Tattha eva½ v²tar±g±v²tar±gehi odhiso odhiso sam±pajjitabb± dhamm± para½ para½ pacch± pacch± pavattiyam±na½ dhammaj±ta½ saka½ saka½ pubbe pubbe j±ta½ “lokiyasam±patt²”ti n±ma½ niyatavisaya½ ańńamańńa½ hutv± hi yasm± n±tivattanti, tasm± s±dh±raŗ±ti saddahitabb± gahetabb±ti attho. “Para½ para½ sam±pajjanto katha½ n±tivattat²”ti vattabbatt± n±tivattana½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½ “yop²”ti-±di vutta½. Yo ariyas±vako v± av²tar±go v±. Imehi lokiyasam±pattidhammehisamann±gato, so ariyas±vako v± av²tar±go v± para½ para½ sam±pajjantopi ta½ dhamma½ lokiya½ sam±pattidhamma½ n±tivattati, ańńa½ upagantv± n±tikkamat²ti attho. Yehi lokiyasam±pattidhammehi samann±gato, ime lokiyasam±patti dhamm± s±dh±raŗ±v±ti daµµhabb±.
“V±san±bh±giy±disuttesu vutt± ye dhamm± imin± vibhattih±rena vibhatt±, yesu dhammesu katame dhamm± as±dh±raŗ±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katame dhamm± as±dh±raŗ±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tesu vibhajitabbesu dhammesu katame dhamm± as±dh±raŗ±ti pucchati, pucchitv± y±va desana½ up±d±ya as±dh±raŗ± dhamm± gavesitabb±, “sekkh±sekkh±”ti v± gavesitabb±, “bhabb±bhabb±”ti v± gavesitabb±. Atha v± y±va “sekkh±sekkh± bhabb±bhabb±”ti desan± vutt±, t±va desana½ up±d±ya as±dh±raŗ± gavesitabb±. Katha½ gavesitabb±? Ariyesu sekkh±sekkhadhammavasena “sekkh±”ti n±ma½ asekkhena as±dh±raŗa½, “asekkh±”ti n±ma½ sekkhena as±dh±raŗanti v±, anariyesu “bhabb±”ti n±ma½ abhabbena as±dh±raŗa½, “abhabb±”ti n±ma½ bhabbena as±dh±raŗanti v± gavesitabb±. K±mar±gaby±p±d± sa½yojan± appah²natt± anusayabh±vena uppajjan±rahatt± aµµhamakassa sot±pattimaggaµµhassa ca sot±pannassa phalaµµhassa ca s±dh±raŗ± bhavanti, dhammat± dhammasabh±vo as±dh±raŗo. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “aµµhamakassa sot±pattimaggaµµhat± sot±pannassa as±dh±raŗ±, sot±pannassa sot±pannaphalaµµhat± ca aµµhamakassa sot±pattimaggaµµhassa as±dh±raŗ±. Aµµhamakassa v± pah²yam±nakilesat± sot±pannassa as±dh±raŗ±, sot±pannassa pah²nakilesat± ca aµµhamakassa as±dh±raŗ±”ti.
