“Vid³h²”ti padassa yath±vuttas±sanavarassa saparasant±napavattanapavatt±pan±divasena vij±nanasamattho saºhasukhumañ±º±diguºasampanno kaly±ºaputhujjanasot±pann±diko puggalo sar³pattho. “Ñeyyan”ti padassa t±disehi vid³hi saºhasukhumañ±º±din± vij±nitabba½ s±sanavara½ sar³pattho. “Naravarass±”ti padassa ekavidh±dibhedassa s±sanavarassa janako anekaguºasampanno tilokaggo sar³pattho. Icceva½ nettiy± ±dig±th±ya sar³pattho saªkhepena vij±nitabbo.
Eva½ tass± anusandhy±d²na½ j±nitabbabh±ve satipi aj±nanto viya pucchitv± dosa½ ±ropetv± parih±ravasen±pi gambh²r±dhipp±yassa an±kulassa visesaj±nana½ bhavissati. Tasm± pucchitv± dosa½ ropetv± parih±ravasena gambh²r±dhipp±ya½ sampiº¹etv± kathayissa½. Amh±k±cariya kimattha½ “ya½ loko”ty±dim±ha? Nettippakaraºa½ k±tu½. Eva½ sati nettippakaraºabh³ta½ “so¼asah±r± netti”ty±dika½ eva vattabba½, kasm± ta½ avatv± tato nettippakaraºato añña½ “ya½ loko p³jayate”ty±dim±ha. Seyyath±pi samudda½ gacchanto himavanta½ gacchati, himavanta½ gacchanto samudda½ gacchati, evameva nettippakaraºa½ karonto s±sanavaradassana½ karot²ti? Sacca½, tath±pi yassa sa½vaººana½ nettippakaraºa½ k±tuk±mo ta½ s±sanavara½ paµhama½ dassetu½ “ya½ loko”ty±dim±ha. Eva½ sati “eta½ s±sanavaran”ti ettakameva vattabba½, kasm± “ya½ loko”ty±di vuttanti? Ta½ s±sanavara½ janakena naravarena niyametv± thometu½ vutta½. Tath±pi “tassa naravarass±”ti ettakameva vattabba½, kasm± “ya½ loko”ty±di vuttanti? Ta½ janaka½ naravara½ lokap±lena lokaseµµhena saddhi½ sabbena lokena p³jan²yanamassan²yabh±vena thometu½ “ya½ loko”ty±di vutta½. P³jent±pi vanditv± p³jenti, tasm± “p³jayate”ti ettakameva vattabbanti? Tath±pi keci kesañci p³j±sakk±r±d²ni karont±pi tesa½ ap±kaµaguºat±ya namakk±ra½ na karonti. Eva½ bhagavato yath±bh³ta-abbhuggatasaddat±ya pana bhagavanta½ p³jetv±pi vandatiyev±ti dassetu½ “namassati c±”ti vutta½. P³jento, namassanto ca na kad±ciyeva, atha kho sabbak±lanti dassetu½ “sad±”ti vutta½. T±disassa naravarassa t±disa½ s±sanavara½ saºhasukhumañ±ºasampannehi vid³heva sukhumañ±ºeneva ñeyyanti s±sanavara½ thometu½ “vid³hi ñeyyan”ti vutta½.
Ettha ca “p³jayate, namassat²”ti etehi p³jananamassanakiriy±ya hetubh³t± sabbaññutaññ±º±dayo aneke lokiyalokuttaraguº± pak±sit± honti te guºe ±gamma sabbalokassa p³jananamassanacetan±ya pavattanato. Tesu hi kiñci sar³pato, kiñci anum±nato s±riputtatther±dayo anussaranti, p³jenti, namassanti. Tena vutta½ “anussaretha sambuddhan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.249). Ekadesaguº±pi p³j±rah± namassan±rah±, kasm± sabbepi guº± pak±sit±ti? Sabbaguºadassanena bodhisambh±rasambharaºamah±karuº±yogasaªkh±tahetuñ±ºapah±na- ±nubh±var³pak±yasampattisaªkh±taphalahitajjh±sayindriya- p±kak±l±gamanadesan±ñ±ºasaªkh±tasattu- pak±rasampad±vasena thoman± dassit±. Tena attahitapaµipatti, parahitapaµipatti ca nirupakkiles³pagaman±pagamanañca lokasamaññ±nupapavatti, tadanatidh±vanañca caraºasampatti, vijj±sampatti ca att±dhipatit±, dhamm±dhipatit± ca lokan±tha-attan±that± ca pubbak±rikataññut± ca aparantapat±, anattantapat± ca buddhakaraºadhammabuddhabh±vasiddhi ca parat±raºa-attat±raºañca satt±nuggahacittat±, dhammavirattacittat± ca pak±sit± bhavanti. Tena sabbappak±rena anuttaradakkhiºeyyat±-uttamap³jan²yanamassan²yabh±vap³jananamassanakiriy±ya ca khettaªgatabh±va½ pak±seti. Tena p³janakanamassanak±na½ yathicchitabbapayojanasampatti pak±sit±ti sabbaguº± pak±sit±ti.
¾dikaly±ºat±diguºasampattiy± vara½ agga½ uttama½, nipuºañ±ºagocarat±ya paº¹itavedan²yañca, tasm± “vara½ ñeyyan”ti vacanehi sv±kkh±tat±dayo sabbe dhammaguº± pak±sit±. Ariyasaccapaµivedhena samuggh±takilesasammoh±yeva paramatthato paº¹it± b±ly±disamatikkamanato, tasm± bh±vitalokuttaramagg±, sacchikatas±maññaphal± ca puggal± visesato “vid³”ti vuccanti. Te hi yath±vuttas±sanavara½ avipar²tato ñ±tu½, netuñca saparasant±ne sakkuºanti. Tasm± ye suppaµipannat±dayo anekehi suttapadehi sa½vaººit±, te ariyasaªghaguº±pi niravasesato “vid³h²”ti padena pak±sit±ti. Eva½ nettiy± paµhamag±th±ya “eta½ s±sanavaran”ti padena s±sanattaya½ saªgaºhitv± tattha itaresa½ dvinna½ adhigam³p±yabh±vato sabbas±sanam³labh³tassa, attano nettippakaraºassa ca visayabh³tassa pariyattis±sanavarassa dassanamukhena sabbe ratanattayaguº±pi thoman±vasena nayatova pak±sit± honti. Nayato hi dassit± sabbe guº± niravases± gahit± bhavanti, na sar³pato. Ten±ha bhagavanta½ µhapetv± paññavant±na½ aggabh³to dhammasen±patis±riputtattheropi buddhaguºaparicchedanamanuyutto “apica me dhammanvayo vidito”ti (d². ni. 2.146) bhagavat±pi–
“Eva½ acintiy± buddh±, buddhadhamm± acintiy±;
acintiye pasann±na½, vip±ko hoti acintiyo”ti. (Apa. thera 1.1.82; netti. 95)–

