9. Parivattanah±ravibhaŖgavibh±van±

35. Yena yena sa½vaŗŗ±visesabh³tena vibhattih±ravibhaŖgena sutte vutt± dhamm±dayo vibhatt±, so sa½vaŗŗ±visesabh³to vibhaŖgo paripuŗŗo, “katamo parivattanah±ravibhaŖgo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo parivattano h±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu niddiµµhesu so¼asasu desan±h±r±d²su katamo sa½vaŗŗan±viseso parivattano h±ro parivattanah±ravibhaŖgo n±m±ti pucchati. “Kusal±kusale dhamme”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “samm±diµµhissa purisapuggalass±”ti-±diko vitth±rasa½vaŗŗan±viseso parivattano h±ro parivattanah±ravibhaŖgo n±m±ti attho gahetabbo.
“Sa½vaŗŗiyam±ne sutte niddiµµhassa katamassa bh±vitabbassa kusalassa katamo paµipakkho, katha½ parivattetabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± imassa bh±vitabbassa kusalassa aya½ paµipakkho, eva½ pah±tabbabh±vavasena parivattetabboti dassento “samm±diµµhissa purisapuggalass±”ti-±dim±ha. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–
“Tattha yasm± sa½vaŗŗiyam±ne sutte yath±niddiµµh±na½ kusal±kusaladhamm±na½ paµipakkhabh³te akusalakusaladhamme pah±tabbabh±v±divasena niddh±raŗa½ paµipakkhato parivattana½, tasm± ‘samm±diµµhissa purisapuggalassa micch±diµµhi nijjiŗŗ± bhavat²’ti-±di ±raddhan”ti (netti. aµµha. 35)–

Vutta½. Pah±yakassa hi dhammassa pah±tabbabh±vavasena niddh±raŗa½, pah±tabbassa ca dhammassa pah±yakabh±vavasena niddh±raŗa½ paµipakkhato parivattana½ n±ma hoti. Tattha samm±diµµhiss±ti samm± sundar± pasatth± diµµhi yassa puggalass±ti samm±diµµhi. Puggalapadaµµh±n± hi aya½ desan±. Tena vutta½ “purisapuggalass±”ti. S± pana samm±diµµhi kammakammaphal±disaddahanavasena v± anicc±divipassan±vasena v± maggasamm±dassanavasena v± pavatt± niravases±va gahit±. “Y±ya bh±vit±ya samm±diµµhiy± pah±tabb± micch±diµµhi nijjiŗŗ± bhavati, yadi keval± micch±diµµhiyeva nijjiŗŗ± bhavati, eva½ sati tadavases± akusal± dhamm± ajiŗŗ±
Bhaveyyun”ti vattabbatt± “ye cassa micch±diµµhipaccay±”ti-±di vutta½. Micch±diµµhipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal±yeva dhamm± ca uppajjeyyu½ uppajjan±rah± bhaveyyu½, te ca akusal± dhamm± assa samm±diµµhisampannassa purisapuggalassa nijjiŗŗ± pah±tabb±rah± anuppajjanasabh±v± honti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “up±d±nanirodh± bhavanirodho”ti (ud±. 2; mah±va. 1).

“Yadi samm±diµµhissa purisapuggalassa micch±diµµhi, tappaccay± akusaladhamm±yeva nijjiŗŗ± bhavanti, eva½ sati samm±diµµhipaccay± kusal± dhamm± na sambhaveyyun”ti vattabbatt± “samm±diµµhipaccay± c±”ti-±di vutta½. Assa samm±diµµhisampannassa purisapuggalassa uppajjan±rah± samm±diµµhipaccay± aneke kusal± samathavipassan± v± bodhipakkhiy± v± dhamm± sambhavanti, uppann± ca te dhamm± assa samm±diµµhisampannassa purisapuggalassa sant±ne punappuna½ pavattanavasena bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
Samm±diµµhiy± paµipakkh±na½ micch±diµµhiy±, tappaccay±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ parivattanabh±vo ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ń±to, “samm±saŖkappassa dhammassa paµipakkho dhammo katha½ parivattetabbo”ti vattabbatt± “samm±saŖkappassa purisapuggalass±”ti-±di vutta½. Yojanattha ±dayo vuttanay±nus±rena veditabb±. Samm± sundar± pasatth± v±c± yassa puggalass±ti samm±v±co, tassa samm±v±cassa. “Purisapuggalass±”ti-±d²na½ atthopi vuttanayena veditabbo. Aya½ pana visesatthosamm± avipar²tato vimuttiń±ŗadassana½ yassa puggalass±ti samm±vimuttiń±ŗadassano, tassa samm±vimuttiń±ŗadassanassa paccavekkhaŗań±ŗadassanasampannassa purisapuggalassa “avimutt±va sam±n± vimutt± mayan”ti micch±bhinivesavasena pavatta½ micch±vimuttiń±ŗadassana½ nijjiŗŗa½ vigata½ bhavati. “Ye cass±”ti-±d²na½ anusandhy±diko vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.
