Etth±ha– “taºh±nirodh± up±d±nanirodho”ti vuttatt± “taºh±ya pah²yam±n±ya up±d±n±ni nirujjhant²”ti vacana½ yutta½ hotu, katha½ avijj±ya pah²yam±n±ya up±d±n±ni nirujjhant²ti? “Taºh±nirodh± up±d±nanirodho”ti p±µhe avijj±sahitataºh±nirodh± up±d±nanirodhoti atthasambhavato. Yath± hi taºh±sahit±va avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayo, eva½ avijj±sahit±va taºh± up±d±n±na½ paccayo hot²ti avijj±sahitataºh±nirodh± up±d±nanirodhoti attho sambhavat²ti gahetabbo. Vikkhambhanasamucchedavasena up±d±nanirodh± tatheva bhavanirodhoti esa nayo sesesupi. Evametassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa nirodhoti etth±pi taºh±sahita-avijj±nirodh± saªkh±ranirodhoti-±diko gahitoti daµµhabbo. It²ti eva½ visabh±gasabh±gadhamm±na½ ±vaµµanavasena niddh±rit±ni ca purimak±ni dve sacc±ni ca, samatho ca vipassan± ca ime dve dhamm± maggo ca maggasaccañca, vaµµanirodho vaµµanirodhasaccañca nibb±nanti catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±rit±ni.
“V²riyapaµipakkhabh³tassa pam±d±didhammassa vasena v± sabh±gabh³tassa pam±d±didhammassa vasena v± ±vaµµetv± catunna½ sacc±na½ niddh±ritabbabh±vo amhehi kena saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tena tath± niddh±ritabbabh±vena bhagav± “±rambhatha nikkamath±”ti-±dig±th±vacana½ ±ha, tena “±rambhatha nikkamath±”ti-±dig±th±vacanena tath± catunna½ sacc±na½ niddh±ritabbabh±vo tumhehi saddahitabboti vutta½ hoti.
“¾rambhatha nikkamath±’ti-±din± vod±napakkha½yeva nikkhipitv± tasseva vod±napakkhassa visabh±gadhammasabh±gadhammavaseneva ±vaµµetv± catusaccaniddh±raºa½ k±tabban”ti pucchitabbatt± sa½kilesapakkhampi nikkhipitv± tasseva sa½kilesassa visabh±gadhammasabh±gadhammavasenapi ±vaµµetv± catusaccaniddh±raºa½ dassento “yath±pi m³le”ti-±dig±th±vacanam±ha. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–
“Eva½ vod±napakkha½ nikkhipitv± tassa visabh±gadhammavasena, sabh±gadhammavasena ca ±vaµµana½ dassetv± id±ni sa½kilesapakkha½ nikkhipitv± tassa visabh±gadhammavasena, sabh±gadhammavasena ca ±vaµµana½ dassetu½ ‘yath±pi m³le’ti g±tham±h±”ti (netti. aµµha. 30)–

Vutta½. G±th±tthopi aµµhakath±ya½ vutto. Tath±pi yatipot±na½ atth±ya aµµhakath±nus±reneva kathayiss±ma.