Uddhambh±giy± sa½yojan± appah²natt± anusayabh±vena uppajjan±rahatt± aµµhamakassa maggaµµhabh±vena aµµhamakasadisassa an±g±mimaggaµµhassa ca an±g±missa phalaµµhassa ca s±dh±raŗ±, dhammat± dhammasabh±vo as±dh±raŗ±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “aµµhamakassa an±g±mimaggaµµhat± an±g±missa phalaµµhassa as±dh±raŗ±, an±g±missa an±g±miphalaµµhat± ca aµµhamakassa as±dh±raŗ±. Aµµhamakassa v± pah²yam±nakilesat± an±g±missa as±dh±raŗ±, an±g±missa phalaµµhassa pah²nakilesat± ca aµµhamakassa as±dh±raŗ±”ti. “Maggaµµhat± phalaµµhat±ya as±dh±raŗ±, phalaµµhat± ca maggaµµhat±ya as±dh±raŗ±”tipi vattu½ vaµµati. Sabbesa½ sattanna½ sekkh±na½ puggal±na½ n±ma½ “sekkh±”ti n±ma½ s±dh±raŗa½. Dhammat± as±dh±raŗ±ti catunna½ maggaµµh±na½ ta½ta½maggaµµhat± ańńamańńa½ maggaµµh±na½ as±dh±raŗ±. Heµµhimaphalattayaµµh±nańca as±dh±raŗ±, heµµhimaphalattayaµµh±na½ ta½ta½phalaµµhat± ca ańńamańńa½ phalaµµh±na½ as±dh±raŗ±, catunna½ maggaµµh±nańca as±dh±raŗ±ti attho. “Sekkh±na½ ta½ta½maggaµµhat± ta½ta½phalaµµhat±ya as±dh±raŗ±, ta½ta½phalaµµhat± ca ta½ta½maggaµµhat±ya as±dh±raŗ±”ti vattumpi vaµµati. Sabbesa½ paµipannak±nanti phalatth±ya paµipajjant²ti paµipannak±, tesa½ maggasamaŖg²na½ catunna½ puggal±na½ n±ma½ “paµipannak±”ti n±ma½ s±dh±raŗa½, dhammat± ta½ta½maggaµµhat± as±dh±raŗ±. Sabbesa½ sekkh±na½ sattanna½ puggal±na½ sekkh±na½ s²la½ s±dh±raŗa½, dhammat± ta½ta½maggaµµhaphalaµµhat± as±dh±raŗ±ti. V±san±bh±giyasa½kilesabh±giyasuttesu vutt± dassanenapah±tabb±dayo ceva nibbedhabh±giya-asekkhabh±giyasuttesu vutt± sekkh±dayo ca dhamm± s±dh±raŗ±s±dh±raŗabhedena vibhattih±rena vibhajitabb±ti adhipp±yo veditabbo.
“Aµµhamakass±”ti-±din± ariyesu puggalesu as±dh±raŗ± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ń±t±, “katha½ anariyesu as±dh±raŗ± vibhatt±”ti pucchitabbatt± ariyesu vuttanay±nus±rena anariyesupi vibhajitv± gavesitabb±ti dassetu½ “eva½ vises±nupassin±”ti-±di vutta½ Aµµhakath±ya½ pana– “eva½ ‘aµµhamakass±’ti-±din± ariyapuggalesu as±dh±raŗadhamma½ dassetv± itaresu nayadassanattha½ ‘eva½ vises±nupassin±’ti-±di vuttan”ti vutta½. Eva½ ariyesu vuttanay±nus±rena bhabb±bhabbesu anariyesu vises±nupassin± as±dh±raŗato visesa½ as±dh±raŗa½ anupassin± gavesakena paŗ¹itena bhabb±bhabbesupi h²nukkaµµhamajjhima½ up±d±ya gavesitabba½. Katha½? M±tugh±t±divasena pavatt±na½ paµighasampayuttadiµµhisampayuttasattamajavanacittupp±d±na½ micchattaniyat±na½ ta½samaŖg²na½ v± tath±pavatt± paµhamajavanacittup±d±dayo aniyat± dhamm± paµighasampayutt±dibh±vena s±dh±raŗ±, micchattaniyat± dhamm± ekacittupp±datt± as±dh±raŗ±. Yath± hi citta½ “cittasa½saµµhan”ti na vattabba½, eva½ micchattaniyat±pi “micchattaniyatas±dh±raŗ±”ti na vattabb±. Micchattaniyatesupi niyatamicch±diµµhik±na½ diµµhisampayuttasattamajavanacittupp±dasamaŖg²na½ aniyat± diµµhisampayuttapaµhamajavanacittupp±d±dayo dhamm± diµµhisampayutt±dibh±vena s±dh±raŗ±, niyatamicch±diµµhi ekacittupp±dasamaŖg²bh±vato as±dh±raŗ±. Ten±ha aµµhakath±cariyo–
“Micchattaniyat±na½ aniyat± dhamm± s±dh±raŗa, micchattaniyat± dhamm± as±dh±raŗ±. Micchattaniyatesupi niyatamicch±diµµhik±na½ aniyat± dhamm± s±dh±raŗ±, niyatamicch±diµµhi as±dh±raŗ±ti imin± nayena vises±nupassin± veditabb±”ti (netti. aµµha. 34).
