10. Vevacanah±ravibhaªgavibh±van±

37. Yena yena sa½vaººan±visesabh³tena pavattanah±ravibhaªgena parivattetabb± suttatth± vibhatt±, so sa½vaººan±visesabh³to parivattanah±ravibhaªgo paripuººo, “katamo vevacanah±ravibhaªgo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo vevacano h±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu niddiµµhesu so¼asasu desan±h±r±d²su katamo sa½vaººan±viseso vevacano h±ro vevacanah±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti pucchati. “Vevacan±ni bah³n²”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “eka½ bhagav± dhamman”ti-±diko vitth±rasa½vaººan±viseso vevacano h±ro vevacanah±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti attho gahetabbo. “Y±ni vevacan±ni niddh±rit±ni, katam±ni t±ni vevacan±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “yath± ekan”ti-±di vutta½. Eka½ viññ±tabba½ dhamma½ sabh±vadhamma½ paññ±petabba½ v± dhamma½ aññamaññehi yath± yehi pak±rehi ceva vevacanehi ca bhagav± niddisati, tath±pak±r±ni vevacan±ni viññ±tabb±n²ti attho. “T±ni vevacan±ni kinti bhagav± ±h±”ti vattabbatt± “yath±ha bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. Yath± ya½ya½pak±r±ni vevacan±ni–
“¾s± ca pih± ca abhinandan± ca, anekadh±t³su sar± patiµµhit±;
aññ±ºam³lappabhav± pajappit±, sabb± may± byantikat± sam³lik±”ti.–

Bhagav± ±ha, ta½ta½pak±r±ni vevacan±ni viññ±tabb±n²ti attho.

