8. Vibhattih±ravibhaªgavibh±van±

33. Yena yena sa½vaººan±visesabh³tena ±vaµµah±ravibhaªgena ±vaµµetabb± padaµµh±n±dayo vibhatt±, so sa½vaººan±visesabh³to ±vaµµah±ravibhaªgo paripuººo, “tattha katamo vibhattih±ravibhaªgo”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katamo vibhattih±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu niddiµµhesu so¼asasu desan±h±r±d²su katamo sa½vaººan±viseso vibhattih±ro vibhattih±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti pucchati. “Dhammañca padaµµh±na½ bh³miñc±”ti-±diniddesassa id±ni may± vuccam±no “dve sutt±n²”ti-±diko vitth±rabh³to sa½vaººan±viseso vibhattih±ro vibhattih±ravibhaªgo n±m±ti attho gahetabbo.
“Yesu suttesu vutt± dhammapadaµµh±nabh³miyo imin± vibhattih±rena vibhatt±, t±ni sutt±ni kittak±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± t±ni sutt±ni paµhama½ dassetu½ “dve sutt±ni v±san±bh±giyañca nibbedhabh±giyañc±”ti vutta½. Tattha v±san±bh±giyanti puññabh±van± v±san± n±ma, v±san±ya bh±go koµµh±so v±san±bh±go, v±san±bh±ge v±cakabh±vena niyutta½ suttanti v±san±bh±giya½, katama½ ta½? Yasmi½ sutte t²ºi puññakiriyavatth³ni bhagavat± desit±ni, ta½ sutta½ v±san±bh±giya½. Nibbedhabh±giyanti lobhakkhandh±d²na½ nibbijjhana½ pad±lana½ nibbedho, nibbedhassa bh±go koµµh±so nibbedhabh±go, nibbedhabh±ge v±cakabh±vena niyutta½ suttanti nibbedhabh±giya½, katama½ ta½? Yasmi½ sutte sekkh±sekkhadhamm± bhagavat± desit±, ta½ sutta½ nibbedhabh±giya½.
“Tesa½ sutt±na½ paµigg±hak± puggal± y±hi paµipad±hi sampajjanti, t± paµipad± kittik±”ti pucchitabbatt± “dve paµipad±”ti-±di vutta½. D±nas²labh±van±mayapuññabh±ge bhav± paµipad±ti puññabh±giy±. Phalabh±ge bhav± paµipad±ti phalabh±giy±. “Yesu s²lesu µhit± paµigg±hak± paµipajjanti, t±ni s²l±ni kittak±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “dve s²l±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Sa½varati etena sa½varen±ti sa½varo, so sa½varo p±timokkhasa½varo, satisa½varo, ñ±ºasa½varo, khantisa½varo, v²riyasa½varoti pañcavidho. Sabbopi p±pasa½varaºato sa½varo, lokiyalokuttarasampattiµµh±natt± s²la½ n±ma. Pajahati etena pah±tabbeti pah±na½, pajahana½ v± pah±na½, tañca pah±na½ tadaªgappah±na½, vikkhambhanappah±na½, samucchedappah±na½, paµipassaddhippah±na½, nissaraºappah±nanti pañcavidha½. Tattha nissaraºappah±na½ vajjetv± catubbidha½ pah±na½ vuttanayena s²la½ n±ma.
“Tesu sutt±d²su bhagav± katama½ sutta½ katam±ya paµipad±ya desayati, katarasmi½ s²le µhito puggalo katamena s²lena brahmac±r² bhavat²”ti pucchitabbatt± tath± vibhajitv± dassetu½ “tattha bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tesu v±san±bh±giy±d²su suttesu v±san±bh±giya½ sutta½ tattha t±su puññabh±giy±dipaµipad±su puññabh±giy±ya paµipad±ya bhagav± yassa puggalassa desayati, so v±san±bh±giyasuttapaµigg±hako puggalo tattha sa½varas²l±d²su sa½varas²le µhito hutv± tena sa½varas²lasaªkh±tena brahmacariyena seµµhacariyena brahmac±r² seµµh±c±rap³rako bhavati. Tattha tesu v±san±bh±giy±d²su suttesu nibbedhabh±giya½ sutta½ tattha t±su puññabh±giy±dipaµipad±su phalabh±giy±ya paµipad±ya yassa puggalassa bhagav± desayati, so nibbedhabh±giyasuttapaµigg±hako puggalo tattha sa½varas²l±d²su pah±nas²le samucchedappassaddhippah±navasena µhito hutv± tena pah±nas²lasaªkh±tena visesabh³tena maggasaªkh±tena brahmacariyena brahmac±r² bhavat²ti yojan± k±tabb±.