36. “Samm±diµµhiss±ti-±din± samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ kusal±na½ paµipakkh± micch±diµµh±dik±yeva akusal± pah±tabbabh±vena parivattetabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± p±ŗ±tip±t±veramaŗi-±d²na½ kusal±na½ paµipakkh± p±ŗ±tip±t±dik±pi akusal± pah±tabbabh±vena parivattetabb±ti dassetu½ “yassa v± p±ŗ±tip±t± paµiviratass±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “eva½ samm±diµµhi-±dimukhena micch±diµµhi-±di½ dassetv± puna p±ŗ±tip±ta-adinn±d±nak±mesumicch±c±r±dito veramaŗiy±d²hi p±ŗ±tip±t±d²na½ parivattana½ dassetu½ ‘yass±’ti-±di ±raddhan”ti (netti. aµµha. 36) vutta½. TadaŖg±divasenapah²no hoti. K±lav±diss±ti vaditabbak±le vaditabba½ vadati s²len±ti k±lav±d², tassa.
“Yath±vuttappak±reneva parivattetabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± ańńena pak±renapi parivattetabb±ti dassetu½ “ye ca kho kec²”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “ye ca kho kec²ti-±din± samm±diµµhi-±dimukheneva micch±diµµhi-±d²hi eva parivattana½ pak±rantarena dasset²”ti (netti. aµµha. 36) vutta½. Tattha keci micch±diµµhikamicch±saŖkapp±dik±yeva puggal± paresa½ ariy±na½ ariya½ aµµhaŖgika½ magga½ garahanti. Sandiµµhik± sandiµµhe niyutt±, sahadhammik± saha dhammena k±raŗena ye vattanti sahadhammik±. G±rayh± garahitabb±k±re yutt± V±d± ca anuv±d± ca v±d±nuv±d±, te bhavanto samm±diµµhińca dhamma½ garahanti. Tena garahaŗena. Pujj± p³jitabb± ca na bhavanti, p±sa½s± pasa½sitabb± ca na bhavanti. Evanti-±d²su samm±saŖkappa½ v± samm±v±c±dika½ v± visu½ visu½ samm±saŖkappańca te bhavanto dhamma½ garahanti. Tena hi ye micch±saŖkappik±, te bhavanto na pujj± ca p±sa½s± ca…pe… samm±vimuttińca te bhavanto dhamma½ garahanti. Tena hi ye micch±diµµhiv±cik±, te bhavanto na pujj± ca p±sa½s± ca. Samm±vimuttiń±ŗadassanańca te bhavanto dhamma½ garahanti. Tena hi ye micch±vimuttik±, te bhavanto na pujj± ca p±sa½s± ca. Samm±vimuttiń±ŗadassanańca te bhavanto dhamma½ garahanti. Tena hi ye micch±vimuttiń±ŗadassanik±, te bhavanto na pujj± ca p±sa½s± c±ti yojan± k±tabb±. “Micch±vimuttiń±ŗadassan±”tipi p±µho atthi.
“Ariyamaggasamm±diµµh±d²na½ garahavaseneva micch±diµµh±dayo ca parivattetabb±, n±vases±na½ pasa½s±vasen±”ti vattabbatt± k±m±d²na½ pasa½s±vasenapi k±m±na½ paµipakkh± veramaŗiy±dayopi parivattetabb±ti dassetu½ “ye ca kho keci evam±ha½s³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha bhuńjitabb± k±m±, paribhuńjitabb± k±m±, ±sevitabb± k±m±, nisevitabb± k±m±ti ettha k±m²yanteti k±m±ti kammas±dhanavasena vatthuk±m± gahit±, n±tipaŗ²t± k±m± bhuńjitabb±, atipaŗ²t± k±m± pari samantato bhuńjitabb±. Atipaŗ²tatar± k±m± ± bhuso sevitabb±, niyat± sevitabb±. Bh±vayitabb± k±m±, bahul²k±tabb± k±m±ti ettha pana k±ment²ti k±m±ti kattus±dhanavasena kilesak±m± gahit±, punappuna½ upp±danavasena bh±vayitabb± va¹¹h±petabb± pavattetabb± kilesak±m±, bah³na½ punappuna½ upp±danavasena k±tabb± va¹¹h±petabb± kilesak±m±ti ye ca k±mavasik± puthujjan± keci evam±ha½su tesa½ k±mavasik±na½ puthujjan±na½ kesańci t±disehi k±mehi veramaŗ² kusalacetan± paµipakkhavasena adhammo asevitabbo n±ma ±pajjeyy±ti adhipp±yo gahetabbo.