Ekasseva dhammassa anekehi pariy±yabh³tehi vevacanehi niddisane phala½ aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 37) bahudh± vutta½, tasm± amhehi na dassita½. “Katam± ±s±, katam± pih±d²”ti pucchitabbatt± “±s± n±ma vuccat²”ti-±di vutta½. Y± bhavissassa atthassa ±s²san± avassa½ ±gamissat²ti y± ±s± assa ±s²santassa puggalassa uppajjati, tassa ±s²san± “±s± n±m±”ti vuccati. Vattam±nassa y± patthan± assa patthayantassa uppajjati, seyyatara½ v± añña½ disv± “ediso aha½ bhaveyyan”ti y± pih± assa pihayantassa uppajjati, s± patthan± “pih± n±m±”ti vuccati. An±gatattha½ ±rabbha pavatt± taºh± “±s±”ti vuccati, an±gatapaccuppannattha½ ±rabbha pavatt± taºh± “pih±”ti vuccati, tath±pi taºh±bh±vena ekatt± eko dhammova atthassa icchitassa nipphatti atthanipphatti, paµip±leti et±ya taºh±y±ti paµip±lan±, atthanipphattiy± paµip±lan±ti atthanipphattipaµip±lan±. Y± taºh± assa p±layantassa puggalassa uppajjati, s± taºh± “abhinandan±”ti vuccati.
“Y± atthanipphatti taºh±ya paµip±letabb±, katam± s± atthanipphatt²”ti pucchitabbatt± ta½ atthanipphatti½ sattato v± saªkh±rato v± vibhajitv± dassento “piya½ v± ñ±ti½, piya½ v± dhamman”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “ñ±tin”ti imin± mittabandhav±dayopi gahit±. Dhamma½ pana piyar³p±rammaº±dika½ chabbidhampi y±ya taºh±ya taºhiko abhinandati, s± taºh± “abhinandan± n±m±”ti vuccati. Paµikk³la½ ñ±ti½ v± dhamma½ v± vipall±savasena appaµikk³la½ ñ±ti½ v± dhamma½ v± sabh±vavasena appaµikk³lato y±ya taºh±ya taºhiko abhinandati s± taºh± v± “abhinandan± n±m±”ti vuccat²ti yojetv± attho gahetabbo.
“Y±su anek±su dh±t³su vuttappak±r± taºh± ‘sar±’ti bhagavat± vutt±, katam± t± dh±tuyo”ti pucchitabbatt± t± dh±tuyo sar³pato dassetu½ “cakkhudh±t³”ti-±di vutta½.
“T±su dh±t³su katam±ya dh±tuy± katam± sar± patiµµhit± pavatt±”ti pucchitabbatt± im±ya dh±tuy± aya½ sar± patiµµhit± pavatt±ti niyametv± dassetu½ “sar±ti keci r³p±dhimutt±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kec²ti sar±saªkh±t±ya r³pataºh±ya taºhik± puggal±. R³p±dhimutt±ti r³padh±tusaªkh±te ±rammaºe adhimutt± ajjhosit±. Imin± padena r³pataºh±saªkh±t± sar± r³padh±tuy± patiµµhit± pavatt±ti gahit±, “keci sadd±dhimutt±”ti-±d²hipi saddataºh±saªkh±t±dayo sar± saddadh±tuy±d²su patiµµhit± pavatt± sar±va gahit±. Keci dhamm±dhimutt±ti ettha dhammaggahaºena cakkhudh±tusotadh±tugh±nadh±tujivh±dh±tuk±yadh±tusattaviññ±ºadh±tudhammadh±tuyo gahit±, tasm± aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo patiµµh±nabh±vena gahit±pi chabbidh±va gahit±ti daµµhabb±. “R³p±dhimutt±d²su kittak±ni pad±ni taºh±pakkhe taºh±ya vevacan±”ti pucchitabbatt± et±dis±ni ettak±ni pad±ni taºh±pakkhe taºh±vevacan±n²ti niyametv± dassetu½ “tattha y±ni cha gehasit±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tesu chasu r³p±d²su. Cha gehasit±ni domanass±n²ti chasu r³p±d²su pavatta½ taºh±pema½ niss±ya pavatt±ni cha domanass±ni. Esa nayo sesesupi. “Cha upekkh± gehasit±pi bhagavat± vutt±, kasm± na gahit±”ti vattabbatt± “y± cha upekkh± gehasit±, aya½ diµµhipakkho”ti vutta½, diµµhipakkhatt± na gahit±ti attho.
38. “Katha½ vuttappak±r± taºh± eva gahit±”ti vattabbatt± “s±yeva patthan±k±ren±”ti-±di vutta½. vuttappak±r± eva taºh± patthan±k±rena pavattanato ±s±dipariy±yena vutt±, r³p±di-±rammaºadhammesu nandanato “dhammanand²”ti pariy±yena vutt±, r³p±di-±rammaºadhammesu gilitv± pariniµµhapeti viya ajjhos±ya tiµµhanato “dhammajjhos±nan”ti pariy±yena vutt±, tasm± taºh±ya vevacan±ni honti.
Taºh±ya vevacan±ni ±cariyena niddiµµh±ni, amhehi ca ñ±t±ni, “katam±ni cittassa vevacan±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “citta½ mano”ti-±di vutta½. “¾rammaºa½ cintet²ti citta½. Manati j±n±t²ti mano. Vij±n±t²ti viññ±ºan”ti-±din± attho pakaraºesu (dha. sa. aµµha. 5) vuttova, tasm± amhehi na vitth±rito. Vevacan±niyeva im±ni imassa vevacan±n²ti ettak±niyeva kathayiss±ma. “Paññindriya½ paññ±balan”ti-±d²ni paññ±vevacan±ni.
“Araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti-±d²ni buddhassa vevacan±ni. “T±ni kattha desit±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “yath± ca buddh±nussatiya½ vuttan”ti-±di vutta½. Buddh±nussatidesan±ya½ yath± ca ya½ya½pak±ra½ vevacana½ bhagavat± “itipi so bhagav± araha½…pe… bhagavato”ti vutta½, eta½pak±ra½ vevacana½ buddh±nussatiy± vevacana½ buddhassa vevacananti daµµhabba½. “Yath± ca dhamm±nussatiya½ vuttan”ti-±d²supi evameva yojan± k±tabb±.
“Ten±h±”ti-±dy±nusandhy±di-attho ceva “niyutto vevacano h±ro”ti-±nusandhy±di-attho ca vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.

Iti vevacanah±ravibhaªge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.