Sam³ho rukkho m³lati patiµµh±ti etena avayavena bh³mibh±ge µhiten±ti m³la½, ki½ ta½? Bh³mibh±ge µhito m³lasaªkh±to rukkh±vayavo, tasmi½ m³le. Natthi upaddavo pharasuched±di-antar±yo assa m³lass±ti anupaddavo. Da¼heti upaddav±bh±vena sabh±vato thire sati. Chind²yat²ti chinno, ko so? Bh³miya½ patiµµhitam³lasahito rukkh±vayavo, na chinditv± gahito rukkh±vayavo. Ruhati va¹¹hat²ti rukkho. So ca bh³miya½ patiµµhitam³lasahito rukkh±vayavo rukkhoti vutto yath± “samuddo diµµho”ti. Punareva r³hat²ti puna aªkurupp±dana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Taºh±nusayeti attabh±vasaªkh±tassa rukkhassa m³le. An³hateti arahattamaggañ±ºena anupacchinne sati ida½ attabh±vasaªkh±ta½ dukkha½ dukkhahetu punappuna½ abbocchinna½ nibbattati na nirujjhatiyev±ti g±th±ttho.
“Idha g±th±ya½ yo taºh±nusayo an³hatabh±vena dukkhassa nibbattanassa m³lanti vutto, aya½ taºh±nusayo katamass± taºh±ya anusayo”ti pucchati, “taºh±ya k±mataºh±divasena bahuvidhatt± bhavataºh±ya anusayo”ti vissajjeti bhavass±dataºh±bh±vato. Yo anusayo etassa bhavataºh±saªkh±tassa dhammassa paccayo hoti, aya½ anusayo avijj±nusayo hoti. “Anusayo bahuvidho, kasm± avijj±nusayoti saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “avijj±paccay± hi bhavataºh±”ti vutta½. Avijj±ya bhavataºh±ya paccayatt± avijj±nusayo saddahitabbo. Avijj±ya hi bhavesu ±d²navassa adassanavasena bhavass±dataºh± bhavat²ti. Ime dve kiles±ti-±dimhi heµµh± vuttanay±nus±rena catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±retv± visabh±gasabh±gadhamm±vaµµana½ viññ±tabba½, samathavipassan± pana maggasampayutt±va gahetabb±.
“Sabbap±pass±”ti-±dikassa anusandhyattho aµµhakath±ya½ (netti. aµµha. 30) vutto. Sabbap±pass±ti kammapathabh±vappatt±pattassa niravasesassa akusalassa. Akaraºanti saparasant±nesu anupp±dana½ Kusalass±ti kammapathabh±vappatt±pattassa tebh³makakusalassa ceva lokuttarakusalassa ca. Upasampad±ti sant±ne upp±danavasena sampad±. Sassa attano cittanti sacitta½, sacittassa pariyod±pana½ vod±na½ arahattaphaluppattiy±ti sacittapariyod±pana½ Arahattamaggupp±do pana “kusalassa upasampad±”ti padena gahito. Eta½ akaraº±dittayad²pana½ buddh±na½ samm±sambuddh±na½ s±sana½ ov±doti g±th±ttho.
G±th±ya½ yassa p±passa akaraºa½ vutta½, ta½ p±pa½ duccaritakammapathavasena vibhajitu½ “sabbap±pa½ n±m±”ti-±di vutta½. Dosasamuµµh±nanti yebhuyyavasena vutta½, lobhasamuµµh±nampi bhavati. Lobhasamuµµh±nantipi yebhuyyavasena vutta½, dosasamuµµh±nampi bhavati. Mohasamuµµh±nampi tatheva vutta½. Lobhasamuµµh±nadosasamuµµh±nampi sambhavat²ti daµµhabba½. Sabbap±po duccaritakammapathappabhedena vibhatto, “ettakeneva vibhajitabbo, ud±hu aññena vibhajitabbo”ti pucchitabbatt± aññena akusalam³la-agatigamanabhedenapi vibhajitu½ “y± abhijjh±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “eva½ duccarita-akusalakammapathakammavibh±gena ‘sabbap±pan’ti ettha vuttap±pa½ vibhajitv± id±nissa akusalam³lavasena agatigamanavibh±gampi dassetu½ ‘akusalam³lan’ti-±di vuttan”ti (netti. aµµha. 30) anusandhyattho vutto. Mohavasena sabh±va½ aj±nantassa bhayasambhavato ya½ bhay± ca moh± ca agati½ gacchati, ida½ mohasamuµµh±nanti vutta½.
Sabbap±po ±cariyena vibhatto, amhehi ca ñ±to, “katama½ sabbap±passa akaraºan”ti pucchitabbatt± tattha lobho asubh±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana–
“Ett±vat± ‘sabbap±passa akaraºan’ti ettha p±pa½ dassetv± id±ni tassa akaraºa½ dassento ‘lobho…pe… paññ±y±’ti t²hi kusalam³lehi tiººa½ akusalam³l±na½ pah±navasena sabbap±passa akaraºa½ anupp±danam±h±”ti (netti. aµµha. 30)–

Vutta½. Subh±dhimuttavasena pavatto lobho asubh±ya asubhabh±van±ya tath±pavattena alobhena tadaªgavikkhambhanappah±nena pah²yati, sattesu kujjhanadussanavasena pavatto doso mett±ya mett±bh±van±ya tath±pavattena adosena ca tadaªgavikkhambhanappah±nena pah²yati, sattesu ceva saªkh±resu ca muyhanavasena pavatto moho paññ±ya vic±raºapaññ±ya ca bh±van±maggapaññ±ya ca tadaªgavikkhambhanasamucchedappah±nena pah²yati.