“V±san±bh±giyasutt±d²su katama½ v±san±bh±giya½ suttan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha kataman”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu v±san±bh±giyasutt±d²su. D±nakath±ti sappurisad±nad±naphala-asappurisad±nad±naphalakath±. S²lakath±ti pañcas²l±dis²laphalakath±. Saggakath±ti saggasampattisukhakath± ceva sagge nibbatt±pakapuññakath± ca. ¾d²navoti ±d²navadassako suttanto. ¾nisa½soti ±nisa½sadassako suttanto. V±san±bh±giya½ sutta½ n±m±ti yojan±.
“Tattha kataman”ti-±d²su anusandhyattho vuttanayova. Y± desan± catusaccappak±san±, s± desan± nibbedhabh±giya½ sutta½ n±m±ti yojan±. Evañca sati v±san±bh±giyasuttassapi nibbedhabh±giyasuttabh±vo ±pajjeyya catusaccappak±sanatoti codana½ manasi katv± “v±san±bh±giye sutte”ti-±di vutta½. V±san±bh±giye sutte paj±nan± vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± ariyamaggapadaµµh±nabh³t± paññ± natthi, maggo ariyamaggo natthi, phala½ ariyaphala½ natthi. Nibbedhabh±giye sutte pana paj±nan±dayo atthi, v±san±bh±giye sutte natthi. “Paj±nan±”ti-±din± catusaccappak±san± d±nakath±dik± nibbedhabh±giye sutte antogadh±, itara½yeva v±san±bh±giyasuttanti n±m±ti dasseti. Yesu suttesu vutt± dhammapadaµµh±nabh³miyo vibhatt±, t±ni sutt±ni dveyeva na honti, kasm± “dveyeva sutt±ni niddh±rit±n²”ti ce vadeyyu½? Asaªkarato sutte vutt±na½ dhammapadaµµh±nabh³m²na½ vibhajitabb±na½ suviññeyyatt±. “Yadi eva½ sa½kilesabh±giya-asekkhabh±giyasutt±nipi niddh±rit±ni asaªkaratt±”ti ce vadeyyu½? No niddh±rit±ni, v±san±bh±giyasutte niddh±rite sa½kilesabh±giyasuttampi niddh±rita½, sa½kilesadhammato nissaµµhadhamm±na½yeva v±san±bh±giyadhammatt± nibbedhabh±giyasutte ca niddh±rite asekkhabh±giyasuttampi niddh±rita½ anaññatt±.
“Yesu suttesu vutt± dhammapadaµµh±nabh³miyo vibhattih±rena vibhatt±, t±ni sutt±ni katamena phalena yojayitabb±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “im±ni catt±ri sutt±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha im±ni catt±ri sutt±n²ti yath±niddh±rit±ni v±san±bh±giyanibbedhabh±giyasutt±ni ceva ta½niddh±raºena niddh±rit±ni sa½kilesabh±giya-asekkhabh±giyasutt±ni c±ti catt±ri sutt±ni imesa½yeva catunna½ sutt±na½ desan±ya nayena n²tena phalena sabbato sabbabh±gena sa½varas²lappah±nas²lena brahmacariyena yojayitabb±ni. Yojentena ca sabbato sabbabh±gena ca pad±divicayena h±rena sa½varas²l±dika½ phala½ vicinitv± yuttih±rena yutta½ phala½ gavesitv± “ida½ phala½ imassa puggalassa phala½, ida½ phala½ imassa suttassa phalan”ti sutt±ni visu½ visu½ phalena yojayitabb±n²ti attho gahetabbo.