Tattha “imin± nayen±”ti imin± micchattaniyat±na½ uppajjitu½ bhabb± aniyat± dhamm± s±dh±raŗ±, uppajjitu½ abhabb± aniyat± dhamm± as±dh±raŗ±ti gahit±. Tena vutta½ “bhabb±bhabb±”ti. Tath± h²nassa h²no h²nabh±vena s±dh±raŗo, majjhimukkaµµh± as±dh±raŗ±. Majjhimassa majjhimo s±dh±raŗo, h²nukkaµµh± as±dh±raŗ±. Ukkaµµhassa ukkaµµho ukkaµµhabh±vena s±dh±raŗo, h²namajjhim± as±dh±raŗ±tipi gavesitabb±. Ten±ha– “h²nukkaµµhamajjhima½ up±d±ya gavesitabban”ti.
“Tattha katame dhamm± s±dh±raŗ±”ti-±din± n±n±vidhena vibhattih±ranayena dhamm± vibhajitv± dassit±, amhehi ca ń±t±, “katha½ bh³mipadaµµh±n±ni vibhattih±ranayena vibhajitv± dassit±n²”ti pucchitabbabh±vato dhammavibhajan±nantara½ bh³mipadaµµh±n±ni vibhajitv± dassento “dassanabh³m²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha dassanabh³m²ti dassana½ bhavati ettha paµhamamaggeti dassanabh³mi, sot±pattimaggo Niy±m±vakkantiy±ti niyamana½ niy±mo, ko so? Sampattaniy±mo, avakkana½ avakkanti, sot±pattiphala½, niy±massa avakkanti niy±m±vakkanti, t±ya. Dassanabh³min±mako sot±pattimaggo niy±m±vakkantin±makassa sot±pattiphalassa pattiy± padaµµh±na½. PaµhamamaggasamaŖg² puggalo hi niy±ma½ okkamanto n±ma, phalasamaŖg² pana niy±ma½ okkanto n±ma hoti, tasm± niy±m±vakkantisaddena paµhamaphaluppatti gahit±. Bh±van±bh³m²ti uparimaggattaya½. Uttarik±nanti tassa tassa maggassa uparipavatt±na½ ta½ta½phal±na½ pattiy± padaµµh±nanti pacceka½ yojetabba½.
Dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń± mandapańńassa uppajjanato samatha½ ±vahant² hutv± samathassa padaµµh±na½ hoti, sukh±paµipad± khipp±bhińń± ń±ŗ±dhikassa uppajjanato vipassan±vahant² hutv± vipassan±ya padaµµh±na½, avases± dve paµipad±pi n±tipańńassa uppajjanato samathassa padaµµh±nanti gahetabb±. Tena aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½– “itar± pana tissopi paµipad± samatha½ ±vahant²”ti-±di (netti. aµµha. 34). D±namaya½ puńńakiriyavatthu sayameva ekantena dhammassavanassa padaµµh±na½ na hoti, vandanay±canapańh±pucchan±dayopi padaµµh±na½ honti, tasm± tehi k±raŗehi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± paratoghosassa padaµµh±na½ hoti, paratoghoso ca dhammassavanapańh±vissajjan±divasena pavatto. D±tabbavatthupariccajanavandanay±canak±lesu hi yebhuyyena dhamma½ desenti, pańh±pucchan±dik±lesu ca vissajjenti, paµipucchas±kacch±d²ni v± karonti. S²lamaya½ puńńakiriyavatthu p±mojjap²tipassaddhisukhasam±dh²hi padaµµh±nabh±vena s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± cint±mayiy± pańń±ya padaµµh±na½ hoti. S²lavantassa hi s²la½ paccavekkhantassa p±mojj±dayo honti, sam±hito ca dhammacintane samattho hoti.