“Yadi t²hi kusalam³leheva akusalam³l±ni pah²yanti, eva½ sati upekkh±karuº±mudit± niratthak± bhaveyyun”ti vattabbatt± “tath± lobho upekkh±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Upekkh±y±ti “sabbe satt± kammassak±”ti-±din± bh±vit±ya upekkh±ya. Mudit± arati½ v³pasametv± aratiy± m³labh³ta½ mohampi pajahat²ti manasi katv± “moho mudit±ya pah±na½ abbhattha½ gacchat²”ti vutta½. “Akusalam³l±na½ kusalam³l±d²hi pah±tabbatta½ kena amhehi saddahitabban”ti vattabbatt± “ten±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Tena tath± pah±tabbattena bhagav± “sabbap±passa akaraºan”ti vacana½ ±ha, tena “sabbap±passa akaraºan”ti vacanena tath± pah±tabbatta½ tumhehi saddahitabbanti vutta½ hoti.
31. “Ett±vat± ca sabbap±po vibhatto, tassa akaraºañca vibhatta½ siy±, eva½ sati aµµhamicchatt±na½ akaraºa½ aniv±rita½ siy±”ti vattabbatt± “sabbap±pa½ n±ma aµµha micchatt±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Micch±sat²ti anicc±d²su “niccan”ti anussaraºacintan±divasena pavatta-akusalappavatti.
Sabbap±passa akaraºa½ bahudh± ±cariyena vibhatta½, amhehi ca viññ±ta½, “katha½ kusalassa sampad± vibhajitabb± viññ±tabb±”ti vattabbatt± kusalassa sampada½ vibhajitv± dassento “aµµhasu micchattesu pah²nes³”ti-±dim±ha. Aµµha sammatt±n²ti samm±diµµhi samm±saªkappo samm±v±c± samm±kammanto samm±-±j²vo samm±v±y±mo samm±sati samm±sam±dh²ti aµµhasammatt±ni visabh±gaparivattanadhammavasena sampajjanti. At²tass±ti at²tena samm±sambuddhena desitassa. Vipassino hi bhagavato aya½ p±timokkhuddesag±th±. Citte pariyod±piteti cittapaµibaddh± pañcakkhandh±pi pariyod±pit± bhavanti. “Cittapariyod±pitena pañcanna½ khandh±na½ pariyod±pitabh±vo katha½ amhehi saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “evañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Eva½ vuttappak±rena bhagav± ya½ “cetovisuddhattha½ bhikkhave tath±gate brahmacariya½ vussat²”ti vacana½ ±ha, tena “ceto…pe… vussat²”ti vacanena tumhehi saddahitabboti vutta½ hoti. “Pariyod±pan± katividh± bhavant²”ti vattabbatt± “duvidh± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Samathavipassan±ya n²varaºappah±nañca ariyamaggabh±van±ya anusayasamuggh±to c±ti pariyod±panassa duvidhatt± pañcakkhandh± pariyod±pit± bhavant²ti attho. Pah²nan²varaº±nusay± hi puggal± pas±dan²yavaºº± honti.
“Pariyod±panassa kittik± bh³miyo”ti pucchitabbatt± “dve pariyod±panabh³miyo”ti-±di vutta½. “‘Sabbap±passa akaraºan’ti-±dig±th±ya desitesu dhammesu katama½ dukkhasacca½, katama½ samudayasacca½ katama½ maggasacca½, katama½ nirodhasaccan”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha ya½ paµivedhen±”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti g±th±ya desitesu dhammesu ya½ khandhapañcaka½ paµivedhena pariññ±bhisamayena pariyod±peti, ida½ khandhapañcaka½ dukkha½ dukkhasacca½ bhave. Yato taºh±sa½kilesato khandhapañcaka½ pariyod±peti, aya½ taºh±sa½kileso samudayo samudayasacca½. Yena ariyamaggaªgena pariyod±peti, aya½ ariyamaggo maggasacca½. Ya½ asaªkhatadh±tu½ adhigatena puggalena pariyod±pita½, aya½ asaªkhatadh±tudhammo nirodho nirodhasacca½ bhave. Im±ni catt±ri sacc±ni g±th±ya desitadhamm±na½ sabh±gavisabh±gadhamm±vaµµanavasena niddh±rit±ni. “Ten±h±”ti-±dikassa attho heµµh± vuttanayena veditabbo.
“Sabbap±passa akaraºan”ti-±dig±th±ya desit±na½ dhamm±na½ sabh±gavisabh±gadhamm±vaµµanavasena catt±ri sacc±ni ±cariyena niddh±rit±ni, amhehi ca viññ±t±ni.
“‘Dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±ri½, chatta½ mahanta½ yatha vassak±le;
es±nisa½so dhamme suciººe, na duggati½ gacchati dhammac±r²’ti–