G±th± vutt±. Tattha buddhadhamm±ti buddhaguº±. Amh±ka½ pana y±vaj²va½ ratanattayaguºaparid²pane ati-uss±hant±nampi sar³pato n²haritv± dassetu½ asamatthabh±vo pageva paº¹itehi veditabboti.

Icceva½
“Ya½ loko p³jayate, salokap±lo sad± namassati ca;
tasseta s±sanavara½, vid³hi ñeyya½ naravarass±”ti.–

Niggahitalopavasena vutt±ya g±th±ya saªkhepena kathito anusandhy±diko samattoti.

“Ya½ loko p³jayate, sa lokap±lo sad± namassati ca;
ta½ tassa s±sanavara½, vid³hi ñeyya½ naravarass±”ti.–

G±tha½ apare paµhanti. Tass±pi anusandhyattho vuttanayova. Yojanattho pana viseso. Tattha hi salokap±lo loko yassa satthuno naravarassa ya½ s±sanavara½ sa½vaººetabbasahita½, sa½vaººetabba½ eva v± p³jayate ceva namassati ca, tassa lokap±lassa satthuno ta½ p³jetabba½, namassitabbañca vid³heva viññ±tabba½, eta½ s±sanavara½ nettippakaraºassa visayanti gahetabbanti yojan±. Yojan±k±ropi heµµh± vuttanayova.