Antadvayavasena parivattana½ dassetu½ “ye v± pana kec²”ti-±di vutta½. Attakilamath±nuyogo dhammoti niyy±nikoti ye v± pana pańc±tap±dipaµipannak± tatthiy± evam±ha½su, tesa½ pańc±tap±dipaµipannak±na½ niyy±niko dhammo majjhim±paµipad±saŖkh±to vipassan±sahito ariyamaggo adhammo aniyy±niko abh±vetabbo n±ma ±pajjeyy±ti. Sukhadukkhavasenapi parivattana½ dassetu½ “ye ca kho”ti-±di vutta½. “P±pa½ nijjar±pess±m±”ti attahi½san±divasena paµipannak±na½ pavatto sar²rat±pano dukkho dhammo niyy±nikoti.
Ye ca tath±paµipannak± keci evam±ha½su, tesa½ tath±paµipannak±na½ anavajjapaccayaparibhogavasena pavatto sar²radukkh³pasamo sukho dhammo adhammo appavattetabbo ±pajjeyy±ti.
Antadvay±divasena parivattana½ ±cariyena vibhatta½, amhehi ca ń±ta½, “katha½ asubhasańń±divasena parivattetabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± eva½ asubhasańń±divasena subhasańń±dik± parivattetabb±ti dassetu½ “yath± v± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “id±ni asubhasańń±dimukhena subhasańń±diparivattana½ dassetu½ ‘yath± v± pan±’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 36) vutta½. SabbasaŖkh±res³ti tebh³makasaŖkh±resu. ¾raddhavipassakassa hi tebh³mak± dhamm± kiles±sucipaggharaŗakatt± asubhato upaµµhahanti.
“Yadi sar³patoyeva imesa½ ime paµipakkh±ti aparivattetabb± siyu½, eva½ sati niravases± ca paµipakkh± na sakk± parivattetu½, katha½ sakk± parivattetun”ti vattabbatt± parivattanalakkhaŗa½ dassento “ya½ ya½ v± pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kusala½ v± akusala½ v± ya½ ya½ dhamma½ parivattetuk±mo ±cariyo cittena rocayati diµµhiy± upagacchati, kusalassa v± akusalassa v± tassa tassa rucikassa upagatassa dhammassa yo paµipakkho, so paµipakkhadhammo asaddhammo assa dhammassa aniµµhato paccan²kato ajjh±panno parińń±to. Iµµha½ v± aniµµha½ v± ya½ ya½ dhamma½ parivattetuk±mo ±cariyo cittena rocayati diµµhiy± upagacchati, iµµhassa v± aniµµhassa v± tassa tassa rucikassa dhammassa yo paµipakkho, so paµipakkhadhammo assa dhammassa aniµµhato paccan²kadhammato ajjh±panno parińń±to bhavat²ti parivattetuk±mena icchitabbadhamm±nur³papaµipakkhavasena parivattana½ k±tabbanti parivattane paµipakkhalakkhaŗa½ vutta½. Tena aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½– “paµipakkhassa lakkhaŗa½ vibh±vet²”ti.
“Eva½ vuttappak±ra½ parivattana½ amhehi katha½ saddahitabban”ti vattabbat± “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½.
“Ett±vat± parivatto h±ro paripuŗŗo, ańńo niyutto natth²”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto parivattano h±ro”ti vutta½. Yasmi½ sutte kusal±kusale niddiµµhe paµipakkhavasena n²haritv± yath±sambhava½ yo yo parivattano h±ro niyutto, tasmi½ sutte niddiµµhe paµipakkhavasena n²haritv± so so parivattano h±ro niyutto niddh±retv± yutto yojitoti attho gahetabboti.

Iti parivattanah±ravibhaŖge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paŗ¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±rena gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.