±d²na½ abh±vato yesa½ v²tasok±na½ kuhiñci lokepi natthi, te v²tasok± sukhino bhavanti. Tasm± v²tasok±na½ sukhasampannatt± asoka½ viraja½ patthay±no sappuriso kuhiñci loke piya½ na kayir±th±ti g±th±ttho.

“Ye keci sok± paridevit± v±, dukkh± ca lokasmimanekar³p± piya½ paµicca pabhavanti ete”ti ettha p±µhe y± vedan± niddh±rit±, aya½ dukkh± vedan±. Ses± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabb±.
“Ye keci sok±”ti-±dig±th±p±µhe otaraº± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t± “k±ma½ k±mayam±nass±”ti-±dig±th±p±µhe “katame niddh±retv± katamehi otarat²”ti vattabbatt± “k±ma½ k±mayam±nass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tassa½ g±th±ya½ attho heµµh± vuttova.
Tatth±ti tasmi½ “p²timano hot²”ti p±µhe y± p²timanat± vutt± niddh±rit±, aya½ p²timanat± anunayo hoti. “Sallaviddhova ruppat²”ti p±µhe ya½ ruppana½ ±ha, ida½ ruppana½ paµigha½ hoti, anunayo ca paµighañca niddh±rit±ti attho.
“Anunaye ca paµighe ca niddh±rite katamo dhammo niddh±rito”ti vattabbatt± “anunayo paµighañca pana taºh±pakkho”ti vutta½. Taºh±pakkhoti taºh±pakkhatt± taºh± niddh±rit±. “Anunayo taºh±pakkho hotu, paµigha½ pana taºh±pakkha½ na siy±”ti ce vadeyya? Paµighassa attasinehavasena pavattanato paµighampi taºh±pakkha½ hoti. “Taºh±ya niddh±rit±ya katamo niddh±rito”ti vattabbatt± “taºh±ya ca pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Dasanna½ r³p±yatan±na½ taºh±ya padaµµh±natt± dasa r³p±ni ±yatan±ni niddh±rit±ni. Aya½ vuttappak±r± otaraº± ±yatanehi otaraº± n±ma. Sutte ±gat± paµiccasamupp±d±dayo tena sa½vaººan±visesena nayena niddh±rit±, suttatthamukhena v± niddh±rit±, tena…pe… nayena niddh±ritesu paµiccasamupp±d±d²su yo sa½vaººan±nayaviseso tadatthav±cakavasena v± tadatthañ±pakavasena v± otarati pavisati samosarati, so sa½vaººan±nayaviseso otaraºo h±ro n±m±ti adhipp±yo daµµhabbo. Sesesupi vuttanay±nus±rena otaraº± gahetabb±. “Ten±ha ±yasm±”ti-±dy±nusandhy±di-attho ceva “niyutto otaraºo h±ro”ti anusandhy±di-attho ca vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.

Iti otaraºah±ravibhaªge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.