Viggahatthopi viseso. Imasmiñhi naye loka½ p±lent²ti lokap±l±, yath±vuttacatumah±r±j±dayo. Tehi lokap±lehi sahita½ sabbaloka½ p±leti lokaggan±yakatt±ti lokap±loti bhagav±pi lokap±lasaddena vutto. So hi “tass±”ti ettha ta½-saddena par±mas²yati, tasm± tassa lokap±lassa satthuno naravarass±ti attho gahito. Yadi eva½ lokap±lo guº²bh³to apadh±no padh±nabh³ta½ loka½ visesetv± vinivatto, katha½ ta½-saddena par±mas²yat²ti? Lokavisesako sam±nopi s±sanavar±pekkhat±ya janakas±mibh±vena sambandhivisesabh³tatt± padh±nabh³to viya par±mas²yat²ti. Bhagav± s±sanavarassa s±mibh±vena gahito. Katha½ s±sanavarassa s±m² bhagav± s±sanavara½ p³jayat²ti? Na c±ya½ virodho. Buddh± hi bhagavanto dhammagaruno, te sabbak±la½ dhammamapacayam±n±va viharant²ti. Buddh±nañhi dhammagarudhamm±pacayam±nabh±vo “ya½n³n±ha½…pe… tameva dhamma½ sakkatv± garu½ katv± m±netv± p³jetv± upaniss±ya vihareyyan”ti (a. ni. 4.21) vutto, tasm± lokap±lo bhagav± s±sanavara½ p³jayat²ti daµµhabbo. Eva½ sati lokap±lo bhagav± s±sanavara½ p³jayat²ti attho yutto hotu, katha½ lokap±lo bhagav± s±sanavara½ namassat²ti yuttoti? Yuttova “namassat²”ti padassa garukaraºena tanninnapoºapabbh±roti atthass±pi labbhanato. Bhagav± hi dhammagarut±ya sabbak±la½ dhammaninnapoºapabbh±rabh±vena viharat²ti. Vuttañheta½ “yena suda½ niccakappa½ vihar±m²”ti-±di. Sesamettha heµµh± vuttanayena v± sa½vaººan±su vuttanayena v± ñ±tabbanti amhehi na vitth±r²yati.
Eva½ paµhamag±th±ya “s±sanavaran”ti padena tividhampi s±sana½ saªgaºhitv± tattha pariyattis±sanameva attano nettippakaraºassa visaya½ niyametv± dassento “dv±dasa pad±ni”ty±dim±ha. Atha v± paµhamag±th±ya ratanattayathomanena saha nettippakaraºat±visaya½ s±sanavara½ ±cariyena dassita½, “tassa s±sanavara½ ki½ sabba½yeva nettippakaraºassa visaya½, ud±hu pariyattis±sanamev±”ti pucchitabbatt± pariyattis±sanabh³ta½ suttamev±ti dassento “dv±dasa pad±ni suttan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “s±sanavaran”ti s±maññena vuttampi pariyattisuttameva s±sanavaranti gahetabbanti attho. “Ta½ pana katividhan”ti vattabbatt± “dv±dasa pad±n²”ti vutta½, saªkhepato pabhedena dv±dasavidhanti attho. Pabhedato dv±dasavidhampi byañjanapada-atthapadato pana duvidhamev±ti dassetu½ “ta½ sabba½ byañjanañca attho c±”ti vutta½. “Tasmi½ dvaye ekameva sar³pato nettippakaraºassa visayanti viññeyya½, ud±hu ubhayan”ti pucchitabbatt± ubhayanti dassetu½ “ta½ viññeyya½ ubhayan”ti vutta½. Vacanavacan²yabh±vena sambandhe yasmi½ byañjane, atthe ca “suttan”ti voh±ro pavatto, ta½ ubhaya½ sar³pato nettippakaraºassa visayanti viññeyyanti attho. “Kinti viññeyyan”ti vattabbatt± “ko attho, byañjana½ kataman”ti vutta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– chabyañjanapadacha-atthapadabhedena dv±dasavidha½ byañjanapada-atthapadavasena duvidha½ sabbapariyattisaªkh±ta½ sutta½ mama nettippakaraºassa visaya½ s±sanavaranti ñ±tabba½. Sar³pato pucchitv± atthapada½, byañjanapadañca sar³pato ñ±tabbanti.
Eva½ paµhamag±th±ya “s±sanavaran”ti vuttassa suttassa pariyattibh±vañceva atthapadabyañjanapadabh±vena veditabbattañca dassetv± id±ni tassa suttassa pavicay³p±ya½ nettippakaraºa½ padatthavibh±gena dassetu½ “so¼asah±r±”ty±dim±ha. Atha v± dutiyag±th±ya nettippakaraºassa visaya½ s±sanavara½ niyametv± dassita½, “netti n±ma katam±, katividh±”ti pucchitabbatt± nettin±ma ettik±ti saªkhepato dassetu½ “so¼asah±r±”ty±dim±ha. Tattha tassa s±sanassa suttassa atthapariyeµµhi nettisa½vaººan± may± mah±kacc±yanena niddiµµh± netti n±ma so¼asah±rasamud±y± pañcanayasamud±y± aµµh±rasam³lapadasamud±y±ti vij±nitabb±ti.