Bh±van±maya½ puńńakiriyavatth³ti purim± purim± samathabh±van± ceva vipassan±bh±van± ca puńńakiriyavatthud±nas²l±d²hi k±raŗehi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± bh±van±mayiy± pańń±ya pacchim±ya pacchim±ya samathabh±van±ya ceva vipassan±bh±van±ya ca padaµµh±na½. Tena vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½– “s±dh±raŗanti na b²ja½ viya aŖkurassa, dassanabh³mi-±dayo viya niy±m±vakkanti-±d²na½ ±veŗika½ atha kho s±dh±raŗa½ tadańńak±raŗehip²”ti. “D±namayas²lamayabh±van±mayapuńńakiriyavatth³na½ paratoghosacint±mayibh±van±mayipańń±na½ padaµµh±nabh±vo ±cariyena vibhatto, eva½ sati tesa½ d±namay±d²na½ yath±kkama½ pariyattib±husaccakammaµµh±n±nuyogamaggasamm±diµµh²na½ padaµµh±nabh±vo na bhaveyy±”ti vattabbatt± tath±pavatta½ padaµµh±nabh±vampi dassetu½ “d±namaya½ puńńakiriyavatthu parato ca ghosassa sutamayiy± ca pańń±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–
“Id±ni yasm± d±na½, s²la½, lokiyabh±van± ca na kevala½ yath±vuttaparatoghos±d²na½yeva, atha kho yath±kkama½ pariyattib±husaccakammaµµh±n±nuyogamaggasamm±diµµh²nampi paccay± honti, tasm± tampi naya½ dassetu½ puna ‘d±namayan’ti-±din± desana½ va¹¹hes²”ti (netti. aµµha. 34)–

Vutta½. Tattha d±namayapuńńakiriyavatthuno paratoghosassa s±dh±raŗapadaµµh±nabh±vo heµµh± vuttanayena ń±tabbo. D±na½ pana datv± desana½ sutv± sut±nus±rena vitth±retv± cintentassa pavattam±n±ya sutamayiy± pańń±ya vandanay±can±d²hi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± padaµµh±na½ hoti. S²lamayapuńńakiriyavatthunopi cint±mayiy± pańń±ya s±dh±raŗapadaµµh±nabh±vo vuttoyeva. Parisuddhas²la½ pana niss±ya “jh±na½ nibbattess±mi, maggaphala½ nibbattess±m²”ti-±din± paccavekkhantassa pavattam±nassa yonisomanasik±rassa p±mojj±d²hi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± padaµµh±na½ hoti. Bh±van±mayapuńńakiriyavatthuno bh±van±mayiy± pańń±ya s±dh±raŗapadaµµh±nabh±vopi vuttoyeva. Samathabh±van±saŖkh±ta½ pana jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± v± parip±ka½ vipassan±bh±va½yeva v± niss±ya pavattam±n±ya samm±diµµhiy± parisuddhas²l±d²hi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± padaµµh±na½ hoti.