G±th±ya desit±na½ dhamm±na½ visabh±gasabh±gadhamm±na½ ±vaµµanavasena katha½ catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±rit±n²”ti vattabbatt± “dhammo have”ti-±dim±ha. T±ya g±th±ya desite dhamme vibhajitv± dassento “dhammo n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha dhammo n±m±ti puññadhammo n±ma. Indriyasa½varoti manacchaµµhindriyasa½varas²l±diko sabbo sa½varo. Tena vutta½–“indriyasa½varas²sena cettha sabbampi s²la½ gahitanti daµµhabban”ti (netti. aµµha. 31). Catt±ro ap±y± dukkaµakammak±r²na½ gatibh³tatt± duggati. Sabb± upapattiyo pana dukkhadukkhasaªkh±radukkhavipariº±madukkhasamaªg²na½ gatibh³tatt± duggati n±ma.

“Tasmi½ duvidhe dhamme indriyasa½varadhammo kattha µhito, katha½ suciººo, kuto rakkhat²”ti pucchitabbatt± “tattha y± sa½varas²le”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tasmi½ duvidhe dhamme. Sa½varas²le µhit± y± akhaº¹ak±rit± hoti, aya½ akhaº¹avasena k±tabbo sa½varas²le µhito suµµhu ±ciººapariciººo puññadhammo cat³hi ap±yehi attano ±dh±ra½ att±na½ rakkhanta½ puggala½ ekantikabh±vena rakkhati, anekantikabh±vena pana rakkhitamatto puññadhammopi rakkhat²ti attho gahetabbo. Ap±yeh²ti ca padh±navasena vutta½, rog±di-antar±yatopi rakkhati. Rog±di-antar±yo v± ayato apagatatt± ap±yantogadhoti daµµhabbo.
“Tath± rakkhat²ti kena amhehi saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “eva½ bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. Eva½ vuttappak±rena lakkhaºapak±radassana½ bhagav± “dvem±, bhikkhave, s²lavato gatiyo dev± ca manuss± c±”ti ya½ vacana½ ±ha, tena “dvem±…pe… manuss± c±”ti vacanena tumhehi saddahitabboti vutta½ hoti. “Sa½varas²le µhitassa akhaº¹ak±tabbassa suciººassa puññadhammassa ap±yehi rakkhaºe ekantikabh±vo kena suttena d²petabbo”ti vattabbatt± “evañca n±¼and±yan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha evañc±ti imin± id±ni vuccam±nena pak±renapi vuttappak±ro attho veditabbo. N±¼and±yanti n±¼andan±make nigame nisinno asibandhakan±massa putto g±maºi g±majeµµhako bhagavanta½ eta½ vuccam±na½ “br±hmaº±, bhante”ti-±divacana½ avoca.
Br±hmaº±ti b±hirak± br±hmaº±. Bhanteti bhagavanta½ g±maºi ±lapati. Pacch±bh³mak±ti pacchimadis±ya nisinnak±. Uyy±pent²ti manussalokato uddha½ devaloka½ y±penti p±penti.
Idhass±ti idhaloke assa bhaveyya. Puriso p±º±tip±t²…pe… micch±diµµhiko assa bhaveyy±ti yojan±. Sesa½ p±¼ito ceva vutt±nus±rena ca ñeyya½.
32. “Visabh±gadhammasabh±gadhamm±vaµµanavasena catunna½ sacc±na½ niddh±ritabh±vo kena amhehi saddahitabbo”ti vattabbatt± “ten±ha mah±kacc±no ekamhi padaµµh±ne”ti vutta½.
“Ett±vat± ca ±vaµµo h±ro paripuººo, añño niyutto natth²”ti vattabbatt± “niyutto ±vaµµo h±ro”ti vutta½. Yassa½ yassa½ p±¼iya½ yo yo ±vaµµo h±ro yath±l±bhavasena yojito, tassa½ tassa½ p±¼iya½ so so ±vaµµo h±ro tath± niddh±retv± yutto yojitoti attho daµµhabbo.

Iti ±vaµµah±ravibhaªge sattibal±nur³p± racit±

Vibh±van± niµµhit±.

Paº¹itehi pana aµµhakath±µ²k±nus±reneva gambh²rattho vitth±rato vibhajitv± gahetabboti.