Te h±r±dayo kenaµµhena netti n±ma? Veneyyasatte ariyadhamma½ net²ti nett²ti evam±di attho sa½vaººan±su (netti. aµµha. ganth±rambhakath±) vuttova. Im±ya tatiyag±th±yapi “mah±kacc±nena niddiµµh±”ti p±µho sundaro. “Mah±kacc±yanena niddiµµh±”ti v± p±µho, na sundaro. Lakkhaºañhi may± heµµh± vuttanti. “So¼asah±r±disamud±y± nett²”ti vutt±, te h±r± suttassa byañjanavicayo v± honti, atthavicayo v±, nay± ca byañjanavicayo v± honti, atthavicayo v±ti vic±raº±ya½ sati “ime imassa vicayo”ti niyametv± dassetu½ “h±r± byañjanavicayo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha h±r± suttassa byañjanavicayo honti, na atthavicayo so¼asah±r±na½ m³lapadaniddh±raºa½ vajjetv± byañjanamukheneva sa½vaººan±bh±vato. Tayo pana nay± suttassa atthavicayo honti, tiººa½ nay±na½ m³lapadasaªkh±ta-avijj±disabh±vadhammaniddh±raºamukheneva suttassa atthasa½vaººan±bh±vatoti.
“Ta½ ubhaya½ sutte sa½vaººan±bh±vena kenaci katthaciyeva yojetabba½, ud±hu sabbath± sabbattha yojitan”ti pucchitabbabh±vato ta½ ubhaya½ sabbattha suttesu sabbath± yojitanti dassetu½ “ubhaya½ pariggah²tan”ti vutta½. H±r± ceva nay± ca ubhaya½ suttassa atthaniddh±raºavasena parito samantato gahita½ sabbath± suttesu yojitanti.
“H±r±disamud±yabh³ta½ nettisaªkh±ta½ sutta½ katha½ sa½vaººetabba½ sutta½ sa½vaººet²”ti vattabbabh±vato vutta½ “vuccati sutta½ yath±suttan”ti. Nettisaªkh±ta½ sa½vaººan±sutta½ sa½vaººetabbasutt±nur³pa½ yath± yena yena desan±h±rena v± aññena v± sa½vaººetabba½, tena tena vuccati sa½vaººet²ti attho. Atha v± “nettisaªkh±ta½ sutta½ kittaka½ sa½vaººetabba½ sutta½ sa½vaººet²”ti vattabbabh±vato vutta½ “vuccati sutta½ yath±suttan”ti. Tattha yath±sutta½ ya½ ya½ sutta½ bhagavat± vutta½, ta½ ta½ sabba½ sutta½ nettisaªkh±ta½ sutta½ vuccati vadati ass±d±d²navadassanavasena sa½vaººet²ti. Tena vutta½ “nettinayena hi sa½vaººetu½ asakkuºeyya½ n±ma sutta½ natth²”ti (netti. aµµha. saªgahav±ravaººan±).
“Ya½ ya½ bhagavat± desita½ sutta½ nettisa½vaººan±ya sa½vaººita½, s± sa½vaººetabb± desan± ca viññeyy±, ud±hu desitabbañc±”ti vattabbabh±vato “y± ceva desan±”ty±dim±ha. Y± ceva desan± p±¼i sa½vaººit±, s± ca, t±ya desan±ya desita½ ya½ dhammaj±ta½, tañca ubhaya½ vimutt±yatanadesan±s²sena paricaya½ karontehi ekantena viññeyya½ ubhayasseva anup±disesaparinibb±napariyos±n±na½ sampatt²na½ hetubh±vato. “Tassa ubhayassa vij±nane s±dhetabbe s±dhetabbassa vij±nanassa hetubh³t± katam± anupubb²”ti pucchitabbabh±vato vutta½ “tatr±”ty±di. Tattha tatra vij±nane s±dhetabbe sutt±dinavaªgassa s±sanassa atthapariyesan± atthavic±raº± h±ranay±na½ aya½ anupubb² vij±nanassa s±dhetabbassa hetubh³t± anupubb² n±m±ti attho. Atha v± tassa ubhayassa vij±nane s±dhetabbe sutt±dinavaªgassa s±sanassa atthapariyesan±ya atthavic±raº±ya aya½ anupubb² vij±nanassa s±dhetabbassa hetubh³t± anupubb² n±m±ti. Atha v± vakkham±n±ya h±ranay±nupubbiy± navavidhasuttantapariyesan± vij±nanassa hetubh³t±ti veditabb±. Ten±k±reneva aµµhakath±ya½ tidh± vutt±ti.

Saªgahav±rassa atthavibh±van± niµµhit±.