D±namayapuńńakiriyavatthu-±d²na½ paratoghos±d²na½ padaµµh±nabh±vo punappuna½ ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ń±to, “patir³padesav±s±dayopi imesa½ dhamm±na½ padaµµh±n±n²ti yath± vibhajitabb±, amhehi ca vińń±tabb±, tath± vibhajitv± dasseth±”ti vattabbatt± tepi vibhajitv± dassetu½ “patir³padesav±so”ti-±dim±ha. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “tath± patir³padesav±s±dayo k±yavivekacittavivek±d²na½ k±raŗa½ hont²ti ima½ naya½ dassetu½ ‘patir³padesav±so’ti-±dim±h±”ti (netti. aµµha. 34) vutta½. Patir³padesa½ niss±ya vasantassa k±yavivekacittavivekava¹¹hanato, sam±dhiva¹¹hanato ca patir³padesav±so k±yacittavivekassa ca upac±rasam±dhi-appan±sam±dhissa ca s²l±d²hi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± padaµµh±na½. Sappuris³panissayoti sappurisasant±ne pavatto payirup±sato ±lambitabbo pas±do, tato v± upanissaya½ labhitv± payirup±sant±na½ sant±ne pavatto pubbapas±do yath±vidho sappuris³panissayo payirup±santassa saddh±sampannassa ratanattaye tiŗŗa½ aveccappas±d±na½ ratanattayaguŗ±d²hi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± padaµµh±na½, samathassa labhananimittad±yaka½ sappurisa½ payirup±sitv± tena dinnanaye µhatv± pavattetabbassa samathassa sappuris³panissayo s²lap±mojjap²t±d²hi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± padaµµh±na½. Attasamm±paŗihitassa p±pajigucch±d²na½ sambhavato attasamm±paŗidh±na½ j±tivay±dipaccavekkhaŗena s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± hiriy± ca padaµµh±na½, attasamm±paŗihitassa nibbid±d²na½ sambhavato s²l±d²hi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± vipassan±ya ca padaµµh±na½.
TadaŖg±divasena akusalaparicc±go nibbid±ń±ŗ±d²hi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± kusalav²ma½s±ya paµisaŖkh±nupassan±ya pańń±ya ca ariyamaggasam±dhindriyassa ca padaµµh±na½. Dhammasv±kkh±tat± sv±kkh±tadhammassavan±nus±rena pavattakusalam³lak± lokiyalokuttarasampatti kusalam³laropan± n±ma, t±ya ca tath±vidhakusalam³lak±ya phalasam±pattiy± ca padaµµh±na½. SaŖghasuppaµipannat± saŖghasuµµhut±ya saŖghassa upaµµh±k±na½ suµµhubh±v±ya sappatissav±ya vacanasampaµicchanabh±v±ya padaµµh±na½. Satthusampad± satthari ceva dhamm±d²su ca guŗa-aj±nanat±ya appasann±nańca pas±d±ya pasann±nańca appamattakapas±d±nańca bhiyyobh±v±ya va¹¹han±ya padaµµh±na½. Appaµihatap±timokkhat± saŖghamajjhe v± parisamajjhe v± dummaŖk³na½ dummukh±na½ duss²l±na½ puggal±na½ niggah±ya, pesal±na½ p±timokkhasa½var±dis²lasampann±na½ puggal±na½ ph±suvih±r±ya ca padaµµh±na½ hoti. Honto pana yath±nur³pehi ańńehi k±raŗehi s±dh±raŗa½ hutv± hot²ti veditabbo.
“V±san±bh±giyasutt±d²su vuttadhammabh³mipadaµµh±n±na½ vibhattih±rena vibhajitabbabh±vo amhehi kena j±nitabbo saddahitabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.
“Ett±vat± ca vibhattih±ro paripuŗŗo, ańńo niyutto natth²”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto vibhattih±ro”ti vutta½. Yattha yattha sutte ye ye dhamm±dayo vutt±, tattha tattha sutte vuttesu tesu tesu dhamm±d²su yath±l±bhavasena yo yo vibhattih±ro yojito, so so vibhattih±ro niddh±retv± yutto yojitoti attho daµµhabbo.

Iti vibhattih±ravibhaŖge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paŗ¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±reneva gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.