“Kittakena phalena brahmacariyena yojetabb±n²”ti pucchitabbatt± “y±vatik± ñ±ºassa bh³m²”ti vutta½. Bhagavat± desitena v±san±bh±giyasuttena siddh± y±vatik± puññabh±giy± paµipad±dayo vibhajanañ±ºassa bh³mi ±rammaº± bhavitumarahanti, t±vatik±hi bh³m²hi v±san±bh±giyasutta½ yojayitabba½. Nibbedhabh±giyasuttena siddh± y±vatik± phalabh±giy± paµipad±dayo vibhajanañ±ºassa bh³mi ±rammaº± bhavitumarahanti, t±vatik±hi bh³m²hi nibbedhabh±giyasutta½ yojetabba½. Itaradvayampi sutta½ yath±sambhava½ yojetabba½. Etena ñ±ºassa bh³m²na½ suttatth±na½ bahuvidhatta½ dasseti.
34. V±san±bh±giyasutt±d²su vutt± dhamm± v±san±bh±giyanibbedhabh±giyabh±vehi ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katha½ sa½kilesabh±giya-asekkh±bh±giyabh±vehi as±dh±raº±s±dh±raºabh±vehi vibhajitabb±”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha katame dhamm± s±dh±raº±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Aµµhakath±ya pana–
“Eva½ v±san±bh±giyanibbedhabh±giyabh±vehi dhamme ekadesena vibhajitv± id±ni tesa½ kilesabh±giya-asekkhabh±giyabh±vehi s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºabh±vehi vibhajitu½ ‘tattha katame dhamm± s±dh±raº±’ti-±di ±raddhan”ti (netti. aµµha. 34)–

Vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti ye dhamm± sutte vutt± vibhattih±rena vibhajitabb±, tesu dhammesu katame dhamm± s±dh±raº±ti pucchati, dve dhamm± s±dh±raº±ti vissajjeti. Te dve dhamme sar³pato dassetu½ “n±mas±dh±raº±, vatthus±dh±raº± c±”ti vutta½. Tattha n±mas±dh±raº±ti n±mena n±mapaññattiy± s±dh±raº± sam±n±, “kusal±”ti n±mena ekav²sati cittupp±d± sam±n±, “akusal±”ty±din±mena dv±dasa cittupp±d± sam±n±, kusal±din±mapaññattivacanena vacan²y± atth± kusal±din±mas±dh±raº±ti vutt±. Tena µ²k±ya½

“N±ma½ n±mapaññatti, ta½mukheneva saddato tadatth±vagamo. Saddena ca s±maññar³peneva tath±r³passa atthassa gahaºa½, na visesar³pena. Tasm± saddavacan²y± atth± s±dh±raºar³pan±m±yattagahaº²yat±ya n±mas±dh±raº± vutt±”ti–

Vutta½. Vatthus±dh±raº±ti patiµµh±nabh³tena vatthun± s±dh±raº±. Yasmi½ patiµµh±nabh³te sant±ne v± cittupp±d±dimhi v± ye dhamm± pavattanti, te dhamm± tena sant±nena v± vatthun± tena cittupp±d±din± v± s±dh±raº± sam±n±ti attho. Ekasant±ne patitatt± phusan±disabh±vato bhinn±pi vatthus±dh±raº± sam±navatthuk±yeva bhavant²ti vibhattih±rena vibhajitv±ti vutta½ hoti.

“Ki½ n±mas±dh±raºavatthus±dh±raº±yeva vibhajitabb±, añña½ vibhajitabba½ natth²”ti pucchitabbatt± “ya½ v± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. N±mas±dh±raºavatthus±dh±raºehi añña½ ya½ v± pana kiccas±dh±raºapaccayas±dh±raºapaµipakkh±dis±dh±raºampi dhammaj±ta½ eva½j±tiya½ s±dh±raºaj±tiya½, tampi sabba½ vicayah±rena vicinitv± yuttih±rena gavesitv± yutta½ s±dh±raºa½ vibhattih±rena vibhajitabbanti adhipp±yo. “Tesu n±mas±dh±raº±d²su katame n±mas±dh±raº±, katame vatthus±dh±raº±”ti pucchitabbatt± “micchattaniyat±na½ satt±nan”ti-±di vutta½. M±tugh±tak±d²na½ channa½ micchattaniyatakammakar±na½ satt±nañca duggati-ahetukasugati-ahetukaduhetukatihetuk±na½ catunna½ puthujjan±na½ aniyatakammakar±na½ satt±nañca sant±ne pavatt± dassanapah±tabb± kiles± dassanapah±tabban±mas±dh±raº± sam±n± bhavanti sakk±yadiµµhivicikicch±s²labbatapar±masanavasena bhinnasabh±v±nampi dassanapah±tabban±man±tivattanato. Vuttappak±r±na½ niyat±niyatasatt±na½ dassanapah±tabb±na½ kiles±na½ patiµµh±navatthubh±vato vatthus±dh±raº± ca sam±navatthuk±ti attho. Puthujjanassa duggati-ahetuk±dicatubbidhasattassa, sot±pannassa ca sant±ne pavatt± k±mar±gaby±p±d± kiles± k±mar±gaby±p±dan±mas±dh±raº± sam±n± bhavanti sakad±g±mimaggappah±tabba-an±g±mimaggappah±tabbavasena bhinnasabh±v±nampi k±mar±gaby±p±dan±man±tivattanato. Vuttappak±rassa puthujjanassa, sot±pannassa ca k±mar±gaby±p±d±na½ patiµµh±navatthubh±vato vatthus±dh±raº± sam±navatthuk±ti attho ca gahetabbo. Puthujjanassa, an±g±missa ca sant±ne pavatt± uddha½bh±giy± sa½yojan± uddhambh±giyan±mas±dh±raº± sam±n± bhavanti r³par±g±divasena bhinnasabh±v±nampi uddha½bh±giyan±man±tivattanato. Puthujjanassa, an±g±missa ca uddha½bh±giy±na½ patiµµh±navatthubh±vato vatthus±dh±raº± sam±navatthuk±ti attho ca gahetabbo. Tena vutta½ µ²k±ya½– “dassanapah±tabb±nañhi yath± micchattaniyatasatt± pavattiµµh±na½, eva½ aniyat±p²”ti vutta½. Saªkhepato pana sa½kilesapakkhe pah±nekaµµh± kiles± n±mas±dh±raº± honti, sahajekaµµh± kiles± vatthus±dh±raº±ti daµµhabb±.
Sa½kilesapakkhe s±dh±raº± ±cariyena vibhatt±, amhehi ca ñ±t±, “katha½ vod±napakkhe s±dh±raº± vibhatt±”ti pucchitabbatt± “ya½ kiñci ariyas±vako”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ya½ kiñc²ti s±maññavasena vutt± paµhamajjh±nasam±patti-±dik± lokiy± sam±pattiyeva gahit±. Ariyas±vakoti ariyassa bhagavato s±vako ariyas±vakoti vattabbo, jh±nal±bh² ca phalaµµho ca puggalo, na maggaµµho. Maggaµµho hi lokiya½ ya½ kiñci sam±patti½ na sam±pajjati. Sabb± s± lokiyasam±patti r³p±vacar± ar³p±vacar± dibbavih±ro brahmavih±ro paµhamajjh±nasam±patt²ti evam±d²hi pariy±yehi s±dh±raº± ta½samaªg²hi v²tar±g±v²tar±gehi s±dh±raº± lokiyasam±pattin±man±tivattanato ca v²tar±g±v²tar±gehi sam±pajjitabbato ca. “Ariyas±vako ca lokiya½ sam±patti½ sam±pajjanto odhiso odhiso sam±pajjati, eva½ sati katha½ v²tar±gehi s±dh±raº±ti saddahitabb±”ti vattabbatt± “s±dh±raº± hi dhamm±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana– “katha½ te odhiso gahit±, atha odhiso gahetabb±, katha½ s±dh±raº±ti anuyoga½ manasi katv± ta½ visodhento ±ha– ‘s±dh±raº± hi dhamm± eva½ aññamaññan’ti-±d²”ti vutta½.